Serological survey on some pathogens in wild brown hares (Lepus europaeus) in Central Italy

Conclusion The obtained results showed that B. burgdorferi s.l. N. caninum, T. gondii, A. phagocytophilum and Leishmania sp circulate in wild brown hares in Central Italy, suggesting a possible role of L. europaeus as reservoir of these pathogens. The obtained results showed that autochthonous wild brown hares living in Central Italy have been exposed to several pathogens circulating in this area, suggesting a possible role of L. europaeus as reservoir.
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Related Links:

by Williane Fernanda Siqueira, Agostinho Gon çalves Viana, João Luís Reis Cunha, Leticia Mansur Rosa, Lilian Lacerda Bueno, Daniella Castanheira Bartholomeu, Mariana Santos Cardoso, Ricardo Toshio Fujiwara Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is caused by protozoa belonging to theLeishmania donovani complex and is considered the most serious and fatal form among the different types of leishmaniasis, if not early diagnosed and treated. Among the measures of disease control stand out the management of infected dogs and the early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of human cases. Several antigens have been chara...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In this review, natural and synthetic naphthoquinone showed antiparasitic activity, in the most cases with improved results than current drugs currently used in clinical trials. A modification of their structure with different functional groups can enhance their biological effects, improve solubility, and reduce undesirable side effects. Therefore, naphthoquinones are important molecules in the development of new chemotherapeutic agents against parasitic diseases.PMID:34525920 | DOI:10.2174/1568026621666210915121348
Source: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Availability of highly parallelized immunoassays has renewed interest in the discovery of serology biomarkers for infectious diseases. Protein and peptide microarrays now provide a rapid, high-throughput platform for immunological testing and validation of potential antigens and B-cell epitopes. However, there is still a need for tools to prioritize and select relevant probes when designing these arrays. In this work we describe a computational method called APRANK (Antigenic Protein and Peptide Ranker) which integrates multiple molecular features to prioritize potentially antigenic proteins and peptides in a given pathoge...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study aimed to asse...
Source: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Brief communication Source Type: research
Abstract Data about the spreading of arthropod-borne pathogens among hare populations are very scant, so the aim of the present preliminary study was to investigate, through molecular analysis, the occurrence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Bartonella sp., Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Coxiella burnetii, Francisella tularensis, Leishmania spp. and piroplasms DNA in blood of 51 wild hares (Lepus europaeus) living in protected areas in Tuscany. All hares resulted negative for A. phagocytophilum, Bartonella sp., B. burgdorferi s.l., C. burnetii and F. tularensis. Five animals (9.8%) were positive for Leishmania and ...
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research
We present case studies on the role of rodents in the cycles of Bartonella spp., of wild ungulates in the cycle of Babesia spp., and of various wildlife species in the life cycle of Leishmania infantum, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Rickettsia spp. These examples highlight the usefulness of surveillance strategies focused on neglected zoonotic agents in wildlife as a source of valuable information for health professionals, nature managers and (local) decision-makers. These benefits could be further enhanced by increased collaboration between researchers and stakeholders across Europe and a more harmonised and coordinated a...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsThere was a very high prevalence of D. immitis, hookworm and external parasites in Samoan dogs, and prophylactic medication is rarely administered. This is the first report confirming A. platys in Samoa and the South Pacific islands. The public health implications of poor management of the dogs should be considered and investigated further.
Source: Australian Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: SMALL ANIMALS Source Type: research
This study reveals disparate results in terms of dog exposure to fleas and ticks in the studied communities, which may be related to factors such as the owners’ capability/willingness to afford the use of ectoparasiticides on their dogs and level of restriction. Further research is needed to establish the relationship between dog owners’ socioeconomic situation and the level of exposure to ectoparasites and their transmitted pathogens.
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: The molecular identification of CVBD agents in southern Portugal, some of them with zoonotic concern, reinforces the importance to alert the veterinary community, owners and public health authorities to prevent the risk of transmission of vector-borne pathogens among dogs and to other vertebrate hosts including humans. The prevalence of the selected pathogens was lower than that previously found in cats from the same region, probably because veterinarians and owners are more aware of them in the canine population and control measures are used more often.
Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Borrelia | HIV-Leishmania Co-infection | Lyme Disease | Tropical Medicine