Analyzing Long-Duration and High-Frequency Data Using the Time-Varying Effect Model
Abstract With the rapid development of methods for electronic data capture, longitudinal data sets with many assessment points have become common in mental health services and addiction research. These data typically exhibit complex and irregular patterns of change, and the relationship between variables may also change over time. Existing statistical methods are not flexible enough to capture this complexity, but a new method, the time-varying effect model (TVEM), permits modeling nearly any shape of change, and allows the effect of an independent variable on outcome to change over time. This paper introduces TVEM and illustrates its application using data from a 16-year study of 223 participants with serious mental illness and substance abuse.
The coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) pandemic emerged at a time of substantial investment in the United States substance use service infrastructure. A key component of this fiscal investment was funding for training and technical assistance (TA) from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) to newly configured Technology Transfer Centers (TTCs), including the Addiction TTCs (ATTC Network), Prevention TTCs (PTTC Network), and the Mental Health TTCs (MHTTC Network).
Despite conflicting results in the literature concerning its efficacy in practice, racial matching has been identified as a component of culturally sensitive treatment.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, social distancing measures have made in-person mutual help groups inaccessible to many individuals struggling with substance use disorders (SUDs). Prior to the pandemic, stakeholders in our community had sponsored a program to train volunteers to facilitate local Self-Management and Recovery Training (SMART Recovery) groups. As a result, the community established seven weekly SMART Recovery groups, which more than 200 community members attended. In March 2020, the community discontinued these groups due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Little evidence has examined the therapeutic effects of methylphenidate (MPH) and Matrix Model treatment on addiction severity, craving, relapse and mental health in people who use methamphetamine (PWUM). This...
The COVID-19 pandemic and its containment strategies have presented unique challenges to India ’s healthcare infrastructure. While a national lockdown initially resulted in the closure of all licensed liquor shops, it also made healthcare facilities dedicated to the treatment of substance use disorders challenging to access. Addiction treatment services have been functioning at limited capa city with a lack of consensus on operating procedures. In this article, we present actual case scenarios where lockdown affected substance use and the treatment process, and discuss the policy implications and considerations for both.
umdar Achieving effective pain management is one of the major challenges associated with modern day medicine. Opioids, such as morphine, have been the reference treatment for moderate to severe acute pain not excluding chronic pain modalities. Opioids act through the opioid receptors, the family of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) that mediate pain relief through both the central and peripheral nervous systems. Four types of opioid receptors have been described, including the μ-opioid receptor (MOR), κ-opioid receptor (KOR), δ-opioid receptor (DOR), and the nociceptin opioid peptide recept...
AbstractDespite nascent research supporting the efficacy of classic psychedelics as a psychotherapeutic aid for the treatment of substance abuse, to date, there is limited published research exploring their use in the treatment of stimulant use disorder and dual diagnosis. A 22-year-old male with a history of mood disorder and polysubstance use presented to a private Australian mental health clinic. While undergoing psychological treatment for mood and stimulant use disorder, this patient reported significant benefit from his use of classic psychedelics. Following consumption of 3.5 grams of psilocybin-containing mushrooms...
This study addresses an important gap in the effects of nicotine on vision. One of the main takeaways of this study is to understand the effects of nicotine on contrast sensitivity and chromatic contrast discrimination. This information will provide a further understanding of how nicotine interacts with early visual processes and help determine how the different components present during smoking can affect vision.Clinical Trial Registration Number: RBR-46tjy3.
CONCLUSIONS: Attendance at a single AA meeting increased students' awareness of community resources, including AA, for patients who abuse or misuse alcohol. Because students also reported increased perceived self-confidence regarding explaining AA to patients and assessing patients for alcohol addiction, attendance at an AA meeting has the potential to affect future patient care. PMID: 32885264 [PubMed - in process]