Relationships Between Stress, Negative Emotions, Resilience, and Smoking: Testing a Moderated Mediation Model.

CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest resilience interacts with stress and negative emotions to affect the risk of tobacco use and nicotine dependence among Chinese adults. Further research with longitudinal data is needed to verify the findings of this study and to estimate the effect size of resilience in tobacco intervention and cessation programs. PMID: 26894428 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

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Rapid review question: What are the medium- and long-term health sequelae of COVID-19 infection among survivors? In brief: General health sequelae • Symptoms commonly reported among recovered COVID-19 patients two to eight weeks after the onset of symptoms (or a positive COVID-19 test) include: fatigue, shortness of breath, muscle or joint pain, chest pain, cough, and insomnia and/or sleep disorders.(1-6) • A study of 202 confirmed COVID -19 patients with mild symptoms, found altered sense of smell or taste occurred in 18.6% of patients, feelings of being tired in 13.1%, problems breathing in 10.4% and muscle or ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Abstract OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial examined the efficacy and safety of N-acetylcysteine as an adjunctive treatment for smoking cessation. METHODS: Heavy smokers were recruited from smoking cessation treatment for this 12- week randomized controlled trial. Eligible tobacco use disorder outpatients (n=34) were randomized to N-acetylcysteine or placebo plus first-line treatment. Abstinence was verified by exhaled carbon monoxide (COexh). The assessment scales included the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, the M...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Braz J Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Lung function abnormalities, psychological impairment and reduced exercise capacity were common in SARS and MERS survivors. Clinicians should anticipate and investigate similar long-term outcomes in COVID-19 survivors. PMID: 32449782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Authors: Le Faou AL, Allagbé I, Airagnes G, Baha M, Boussadi A, Limosin F Abstract Background: In France, daily smoking has been highly prevalent among low-income smokers.Objectives: Our aim was to search for factors associated with both continued abstinence and attempting to quit among low-income disabled smokers. Methods: From the French national smoking cessation cohort CDT-net, we included 1624 adults living with disability pension or disabled adult allowance. Our dependent variables (abstainers, attempting to quit among non-abstainers) were used in logistic regressions. Continued abstinence was defined ...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Six-week respiratory rehabilitation can improve respiratory function, QoL and anxiety of elderly patients with COVID-19, but it has little significant improvement on depression in the elderly. PMID: 32379637 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Clin Pract Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study demonstrates a causal mechanism mediating SVEE-induced behavioral deficits in rats. We further established that SVEE is a toxicological stressor that induces oxidative stress and results in mitochondrial impairment, which by disrupting neural circuitry impairs cognitive and behavioral functions.Graphical abstract
Source: Neurobiology of Stress - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusions: Smoking amplifies oxidative stress described in psychiatric disorders. Monitoring biomarkers of both tobacco exposure and oxidative stress can improve disease management.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tobacco, smoking control and health educ. Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, it is important to recognize cigarette smoke as a significant source of carbon monoxide exposure. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: While the negative effects of cigarette smoking are often perceived as being chronic and only coming to fruition after numerous years of exposure, it is important for both physicians and patients to recognize the possibility for potentially life-threatening acute toxicity secondary to carbon monoxide exposure. (Am J Addict 2019;00:1-3). PMID: 31348564 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal on Addictions - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In smokers attempting to quit, moderate levels of nicotine dependence coexist with significant depression and anxiety symptoms. These data inform resource allocation and public health strategies, suggesting that in resource-limited smoking cessation services, psychological/behavioural support focusing on depressive symptoms may be a greater priority than simple pharmacotherapy. PMID: 31266563 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
A smoking cessation intervention tailored to people with severe mental illness (SMI) such as schizophrenia can lead to reduced smoking and improved physical health in the short term, reports astudy published inLancet Psychiatry.Compared with patients with SMI who received standard smoking cessation treatment, patients who received the tailored intervention that combined behavioral and pharmacological therapy were more than twice as likely to have successfully quit smoking at six months. These improvements, however, were maintained by only 15% of the patients at the 12-month mark.“The results of the SCIMITAR+ [Smoking...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: bipolar disorder cigarettes Lancet Psychiatry schizophrenia serious mental illness Simon Gilbody SMI smoking cessation Source Type: research
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