New Fact Sheet: HIV and Injection Drug Use
HIV and Injection Drug Use fact sheet is about the high risk of HIV transmission among people who inject drugs.
This study aims to evaluate the ability of different anesthesia providers to estimate heart rate and oxygen saturation in a simulation setting. Methods: Sixty anesthesia providers (residents, nurse anesthetics, and anesthesiologists) were studied. Four scenarios were arranged in a simulation context. Two baseline scenarios with and without waveform visual aid, and two scenarios with variation of heart rate and/or oxygen saturation were used to assess the accuracy of the estimation made by the participants. Results: When the accurate threshold for the heart rate was set at less than 5 beats per minute, the providers...
Authors: Peltekis A, Koulentianou M Abstract Despite the large progress during the last decades in the medical treatment of HIV/AIDS infection, people living with HIV nevertheless face multiple adversities at various levels of their lives. Mental disorders, in particular, are the most common comorbidities in HIV infection with negative consequences in adherence to antiretroviral medication, disease progress and overall quality of life. HIVrelated stigma, still quite intense in Greece, is one of the most debilitating factors concerning people's living with HIV mental health. The present study looked at the clinical ...
Background: Acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) may be inherited as a rare autosomal recessive defect in zinc absorption or be acquired due to insufficient dietary intake or malabsorption. Sometimes the triad of diarrhea, depression, and dermatitis aids in the diagnosis of this entity. Nevertheless, in an adult patient with multiple comorbidities and multifactorial etiologies for diarrhea and mood changes, a thorough history and skin exam is essential for diagnosis.
A 48-year-old woman with a history of AIDS and stage IV Hodgkin lymphoma status post chemotherapy and stem cell transplant presented with 8 months of painful perineal erosions and exophytic plaques. Her medical history was significant for acyclovir-resistant herpes simplex virus (HSV) and multiple opportunistic infections. Examination revealed diffuse discontinuous eroded plaques in the perineum, and scattered skin-colored and hyperpigmented exophytic plaques with raised borders and central craters overlying the sacrum, gluteal cleft, and perineum.
We present three unusual cases of healthy HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) who developed asymptomatic cutaneous lesions on the lower extremities.
Conclusion: The prevalence of psychological distress was low as compared to other studies conducted in Ethiopia. This may affect the quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS and their families. Being female, illiteracy, alcohol use, and having lower CD4 count and perceived stigma increased the odds of psychological distress. Thus, concerned stakeholders should collaborate on the integration of HIV/AIDs treatment and mental health services. PMID: 31428472 [PubMed]
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We describe a technique that is very conventional and uses a polytetrafluoroethylene pledget to lower the knot. Also, there is no contact between the suture and the instrument at any point, and therefore fraying and tearing of sutures is not an issue. The technique is simple and inexpensive and has an extremely short learning curve.
Abstract Age-related hearing loss (ARHL) is one of the most common sensory impairments, and has a serious impact on the quality of life (QOL) of affected individuals. The QOL and coping strategies of elderly people in Poland experiencing subjectively assessed hearing problems (SAHP) were analyzed. The method made use of the World Health Organization Quality of Life scale (WHOQOL Group, 1998) and three questionnaires tailored for the present study: the Coping Strategies Inventory, ARHP Inventory, and Participant Chart (Domagała-Zyśk, 2017). A generally good QOL for elderly respondents with SAHP was found. However...
CONCLUSIONS: Geographic areas hosting the biggest cities in Belgium accounted for the vast majority of undiagnosed HIV infections and individuals with foreign nationality were the most affected, especially MSM with non-European nationality. This should be accounted for when tailoring prevention and testing programs. Furthermore, MSM with foreign nationality require more attention in Belgium, and certainly more generally in Europe. PMID: 31424626 [PubMed - in process]