Africa: The HIV Epidemic - a Glass Half Empty?
[Key Correspondents] Now I've had time to reflect on what I heard at the International AIDS Conference, held in Vancouver last month, I have a glass half empty feeling.
In response to growing evidence of an expanding epidemic of sexually acquired hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in HIV-positive MSM, the European AIDS Treatment Network (NEAT) acute hepatitis C consensus panel developed their first recommendations for HCV prevention and care during a consensus conference in May 2010 in Paris, France. As then, two major breakthroughs have changed the landscape. First, directly acting antivirals (DAA) with high levels of tolerability and HCV cure rates of over 95% are now widely available and will play a large role in the goal of elimination of HCV by 2030 (WHO sector strategy). Second, land...
Conclusion Crowdsourced posters were of higher craftsmanship, possibly due to their ability to recruit skills of professional designers. The CDC posters' use of positive visual reinforcement (smiling faces) and educational messaging may be a legacy of their role in the early days of the epidemic in disseminating basic HIV/AIDS knowledge and dispelling misinformation. Crowdsourcing posters' used more metaphors, suggesting better ability to leverage in-group codes and language.
[Ghanaian Times] Until the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic late last year, HIV/AIDS was regarded as the world's worst epidemic humanity had ever faced.
[The Conversation Africa] South Africa is home to the world's largest epidemic of HIV, a virus that attacks a person's immune system, making one more susceptible to other infections. Sustained treatment with effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) can enable people living with HIV to achieve near-normal life expectancy. But, according to 2019 figures, only two thirds of an estimated 7.7 million people living with HIV in South Africa were on ART.
[GFO] On 24 April 2020, the Global Fund, the World Health Organization (WHO) and a range of global health actors launched the Access to COVID-19 Tools (ACT) Accelerator, a global collaboration to speed up the development and production of vaccines, diagnostics, and therapeutics for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) for all who need them globally. The other global health actors in the partnership include the Bill&Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEP
[Daily News] ZANZIBAR has the lowest HIV epidemic in sub-Sahara Africa with prevalence rate at below 0.4 per cent, according to Zanzibar Aids Commission (ZAC) data but a rising number of people belonging to the vulnerable group and key population is posing new challenges.
[Daily Maverick] There are lessons to be learnt from those who have witnessed not one, but two epidemics: the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the most recent Covid-19 pandemic--but we must harness the power of society.
Conclusion: Such rising trends of attendees and a steady decline in the seropositivity rates are encouraging signs, reflecting the contribution of the ICTC in creating awareness, and reducing the transmission of HIV among the population served.
[African Arguments] Debating Ideas is a new section that aims to reflect the values and editorial ethos of the African Arguments book series, publishing engaged, often radical, scholarship, original and activist writing from within the African continent and beyond. It will offer debates and engagements, contexts and controversies, and reviews and responses flowing from the African Arguments books.
Purpose of review This paper will review recent use of syndemic frameworks in HIV research among African–Americans. Recent findings Researchers have used syndemic theory in diverse African–American study populations, including MSM, cis-women, trans-women, heterosexual men and adolescents. These studies have evaluated the associations between syndemic conditions and a variety of outcomes, such as sexual behaviours, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, HIV testing, adherence to antiretroviral therapy, HIV suppression and preexposure prophylaxis use. The most frequently evaluated syndemic conditions...