Drug Resistance to EGFR Inhibitors in Lung Cancer

Conclusions: In the era of precision medicine, oncologists should promptly obtain an accurate diagnosis of drug resistance in each patient to be able to design the most relevant combination therapy to overcome patient-specific drug resistance.Chemotherapy 2015–16;61:223–235
Source: Chemotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Hong-Yuan Lu, Yu-Xin Zu, Xiao-Wen Jiang, Xiao-Tong Sun, Tian-Yi Liu, Ruo-Lan Li, Qiong Wu, Ying-Shi Zhang, Qing-Chun ZhaoAbstractAcquired drug-resistant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has strong proliferation ability and is prone to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and subsequent metastasis. Notch pathway mediates cell survival and EMT and is involved in the induction of multidrug resistance (MDR). ZLDI-8 is an inhibitor of Notch activating/cleaving enzyme ADAM-17 we found before. However, the effects of ZLDI-8 on resista...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study demonstrates that the NRF2 pathway may serve as a therapeutic target in NSCLC, and ginseng compounds may be effective for the treatment of this disease.
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Preclinical Papers Source Type: research
Lei Shang1,2 and Minjie Wei1* 1School of Pharmacy, China Medical University, Shenyang, China 2Shenyang Medical College, Shenyang, China The protein lysine methyltransferase SMYD2 has recently emerged as a new enzyme modulate gene transcription or signaling pathways, and involved into tumor progression. However, the role of SMYD2 in drug resistant is still not known. Here, we found that inhibition of SMYD2 by specific inhibitor could enhance the cell sensitivity to cisplatin (CDDP), but not paclitaxel, NVB, and VCR in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Further study showed that SMYD2 and its substrates were overex...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Qingbin Cui1,2, Chao-Yun Cai2, Hai-Ling Gao2,3, Liang Ren1, Ning Ji2,4, Pranav Gupta2, Yuqi Yang2, Suneet Shukla5, Suresh V. Ambudkar5, Dong-Hua Yang2 and Zhe-Sheng Chen2* 1School of Public Health, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangdong, China 2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, St. John's University, Queens, NY, United States 3Department of Histology and Embryology, Clinical Medical College, Weifang Medical University, Weifang, China 4Tianjin Key Laboratory on Technologies Enabling Development of Clinical Therapeutics and Diagnostics, School of Pharmacy, Tian...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities of SNG in a panel of MM cell lines (U266, IM9, MM1S, and RPMI-8226). SNG treatment of MM cells resulted in a dose-dependent decrease in cell viability through mitochondrial membrane potential loss and activation of caspase 3, 9, and cleavage of PARP. Pre-treatment of MM cells with a universal caspase inhibitor, Z-VAD-FMK, prevented SNG mediated loss of cell viability, apoptosis, and caspase activation, confirming that SNG-mediated apoptosis is caspase-dependent. The SNG-mediated apoptosis appears to be resulted from suppres...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, NC-LAP demonstrate antitumoral effect in HER-positive bladder cells by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis exhibiting better effects compared to the non-encapsulated lapatinib. Our work suggests that the LAP loaded in nanoformulations could be a promising approach to treat tumors that presents EGFR overexpression phenotype. Introduction Bladder cancer (BC) is a heterogeneous disease which presents several molecular characteristics associated with different clinical outcomes (1). Urothelial or transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) represent the most frequent type of bladder cancer (2) and are classifie...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aimed to identify genes associated with MDR development that predict tumor response to chemotherapy in NSCLC. In the present study, a multidrug-resistant NSCLC cell sub-line, A549/MDR, was established from the A549/DDP cell line and characterized. The resistance index (RI) of this subline was calculated according to the IC50 of A549/MDR relative to the parental A549/DDP cells. The gene expression profiles of A549/DDP and A549/MDR were obtained using an oligonucleotide microarray (Agilent SureHyb microarray chip). The microarray results were validated by qRT-PCR and selected genes were analyzed by in vitro loss-o...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology Letters - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Biol Lett Source Type: research
In conclusion, the findings from this study suggest that increase in MRP1 gene expression is associated with being a non‑smoker, adenocarcinoma, advanced clinical stages and a poor response to chemotherapy in patients with NSCLC. The results from the most extensive and updated data on MRP1 support the requirement for continued investigation into the potential use of MRP1 as a biomarker/clinical indicator for NSCLC. PMID: 30132569 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2018Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica BAuthor(s): Zhiqiang Zhang, Xiaoran Guo, Kenneth K.W. To, Zhen Chen, Xiaona Fang, Min Luo, Chunling Ma, Jianhua Xu, Shirong Yan, Liwu FuAbstractOverexpressing of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters is the essential cause of multidrug resistance (MDR), which is a significant hurdle to the success of chemotherapy in many cancers. Therefore, inhibiting the activity of ABC transporters may be a logical approach to circumvent MDR. Olmutinib is an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), which has been approved in...
Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our results suggest that the UA derivative F3 is more potent in inhibiting cancer cell proliferation, and F3-NA and F3-NP have the potential to be developed as a therapeutic for resistant NSCLC cells. PMID: 29908299 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharm Sci Source Type: research
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