Is cholesterol a mediator of cold-induced cancer?

Abstract Many factors such as smoking, obesity, and high fat have been either directly or indirectly linked to cancer deaths and/or incidences. Similarly, abnormal serum cholesterol levels have been assigned as a risk factor for cancer, but some studies show a discrepant result. To resolve this discrepancy, we have analyzed cholesterol data of 166 countries. Univariate analysis showed a positive correlation between serum average total cholesterol (ATC) and overall cancer mortality rate (CMR) [tau = 0.277, z = 5.19, p 
Source: Tumor Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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AM Abstract Adoptive transfer of T cells transgenic for tumor-reactive T-cell receptors (TCR) is an attractive immunotherapeutic approach. However, clinical translation is so far limited due to challenges in the identification of suitable target antigens as well as TCRs that are concurrent safe and efficient. Definition of key characteristics relevant for effective and specific tumor rejection is essential to improve current TCR-based adoptive T-cell immunotherapies. We here characterized in-depth two TCRs derived from the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-mismatched allogeneic repertoire targeting two different myel...
Source: Nuklearmedizin - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Front Immunol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe study recommend the development of a model to guide the integration of breast cancer prevention and early detection into palliative care
Source: International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Advances in nanophotonics could one day lead to new treatments for cancer, mental disorders More at https://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=298904&WT.mc_id=USNSF_1 This is a Research News item.
Source: NSF Discoveries - Category: Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 July 2019Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Brigid K. Killelea, Emily J. Gallagher, Sheldon M. Feldman, Elisa Port, Tari King, Susan K. Boolbol, Rebeca Franco, Kezhen Fei, Derek Le Roith, Nina A. BickellAbstractIntroductionAlthough breast cancer incidence is higher among white women, black women are more likely to have aggressive tumors with less favorable histology, and to have a worse prognosis. Obesity and alcohol consumption have been identified as two modifiable risk factors for breast cancer, while physical activity may offer protection. Little however is known abo...
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 July 2019Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Laura H. Rosenberger, Samantha M. Thomas, Jennifer K. Plichta, Oluwadamilola M. Fayanju, Terry Hyslop, Rachel A. Greenup, E. Shelley HwangAbstractBackgroundSentinel lymph node biopsy has supplanted axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) in clinically node-negative breast cancer and select node-positive disease. We hypothesized a decreasing rate of both ALND and resident exposure over time.MethodsWe identified women with clinical Stage I-III breast cancer in the National Cancer Data Base (2004-2014). Adjusted multivariate logisti...
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsAmong breast cancer patients, nearly one-third exhibit clinical-pathological stage discordance. This high likelihood of discordance is important to consider for counseling and treatment planning.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: European Journal of Surgical OncologyAuthor(s): John Tapper, Stefan Arver, Torbjörn Holm, Matteo Bottai, Mikael Machado, Ravi Jasuja, Anna Martling, Christian BuchliAbstractAimThe aim of this study is to analyze postoperative adverse events (AE) in relation to acute primary testicular failure after radiotherapy (RT) for rectal cancer.MethodThis relation was assessed in 104 men, included in a previous prospective cohort study of men treated with surgical resection of the rectum for rectal cancer stage I-III. Postoperative AE were graded according to Clavien-Dindo (...
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionExhaled breath condensate analysis combined with MS technique may become a valuable method for lung cancer screening and Dermcidin and S100A9 may serve as biomarkers for lung cancer diagnosis or prognosis.
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, we explored the anti-obesity effects of Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) in adult male zebrafish. Through BMI measurements, blood glucose level analyses, serum triglyceride analyses, Oil Red O staining as well as quantitative Real Time-PCR, the ability of cinnamon to reduce metabolic disorders associated with obesity is investigated for the first time in a zebrafish model. Our studies indicate that cinnamon ameliorates the genotypic and phonotypic characteristics associated with obesity through lowering of BMI, blood glucose, triglyceride levels, lipid levels in the liver and through gene modulation. PMI...
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
This study investigated the profiles of circulating miRNAs in plasma samples of normal weight (n = 159) and overweight/obese (n = 149) children participating to the I.Family study, an EC funded study finalized to investigate the etiology of overweight, obesity and related disorders in children of eight European countries (www.ifamilystudy.eu).
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
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