Diary of a poultry intern

As the gamebird rearing season has begun, poultry intern William Garton is busy with clinical work and health issues involving a variety of avian species.
Source: Veterinary Record - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Diary Vet Record Careers Source Type: research

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H9N2 avian influenza viruses (AIVs) infect avian and mammalian hosts and provide internal genes for new emerging highly pathogenic avian viruses that cause severe pneumonia with high mortality, for which few m...
Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
This study provides new and encompassing information on the complete course and position of the IAA. This course is of practical use for oral implantology and various surgical procedures in dental- and maxillofacial surgery. Variations in the typical IAA course and site-dependent positional changes may be referred to as mandible growth and functional adaption to occlusion anomalies. This report helps enhance the morphological and functional understanding of IAA relationship during mandible development.PMID:34823013 | DOI:10.1016/j.aanat.2021.151867
Source: Annals of Anatomy - Category: Anatomy Authors: Source Type: research
Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2021 Nov 18;79:101722. doi: 10.1016/j.cimid.2021.101722. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe Escherichia coli type III secretion system 2 (ETT2) is found in most pathogenic E. coli strains. Although many ETT2 gene clusters carry multiple genetic mutations or deletions, ETT2 is known to be involved in bacterial virulence. To date, no studies have been conducted on the role of ETT2 in the virulence of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC), which harbours ETT2. Thus, we deleted the ETT2 of APEC strain and evaluated the phenotypes and pathogenicities of the mutant. The results showed that de...
Source: Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
This study provides new and encompassing information on the complete course and position of the IAA. This course is of practical use for oral implantology and various surgical procedures in dental- and maxillofacial surgery. Variations in the typical IAA course and site-dependent positional changes may be referred to as mandible growth and functional adaption to occlusion anomalies. This report helps enhance the morphological and functional understanding of IAA relationship during mandible development.PMID:34823013 | DOI:10.1016/j.aanat.2021.151867
Source: Annals of Anatomy - Category: Anatomy Authors: Source Type: research
Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2021 Nov 18;79:101722. doi: 10.1016/j.cimid.2021.101722. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe Escherichia coli type III secretion system 2 (ETT2) is found in most pathogenic E. coli strains. Although many ETT2 gene clusters carry multiple genetic mutations or deletions, ETT2 is known to be involved in bacterial virulence. To date, no studies have been conducted on the role of ETT2 in the virulence of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC), which harbours ETT2. Thus, we deleted the ETT2 of APEC strain and evaluated the phenotypes and pathogenicities of the mutant. The results showed that de...
Source: Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
Anim Cogn. 2021 Nov 24. doi: 10.1007/s10071-021-01585-2. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDespite important recent advances in cognitive ecology, our current understanding of avian cognition still largely rests on research conducted on a few model taxa. Vultures are an ecologically distinctive group of species by being the only obligate carrion consumers across terrestrial vertebrates. Their unique scavenging lifestyle suggests they have been subject to particular selective pressures to locate scarce, unpredictable, ephemeral, and nutritionally challenging food. However, substantial variation exists among species in diet, for...
Source: Animal Cognition - Category: Zoology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, an A(H9N9) influenza A virus (A/duck/Bangladesh/44493/2020) was identified via routine surveillance in free-range domestic ducks in Bangladesh. Phylogenetic analysis of hemagglutinin showed that the H9N9 virus belonged to the Y439-like lineage. The HA gene had the highest nucleotide identity to A/Bean Goose (Anser fabalis)/South Korea/KNU 2019-16/2019 (H9N2). The other seven gene segments clustered within the Eurasian lineage.
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, a suite of characteristics that are shared among many wing-propelled diving birds were identified and the distribution of those characteristics across representatives of all clades of extant and extinct wing-propelled divers were evaluated to assess convergence. Putatively convergent characteristics were drawn from a relatively wide range of sources including osteology, myology, endocranial anatomy, integument, and ethology. Comparisons reveal that whereas nonpasseriform wing-propelled divers do in fact share some anatomical characteristics putatively associated with the biomechanics of underwater "flig...
Source: Anatomical Record - Category: Anatomy Authors: Source Type: research
Industrial&Engineering Chemistry ResearchDOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.1c03085
Source: Industrial and Engineering Chemical Research - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Sedation and/or anesthesia is routinely and successfully used in raptors for a wide variety of procedures from the routine such as physical examination, radiographs, or venipuncture, to the more complex, such as orthopedic surgeries. Understanding the anatomy and physiology of raptor patients who present for care, and being fully prepared before the start of any procedure, can increase the success of anesthetic procedures. Recent advances in raptor sedation and anesthesia continue to improve the health and welfare of these avian patients.
Source: Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Source Type: research
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