Monitoring the process of measles elimination by serosurveillance data: The Apulian 2012 study.

Monitoring the process of measles elimination by serosurveillance data: The Apulian 2012 study. Vaccine. 2016 Mar 14; Authors: Tafuri S, Gallone MS, Gallone MF, Pappagallo MT, Larocca A, Germinario C Abstract In 2003 Italy adopted the National Plan for Measles and Congenital Rubella Elimination, but some outbreaks of measles are still occurring, as the target coverage rate (≥95%) for new-borns has currently not been achieved. In order to support the monitoring of the measles elimination programme, the authors carried out a survey about the seroprevalence of measles among Apulia young adults. The study was carried out from May 2011 to June 2012 among blood donors of the Department of Transfusion Medicine of Policlinico General Hospital in Bari. Subjects were enrolled by a convenience sampling. For each enrolled patient we collected a 5mL serum sample. Collected sera were tested by chemiluminescence (CLIA) for anti-Measles IgG. We enrolled 1764 subjects; 1362 (77.2%) were male with a mean age of 38.4±11.7 years. Anti-Measles IgG titre was>16.5UA/mL in 95.1% (95% CI=94.1-96.1) of enrolled subjects with a Geometric Mean Titre (GMT) of 2.3±0.4, which did not differ dividing the enrolled subjects into age groups. As our data showed, the universal routine vaccination changed the epidemiological pattern among adults, in particular young adults (18-24 years), who showed lowest seropositivity rates; in these groups of population there is a risk...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Our study revealed heterogeneity across HDs' mumps outbreak responses but also identified common challenges that will inform future Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance. These results were considered in the October 2017 Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommendation for use of a third dose of MMR vaccine for persons at increased risk for mumps during an outbreak and in the development of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance for HDs when applying the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommendation.
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Practice Full Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: This guidance provides a framework for public health authorities to use when considering a third dose of MMR in response to mumps outbreaks while maintaining flexibility to incorporate local factors related to individual outbreaks.
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Practice Full Report Source Type: research
In a cohort of 657 461 children born in 1999 –2010, no association between the measles mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination and autism was observed. Despite this, it is unclear whether increasing medical evidence and facts about the lack of association between the MMR vaccination and autism will have beneficial impact in easing the minds of p arents and preventing unnecessary deaths. Prior to the availability of a measles vaccination in 1963, the majority of children contracted measles by the age of 15. Approximately 3–4 million US citizens were infected annually, with about 400–500 deaths, 48 000 hospital...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
The rise of vaccine-preventable illnesses, such as measles and hepatitis, in the United States and around the globe has been alarming in recent years. For women — especially those hoping to become pregnant, as well as women who are pregnant or have recently had a baby — vaccines can be a worrisome topic. There are many misconceptions about vaccine safety in and around pregnancy that can lead to confusion and unnecessary fear of a lifesaving medical tool. As a practicing ob/gyn, I often discuss vaccines with my patients and help them sort out fears versus facts. Which vaccines should you consider before concepti...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Parenting Pregnancy Vaccines Women's Health Source Type: blogs
About 750 Seattle students won’t be allowed to attend school on Wednesday because they haven’t updated their vaccination records. The policy is a result of a new Washington state law that limited exemptions for the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine, requiring that students be fully vaccinated or be in the process of completing immunizations in order to attend school. The law, which followed a measles outbreak in the state, prohibits families from using personal or philosophical reasons to avoid the MMR vaccine. It still allows for exemptions for medical or religious reasons. Wednesday marks the deadline...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized vaccines washington Source Type: news
In October 2018 a measles (rubeola) outbreak was identified in New York City (NYC)&Rockland County (RC). A public health emergency was declared with a focus on increasing MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccination uptake. Childhood MMR vaccination is 97% effective but antibody titers decrease over time. Screening for immunity has not been a routine part of prenatal care. NYU Langone Health created a communication and prevention program at the start of the outbreak and non-immune women were encouraged to take the MMR vaccination postpartum during hospitalization.
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Poster Session V Source Type: research
In conclusion, the health authorities can exert efforts to reduce burden of time spent for vaccination and provide sufficient information to improve coverage. PMID: 31852852 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
DiscussionThe prevalence of antibodies against mumps and rubella after 6–8 years of vaccination was lower than against measles among students. The findings of this study demonstrate the feasibility of saliva sampling for follow-up of vaccine immune status in teenagers. This useful approach allows for IgG detection for vaccine control or epidemiological studies.
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Graça L, Pereira S, Duro R, Sarmento A Abstract Rubella is a vaccine preventable infection, and congenital rubella the most feared complication of this disease. Although young adult women are at greatest risk of post-vaccine rubella, this is also the group who potentially benefits the most from vaccine protection. Since post-vaccine disease has a mild and self-limited course, the benefit clearly exceeds the risk. During a measles outbreak in the north of Portugal, a 38-year-old woman presented with cervical posterior lymphadenopathies, fever and a maculo-papular rash one week aft...
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Course's results are satisfactory, and data show a significant improvement in knowledge among participants. Most of them were satisfied with content, learning methodology and platform. Moreover, this course represents one of the possible strategies to overcome resistance and mistrust about vaccinations among HCWs. PMID: 31850867 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annali dell Istituto Superiore di Sanita - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
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