The Gastrointestinal Microbiome: Alcohol Effects on the Composition of Intestinal Microbiota.
The Gastrointestinal Microbiome: Alcohol Effects on the Composition of Intestinal Microbiota. Alcohol Res. 2015 Dec;37(2):223-236 Authors: Engen PA, Green SJ, Voigt RM, Forsyth CB, Keshavarzian A Abstract The excessive use of alcohol is a global problem causing many adverse pathological health effects and a significant financial health care burden. This review addresses the effect of alcohol consumption on the microbiota in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Although data are limited in humans, studies highlight the importance of changes in the intestinal microbiota in alcohol-related disorders. Alcohol-induced changes in the GIT microbiota composition and metabolic function may contribute to the well-established link between alcohol-induced oxidative stress, intestinal hyperpermeability to luminal bacterial products, and the subsequent development of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), as well as other diseases. In addition, clinical and preclinical data suggest that alcohol-related disorders are associated with quantitative and qualitative dysbiotic changes in the intestinal microbiota and may be associated with increased GIT inflammation, intestinal hyperpermeability resulting in endotoxemia, systemic inflammation, and tissue damage/organ pathologies including ALD. Thus, gut-directed interventions, such as probiotic and synbiotic modulation of the intestinal microbiota, should be considered and evaluated for prevention and treatment of alcohol-associated pat...
CONCLUSION: When gastroenterologists encounter NAFLD/NASH patients, serum CK should be verified. If hyperCKemia, frontal baldness, a hatched face, history of cataract surgery, and grip myotonia are noted, the possibility of MD may be considered. PMID: 33033573 [PubMed]
Authors: Arab JP, Dirchwolf M, Álvares-da-Silva MR, Barrera F, Benítez C, Castellanos-Fernandez M, Castro-Narro G, Chavez-Tapia N, Chiodi D, Cotrim H, Cusi K, de Oliveira CPMS, Díaz J, Fassio E, Gerona S, Girala M, Hernandez N, Marciano S, Masson W, Mendez-Sanchez N, Leite N, Lozano A, Padilla M, Panduro A, Paraná R, Parise E, Perez M, Poniachik J, Restrepo JC, Ruf A, Silva M, Tagle M, Tapias M, Torres K, Vilar-Gomez E, Costa Gil JE, Gadano A, Arrese M Abstract Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) currently represents an epidemic worldwide. NAFLD is the most frequently diagnosed chr...
CONCLUSION: The ultrasonography measure of right liver lobe diameter by itself can reliably identify patients with NAFLD with a good sensitivity and specificity, however, this can be improved by adding the LAP mathematical index in our population. PMID: 33031969 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionmiR-199a-5p might be an essentail regulator for hepatic lipid metabolism, possibly through its interction with MST1 and the subsequent signaling cascade. Thus, miR-199a-5p may serve as an important therapeutic target in the treatment of NAFLD.
Patients with non-alcoholic fatty-liver disease (NAFLD) have a higher risk of diabetes, and the more severe the disease the greater the risk, according to new research.Reuters Health Information
Conditions: Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease; Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis; Liver Fibroses; Liver Inflammation; Liver Steatoses Intervention: Diagnostic Test: LIVERFASt Sponsor: Fibronostics USA, Inc Not yet recruiting
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), a progressive liver disease that is closely associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidaemia, represents an increasing global public health challenge. There is significant variability in the disease course: the majority exhibit only fat accumulation in the liver but a significant minority develop a necroinflammatory form of the disease (non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, NASH) that may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
We describe a trial of semaglutide treatment for NASH, identify key patient characteristics and compare the relationship of patient characteristics and non-invasive biomarkers/scores.NCT02970942 is a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-national Phase 2 trial of daily subcutaneous semaglutide (0.1 mg, 0.2 mg, 0.4 mg) in patients with biopsy-confirmed NASH, F1–F3 fibrosis, NAFLD Activity Score ≥ 4, and body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m2.
AbstractThe aim of this study is to provide updates on the characteristics of chronic HBsAg carriers in Italy before the advent of new drugs eliminating or functionally inactivating the genome HBV reservoirs. HBV endemicity has greatly decreased in Italy over the past decades. A not negligible number of chronic HBsAg carriers are still alive in the country. Chronic HBsAg carriers consecutively referring to 9 units in Italy were prospectively enrolled for a 6-month period in 2019. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of treatment. A total of 894 cases was recruited (se...