[Editorial] Good news for the world's newest nation
Despite South Sudan's crippling civil war, the country has interrupted the transmission of Guinea worm disease, announced the Carter Center on March 21. This disease is now on the edge of eradication, with only six countries reporting low rates of infection. (Source: LANCET)
Source: LANCET - March 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: The Lancet Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

What It Means to Be Guinea Worm Free: An Insider's Account from Ghana's Northern Region.
Abstract Despite several periods of stagnating guinea worm disease (GWD) incidence in Ghana during its national eradication campaign in the 1990s and early 2000s, the last reported case of GWD was in May 2010. In July 2011, Ghana celebrated the interruption of guinea worm (GW) transmission. Although it has been established that GWD causes disability, pain, and socioeconomic hardship, there is a dearth of population-based evidence collected in post-GW-endemic countries to document the value attributed to GWD eradication by residents in formerly endemic communities. Given Ghana's recent history of GWD and a ...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - March 19, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Weiss AJ, Vestergaard-Frandsen T, Ruiz-Tiben E, Hopkins DR, Aseidu-Bekoe F, Agymang D Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research

Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) service availability at health facilities in Ethiopia: Evidence from 2014 Ethiopian service provision assessment
Conclusion and recommendation: Even though, the availability of service for neglected tropical disease in health facilities is relatively good in general, there should be equitable distribution of neglected tropical disease service provision among regions. And private facilities should give emphasis for the provision of these services.  Key words: Service Availability, NTDs, SPA+, Ethiopia. (Source: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development)
Source: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development - March 8, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: research

African Countries Closer to Eradicating Guinea Worm Disease
The number of reported cases worldwide of Guinea worm disease, caused by a parasitic worm, decreased from 10 in the first half of 2016 to 8 in the first half of 2017, according to recent CDCresearch. (Source: JAMA)
Source: JAMA - January 23, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Progress Toward Global Eradication of Dracunculiasis, January 2016-June 2017.
This report updates published (3-4) and unpublished surveillance data reported by ministries of health and describes progress toward dracunculiasis eradication during January 2016-June 2017. In 2016, a total of 25 cases were reported from three countries (Chad [16], South Sudan [six], Ethiopia [three]), compared with 22 cases reported from the same three countries and Mali in 2015 (Table 1). The 14% increase in cases from 2015 to 2016 was offset by the 25% reduction in number of countries with indigenous cases. During the first 6 months of 2017, the overall number of cases declined to eight, all in Chad, from 10 cases in t...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - December 8, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Hopkins DR, Ruiz-Tiben E, Eberhard ML, Roy SL, Weiss AJ Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

[Correspondence] WHO delays guinea-worm disease eradication to 2020: are dogs the sole culprits?
WHO's 2007 global plan1 targeted the eradication of guinea-worm disease by 2015. This objective was not met and the culprits have, apparently, been identified. In addition to the political instability that prevails in many areas of Africa, which prevents the applicability of control strategies for disease control, dogs have been considered the most serious obstacle to the eradication because of the number of infected dogs that reside in Chad, Ethiopia, and Mali.2 As a result, WHO has reconsidered the objectives set out in the 2007 global plan, delaying the eradication of guinea-worm disease to 2018 for Mali and South Sudan...
Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases - October 25, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: M Teresa Gal án-Puchades Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

The cost-effectiveness of an eradication programme in the end game: Evidence from guinea worm disease
We report the cost per case averted, cost per disability adjusted life year (DALY) averted and cost per at-risk life year av erted. We assess cost-effectiveness against a threshold of about one half GDP per capita (less than US$ 500 in low income countries). All costs are expressed in US$ of 2015. ResultsThe GWEP cost an estimated US$ 11 (95% uncertainty interval, 4.70 –12.49) per case averted in the period 1986–2030. The pre-certification and certification phases can cost as much as US$ 0.0041 and US$ 0.0015 per capita per year. The cost per DALY averted by the GWEP relative to doing nothing is estimated at US$ 222 (1...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - October 5, 2017 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Christopher Fitzpatrick Source Type: research

Elimination of Guinea Worm Disease in Ethiopia; Current Status of the Disease's, Eradication Strategies and Challenges to the End Game.
Authors: Beyene HB, Bekele A, Shifara A, Ebstie YA, Desalegn Z, Kebede Z, Mulugeta A, Deribe K, Tadesse Z, Abebe T, Kebede B, Abrha G, Jima D Abstract Dracunculiasis, also named Guinea Worm Disease (GWD), is one of the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) caused by a parasitic nematode known as Dracunculus medinensis and has been known since antiquity as 'fiery serpent' from Israelites. It is transmitted to humans via drinking contaminated water containing infective copepods. Given, its feasibility for eradication, the Guinea Worm Eradication Program (GWEP) was launched in 1980 with the aim of eradicating th...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - September 9, 2017 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Heterogeneity in schistosomiasis transmission dynamics
Publication date: 7 November 2017 Source:Journal of Theoretical Biology, Volume 432 Author(s): Lorenzo Mari, Manuela Ciddio, Renato Casagrandi, Javier Perez-Saez, Enrico Bertuzzo, Andrea Rinaldo, Susanne H. Sokolow, Giulio A. De Leo, Marino Gatto Simple models of disease propagation often disregard the effects of transmission heterogeneity on the ecological and epidemiological dynamics associated with host-parasite interactions. However, for some diseases like schistosomiasis, a widespread parasitic infection caused by Schistosoma worms, accounting for heterogeneity is crucial to both characterize long-term dyna...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - August 30, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: research

A Multiscale Model for the World's First Parasitic Disease Targeted for Eradication: Guinea Worm Disease.
Authors: Netshikweta R, Garira W Abstract Guinea worm disease (GWD) is both a neglected tropical disease and an environmentally driven infectious disease. Environmentally driven infectious diseases remain one of the biggest health threats for human welfare in developing countries and the threat is increased by the looming danger of climate change. In this paper we present a multiscale model of GWD that integrates the within-host scale and the between-host scale. The model is used to concurrently examine the interactions between the three organisms that are implicated in natural cases of GWD transmission, t...
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - August 18, 2017 Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research

Guinea worm disease
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2017 Source:Current Medicine Research and Practice Author(s): K.K. Saxena, Abhishek Jayant (Source: Current Medicine Research and Practice)
Source: Current Medicine Research and Practice - July 15, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

No Guinea Worm Disease in Mali
Malireported no cases of Guinea worm disease (dracunculiasis) in 2016, according to provisional figures reported by the country ’s ministry of health and tracked by the Carter Center. Worldwide, only 25 cases of the disease were reported in 2016 in 3 countries—Chad (16), Ethiopia (3), and South Sudan (6)—and these occurred in 19 isolated villages. The 2016 figure is up slightly from the 22 cases that occurred in 2015. (Source: JAMA)
Source: JAMA - March 21, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The painting of St. Roch in the picture gallery of Bari (15th century): an ancient representation of dracunculiasis?
(Source: Journal of Infection)
Source: Journal of Infection - February 9, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Raffaele Gaeta, Fabrizio Bruschi, Valentina Giuffra Source Type: research

Unexpected hosts: imaging parasitic diseases
This article reviews and summarises the imaging findings of some of the most important and frequent human parasitic diseases, including information about the parasite ’s life cycle, pathophysiology, clinical findings, diagnosis, and treatment. We include malaria, amoebiasis, toxoplasmosis, trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, echinococcosis, cysticercosis, clonorchiasis, schistosomiasis, fascioliasis, ascariasis, anisakiasis, dracunculiasis, and strongyloidiasis. Th e aim of this review is to help radiologists when dealing with these diseases or in cases where they are suspected.Teaching Points•Incidence of parasitic diseas...
Source: Insights into Imaging - November 22, 2016 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

History of Medical Parasitology and Parasitic Infections in Iran.
Abstract Parasites and parasitic diseases have been prevalent in Iran according to Iranian ancient scholars and physicians' inscriptions dating back to 865-1496. Some protozoan diseases such as malaria and cutaneous leishmaniasis have been introduced by clinical manifestations and helminthic infections by size and morphology of the worms. Scientific studies of Parasitology started in Iran from 1833, first by foreign physicians and continued from 1909 by Iranian researchers. The pioneer medical parasitologists of Iran were Dr N. Ansari and Dr. Sh. Mofidi who established the Department of Medical Parasitolog...
Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine - July 31, 2016 Category: Middle East Health Authors: Edrissian G, Rokni MB, Mohebali M, Nateghpour M, Mowlavi G, Bahadori M Tags: Arch Iran Med Source Type: research