< em > Aphytis lepidosaphes < /em > (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) as an Effective Parasitoid for Controlling the < em > Lepidosaphes tapleyi < /em > (Williams)
Conclusion:&lt;/b&gt; The results showed that &lt;i&gt;A. lepidosaphes &lt;/i&gt;had three peaks of seasonal abundance over the entire year. As well, the activity of &lt;i&gt;A. lepidosaphes&lt;/i&gt; was more highly correlated with the &lt;i&gt;L. tapleyi &lt;/i&gt;population size over the two successive years.PMID:34989202 | DOI:10.3923/pjbs.2021.1246.1255 (Source: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS)
Source: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS - January 6, 2022 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Moustafa M S Bakry Laila Ali M Al-Shuraym Rania Ali El Hadi Mohamed Islam R M El-Zoghby Source Type: research

< em > Aphytis lepidosaphes < /em > (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) as an Effective Parasitoid for Controlling the < em > Lepidosaphes tapleyi < /em > (Williams)
Conclusion:&lt;/b&gt; The results showed that &lt;i&gt;A. lepidosaphes &lt;/i&gt;had three peaks of seasonal abundance over the entire year. As well, the activity of &lt;i&gt;A. lepidosaphes&lt;/i&gt; was more highly correlated with the &lt;i&gt;L. tapleyi &lt;/i&gt;population size over the two successive years.PMID:34989202 | DOI:10.3923/pjbs.2021.1246.1255 (Source: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS)
Source: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS - January 6, 2022 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Moustafa M S Bakry Laila Ali M Al-Shuraym Rania Ali El Hadi Mohamed Islam R M El-Zoghby Source Type: research

< em > Psidium guajava < /em > Flavonoids Prevent NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation and Alleviate the Pancreatic Fibrosis in a Chronic Pancreatitis Mouse Model
In this study, we investigated whether the extract of total flavonoids from Psidium guajava leaves (TFPGL) plays a therapeutic mechanism on CP through NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway in a mouse CP model. The H&E and acid-Sirius red staining indicted that TFPGL attenuated the inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrosis significantly. The results of immunohistological staining, western blot and RT-qPCR showed that the expressions of NLRP3 and caspase-1 were significantly increased in the CP model group, while TFPGL significantly decreased the NLRP3 and caspase-1 expression at both the gene and protein levels. Moreov...
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - December 28, 2021 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Guixian Zhang Liming Tang Hongbin Liu Dawei Liu Manxue Wang Jun Cai Weijun Liu Wei Nie Yi Zhang Xiaomeng Yu Source Type: research

Herbal medicines for women and children's health in Tipang Village, District Humbang Hasundutan, North Sumatera
CONCLUSION: Traditional medicine is part of the cultural system of the people of Tipang Village which has enormous potential benefits in building public health, particularly maternal and child health.PMID:34929902 | DOI:10.1016/j.gaceta.2021.10.101 (Source: Gaceta Sanitaria)
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - December 21, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Open Gerhad Siahaan Robert Sibarani Suwardi Lubis Agus Purwoko Source Type: research

Hypoglycemic and Hepatoprotective Effects of Dried and Rice-Fried < em > Psidium guajava < /em > Leaves in Diabetic Rats
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2021 Dec 2;2021:3346676. doi: 10.1155/2021/3346676. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTPsidium guajava leaves (PGL) have been long used as an adjuvant therapy for diabetics. The present study evaluated the in vivo hypoglycemic and hepatoprotective effects of dried and the rice-fried PGL decoctions (PGLD and RPGLD). Our results indicated that both PGLD and RPGLD could significantly decrease the contents of fasting blood glucose (FBG) and haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in diabetic rats. Compared with the HFD/STZ (high-fat diet with streptozotocin) group, the PGLD and RPGLD-treated diabetic rats showed diff...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - December 13, 2021 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Dan Li Sen Yang Hai-Yan Ding Hong-Ping Chen You-Ping Liu Yuan Hu Source Type: research

Assessment of renal and hepato-protective potential of guava leaves in male Sprague dawley rats
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2021 Jan 31;67(1):142-146. doi: 10.14715/cmb/2021.67.1.21.ABSTRACTPresent research project was an attempt to explore the functional/nutraceutical worth of guava leaves from two locally grown varieties (Ruby & Safeda). For the purpose, guava leaves extract was fed to experimental male Sprague Dawley rats to explore the nutraceutical potential of guava leaves against hepatotoxicity. Two studies were performed on two types of rats i.e. study I (normal rats), study II (hepatotoxic rats). In both studies, 250 mg/kg each of pink guava leaves extracts (T1) and white guava leaves extracts (T2) w...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - November 24, 2021 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Makia Nasir Muhammad Tahir-Nadeem Farhan Saeed Tanvir Ahmad Muhammad Imran Source Type: research

Assessment of renal and hepato-protective potential of guava leaves in male Sprague dawley rats
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2021 Jan 31;67(1):142-146. doi: 10.14715/cmb/2021.67.1.21.ABSTRACTPresent research project was an attempt to explore the functional/nutraceutical worth of guava leaves from two locally grown varieties (Ruby & Safeda). For the purpose, guava leaves extract was fed to experimental male Sprague Dawley rats to explore the nutraceutical potential of guava leaves against hepatotoxicity. Two studies were performed on two types of rats i.e. study I (normal rats), study II (hepatotoxic rats). In both studies, 250 mg/kg each of pink guava leaves extracts (T1) and white guava leaves extracts (T2) w...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - November 24, 2021 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Makia Nasir Muhammad Tahir-Nadeem Farhan Saeed Tanvir Ahmad Muhammad Imran Source Type: research

Assessment of renal and hepato-protective potential of guava leaves in male Sprague dawley rats
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2021 Jan 31;67(1):142-146. doi: 10.14715/cmb/2021.67.1.21.ABSTRACTPresent research project was an attempt to explore the functional/nutraceutical worth of guava leaves from two locally grown varieties (Ruby & Safeda). For the purpose, guava leaves extract was fed to experimental male Sprague Dawley rats to explore the nutraceutical potential of guava leaves against hepatotoxicity. Two studies were performed on two types of rats i.e. study I (normal rats), study II (hepatotoxic rats). In both studies, 250 mg/kg each of pink guava leaves extracts (T1) and white guava leaves extracts (T2) w...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - November 24, 2021 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Makia Nasir Muhammad Tahir-Nadeem Farhan Saeed Tanvir Ahmad Muhammad Imran Source Type: research

Promising self-emulsifying drug delivery system loaded with lycopene from red guava (Psidium guajava L.): in vivo toxicity, biodistribution and cytotoxicity on DU-145 prostate cancer cells
ConclusionsThus, nanoLPG stands as a promising and biosafe lycopene delivery system for further development of nanotechnology-based health products.Graphical Abstract (Source: Cancer Nanotechnology)
Source: Cancer Nanotechnology - November 7, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Physicochemical, antioxidant, rheological, and sensory properties of juice produced with guava pulp and peel flour
An Acad Bras Cienc. 2021 Oct 29;93(4):e20191175. doi: 10.1590/0001-3765202120191175. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTJuice formulations containing guava pulp and different amounts (0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) of its by-product flour (GBF) were developed and evaluated for antioxidant activity, total phenolic compounds, physicochemical, rheological, microbiological and sensorial parameters. The GBF addition to guava juice increased the acidity and altered the color and rheological parameters, especially at higher levels (3% and 5%). There was an increase in the content of dietary fiber, anthocyanins and antioxidant activity with GBF additi...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - November 3, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Thairla V B DA Silva Isabela J Iwassa Anderson R Sampaio Suelen P Ruiz Beatriz C Bolanho Barros Source Type: research

Physicochemical, antioxidant, rheological, and sensory properties of juice produced with guava pulp and peel flour
An Acad Bras Cienc. 2021 Oct 29;93(4):e20191175. doi: 10.1590/0001-3765202120191175. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTJuice formulations containing guava pulp and different amounts (0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) of its by-product flour (GBF) were developed and evaluated for antioxidant activity, total phenolic compounds, physicochemical, rheological, microbiological and sensorial parameters. The GBF addition to guava juice increased the acidity and altered the color and rheological parameters, especially at higher levels (3% and 5%). There was an increase in the content of dietary fiber, anthocyanins and antioxidant activity with GBF additi...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - November 3, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Thairla V B DA Silva Isabela J Iwassa Anderson R Sampaio Suelen P Ruiz Beatriz C Bolanho Barros Source Type: research

Liquiritin reduces lipopolysaccharide-aroused HaCaT cell inflammation damage via regulation of microRNA-31/MyD88
CONCLUSION: This research affirmed the beneficial impact of liquiritin on pressure ulcers. Liquiritin reduced LPS-aroused HaCaT cell inflammatory damage might be implemented via raising miR-31 expression, lowering MyD88 expression, and repressing NF-κB and JNK pathways.PMID:34731782 | DOI:10.1016/j.intimp.2021.108283 (Source: International Immunopharmacology)
Source: International Immunopharmacology - November 3, 2021 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Xuehui Yang Xiuwei Dang Xue Zhang Siren Zhao Source Type: research

Physicochemical, antioxidant, rheological, and sensory properties of juice produced with guava pulp and peel flour
An Acad Bras Cienc. 2021 Oct 29;93(4):e20191175. doi: 10.1590/0001-3765202120191175. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTJuice formulations containing guava pulp and different amounts (0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) of its by-product flour (GBF) were developed and evaluated for antioxidant activity, total phenolic compounds, physicochemical, rheological, microbiological and sensorial parameters. The GBF addition to guava juice increased the acidity and altered the color and rheological parameters, especially at higher levels (3% and 5%). There was an increase in the content of dietary fiber, anthocyanins and antioxidant activity with GBF additi...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - November 3, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Thairla V B DA Silva Isabela J Iwassa Anderson R Sampaio Suelen P Ruiz Beatriz C Bolanho Barros Source Type: research

Physicochemical, antioxidant, rheological, and sensory properties of juice produced with guava pulp and peel flour
An Acad Bras Cienc. 2021 Oct 29;93(4):e20191175. doi: 10.1590/0001-3765202120191175. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTJuice formulations containing guava pulp and different amounts (0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) of its by-product flour (GBF) were developed and evaluated for antioxidant activity, total phenolic compounds, physicochemical, rheological, microbiological and sensorial parameters. The GBF addition to guava juice increased the acidity and altered the color and rheological parameters, especially at higher levels (3% and 5%). There was an increase in the content of dietary fiber, anthocyanins and antioxidant activity with GBF additi...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - November 3, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Thairla V B DA Silva Isabela J Iwassa Anderson R Sampaio Suelen P Ruiz Beatriz C Bolanho Barros Source Type: research

Liquiritin reduces lipopolysaccharide-aroused HaCaT cell inflammation damage via regulation of microRNA-31/MyD88
CONCLUSION: This research affirmed the beneficial impact of liquiritin on pressure ulcers. Liquiritin reduced LPS-aroused HaCaT cell inflammatory damage might be implemented via raising miR-31 expression, lowering MyD88 expression, and repressing NF-κB and JNK pathways.PMID:34731782 | DOI:10.1016/j.intimp.2021.108283 (Source: International Immunopharmacology)
Source: International Immunopharmacology - November 3, 2021 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Xuehui Yang Xiuwei Dang Xue Zhang Siren Zhao Source Type: research

Physicochemical, antioxidant, rheological, and sensory properties of juice produced with guava pulp and peel flour
An Acad Bras Cienc. 2021 Oct 29;93(4):e20191175. doi: 10.1590/0001-3765202120191175. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTJuice formulations containing guava pulp and different amounts (0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) of its by-product flour (GBF) were developed and evaluated for antioxidant activity, total phenolic compounds, physicochemical, rheological, microbiological and sensorial parameters. The GBF addition to guava juice increased the acidity and altered the color and rheological parameters, especially at higher levels (3% and 5%). There was an increase in the content of dietary fiber, anthocyanins and antioxidant activity with GBF additi...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - November 3, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Thairla V B DA Silva Isabela J Iwassa Anderson R Sampaio Suelen P Ruiz Beatriz C Bolanho Barros Source Type: research

Physicochemical, antioxidant, rheological, and sensory properties of juice produced with guava pulp and peel flour
An Acad Bras Cienc. 2021 Oct 29;93(4):e20191175. doi: 10.1590/0001-3765202120191175. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTJuice formulations containing guava pulp and different amounts (0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) of its by-product flour (GBF) were developed and evaluated for antioxidant activity, total phenolic compounds, physicochemical, rheological, microbiological and sensorial parameters. The GBF addition to guava juice increased the acidity and altered the color and rheological parameters, especially at higher levels (3% and 5%). There was an increase in the content of dietary fiber, anthocyanins and antioxidant activity with GBF additi...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - November 3, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Thairla V B DA Silva Isabela J Iwassa Anderson R Sampaio Suelen P Ruiz Beatriz C Bolanho Barros Source Type: research

Physicochemical, antioxidant, rheological, and sensory properties of juice produced with guava pulp and peel flour
An Acad Bras Cienc. 2021 Oct 29;93(4):e20191175. doi: 10.1590/0001-3765202120191175. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTJuice formulations containing guava pulp and different amounts (0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) of its by-product flour (GBF) were developed and evaluated for antioxidant activity, total phenolic compounds, physicochemical, rheological, microbiological and sensorial parameters. The GBF addition to guava juice increased the acidity and altered the color and rheological parameters, especially at higher levels (3% and 5%). There was an increase in the content of dietary fiber, anthocyanins and antioxidant activity with GBF additi...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - November 3, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Thairla V B DA Silva Isabela J Iwassa Anderson R Sampaio Suelen P Ruiz Beatriz C Bolanho Barros Source Type: research

Physicochemical, antioxidant, rheological, and sensory properties of juice produced with guava pulp and peel flour
An Acad Bras Cienc. 2021 Oct 29;93(4):e20191175. doi: 10.1590/0001-3765202120191175. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTJuice formulations containing guava pulp and different amounts (0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) of its by-product flour (GBF) were developed and evaluated for antioxidant activity, total phenolic compounds, physicochemical, rheological, microbiological and sensorial parameters. The GBF addition to guava juice increased the acidity and altered the color and rheological parameters, especially at higher levels (3% and 5%). There was an increase in the content of dietary fiber, anthocyanins and antioxidant activity with GBF additi...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - November 3, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Thairla V B DA Silva Isabela J Iwassa Anderson R Sampaio Suelen P Ruiz Beatriz C Bolanho Barros Source Type: research

Physicochemical, antioxidant, rheological, and sensory properties of juice produced with guava pulp and peel flour
An Acad Bras Cienc. 2021 Oct 29;93(4):e20191175. doi: 10.1590/0001-3765202120191175. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTJuice formulations containing guava pulp and different amounts (0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) of its by-product flour (GBF) were developed and evaluated for antioxidant activity, total phenolic compounds, physicochemical, rheological, microbiological and sensorial parameters. The GBF addition to guava juice increased the acidity and altered the color and rheological parameters, especially at higher levels (3% and 5%). There was an increase in the content of dietary fiber, anthocyanins and antioxidant activity with GBF additi...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - November 3, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Thairla V B DA Silva Isabela J Iwassa Anderson R Sampaio Suelen P Ruiz Beatriz C Bolanho Barros Source Type: research

Physicochemical, antioxidant, rheological, and sensory properties of juice produced with guava pulp and peel flour
An Acad Bras Cienc. 2021 Oct 29;93(4):e20191175. doi: 10.1590/0001-3765202120191175. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTJuice formulations containing guava pulp and different amounts (0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) of its by-product flour (GBF) were developed and evaluated for antioxidant activity, total phenolic compounds, physicochemical, rheological, microbiological and sensorial parameters. The GBF addition to guava juice increased the acidity and altered the color and rheological parameters, especially at higher levels (3% and 5%). There was an increase in the content of dietary fiber, anthocyanins and antioxidant activity with GBF additi...
Source: An Acad Bras Cienc - November 3, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Thairla V B DA Silva Isabela J Iwassa Anderson R Sampaio Suelen P Ruiz Beatriz C Bolanho Barros Source Type: research

Using an asymmetrical technique to assess the impacts of CO < sub > 2 < /sub > emissions on agricultural fruits in Pakistan
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2021 Oct 30. doi: 10.1007/s11356-021-16835-6. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHuman activities such as deforestation and cultivation contribute to the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the environment. Methane is emitted by energy exploration, coal mining, natural gas spills, waste, and waste dumps. Methane generated by such greenhouse gases has significantly contributed to the climate change and global warming. However, the most significant contributor to climate change and global warming is the use of fossil fuels. These fuels contribute to ozone depletion and global warming by emitting greenhou...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - October 30, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Imran Hussain Abdul Rehman Cem I şık Source Type: research

Using an asymmetrical technique to assess the impacts of CO < sub > 2 < /sub > emissions on agricultural fruits in Pakistan
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2021 Oct 30. doi: 10.1007/s11356-021-16835-6. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHuman activities such as deforestation and cultivation contribute to the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the environment. Methane is emitted by energy exploration, coal mining, natural gas spills, waste, and waste dumps. Methane generated by such greenhouse gases has significantly contributed to the climate change and global warming. However, the most significant contributor to climate change and global warming is the use of fossil fuels. These fuels contribute to ozone depletion and global warming by emitting greenhou...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - October 30, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Imran Hussain Abdul Rehman Cem I şık Source Type: research

Comparing checkerboard, isobologram and CCD methods for drug combination: A case study of ciprofloxacin and plant extracts on Escherichia coli and Shigella
To investigate the interactive antimicrobial activity of conventional antibiotics, namely ciprofloxacin and Mangifera indica bark ethanol extract, Psidium guajava leaves essential oil against two Gram-negative bacteria using checkerboard, isobologram, and central composite design (CCD) methods. The checkerboard method was used for the determination of the fractional inhibitory concentration ... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - October 28, 2021 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Impact of sonolytic ozonation (O < sub > 3/ < /sub > US) on degradation of pesticide residues in fresh vegetables and fruits: Case study of Faisalabad, Pakistan
This study was aimed at assessing the pesticides residues in some important vegetables and fruits marketed in Faisalabad, Pakistan and the impact of sonolytic ozonation (O3/US) treatment in removing these contaminants. From a short grower's survey, five registered and mostly used pesticides (acetamiprid, carbendazim, imidacloprid, thiacloprid and thiamethoxam) were identified. A time optimization trial of O3/US application (05, 10 and 15 min) on okra, showed that 10 min treatment significantly reduced three identified chemicals (thiamethoxam 100 %, imidacloprid and thiacloprid 97.17 %), without any adverse effect on its qu...
Source: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry - October 21, 2021 Category: Chemistry Authors: Zarghona Siddique Aman Ullah Malik Muhammad Rafique Asi Muhammad Inam-Ur-Raheem Muhammad Iqbal Muhammad Abdullah Source Type: research

Natural parasitism in fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) and interaction with wild hosts surrounding apple orchards adjacent to Atlantic Forest fragments in Paran á State, Brazil
Braz J Biol. 2021 Oct 11;83:e250505. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.250505. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTThe South American fruit fly, Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is an important pest in the subtropical region of Brazil. This insect has tritrophic relation between wild fruits and parasitoids and is associated with apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) orchards adjacent to the Atlantic Forest in Paraná. We thus investigated the degree of infestation of the fruit fly and natural parasitism in wild and cultivated fruits surrounding apple orchards. For this purpose, we collected fruits of Acca sellowia...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 20, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: L B Monteiro G Nishimura R S Monteiro Source Type: research

Natural parasitism in fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) and interaction with wild hosts surrounding apple orchards adjacent to Atlantic Forest fragments in Paran á State, Brazil
Braz J Biol. 2021 Oct 11;83:e250505. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.250505. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTThe South American fruit fly, Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is an important pest in the subtropical region of Brazil. This insect has tritrophic relation between wild fruits and parasitoids and is associated with apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) orchards adjacent to the Atlantic Forest in Paraná. We thus investigated the degree of infestation of the fruit fly and natural parasitism in wild and cultivated fruits surrounding apple orchards. For this purpose, we collected fruits of Acca sellowia...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 20, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: L B Monteiro G Nishimura R S Monteiro Source Type: research

Natural parasitism in fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) and interaction with wild hosts surrounding apple orchards adjacent to Atlantic Forest fragments in Paran á State, Brazil
Braz J Biol. 2021 Oct 11;83:e250505. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.250505. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTThe South American fruit fly, Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is an important pest in the subtropical region of Brazil. This insect has tritrophic relation between wild fruits and parasitoids and is associated with apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) orchards adjacent to the Atlantic Forest in Paraná. We thus investigated the degree of infestation of the fruit fly and natural parasitism in wild and cultivated fruits surrounding apple orchards. For this purpose, we collected fruits of Acca sellowia...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 20, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: L B Monteiro G Nishimura R S Monteiro Source Type: research

Natural parasitism in fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) and interaction with wild hosts surrounding apple orchards adjacent to Atlantic Forest fragments in Paran á State, Brazil
Braz J Biol. 2021 Oct 11;83:e250505. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.250505. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTThe South American fruit fly, Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is an important pest in the subtropical region of Brazil. This insect has tritrophic relation between wild fruits and parasitoids and is associated with apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) orchards adjacent to the Atlantic Forest in Paraná. We thus investigated the degree of infestation of the fruit fly and natural parasitism in wild and cultivated fruits surrounding apple orchards. For this purpose, we collected fruits of Acca sellowia...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 20, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: L B Monteiro G Nishimura R S Monteiro Source Type: research

Natural parasitism in fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) and interaction with wild hosts surrounding apple orchards adjacent to Atlantic Forest fragments in Paran á State, Brazil
Braz J Biol. 2021 Oct 11;83:e250505. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.250505. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTThe South American fruit fly, Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is an important pest in the subtropical region of Brazil. This insect has tritrophic relation between wild fruits and parasitoids and is associated with apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) orchards adjacent to the Atlantic Forest in Paraná. We thus investigated the degree of infestation of the fruit fly and natural parasitism in wild and cultivated fruits surrounding apple orchards. For this purpose, we collected fruits of Acca sellowia...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 20, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: L B Monteiro G Nishimura R S Monteiro Source Type: research