Development and characterization of nuclear microsatellite markers to reveal the neutral demographic background of flower color polymorphism in Geranium thunbergii (Geraniaceae)
Genes Genet Syst. 2021 Apr 22. doi: 10.1266/ggs.20-00062. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNuclear microsatellite markers were developed for Geranium thunbergii, an herbaceous plant characterized by petal color polymorphism. Utilizing RNA sequencing data obtained by next-generation sequencing techniques, we developed and characterized 19 polymorphic microsatellite markers with two to 12 alleles in the nuclear genome. These markers will be used to reveal the genetic structure and demographic history of G. thunbergii in the Japanese archipelago, which will elucidate the genetic background of flower color polymorphism among popu...
Source: Genes and Genetic Systems - April 22, 2021 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Seikan Kurata Shota Sakaguchi Hitomi Mishima Takashi Tsuchimatsu Motomi Ito Source Type: research

Development and characterization of nuclear microsatellite markers to reveal the neutral demographic background of flower color polymorphism in Geranium thunbergii (Geraniaceae)
Genes Genet Syst. 2021 Apr 22. doi: 10.1266/ggs.20-00062. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNuclear microsatellite markers were developed for Geranium thunbergii, an herbaceous plant characterized by petal color polymorphism. Utilizing RNA sequencing data obtained by next-generation sequencing techniques, we developed and characterized 19 polymorphic microsatellite markers with two to 12 alleles in the nuclear genome. These markers will be used to reveal the genetic structure and demographic history of G. thunbergii in the Japanese archipelago, which will elucidate the genetic background of flower color polymorphism among popu...
Source: Genes and Genetic Systems - April 22, 2021 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Seikan Kurata Shota Sakaguchi Hitomi Mishima Takashi Tsuchimatsu Motomi Ito Source Type: research

Development and characterization of nuclear microsatellite markers to reveal the neutral demographic background of flower color polymorphism in Geranium thunbergii (Geraniaceae)
Genes Genet Syst. 2021 Apr 22. doi: 10.1266/ggs.20-00062. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNuclear microsatellite markers were developed for Geranium thunbergii, an herbaceous plant characterized by petal color polymorphism. Utilizing RNA sequencing data obtained by next-generation sequencing techniques, we developed and characterized 19 polymorphic microsatellite markers with two to 12 alleles in the nuclear genome. These markers will be used to reveal the genetic structure and demographic history of G. thunbergii in the Japanese archipelago, which will elucidate the genetic background of flower color polymorphism among popu...
Source: Genes and Genetic Systems - April 22, 2021 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Seikan Kurata Shota Sakaguchi Hitomi Mishima Takashi Tsuchimatsu Motomi Ito Source Type: research

Development and characterization of nuclear microsatellite markers to reveal the neutral demographic background of flower color polymorphism in Geranium thunbergii (Geraniaceae)
Genes Genet Syst. 2021 Apr 22. doi: 10.1266/ggs.20-00062. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNuclear microsatellite markers were developed for Geranium thunbergii, an herbaceous plant characterized by petal color polymorphism. Utilizing RNA sequencing data obtained by next-generation sequencing techniques, we developed and characterized 19 polymorphic microsatellite markers with two to 12 alleles in the nuclear genome. These markers will be used to reveal the genetic structure and demographic history of G. thunbergii in the Japanese archipelago, which will elucidate the genetic background of flower color polymorphism among popu...
Source: Genes and Genetic Systems - April 22, 2021 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Seikan Kurata Shota Sakaguchi Hitomi Mishima Takashi Tsuchimatsu Motomi Ito Source Type: research

Development and characterization of nuclear microsatellite markers to reveal the neutral demographic background of flower color polymorphism in Geranium thunbergii (Geraniaceae)
Genes Genet Syst. 2021 Apr 22. doi: 10.1266/ggs.20-00062. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNuclear microsatellite markers were developed for Geranium thunbergii, an herbaceous plant characterized by petal color polymorphism. Utilizing RNA sequencing data obtained by next-generation sequencing techniques, we developed and characterized 19 polymorphic microsatellite markers with two to 12 alleles in the nuclear genome. These markers will be used to reveal the genetic structure and demographic history of G. thunbergii in the Japanese archipelago, which will elucidate the genetic background of flower color polymorphism among popu...
Source: Genes and Genetic Systems - April 22, 2021 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Seikan Kurata Shota Sakaguchi Hitomi Mishima Takashi Tsuchimatsu Motomi Ito Source Type: research

Development and characterization of nuclear microsatellite markers to reveal the neutral demographic background of flower color polymorphism in Geranium thunbergii (Geraniaceae)
Genes Genet Syst. 2021 Apr 22. doi: 10.1266/ggs.20-00062. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNuclear microsatellite markers were developed for Geranium thunbergii, an herbaceous plant characterized by petal color polymorphism. Utilizing RNA sequencing data obtained by next-generation sequencing techniques, we developed and characterized 19 polymorphic microsatellite markers with two to 12 alleles in the nuclear genome. These markers will be used to reveal the genetic structure and demographic history of G. thunbergii in the Japanese archipelago, which will elucidate the genetic background of flower color polymorphism among popu...
Source: Genes and Genetic Systems - April 22, 2021 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Seikan Kurata Shota Sakaguchi Hitomi Mishima Takashi Tsuchimatsu Motomi Ito Source Type: research

Development and characterization of nuclear microsatellite markers to reveal the neutral demographic background of flower color polymorphism in Geranium thunbergii (Geraniaceae)
Genes Genet Syst. 2021 Apr 22. doi: 10.1266/ggs.20-00062. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNuclear microsatellite markers were developed for Geranium thunbergii, an herbaceous plant characterized by petal color polymorphism. Utilizing RNA sequencing data obtained by next-generation sequencing techniques, we developed and characterized 19 polymorphic microsatellite markers with two to 12 alleles in the nuclear genome. These markers will be used to reveal the genetic structure and demographic history of G. thunbergii in the Japanese archipelago, which will elucidate the genetic background of flower color polymorphism among popu...
Source: Genes and Genetic Systems - April 22, 2021 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Seikan Kurata Shota Sakaguchi Hitomi Mishima Takashi Tsuchimatsu Motomi Ito Source Type: research

Inhibitory effect of strawberry geranium (Saxifraga stolonifera) on Toll-like receptor 2-mediated inflammatory response in human skin keratinocytes
Publication date: Available online 2 April 2021Source: Journal of EthnopharmacologyAuthor(s): Takeshi Kawahara, Ayaka Ito, Akinori Kiso, Fusako Kawamoto (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - April 3, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

A New Butyrolactone Charlesolide and Other Constituents from Roots of Geranium charlesii
A new butyrolactone that was called charlesolide and the known phenolic compounds gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid) and its methyl gallate and ethyl gallate derivatives were isolated from roots ofGeranium charlesii (Aitch.& Hemsl.) Vved. Their structures were elucidated using IR, UV, and NMR spectra and comparisons with those of standard samples. An X-ray crystal structure analysis established the absolute configuration of the chiral centers of charlesolide as 3S, 4S,7 ′S, 2 ″R, and 3 ″S. (Source: Chemistry of Natural Compounds)
Source: Chemistry of Natural Compounds - March 26, 2021 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Efficacy of a Novel Herbal Formulation (F2) on the Management of Obesity: < em > In Vitro < /em > and < em > In Vivo < /em > Study
CONCLUSION: The results revealed that the formulation F2 exhibited potential antiobesity activity through the inhibition of adipocyte differentiation, dietary fat absorption, and reduction of free fatty acids deposition in tissues.PMID:33628322 | PMC:PMC7884115 | DOI:10.1155/2021/8854915 (Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - February 25, 2021 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Prakash Raj Pandeya Ramakanta Lamichhane Kyung-Hee Lee Gopal Lamichhane Se-Gun Kim Hyun-Ju Jung Source Type: research

Exploration of Anti-Tyrosinase Effect of Geranium glaberrimum Boiss. & Heldr. with in silico Approach and Survey of 21 Geranium Species
Publication date: Available online 4 February 2021Source: Journal of Herbal MedicineAuthor(s): Ovgu Celikler Ozer, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Burcu Çalışkan, F. Sezer Senol Deniz, Alper Gokbulut, Tugçe Gur Maz, Ayhan Aysal, Esra Emerce, Suhaib Shekfeh, Ahmet Kahraman, Erden Banoglu (Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine - February 5, 2021 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Anti-acetylcholinesterase and toxicity against Artemia salina of chitosan microparticles loaded with essential oils of Cymbopogon flexuosus, Pelargonium x ssp and Copaifera officinalis.
The objective of this study was to produce, by spray drying, chitosan microparticles (CMs) loaded with EO of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus), Geranium (Pelargonium x ssp) and Copaiba (Copaifera officinalis). Physicochemical and biological characterization of these microparticles showed that CMs presented spherical morphology, had an average size range of 2-3 μm with positive zeta potential (ZP) values, and enhanced thermal stability, compared to free EO. The encapsulation efficiency (EE) ranged from 4.8-58.6%, depending on the oil's properties. In vitro EO release from CMs was determined at different pHs, with 94% rel...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - November 17, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Lima LR, Andrade FK, Alves DR, de Morais SM, Vieira RS Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

Essential oils encapsulated in chitosan microparticles against Candida albicans biofilms.
Abstract The aim of the study was to produce and characterize chitosan microparticles loaded with essential oils (CMEOs), evaluate the essential oil (EO) release profile and the CMEOs' anti-Candida activity. The chitosan microparticles (CMs) loaded with lemongrass essential oil (LEO) and geranium essential oil (GEO) were produced by the spray-drying method and characterized regarding CMEO morphological and physicochemical parameters and EO encapsulation efficiency (EE) and release profile. The planktonic activity was quantified by broth microdilution, and the activity against biofilm was quantified by biom...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - October 30, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Garcia LGS, da Rocha MG, Lima LR, Cunha AP, de Oliveira JS, de Andrade ARC, Ricardo NMPS, Pereira-Neto WA, Sidrim JJC, Rocha MFG, Vieira RS, Brilhante RSN Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 4923: Chemical Profile and Use of the Peat as an Adsorbent for Extraction of Volatile Compounds from Leaves of Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L ’ Herit)
Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 4923: Chemical Profile and Use of the Peat as an Adsorbent for Extraction of Volatile Compounds from Leaves of Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L’ Herit) Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules25214923 Authors: Edenilson dos Santos Niculau Péricles Barreto Alves Paulo Cesar de Lima Nogueira Luciane Pimenta Cruz Romão Graziele da Costa Cunha Arie Fitzgerald Blank Anderson de Carvalho Silva Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from leaves of geranium (Pelargonium graveolens L&amp;rsquo; Herit) were extracted by dynamic headspace using Porapak Q (HSD-P) as adsorbent and peat, a nove...
Source: Molecules - October 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: Edenilson dos Santos Niculau P éricles Barreto Alves Paulo Cesar de Lima Nogueira Luciane Pimenta Cruz Rom ão Graziele da Costa Cunha Arie Fitzgerald Blank Anderson de Carvalho Silva Tags: Article Source Type: research

Induced mutation breeding for qualitative and quantitative traits and varietal development in medicinal and aromatic crops at CSIR-CIMAP, Lucknow (India): Past and recent accomplishment.
Conclusions: The ample quantitative variation was also created by reshuffling the polygenic background in both seed and vegetatively propagated MACs, and subsequently, with applying mutation breeding approach superior varieties were evolved and released after a rigorous screening in the field-evaluation or under pipeline for release. These varieties are Niharika and Mayuri of psyllium; Vallary, CIMAP Sammohak, CIM Ujjwala, and YEL (yellow) of German chamomile and Manjari and CIM Jeeva of Java citronella. PMID: 33026919 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology)
Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Int J Radiat Biol Source Type: research