Medical News Today: Moderate drinking: many studies reporting health benefits are 'flawed'
Many studies hail the health benefits of moderate drinking, but a new analysis suggests we should be skeptical of such studies, after researchers uncovered a number of flaws.
Conclusion: The present study provides preliminary support for the long-term efficacy of imaginal retraining on craving for tobacco but not on smoking behaviour, highlighting the importance of multimodal treatment concepts in smoking cessation that target a variety of maintaining factors. Future studies need to investigate the long-term efficacy of the intervention in prospective RCTs that test alternative ways of conveying the technique to improve adherence.Eur Addict Res
CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol self-efficacy increases following treatment and numerous evidence-based treatments are associated with significant increases in self-efficacy, which are maintained over time. Community treatment that focuses solely on addiction counseling and twelve-step support may not promote increases in self-efficacy.PMID:34523721 | DOI:10.1111/acer.14713
ConclusionAge of woman and years of infertility are inversely proportional to ovarian reserve markers, namely AMH and AFC. Addictions like smoking and alcohol affect ovarian reserve.
Conditions: Alcohol Dependence, in Remission; Addiction, Alcohol Interventions: Behavioral: Virtual Reality Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CRAVR); Behavioral: CBT Sponsors: Psychiatric Centre Rigshospitalet; The Novavì outpatient clinics, Copenhagen Not yet recruiting
We are pleased to edit a special issue of the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment focused on research conducted outside of North America. The call for papers requested studies that addressed the organization, delivery, and financing of treatment for alcohol and drug use disorders (i.e., addiction health services research) and invited manuscripts reporting results from studies conducted in countries located in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and South America. Investigators working in low-income countries were encouraged to submit manuscripts.
Addict Behav. 2021 Aug 12;124:107084. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107084. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Previous literature finds an increase in depressive symptoms, substance use, and suicidal ideation following the COVID-19 pandemic in the US - suicides do not appear to increase. We examine whether 1) state lockdown policies in the US precede an increase in mental health symptoms; and 2) the extent to which using substances amplifies or attenuates the relation.METHODS: We specified, as our exposure variable, the timing of state-level lockdown orders. We used, as the outcome variable, the 4-item Patient Health Q...
Conclusions: Results support the hypothesis that different types of sport have different risks for EA (individual sports being more concerned) and AUD (collective sports being more concerned). Results suggest that the type of sports may be a crucial variable to understand how physical activity can be a risk factor for alcohol disorders. The social dimension of collective sports should be further investigated to facilitate preventive approaches.Eur Addict Res
In this study, we examined how gratitude (state and trait level), social contact, and helping predicted self-rated physical health and psychological distress in adult AA members maintaining sobriety. Participants (N = 113) completed baseline measures (trait gratitude, physical health) as well as daily reports of their participation in AA, helping behaviors, social contact, and psychological distress for 7 days. Analyses revealed different predictors for physical health and psychological distress. The impl ications for theory and practice are discussed.
Drug use trends among young adults have shifted dramatically in recent years, with 44% of college students reporting past-year marijuana use in 2020, according to the2020 Monitoring the Future (MTF) study issued yesterday. Marijuana use was similar among young adults not enrolled in college, with 43% reporting past-year use.“The pandemic has caused fundamental changes in the daily lives of teens and adults,” John E. Schulenberg, Ph.D., of the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research and colleagues wrote. “This endemic disruption is likely to affect substance use, and MTF is uniquely designed t...