Dracunculiasis Eradication: End-Stage Challenges
This report summarizes the status of the global Dracunculiasis Eradication Program as of the end of 2021. Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) has been eliminated from 17 of 21 countries where it was endemic in 1986, when an estimated 3.5 million cases occurred worldwide. Only Chad, Ethiopia, Mali, and South Sudan reported cases in humans in 2021. Chad, Ethiopia, and Mali also reported indigenous infections of animals, mostly domestic dogs, with Dracunculus medinensis. Insecurity and infections in animals are the main obstacles remaining to interrupting dracunculiasis transmission completely.PMID:35895421 | DOI:10.4269/ajt...
Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg - July 27, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Donald R Hopkins Adam Weiss Fernando J Torres-Velez Sarah G H Sapp Kashef Ijaz Source Type: research

Dracunculiasis Eradication: End-Stage Challenges
This report summarizes the status of the global Dracunculiasis Eradication Program as of the end of 2021. Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) has been eliminated from 17 of 21 countries where it was endemic in 1986, when an estimated 3.5 million cases occurred worldwide. Only Chad, Ethiopia, Mali, and South Sudan reported cases in humans in 2021. Chad, Ethiopia, and Mali also reported indigenous infections of animals, mostly domestic dogs, with Dracunculus medinensis. Insecurity and infections in animals are the main obstacles remaining to interrupting dracunculiasis transmission completely.PMID:35895421 | DOI:10.4269/ajt...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - July 27, 2022 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Donald R Hopkins Adam Weiss Fernando J Torres-Velez Sarah G H Sapp Kashef Ijaz Source Type: research

Dracunculiasis Eradication: End-Stage Challenges
This report summarizes the status of the global Dracunculiasis Eradication Program as of the end of 2021. Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) has been eliminated from 17 of 21 countries where it was endemic in 1986, when an estimated 3.5 million cases occurred worldwide. Only Chad, Ethiopia, Mali, and South Sudan reported cases in humans in 2021. Chad, Ethiopia, and Mali also reported indigenous infections of animals, mostly domestic dogs, with Dracunculus medinensis. Insecurity and infections in animals are the main obstacles remaining to interrupting dracunculiasis transmission completely.PMID:35895421 | DOI:10.4269/ajt...
Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg - July 27, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Donald R Hopkins Adam Weiss Fernando J Torres-Velez Sarah G H Sapp Kashef Ijaz Source Type: research

Infectious disease: Dog diets may drive transmission cycles in human Guinea worm disease
Curr Biol. 2022 Feb 28;32(4):R170-R173. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2022.01.005.ABSTRACTDomestic dogs have an important role in the ecology of transmission of the Guinea worm, a debilitating human parasite. A new study documents how fish content in dogs' diets can predict Guinea worm infection status, suggesting additional avenues for control.PMID:35231412 | DOI:10.1016/j.cub.2022.01.005 (Source: Current Biology)
Source: Current Biology - March 1, 2022 Category: Biology Authors: Robert L Richards Lauren A Holian Source Type: research

Just 14 cases: Guinea worm disease nears eradication
Nature, Published online: 11 February 2022; doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00385-zA scourge that once infected millions of the world’s poorest people is close to being wiped out in people — but infections in animals complicates the picture. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 11, 2022 Category: Research Authors: Freda Kreier Source Type: research

Daily briefing: Heart-disease risk soars after COVID
Nature, Published online: 11 February 2022; doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00447-2Even a mild case of COVID-19 can increase a person’s risk of cardiovascular problems. Plus, Guinea worm disease is on the brink of eradication in people and how health care is entwined with the Amazon’s survival. (Source: Nature AOP)
Source: Nature AOP - February 11, 2022 Category: Research Authors: Flora Graham Source Type: research

Effects of Temephos (Abate ®), Spinosad (Natular®), and Diflubenzuron on the Survival of Cyclopoid Copepods
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2022 Jan 24:tpmd210818. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.21-0818. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDracunculus medinensis, also known as the African Guinea worm, is the causative agent of dracunculiasis and the focus of the global Guinea Worm Eradication Program (GWEP). Transmission of D. medinensis to humans occurs primarily by drinking water containing cyclopoid copepods infected with third-stage D. medinensis larvae. A common intervention to interrupt transmission and decrease the number of copepods in infected water bodies is the application of the organophosphate larvicide Abate® (temephos). However, the use of alt...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - January 24, 2022 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Ryan Grunert Erin Box Kayla Garrett Michael Yabsley Christopher Cleveland Source Type: research

Effects of Temephos (Abate ®), Spinosad (Natular®), and Diflubenzuron on the Survival of Cyclopoid Copepods
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2022 Jan 24:tpmd210818. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.21-0818. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDracunculus medinensis, also known as the African Guinea worm, is the causative agent of dracunculiasis and the focus of the global Guinea Worm Eradication Program (GWEP). Transmission of D. medinensis to humans occurs primarily by drinking water containing cyclopoid copepods infected with third-stage D. medinensis larvae. A common intervention to interrupt transmission and decrease the number of copepods in infected water bodies is the application of the organophosphate larvicide Abate® (temephos). However, the use of alt...
Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg - January 24, 2022 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ryan Grunert Erin Box Kayla Garrett Michael Yabsley Christopher Cleveland Source Type: research

Guinea Worm Disease Eradication Is Within Reach
With just 27 human cases of Guinea worm disease reported in 2020 and 5 in the first half of 2021, the Guinea Worm Eradication Program is on the verge of eliminating the disease, according to a report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (Source: JAMA)
Source: JAMA - December 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Attribute-centred theorizing to address behavioural changes
We describe a framework for operationalizing attribute-centred theorizing, which includes generating behavioural attributes, verifying and testing those attributes, and constructing a behavioural matrix to inform campaigns or interventions. We illustrate this framework using the examples of Guinea-worm disease and cardiovascular diseases. The benefits of our approach include the ability to inform intervention development and the ability to generalize across different behaviours; however, more research on converting the behavioural matrix into actual policy is needed.PMID:34737475 | PMC:PMC8542264 | DOI:10.2471/BLT.20.28536...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - November 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rajiv N Rimal Maria Knight Lapinski Source Type: research

Attribute-centred theorizing to address behavioural changes
We describe a framework for operationalizing attribute-centred theorizing, which includes generating behavioural attributes, verifying and testing those attributes, and constructing a behavioural matrix to inform campaigns or interventions. We illustrate this framework using the examples of Guinea-worm disease and cardiovascular diseases. The benefits of our approach include the ability to inform intervention development and the ability to generalize across different behaviours; however, more research on converting the behavioural matrix into actual policy is needed.PMID:34737475 | PMC:PMC8542264 | DOI:10.2471/BLT.20.28536...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - November 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rajiv N Rimal Maria Knight Lapinski Source Type: research

Attribute-centred theorizing to address behavioural changes
We describe a framework for operationalizing attribute-centred theorizing, which includes generating behavioural attributes, verifying and testing those attributes, and constructing a behavioural matrix to inform campaigns or interventions. We illustrate this framework using the examples of Guinea-worm disease and cardiovascular diseases. The benefits of our approach include the ability to inform intervention development and the ability to generalize across different behaviours; however, more research on converting the behavioural matrix into actual policy is needed.PMID:34737475 | PMC:PMC8542264 | DOI:10.2471/BLT.20.28536...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - November 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rajiv N Rimal Maria Knight Lapinski Source Type: research

Attribute-centred theorizing to address behavioural changes
We describe a framework for operationalizing attribute-centred theorizing, which includes generating behavioural attributes, verifying and testing those attributes, and constructing a behavioural matrix to inform campaigns or interventions. We illustrate this framework using the examples of Guinea-worm disease and cardiovascular diseases. The benefits of our approach include the ability to inform intervention development and the ability to generalize across different behaviours; however, more research on converting the behavioural matrix into actual policy is needed.PMID:34737475 | PMC:PMC8542264 | DOI:10.2471/BLT.20.28536...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - November 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rajiv N Rimal Maria Knight Lapinski Source Type: research

Attribute-centred theorizing to address behavioural changes
We describe a framework for operationalizing attribute-centred theorizing, which includes generating behavioural attributes, verifying and testing those attributes, and constructing a behavioural matrix to inform campaigns or interventions. We illustrate this framework using the examples of Guinea-worm disease and cardiovascular diseases. The benefits of our approach include the ability to inform intervention development and the ability to generalize across different behaviours; however, more research on converting the behavioural matrix into actual policy is needed.PMID:34737475 | PMC:PMC8542264 | DOI:10.2471/BLT.20.28536...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - November 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rajiv N Rimal Maria Knight Lapinski Source Type: research

Attribute-centred theorizing to address behavioural changes
We describe a framework for operationalizing attribute-centred theorizing, which includes generating behavioural attributes, verifying and testing those attributes, and constructing a behavioural matrix to inform campaigns or interventions. We illustrate this framework using the examples of Guinea-worm disease and cardiovascular diseases. The benefits of our approach include the ability to inform intervention development and the ability to generalize across different behaviours; however, more research on converting the behavioural matrix into actual policy is needed.PMID:34737475 | PMC:PMC8542264 | DOI:10.2471/BLT.20.28536...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - November 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rajiv N Rimal Maria Knight Lapinski Source Type: research