Nigeria: HIV-Mad Cow-Ebola-Lassa-Zika

[Daily Trust] When I was growing up in Sokoto in the early 1970s, a dishevelled local musician called Shu'aibu Tsamaye used to go from house to house, with a kalangu drum slung on his shoulder, playing his popular tunes. Shu'aibu's best known tunes were about drug addiction which in those days mostly involved kwaya [amphetamines], kapso [capsules], roka [rocket] and aisin [ICD]. He also had a popular song about the Udoji salary awards.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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Authors: Koller G, Schwarzer A, Halfter K, Soyka M Abstract Introduction: Opioid addiction is a worldwide disease with a significant impact. A multitude of physical and mental comorbidities are associated with opioid addiction, pain being one of the most relevant. Insufficient pain management may lead to a disruption in medical treatment, self-medication, and subsequent harm to patients. Areas covered: In this review, the authors provide a general overview of opioid addiction. A literature search for pain management and opioid maintenance treatment was conducted. Different settings of acute or chronic pain and situ...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: MicronAuthor(s): Lilian Mirian Oliveira de Morais, Eduardo Inocente Jussiani, João Antonio Cyrino Zequi, Paulo José dos Reis, Avacir Casanova AndrelloAbstractAedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are vectors of several arboviruses responsible for causing dengue, chikungunya, Zika, and yellow fever viruses and microcephaly, resulting in a public health problem in several countries worldwide. Even in this scenario, studies on the morphology of mosquito eggs are still lacking. In this paper, X-ray microtomography was used to study mosquito egg morphology. Sev...
Source: Micron - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionRivastigmine 3 or 6 mg had no significant effect on the subjective effects of cocaine after 9 days of treatment. This is an important finding as other drugs in the AChEi class (donepezil, Huperzine A) have produced significant results, but differ in their receptor specificity and PK parameters.
Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 17 August 2019Source: New Scientist, Volume 243, Issue 3243Author(s): Ruby Prosser ScullyAs many as 90 per cent of people with the virus could be saved thanks to two experimental drugs, reports Ruby Prosser Scully
Source: New Scientist - Category: Science Source Type: research
Somewhere in the drunken mess of 2002, I was curious to try the combination of vodka and Klonopin. Ditto, I was a curious little kitten when it came to what could possibly happen if I took acid and ecstasy at the same time! I was curiouser and curiouser about everything, from trying heroin to trying to buy cocaine instead of paying my rent. That’s the sort of curious that kept me in trouble for the better part of two decades, but curious to quit drinking because I just needed a break from partying and how it was affecting my life? Uh, not so much. Trendy, Cool, and Not Dying If you don’t know what the “s...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction Alcoholism Disorders Publishers Recovery Substance Abuse The Fix alcohol use disorder sober sober curious Sobriety substance use disorder Source Type: blogs
Introduction: Studies among HIV-uninfected persons (mostly in their sixth decade of life) show that detectable coronary artery calcium (CAC) is independently associated with low bone mineral density (BMD), suggesting a possible common pathogenic mechanism. Aim: We assessed the relationship between CAC and BMD, which has not been well described among younger to middle-aged HIV-infected persons. Methods: We studied participants with baseline CAC and BMD measures from a prospective cohort of HIV-infected persons enrolled in the Study to Understand the Natural History of HIV/AIDS in the Era of Effective Therapy (SUN) d...
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a leading cause of end-stage liver disease (ESLD) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in HIV. Factors contributing to the high rates of liver complications among HIV/HBV-coinfected individuals remain unknown. Setting: North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study among HIV/HBV-coinfected patients in 10 US and Canadian cohorts of the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design that validated ESLD (ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, variceal hemorrhage, and/or hepatic ence...
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
Background: Mental health conditions are common among persons with HIV (PWH). An understanding of factors associated with prescription medication use for these conditions and clinical impact of the prescription medications may improve care of mental health disorders in PWH. Methods: Psychotropic medication use was examined among PWH within the AIDS Clinical Trials Group A5322 (HAILO) study. Multivariable logistic models and Cox regression models estimated the association between psychotropic medications (any/none) with baseline and incident slow gait (>1 s/m) and neurocognitive impairment (NCI) for more than 4 year...
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: There is excellent agreement amongst clinicians in the determination of AID and CDL, resulting in small changes in estimated cochlear place frequency of the most apical electrode using this new software.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research
Conclusion: In HA wearers, the risk of developing almost all of the diagnoses reviewed is significantly increased, especially for external auditory canal (EAC) furuncle, chronic otitis externa, and impacted cerumen. This study provides the first epidemiological evidence for HA as a risk factor for the rare EAC cholesteatoma.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: VESTIBULAR DISORDERS Source Type: research
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