What Types of Abdominal Wall Defects Are There?
Discussion Abdominal wall defects are common in pediatric and adult patients. Pediatric patients not surprisingly have more congenital defects and adults have more that are spontaneously acquired and some are due to surgeries. Adults often have more complications of their defects also. Defects are usually classified by location. Learning Point Types of abdominal wall defects include: Congenital or Spontaneous Epigastric Rectus muscles fail to approximate at the linea alba between the umbilicus and xyphoid process. Usually presents as painless bulge Occurs to 5% of children Incarceration is uncommon in children but much...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - September 22, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

The toddler who can't EAT: Baby Georgia has to be fed through a tube because her intestines developed outside her body
Georgia Diamond, from Newport in South Wales, was diagnosed with a bowel condition, gastroschisis, while in the womb. It causes the intestines to grow outside the abdomen, meaning the 23-month-old cannot eat and has to be fed through a tube. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 26, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Alcohol use before pregnancy linked to intestinal birth defect
Women should refrain from drinking alcohol before they try to become pregnant, according to maternal-fetal medicine specialists. Alcohol is associated with an increased risk for mental delays, cardiac anomalies and facial clefting in babies. In a recent study, researchers also found that alcohol is linked to gastroschisis, a birth defect of the baby's abdominal wall. "Preconception programs focused on alcohol abstinence may help to reverse the increasing incidence of this birth defect worldwide," said one researcher. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - May 1, 2014 Category: Science Source Type: news

Ventral Abdominal Wall Defects
Omphalocele and gastroschisis are the two most common congenital abdominal wall defects requiring neonatal intensive care. Historically treated as a single entity, they represent two distinct pathologies with different clinical management algorithms and associated outcomes. With improvements in prenatal diagnosis, neonatal intensive care, and pediatric surgical practices, good long-term outcomes are possible in the absence of catastrophic bowel injury or debilitating associated anomalies. (Source: NeoReviews recent issues)
Source: NeoReviews recent issues - August 1, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kastenberg, Z. J., Dutta, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: news

Decongestant sprays linked to rare birth defects
Conclusion This study suggests a possible link between phenylephrine and phenylpropanolamine – found in decongestant medicines – and an increased risk of three specific birth defects (endocardial cushion defect, ear defects, pyloric stenosis). Numerous other medications were tested but were not found to be associated with birth defects. However, the study performed many statistical comparisons looking for links with many different birth defects. These three defects were the ones where significant links were found, but it is possible that some of the results may be due to chance alone. The authors clearly recognised the...
Source: NHS News Feed - July 24, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medication Pregnancy/child Cancer Source Type: news

Gastroschisis on the RiseGastroschisis on the Rise
The proportion of babies born with gastroschisis has nearly doubled since 1995, according to a large new study. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - July 18, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Ob/Gyn & Women ' s Health News Source Type: news

Rare birth defect on the rise
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - The proportion of babies born with a defect called gastroschisis has nearly doubled since 1995, according to a large new study. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - July 18, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Rare Birth Defect on the Rise
The proportion of babies born with a defect called gastroschisis has nearly doubled since 1995, according to a large new study.Source: Reuters Health Related MedlinePlus Pages: Birth Defects, Hernia (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - July 18, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What Causes Constipation?
Discussion Constipation generally is defined as infrequent or painful defecation. Constipation can be very disturbing to the patient and family who believe the stools are too infrequent, too hard or too difficult to pass. Most children develop constipation after the child begins to associate pain (e.g. a hard bowel movement) with defecation. The child then begins to withhold the stools trying to decrease the defecation discomfort. As stool withholding continues, the rectum dilates and gradually accommodates with the normal defecation urge disappearing. Passing large hard stools infrequently reinforces the defecation pain. ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - February 25, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Donna M. D'Alessandro, M.D. Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Paediatricians for a Healthy Environment
A group of Argentine paediatricians has been combining work on environmental protection and child health for more than 10 years. It appears a basic principle to apply, but the task is turning out to be increasingly challenging and complex. “We can’t clean up a river, or give a family a new house, but we can teach people to put chlorine in the water,” Dr. Stella Maris Gil, the coordinator of the Environmental Paediatric Unit (UPA) at the Pedro de Elizalde Children’s Hospital in the Constitución neighbourhood of Buenos Aires, told IPS. The UPA provides health care with a strong environmental componen...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - January 4, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Marcela Valente Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Development & Aid Environment Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Latin America & the Caribbean Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories Women's Health Argentina Maternal and Child Health Pollution Source Type: news