An Inside Look at Homeless Youths' Social Networks: Perceptions of Substance Use Norms.

An Inside Look at Homeless Youths' Social Networks: Perceptions of Substance Use Norms. J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse. 2016 Jan 2;25(1):78-88 Authors: Melander LA, Tyler KA, Schmitz RM Abstract Substance use among homeless young people is a pervasive problem, and there have been many efforts to understand more about the dynamics of this health compromising behavior. The current study examined perceived substance use norms within homeless youths' social networks utilizing in-depth interviews. The sample included 19 homeless individuals aged 16 to 21. Four elements of substance use within networks emerged: substance use choices, drug use safety issues, encouragement and/or discouragement, and appropriate situations in which substance use is condoned. These findings provide unique insight into the norms associated with drug and alcohol use within homeless youths' social networks. PMID: 26989340 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

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Authors: Tyler KA, Olson K, Ray CM Abstract We used short message service surveying (SMS) with 150 homeless youth to examine the time ordering of feeling depressed with drinking alcohol, using marijuana, and using substances with friends. Multilevel binary logistic regression results revealed that youth who were depressed earlier in the day were more likely to drink alcohol later that day. Among depressed youth, heterosexual youth were less likely to drink alcohol than lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth. Depressed youth had increased odds of using marijuana by a factor of 1.6, while heterosexual youth, compared...
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