Risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in female breast cancer patients treated with morphine: a retrospective population-based time-dependent cohort study

A key element of the palliative care of cancer patients is the management of chronic pain [1]. Opioids continue to be a mainstay in the management of cancer pain in all treatment guidelines [2], and morphine is regarded as the “gold standard” [3–6]. Considered as broad-spectrum analgesics, opioids have multiple side effects and potential complications [7]. Our previous studies indicated that morphine treatment is associated with subdural hemorrhage [8], pulmonary embolism [9], and acute coronary syndrome [10] in cancer patients, as well as increased stroke incidence in prostate cancer patients [11].
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research

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