Severe acute malnutrition and infection.

The objectives of this brief are to outline the evidence underpinning important practical questions relating to the management of infectious diseases in children with SAM and to highlight research gaps. Overall, the evidence base for many aspects covered in this brief is very poor. The brief addresses antimicrobials; antipyretics; tuberculosis; HIV; malaria; pneumonia; diarrhoea; sepsis; measles; urinary tract infection; nosocomial Infections; soil transmitted helminths; skin infections and pharmacology in the context of SAM. The brief is structured into sets of clinical questions, which we hope will maximise the relevance to contemporary practice. PMID: 25475887 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Paediatrics and international child health - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Paediatr Int Child Health Source Type: research

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Over 2.6 million ED visits across the United States result in a primary diagnosis of urinary tract infection.1 While much attention has been paid to reducing blood culture contamination rates in the emergency department,2-9 a substantial gap remains in projects aimed at reducing contamination in clean-catch urine specimens obtained in the ED setting. Obtaining an adequate urine culture is clinically important to the care of several vulnerable patient groups, including patients with diabetes or compromised immune responses, those with high risk for subsequent urosepsis, previous antibiotic resistant infections, multiple ant...
Source: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
A midstream clean-catch urine sample is recommended to obtain a urine culture in symptomatic adults with suspected urinary tract infection. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to determine whether a novel funnel urine-collection system combined with a silver-colloidal cleaning wipe would decrease mixed flora contamination in midstream clean-catch urine cultures from ambulatory adults in the emergency department.
Source: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Low-dose rituximab has good efficacy and safety in the treatment of hematologic abnormalities in patients with connective tissue disease.
. PMID: 31426902 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Source Type: research
ConclusionThe results suggested that Xanthine, 4-Pyridoxate, and d-glutamic acid may serve as potential biomarkers for pulmonary TB. The present study provides experimental basis for developing potential biomarkers of pulmonary TB.
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Recurrent urinary-tract infections (UTIs) are no more frequent among infants with bacteremic UTI who receive shorter versus longer parenteral antibiotic treatment, according to a retrospective study.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics News Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: This is the first report of sustained severe hypoglycemia due to tigecycline. Oversecretion of insulin appears to have been the cause of the hypoglycemia in our patient. The mechanism needs to be investigated. PMID: 31426870 [PubMed - in process]
Source: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research
Journal of Computational Biology, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Computational Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Katsuki Tsuchiyama, Yoshitaka Aoki, Hideaki Ito, Makoto Yoneda, Osamu YokoyamaAbstractXeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare autosomal recessive disease caused by a defect in deoxyribonucleic acid repair. Along with cutaneous symptoms, neurological symptoms are important clinical features of XP. However, information on neurogenic bladder occurrence among XP cases is rare. Herein, we describe a case of neurogenic bladder in a patient with XP type A (XPA). In this case, low bladder compliance, impaired bladder emptying, and urethral sphinct...
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
, quite literally! In the inaugural volume of the Journal of Urology published in 1917, Shohl and Janney demonstrated that urine pH 4.6 to 5.0 was lethal for several strains of Escherichia coli.1 Even to this day, therapeutic acidification of the urine is often recommended for suppression of urinary tract infections (UTI).
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Nephrology Digest Source Type: research
An 82-year-old male, with a history of bowel cancer with partial colectomy, gastroesophageal reflux disease, remote partial gastrectomy for peptic ulcer disease, and no documented prior kidney disease, presents with several months of fatigue and subacute decline in kidney function. He had no history of diabetes, hypertension, kidney stones, or prior urinary tract infections. He denied use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, herbal medications, and recent antibiotics. There was no family history of renal disease.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Make Your Diagnosis Source Type: research
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