Syphilis and HIV co-infection.

In conclusion, concurrent HIV remains common in patients diagnosed with syphilis in Denmark, both in those diagnosed by serological testing and PCR testing. Although the rate of syphilis has stabilized in recent years, a spread to low-risk groups is of concern, especially due to the complex symptomatology of syphilis. However, given the efficient treatment options and the targeted screening of pregnant women and persons at higher risk of syphilis, control of the infection seems within reach. Avoiding new HIV infections is the major challenge and here cART may play a prominent role. PMID: 26621404 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Danish Medical Journal - Category: Journals (General) Tags: Dan Med J Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Dionne-Odom J, Khan MJ, Jauk VC, Szychowski J, Long DM, Wallace S, Neely C, Fry K, Marrazzo J, Crain M, Tita ATN Abstract Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are associated with adverse birth outcomes. Current prenatal STI screening guidelines define "risk" without explicit consideration of HIV status. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that HIV status is associated with bacterial STI in pregnant women. Methods: We designed a retrospective cohort study to identify pregnant women with HIV who delivered at our facility during 2000-2014. HIV+ women were compared to HIV- wome...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Sexually transmitted infections constitute a major public health problem worldwide. Syphilis and HIV infections cause various adverse pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the s...
Source: Reproductive Health - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions Focused efforts using email notification to obtain pregnancy status improved ascertainment in large sexually transmitted disease (STD) programs with minimal effort. Most but not all women with unknown pregnancy status were identified as not pregnant.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: The Real World of STD Prevention Source Type: research
by Joyce Marinho de Souza, Rog ério Giuffrida, Ana Paula Marques Ramos, Glilciane Morceli, Camila H. Coelho, Marcus Vinícius Pimenta Rodrigues Syphilis is a Sexually Transmitted Infection (IST) with significant importance to public health, due to its impact during pregnancy (Gestational Syphilis—GS); especially because syphilis can affect fetus and neonates’ development (mother-to-child transmission—MTCT of syphilis), by increasing susceptibility to abortion, premature birth, skeletal malformations, meningitis and pneumonia. Measures to control and eliminate MTCT of syphilis have failed on ...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
UCLA Health Rates of sexually transmitted diseases have risen for the past four years to record highs in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ’slatest analysis. In California, the state health departmentfound that the number of people diagnosed with syphilis, gonorrhea or chlamydia in 2017 was 45 percent higher than five years prior.These sorts of statistics may spark a fear that there ’s little we can do to protect ourselves — but that’s not the full story.Dr. Leena Nathan, an obstetrician/gynecologist at UCLA Health-Westlake Village, consults with peo...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
The S.T.D. has gained ground among all women in the U.S., including those who are expecting.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Syphilis Sexually Transmitted Diseases Pregnancy and Childbirth Babies and Infants Bacteria Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Obstetrics & Gynecology (Journal) Source Type: news
Increasing rates of syphilis among pregnant women and their newborns raise questions concerning patient compliance, provider adherence to the current established 2015 CDC sexually transmitted infections (STI) treatment guidelines, or both. The aim of this retrospective review is to evaluate trends in the clinical management of maternal and congenital syphilis (CS) along with provider adherence to the current 2015 CDC STI guidelines in the largest tertiary care center in New Orleans, LA.
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Poster Session I Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Syphilis cases among pregnant women increased from 2012 to 2016, and in half, no traditional behavioral risk factors were reported. Efforts to reduce syphilis among pregnant women should involve increasing health care provider awareness of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' recommendations, which include screening all pregnant women for syphilis at the first prenatal visit and rescreening high-risk women during the third trimester and at delivery. Health care providers should also consider local syphilis prevalence in addition to individua...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Denmark Health | Doxycycline | General Medicine | Health | International Medicine & Public Health | Neurology | Penicillin | Pregnancy | STDs | Study | Syphilis | Women