Head and Neck Cancers, Version 1.2015.

Head and Neck Cancers, Version 1.2015. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2015 Jul;13(7):847-56 Authors: Pfister DG, Spencer S, Brizel DM, Burtness B, Busse PM, Caudell JJ, Cmelak AJ, Colevas AD, Dunphy F, Eisele DW, Foote RL, Gilbert J, Gillison ML, Haddad RI, Haughey BH, Hicks WL, Hitchcock YJ, Jimeno A, Kies MS, Lydiatt WM, Maghami E, McCaffrey T, Mell LK, Mittal BB, Pinto HA, Ridge JA, Rodriguez CP, Samant S, Shah JP, Weber RS, Wolf GT, Worden F, Yom SS, McMillian N, Hughes M Abstract These NCCN Guidelines Insights focus on recent updates to the 2015 NCCN Guidelines for Head and Neck (H&N) Cancers. These Insights describe the different types of particle therapy that may be used to treat H&N cancers, in contrast to traditional radiation therapy (RT) with photons (x-ray). Research is ongoing regarding the different types of particle therapy, including protons and carbon ions, with the goals of reducing the long-term side effects from RT and improving the therapeutic index. For the 2015 update, the NCCN H&N Cancers Panel agreed to delete recommendations for neutron therapy for salivary gland cancers, because of its limited availability, which has decreased over the past 2 decades; the small number of patients in the United States who currently receive this treatment; and concerns that the toxicity of neutron therapy may offset potential disease control advantages. PMID: 26150579 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research

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Authors: Cruz A, Magalhães H, Pereira FF, Dinis J, Vieira C Abstract Primary salivary gland cancers comprise a heterogeneous group of histological entities and represent less than 5% of head and neck malignancies. Surgical resection is the main treatment, and adjuvant radiotherapy is performed in selected cases. Chemotherapy is an option in metastatic or recurrent disease, with poor evidence. We aimed to review a 10-year experience of a cancer centre on major salivary gland cancers, focusing on clinical, pathological, treatment and patients' outcomes data. A total of 93 patients were identified, median age a...
Source: Ecancermedicalscience - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Ecancermedicalscience Source Type: research
The extent to which the site of initial metastasis influences survival in patients with cancer remains unclear. Here, we assessed the association of initial metastatic site with the survival of patients with newly diagnosed salivary gland cancers using the National Cancer Database (NCDB).
Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Non-squamous Cell Malignancies of the Head and Neck: thyroid, sarcomas, skin cancers, salivary gland and sinus cancers Source Type: research
AbstractNext-Generation Sequencing (NGS) is being utilized with increasing frequency in the characterization of salivary gland tumours. The potential scenarios which may be encountered by using this technique in routine practice will be outlined in further text by drawing from our own clinical experience. These include oncocytic mucoepidermoid carcinomas with unusual variant morphology (and negativeMAML2 fluorescent in-situ hybridization results), a diagnosis of ameloblastoma changed to adenoid cystic carcinoma (due toMYBL1 fusion presence), a salivary duct carcinoma with anETV6-NTRK3 fusion (otherwise seen in secretory ca...
Source: Head and Neck Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This combination demonstrated activity in HN, with fewer responses in SGC. Toxicities were higher than reported with pembrolizumab alone. PMID: 31796519 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
Salivary gland cancer (SGC) is a distinct but heterogeneous group of malignancies comprising approximately 6.5% of cases within head and neck cancer [1]. This makes it a rare cancer, with an estimated age-standardized annual incidence of less than 2/100.000 in most countries [2]. The most recent World Health Organization classification of Head and Neck Tumours distinguishes 22 histopathological subtypes of SGC, which makes each subtype even rarer [3]. Recognition of, and differentiation between these different subtypes is notoriously difficult and different subtypes exhibit different clinical features adding up to the comp...
Source: Cancer Treatment Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Tumour Review Source Type: research
Abstract Although salivary gland cancers comprise only ∼3-6% of head and neck cancers, treatment options for patients with advanced-stage disease are limited. Because of their rarity, salivary gland malignancies are understudied compared to other exocrine tissue cancers. The comparative lack of progress in this cancer field is particularly evident when it comes to our incomplete understanding of the key molecular signals that are causal for the development and/or progression of salivary gland cancers. Using a novel conditional transgenic mouse (K5:RANKL), we demonstrate that Receptor Activator of NFkB Ligand (...
Source: Cytokine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Cytokine Source Type: research
Conclusions: TLG on restaging FDG-PET predicted PFS and OS in patients with RSGC; patients with predicted poor outcome may benefit from alternate, escalated treatment strategies. Multivariate analysis of clinicopathological and imaging parametersParameterPFS HR (95.0% CI)PFS p-valueOS HR (95.0% CI)OS p-valueHistologic subtype, Adenocarcinoma vs. Non-adenocarcinoma2.27 (1.33- 3.89)0.0031.60 (0.91-2.80)0.09TMTV1.01 (0.99-1.012)0.081.00 (1.00-1.011)0.14TLG1.00 (1.00-1.001)
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Head and Neck Posters Source Type: research
Conclusion Most head and neck pathologies show a broad cellular heterogeneity making it difficult to achieve an accurate diagnosis and efficient treatment (Graf and Zavodszky, 2017; Lo Nigro et al., 2017). Single cell analysis of circadian omics (Lande-Diner et al., 2015; Abraham et al., 2018), may be a crucial tool needed in the future to fully understand the circadian control of head and neck diseases. It becomes more obvious that there is only a small genetic component but a largely unknown epigenetics and/or environmental component for most of the head and neck pathologies (Moosavi and Motevalizadeh Ardekani, 2016; He...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Publication date: July–August 2018Source: Reports of Practical Oncology &Radiotherapy, Volume 23, Issue 4Author(s): Mateusz Szewczyk, Paweł Golusiński, Jakub Pazdrowski, Piotr Pieńkowski, Sławomir Marszałek, Jacek Sygut, Wojciech GolusińskiAbstractAimThe purpose of the study was to publish our experience of salivary gland cancer treatment with large number of patients treated at a single institution.BackgroundSalivary gland cancers are rare tumors of the head and neck representing about 5% of cancers in that region and about 0.5% of all malignancies. Due to the rarity of the disease, most of the studies reg...
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
The androgen receptor (AR) is a nuclear steroid receptor that binds to testosterone and dihydrotestosterone and regulates the transcription of genes leading to cell growth, differentiation and survival. AR serves as an important oncogenic signal in prostate cancers and apocrine breast cancers. Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is a rare subtype of head and neck cancer that is defined by an apocrine phenotype, with AR positivity by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in up to 98% of cases [1]. A recent clinical trial with leuprorelin acetate and bicalutamide has shown promising activity with an overall response rate of 42% in AR-positiv...
Source: Oral Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research
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