Mozambique: New Vaccine Against Polio Introduced

[AIM] Maputo -The Mozambican Health Ministry intends to introduce a new vaccine against poliomyelitis, which will be officially launched on Friday in Manhica district, 89 kilometres north of Maputo.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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Publication date: 14–20 September 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10202Author(s): Mohammad Ali, Nisar Ahmad, Haji Khan, Shahid Ali, Fazal Akbar, Zahid Hussain
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Delpeyroux RNA recombination is a major driving force in the evolution and genetic architecture shaping of enteroviruses. In particular, intertypic recombination is implicated in the emergence of most pathogenic circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses, which have caused numerous outbreaks of paralytic poliomyelitis worldwide. Recent experimental studies that relied on recombination cellular systems mimicking natural genetic exchanges between enteroviruses provided new insights into the molecular mechanisms of enterovirus recombination and enabled to define a new model of genetic plasticity for enteroviruses. Homologou...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
[WHO] Following confirmation of circulating vaccine derived polio virus type 2 (cVDPV2) in the environmental sample from Tamale Metropolis and also detection of Polio in a two (2) years, (9) nine months old child from Chereponi district of the North East Region, the Ministry of Health /Ghana Health Service declared the event a Public Health Emergency of National Concern. Again on 25th August 2019, the National Polio Laboratory further notified the Ghana Health Service of confirmation of Polio in environmental su
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: The low GMTs and the clear tendency to decrease with increasing age of the subjects, especially against to PV1, confirm the framework of attention that polio is receiving at national and international level. PMID: 31517887 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Bio-Medica : Atenei Parmensis - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Acta Biomed Source Type: research
[Ghana Govt.] The Ghana Health Service (GHS) has started a polio vaccination campaign in the Greater Accra region. The campaign, which started on Wednesday, September 11, 2019, will end on Saturday, September 14, 2019.
Source: AllAfrica News: Polio - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
After infection with poliovirus, only about 1% of individuals develop paralysis. I have always wondered whether genetic polymorphisms underlie the rarity of this disease outcome. The results of study carried out in Denmark provide the first insights. The study group consisted of 17 individuals who developed poliomyelitis in the pre-vaccine years, 1940-1950, and one who […]
Source: virology blog - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Basic virology Information genetic susceptibility paralysis poliomyelitis poliovirus single nucleotide polymorphism SNIP viral viruses Source Type: blogs
[Premium Times] The Executive Director, National Primary Healthcare Development Agency, Faisal Shuaib, has expressed optimism that Nigeria will not suffer a setback in the success recorded on wild polio eradication in the country.
Source: AllAfrica News: Polio - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
It may be possible to eradicate malaria—one of history’s deadliest diseases—from the planet by 2050, according to a coalition of 41 leading scientists, economists and health-policy experts writing in the Lancet. “Malaria is one of the oldest and deadliest diseases of humankind,” says Sir Richard Feachem, one of the report’s authors and co-chair of the Lancet commission on malaria eradication. “If we, humankind, were to take on this challenge and eradicate malaria by 2050, it would be an achievement of historic proportions. There would be nothing quite like it.” Malaria, a mos...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Infectious Disease onetime Source Type: news
In Nigeria and West Africa, a cVDPV2 outbreak originating from Jigawa state, Nigeria, continues to spread. In Ghana, cVDPV2 was isolated from an acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) case in Ando-Nyamanu, Chereponi district, Northern Region, bordering Togo. The case was a two-year old girl who had experienced onset of paralysis on 27 July 2019. Stool samples were taken on 27 and 28 July 2019, and sent to the National Polio Laboratory at the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research for further laboratory investigations. The sample tested positive for cVDPV2 on 17 August 2019. Sequencing of the sample from the AFP case reveal...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news
Abstract During the early 1950s, Canada's efforts to prevent polio became heavily influenced by developments in the United States. America's foremost polio charity, the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, sponsored University of Pittsburgh researcher Dr. William McD. Hammon to evaluate the efficacy of a human blood fraction, gamma globulin (GG), to prevent paralytic polio. When the resulting clinical trial data appeared to show that the blood fraction offered some protection against the disease, Canadians embraced the concept for reasons of historical trust, parental demand, and public health pragmatism. ...
Source: Medical History - Category: History of Medicine Authors: Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research
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