Charles Bonnet Syndrome in a Patient With Right Medial Occipital Lobe Infarction: Epileptic or Deafferentation Phenomenon?

Conclusions: CBS may develop in a patient with occipital lobe infarction following an embolic event. CBS associated with medial occipital lobe infarction and epilepsy may coexist and reflects the abnormal functioning of an integrated neuronal network.
Source: The Neurologist - Category: Neurology Tags: Case Report/Case Series Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Data from the literature suggest an association between statin use and a reduced risk of ASPSS after ischemic stroke and a reduced risk of PSE after ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Although the certainty of the evidence is low, these findings appear promising and worthy of further investigation. PMID: 32916580 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
ConclusionWe present the second case of recurrent ischemic strokes in a patient withCACNA1A mutation. Our findings expand the phenotypic heterogeneity related to Cav2.1 (P/Q‐type) calcium channel dysfunction and suggest consideration ofCACNA1A disorder in evaluation of pediatric strokes.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: CLINICAL REPORT Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 111Author(s): Patsy Ramey, Melissa Osborn, Howard Kirshner, Bassel Abou-Khalil
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Emergency departments will frequently call a stroke alert for patients taking LTG and presenting with symptoms consistent with LTG toxicity, particularly in seniors at greater risk of stroke. This adds not only expense but also radiation and contrast exposure from computed tomography (CT) studies. We recommend that a rapid LTG assay be made available and always ordered in patients receiving LTG, avoiding the considerable expense of an unnecessary stroke evaluation. PMID: 32652284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
Abstract AIMS: The involvement of pyroptosis in ischemic stroke remains to be established. Therefore, we used the specific pyroptosis inhibitor Vx765 as an experimental intervention target in a murine model of stroke. METHODS: A total of 564 C57BL/6 mice were subjected to photothrombotic procedures and treated via gavage with Vx765 at 1-hour post-ischemia. We subsequently assessed the expression of Gasdermin D (GSDMD), inflammasomes, caspase-1, and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) using immunofluorescence (IF) and Western blot (WB) analyses. We also examined ultrastructural changes of cortical neurons with tr...
Source: CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: CNS Neurosci Ther Source Type: research
ConclusionsElectrographic seizures and periodic and rhythmic patterns in patients with AIS are associated with worse outcomes in a dose-dependent manner. Future studies are needed to assess whether treatment of this EEG activity can improve outcomes.
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This article reviews current knowledge on epidemiology, risk factors and causes, diagnostic considerations, management, and prognosis of ischemic stroke in young adults (those 55 years old and younger). RECENT FINDINGS The incidence of ischemic stroke in young adults has been increasing since the 1980s, which has occurred in parallel with increasing prevalence of vascular risk factors and substance abuse among the younger population. Young adults have a considerably wider range of risk factors than older patients, including age-specific factors such as pregnancy/puerperium and oral contraceptive use. Behavioral risk fac...
Source: CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: REVIEW ARTICLES Source Type: research
Moyamoya disease is a cerebrovascular disease of unknown origin causing progressive stenosis of the intracranial arteries in the circle of Willis.1,2 Stenoocclusive lesions and the subsequent hemodynamic compromise result in the formation of dilated, fragile collateral vessels at the base of the brain, which are termed moyamoya vessels. The presentation of patients with these lesions varies from asymptomatic to symptoms of headache, epilepsy, and ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Patients with moyamoya disease sometimes have concomitant extracranial arterial stenosis3; of all the extracranial arteries reported, the most com...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Authors: Xu SY, Li ZX, Wu XW, Li L, Li CX Abstract Todd's paralysis, a neurological abnormality characterized by temporary limb weakness or hemiplegia, typically occurs following a seizure, without enduring consequences. Since limb weakness or hemiplegia can also be a common symptom of an acute ischemic stroke, it is often difficult to diagnose Todd's paralysis in individuals experiencing an acute ischemic stroke if they do not have a pre-existing history of epilepsy. Given that there is a limited understanding of Todd's paralysis, this review discusses the history, prevalence, clinical manifestations, duration, et...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of DBD are associated with selective modulation of microglia polarization and reduction in the production of inflammatory mediators and cytokines through inhibition of MAPK and NF-κB activation. These findings suggest that DBD may be a potential treatment for ischemic stroke and other neuroinflammatory diseases. PMID: 32143007 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Immunopharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research
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