NICE guidelines to reduce antimicrobial resistance

Source: PharmacoEconomics and Outcomes News - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

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This study employs a low-cost, commercially available screen printed electrode modified with an agarose-based hydrogel deposit to monitor bacterial growth using the techniques of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) giving rise to a new approach to measuring susceptibility. Susceptible and drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains were deposited onto agarose gel modified electrodes which contained clinically important antibiotics to establish growth profiles for each bacterial strain and monitor the influence of the antibiotic on bacterial growth. The results show that S....
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Source: Infection and Drug Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infection and Drug Resistance Source Type: research
Source: EcoHealth - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex is considered one of the main causes of hospital-acquired infections. Acinetobacter seifertii was recently characterized within this complex and it has been described as an emergent pathogen associated with bacteremia. The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria, including Acinetobacter sp., is considered a global public health threat and an environmental problem because MDR bacteria have been spreading from several sources. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize an environmental MDR A. seifertii isolate (SAb133) using whole genome sequencing and a co...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
We present in this report novel findings regarding IncHI plasmid conjugation. Conjugative transfer in liquid medium of an IncHI plasmid requires expression of a plasmid-encoded, large-molecular-mass protein that contains an Ig-like domain. The protein, termed RSP, is encoded by a gene (ORFR0009) that maps in the Tra2 region of the IncHI1 R27 plasmid. The RSP protein is exported outside the cell by using the plasmid-encoded type IV secretion system that is also used for its transmission to new cells. Expression of the protein reduces cell motility and enables plasmid conjugation. Flagella are one of the cellular targets of ...
Source: PLoS Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Source Type: research
Hamat Enterococci are commonly found in humans, animals and environments. Their highly adaptive mechanisms are related to several virulent determinants and their ability to resist antibiotics. Data on the relationship between the esp gene, biofilm formation and antibiotic susceptibility profiles may differ between countries. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the proportion of esp gene and biofilm formation among Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium clinical isolates. We also investigated the possible association between the esp gene with antibiotic susceptibility patterns and biofilm forma...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Microbial Drug Resistance, Ahead of Print.
Source: Microbial Drug Resistance - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
Microbial Drug Resistance, Ahead of Print.
Source: Microbial Drug Resistance - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThe prevalence of MDR-GNB in Iranian burn patients is very high. Thus, a comprehensive infectious control programme, a reduction in the use of antibiotic prophylaxis, and thorough information regarding antimicrobial resistance patterns is required.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2019Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Vladimir Rafalskiy, Dmitry Pushkar, Sergey Yakovlev, Oleg Epstein, Mikhail Putilovskiy, Sergey Tarasov, Alexey Glazunov, Sergeiy Korenev, Ekaterina Moiseeva, Natalia GorelyshevaAbstractBackgroundUrinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections in clinical practice. The aim of the RESOURCE study was to determine the antimicrobial resistance profile of gram-negative bacteria isolated from outpatient urine samples collected across the Russian Federation.MethodsA total of 96,781 urine s...
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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