Africa: 'Zika Epidemic' Could Spread to Africa - WHO

[New Times] The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned that 'mosquito-borne Zika virus' could spread rapidly across the globe to parts of Southeast Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, southern Europe and southern parts of the United States, Margaret Chan, WHO director-general, said in a statement on Friday.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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Since the huge epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV) in Brazil in 2015, questions were raised to understand which mosquito species could transmit the virus. Aedes aegypti has been described as the main vector. However, o...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Background: Current trends of emerging infectious disease outbreaks (EIDs) forecast impending global epidemiological crises. Human-driven environmental changes, including climate change along with overpopulation and global travel, have been contributing to EIDs outbreaks in many developing countries. The subject has attracted increasing attention with the recent Ebola and Zika epidemics, which highlights the potential threats to human and animal health, social stability, and global trade and economy.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: 0523 Source Type: research
This study assessed the effects of pyriproxyfen on reproductive performance, embryo-fetal development, head measurements, and DNA integrity in a preclinical model. Thirty pregnant mice were divided into three groups (n = 10): control (drinking water-0.1 ml/10 g (body weight-b.w., gavage) and treated with pyriproxyfen 0.0002 mg/kg and 0.0021 mg/kg (b.w., gavage) during the gestational period. Analysis of biometric, reproductive performance and embryo-fetal development parameters related to control presented no significant differences, suggesting no maternal or embryo-fetal toxicity. Head me...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2020Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious DiseasesAuthor(s): Antonio Carlos Bandeira, Luana Leandro Gois, Gubio Soares Campos, Silvia Sardi, Hans Yssel, Vincent Vieillard, Brigitte Autran, Maria Fernanda Rios Grassi
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract Several major epidemics of Zika fever, caused by the ZIKA virus (ZIKV), have emerged in Brazil since early 2015, eventually spreading to other countries on the South American continent. The present study describes the clinical manifestations and laboratory findings of patients with confirmed acute ZIKV infection during the first epidemic that occurred in Salvador, Brazil. All included patients were seen at the emergency room of a private tertiary hospital located in Salvador, Brazil from 2015 through 2017. Patients were considered eligible if signs of systemic viral febrile disease were present. All indiv...
Source: Braz J Infect Dis - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Braz J Infect Dis Source Type: research
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy has severe consequences on the new-born. The World Health Organization declared the Zika outbreak to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) i...
Source: BMC Women's Health - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore views, perceptions and attitudes towards ZIKV among migrant women from Central and South America, diagnosed with ZIKV infection during pregnancy, and to comprehend healthcare professionals’ perceptions of ZIKV. An exploratory qualitative study, based on phenomenology and grounded theory, was conducted in Barcelona, Spain. Data were collected through in-depth and paired interviews with women diagnosed with ZIKV infection during pregnancy, and semi-structured interviews with healthcare professionals. Women showed good level of awareness of ZIKV, despite some knowledge gaps. The most cons...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusions/SignificanceThe ingested viral dose and incubation temperature were significant predictors of the proportion of mosquito ’s biting becoming infectious.Ae.aegypti andAe.albopictus have the ability to transmit ZIKV when incubated at 28 °C. However Brazilian populations ofAe.aegypti exhibit a much higher transmission potential for ZIKV thanAe.albopictus regardless the combination of infection dose and incubation temperature.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, our findings confirm that OPD is a feature of Congenital Zika Syndrome that primarily occurs in children with microcephaly and provide support for policies in which children are referred for rehabilitation with an OPD diagnosis based on caregiver report.
Source: Dysphagia - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
In the last decades, a number of infectious viruses have emerged from wildlife or re-emerged, generating serious threats to the global health and to the economy worldwide. Ebola and Marburg hemorrhagic fevers, Lassa fever, Dengue fever, Yellow fever, West Nile fever, Zika, and Chikungunya vector-borne diseases, Swine flu, Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and the recent Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are examples of zoonoses that have spread throughout the globe with such a significant impact on public health that the scientific community has been called for a rapid int...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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