Impact of daily yoga-based exercise on pain, catastrophizing, and sleep amongst individuals with fibromyalgia
(Source: Journal of Pain Research)
Source: Journal of Pain Research - October 17, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Journal of Pain Research Source Type: research

"I can't have it; I am a man. A young man!" - men, fibromyalgia and masculinity in a Nordic context.
Conclusions: Self-management and rehabilitation of fibromyalgia it is not only about learning to manage the symptoms but also about the struggle to find coherence in life through re-constructing gender identity that is acceptable both for the individual and for the community. PMID: 31607231 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being)
Source: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being - October 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being Source Type: research

Aquatic exercise and Far Infrared (FIR) modulates pain and blood cytokines in fibromyalgia patients: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study
Fibromyalgia (FM) has an inflammatory component, as elevated serum levels of inflammatory biomarkers are associated with its diagnosis. Treatments decreased pain, body temperature, improved quality of life and reduced serum levels of IL-6 in both groups; however, these beneficial effects were more pronounced in aquatic exercise (AE)  + Far-Infrared (FIR) group. The findings of the present study suggest that the association of AE to FIR increases the benefits of aquatic exercise in patients with FM. (Source: Journal of Neuroimmunology)
Source: Journal of Neuroimmunology - October 16, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Daiana Cristina Salm, Luiz Augusto Oliveira Belmonte, Aline Armiliato Emer, Larissa Leonel, R ômulo Nolasco de Brito, Cinthia Calheiros da Rocha, Thiago César Martins, Diogo Cunha dos Reis, Antônio Renato Pereira Moro, Leidiane Mazzardo-Martins, Maicon Source Type: research

Quality of life for patients with fibromyalgia
Consider applying the Neuman systems model to provide holistic care for more positive outcomes. (Source: Nursing Made Incredibly Easy)
Source: Nursing Made Incredibly Easy - October 15, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Source Type: research

CSF levels of apolipoprotein C1 and autotaxin found to associate with neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia
(Source: Journal of Pain Research)
Source: Journal of Pain Research - October 15, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Journal of Pain Research Source Type: research

Fibromyalgia, sleep disturbance and menopause: Is there a relationship? A literature review
ConclusionFurther studies are needed to elucidate the nature of the association between menopause, sleep and persistent pain syndromes, such as FM, showing the role of hormone therapy in prospective placebo ‐controlled trials. (Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - October 14, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Rejane Camila Alvarenga Dias, Jaime Kulak Junior, Eloise Hayde ê Ferreira da Costa, Renato Mitsunori Nisihara Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Alexithymia is associated with mood disorders, impairment in quality of life and disability in women with fibromyalgia.
Authors: Horta-Baas G, Peláez-Ballestas I, Queipo G, Montero Hernández U, Romero-Figueroa MDS Abstract OBJECTIVES: Alexithymia is a personality trait related to the quality of life of women with fibromyalgia (FM). It is still unknown whether alexithymia is associated with the clinical manifestations of FM. The present study describes the relationship between alexithymia and the domains included in the core set recommended by the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) for FM evaluation. METHODS: One hundred two women with FM were enrolled in the cross-sectional study. The domains evaluated were...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - October 13, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research

Hypothalamic-Pituitary axis response to a 0.25-mg dexamethasone test in women with fibromyalgia.
Conclusions. As other syndromes like post-traumatic stress disorder or emotionally unstable personality disorders, also related with high incidence of severe trauma, FMS patients presented significant low basal cortisol. However, they did not have cortisol hypersuppression as is commonly found in the mentioned disorders. The relation of FMS with lifetime traumas and with emotional instability should be further investigated in order to improve psychological treatment approaches for these patients. Lay summary: Patients with fibromyalgic syndrome have basal hypocortisoism but no cortisol hypersuppression after dexamethasone ...
Source: Stress - October 10, 2019 Category: Research Tags: Stress Source Type: research

A Subgroup of Chronic Low Back Pain Patients With Central Sensitization
Background: Our knowledge of central sensitization (CS) in chronic low back pain (CLBP) is limited. 2011 fibromyalgia criteria and severity scales (2011 FM survey) have been used to determine FM positive as a surrogate of CS. The major features of CS including widespread hyperalgesia and dysfunction of the descending inhibitory pathways can be identified by pressure pain threshold (PPT) and conditioned pain modulation (CPM) tests. The purpose of the study was to examine neurophysiological characteristics and psychosocial symptoms in a subgroup of FM-positive CLBP compared with FM-negative CLBP patients. Methods: A tot...
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - October 8, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

A Distorted Body Schema and Susceptibility to Experiencing Anomalous Somatosensory Sensations in Fibromyalgia Syndrome
Objective: Evidence suggests that there is an association between chronic pain and disruption of the body schema. We tested the hypothesis in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Materials and Methods: We investigated distinct perceptual aspects of the body schema both in a sample of patients with FMS and in pain-free controls. Performances on the left/right judgment task were measured; tactile acuity was assessed by using the 2-point discrimination test. Furthermore, we evaluated sensations evoked by tactile stimulation with von Frey filaments to body parts that were experiencing pain. Anomalous sensations elicited by sensor...
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - October 8, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Sensory Function and Pain Experience in Arthritis, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, Fibromyalgia Syndrome, and Pain-Free Volunteers: A Cross-Sectional Study
This study aimed to identify relationships between sensory function and pain in 3 common pain conditions (arthritis, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome [CRPS] and fibromyalgia syndrome [FMS]) and pain-free participants. Sensory abnormalities are known to be concomitant with some types of chronic pain but comparison across pain conditions using existing research is difficult due to methodological differences. Pragmatic Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) methods were used. Materials and Methods: Hot and cold sensitivity, light touch threshold (LTT), two-point discrimination and pain threshold were assessed in 143 participants...
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - October 8, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Development and validation of the SImple FIbromyalgia Screening questionnaire for improving the recognition of fibromyalgia in daily practice.
CONCLUSIONS: The SIFIS questionnaire is a useful tool that can be used for potential screening. PMID: 31577216 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - October 4, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research

Vaccination coverage in children with rheumatic diseases.
CONCLUSIONS: Thirty-five percent of our patients remain incompletely vaccinated and thus susceptible to vaccine-preventable diseases. Physicians play a crucial role in the decision to vaccinate. PMID: 31577215 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - October 4, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research

Spontaneous pain-associated facial expression and efficacy of clinically used drugs in the reserpine-induced rat model of fibromyalgia.
Abstract Fibromyalgia-associated chronic pain occurring without organic causes exerts negative effects on patients' quality of life, thereby necessitating the development of superior drugs. Since non-organic pain in patients with fibromyalgia occurs without external stimuli, an endpoint measure that reflects patients' spontaneous pain should be implemented in preclinical research. The present study is the first to apply the rat grimace scale (RGS), a facial expression-dependent measure developed for quantifying spontaneous pain, to the rat with reserpine-induced myalgia, an animal model of fibromyalgia exhibiting ...
Source: European Journal of Pharmacology - October 4, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Nagakura Y, Miwa M, Yoshida M, Miura R, Tanei S, Tsuji M, Takeda H Tags: Eur J Pharmacol Source Type: research

The routines of women with fibromyalgia and an interdisciplinary challenge to promote self-care.
CONCLUSION: The actions implemented by the interdisciplinary group resulted in numerous physical, psychological and social benefits for the women. PMID: 31576968 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Revista gaucha de enfermagem EENFUFRGS)
Source: Revista gaucha de enfermagem EENFUFRGS - October 3, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: Rev Gaucha Enferm Source Type: research

Ocular manifestations of rheumatic diseases
ConclusionThe eye could be a responsive marker for the onset or aggravation of an immune reactivation in many rheumatic diseases, furthermore, ocular findings can antedate the diagnosis of the underlying rheumatic disease. By recognizing ocular manifestations of systemic rheumatic diseases it might be possible to avoid or at least delay many long term sequelae. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 3, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Analgesic Use in Dutch Patients With Osteoarthritis: Frequent But Low Doses
Objective The aim of this study was to examine which analgesics are used by patients with osteoarthritis (OA)–related pain and how the analgesics are used in the preceding month. In addition, their beliefs about (pain) medication and the rationale of those declining to use analgesics were explored. Methods An online cross-sectional survey was sent to 1521 patients participating in the panel of the Dutch Arthritis Foundation. Descriptive analyses and logistic regression were used to analyze data. Results Of the 842 participants (56%) with OA that responded, 70% had generalized OA, 26% had concomitant fibromyal...
Source: JCR: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology - October 1, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effectiveness, cost-utility, and benefits of a multicomponent therapy to improve the quality of life of patients with fibromyalgia in primary care: A mixed methods study protocol
This study aims to analyze the effectiveness, cost-utility and benefits of a multicomponent therapy on quality of life (main variable), functional impact, mood and pain in people suffering from FM that attend primary care centers (PCCs) of the Catalan Institute of Health (ICS). Methods and analysis: A 2-phase, mixed methods study has been designed following Medical Research Council guidance. Phase 1: Pragmatic randomized clinical trial with patients diagnosed with FM that attend one of the 11 PCCs of the ICS Gerència Territorial Terres de l’Ebre. We estimate a total sample of 336 patients. The control group...
Source: Medicine - October 1, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Clinical Trial Source Type: research

P.93Small fiber neuropathy underlying autoinflammatory syndromes in children
Small fiber neuropathy affecting the small A δ and C fibers is rare in children. Few data have been published on the etiology of small fiber neuropathy in the pediatric population. Metabolic, infectious, and toxic causes were described. It has been associated with several autoimmune disorders such as Sjogren disease, fibromyalgia and celiac d isease, but there are no reports of an autoinflammatory etiology. The aim of the present study was to highlight the potential etiologic role of autoinflammatory syndromes, particularly familial Mediterranean fever, in small fiber neuropathy and erythromelalgia in the pediatric p...
Source: Neuromuscular Disorders - October 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: I. Shinkarevsy, I. Nevo, L. Harel, G. Amarilyo, A. Dori, N. Agmon-Levin, L. Kachko, R. Dabby, M. Rabie, S. Aharoni Source Type: research

Cerebral hemodynamics in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.
CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights that the increased cerebral blood flow is indirectly associated with atherosclerosis regarding persistent inflammation in patients with AS. PMID: 31561322 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 30, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Autohemotherapy with ozone as a possible effective treatment for Fibromyalgia.
CONCLUSIONS: The autohemotherapy with ozone in patients with FM showed an important decline of tender points and FIQ score, as well as a decrease of oxidative stress levels. This treatment allows patients to face life with greater vitality and less drug use, diminishing harmful side effects. Further investigation should be carried out, including groups with more patients and clinical trials, to elucidate the effect of ozone therapy in patients suffering from FM. PMID: 31575841 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Reumatologica Portuguesa)
Source: Acta Reumatologica Portuguesa - September 29, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Moreno-Fernández A, Macías-García L, Valverde-Moreno R, Ortiz T, Fernández-Rodríguez A, Moliní-Estrada A, De-Miguel M Tags: Acta Reumatol Port Source Type: research

Motor cortex function in fibromyalgia: a pilot study involving near-infrared spectroscopy and co-recording of laser-evoked potentials.
Authors: Gentile E, Ricci K, Delussi M, de Tommaso M Abstract Interaction between the motor and nociceptive systems seems to play an important role in chronic pain. In this pilot study we used a combination of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (FNIRS) and laserevoked potentials (LEPs) during concurrent finger tapping task and noxious laser stimulation in fibromyalgia (FM) patients and controls. The study included 9 healthy subjects and 15 FM patients. During concurrent FNIRS and LEP recording, participants were required either to remain in resting relaxed condition or to execute a finger tapping task with the r...
Source: Functional Neurology - September 28, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Funct Neurol Source Type: research

Prescription Opioid Use in Patients With and Without Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Michigan Lupus Epidemiology and Surveillance Program, 2014-2015.
In this study of 462 patients with SLE from the population-based Michigan Lupus Epidemiology and Surveillance (MILES) Cohort and 192 frequency-matched persons without SLE, nearly one third (31%) of SLE patients were using prescription opioids during the study period (2014-2015), compared with 8% of persons without SLE (p1 year, and 31 (22%) were concomitantly on two or more opioid medications. Among SLE patients, those using the emergency department (ED) were approximately twice as likely to use prescription opioids (odds ratio [OR] = 2.1; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.3-3.6; p = 0.004). In SLE, the ...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - September 27, 2019 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Somers EC, Lee J, Hassett AL, Zick SM, Harlow SD, Helmick CG, Barbour KE, Gordon C, Brummett CM, Minhas D, Padda A, Wang L, McCune WJ, Marder W Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Unaltered low nerve growth factor and high brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in plasma from patients with fibromyalgia after a 15-week progressive resistance exercise.
Authors: Jablochkova A, Bäckryd E, Kosek E, Mannerkorpi K, Ernberg M, Gerdle B, Ghafouri B Abstract BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of fibromyalgia includes central and peripheral factors. Neurotrophins, such as nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor, are involved in peripheral and central nervous system development of pain and hyperalgesia. Few studies have examined circulating nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in fibromyalgia or have investigated whether exercise interventions affect the levels of these peptides. OBJECTIVES: To compare plasma levels of nerve gro...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 24, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Comparing Verum and Sham Acupuncture in Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Kim J, Kim SR, Lee H, Nam DH Abstract Objectives: Acupuncture is often used for relieving symptoms of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Our aim is to ascertain whether verum acupuncture is more effective than sham acupuncture in FMS. Methods: We collected RCTs to investigate the effects of verum acupuncture and sham acupuncture on pain, sleep quality, fatigue, and general status in FMS patients. The databases used for data retrieval were PubMed, Central Cochrane, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CNKI, VIP, OASIS, KoreaMed, and RISS. Selection/exclusion from the retrieved records was performed according to prespecified cri...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - September 21, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

Factors associated with waiting times for persons with rheumatic conditions in multidisciplinary pain treatment facilities.
Conclusions: Many patients with rheumatic conditions (especially fibromyalgia) face long delays before receiving services in Quebec's MPTF. This study identified several factors associated with waiting time and emphasizes the need to improve access to pain management services. PMID: 31534361 [PubMed] (Source: Pain Physician)
Source: Pain Physician - September 20, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Deslauriers S, Roy JS, Bernatsky S, Feldman DE, Pinard AM, Desmeules F, Fitzcharles MA, Perreault K Tags: J Pain Res Source Type: research

Duloxetine for pain in fibromyalgia in adults: a systematic review and a meta-analysis
. (Source: International Journal of Neuroscience)
Source: International Journal of Neuroscience - September 19, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Yan-Na Lian Yi Wang Ying Zhang Chun-Xiao Yang Source Type: research

First Generics of Pregabalin
The FDA recently approved the first generics of pregabalin for managing fibromyalgia, postherpetic neuralgia, neuropathic pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy or spinal cord injury, and as adjunct therapy for partial-onset seizures in patients aged 17 years or older. (Source: JAMA)
Source: JAMA - September 17, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Tai Chi on fibromyalgia patients: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
CONCLUSION: Tai Chi exerts significantly greater effects on patients with FM than standard care; therefore, we suggest that Tai Chi can be used as an alternative treatment. However, more large-scale, high-quality, and multicenter trials are required to provide stronger evidence on the effectiveness of Tai Chi, as an alternative to aerobic exercise, compared with conventional therapeutic exercise. PMID: 31519264 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine)
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - September 16, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Cheng CA, Chiu YW, Wu D, Kuan YC, Chen SN, Tam KW Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research

A single administration of Neurotropin reduced the elongated immobility time in the forced swimming test of rats exposed to repeated cold stress
Many people suffer from a major depressive disorder, and chronic pain conditions are often associated with depressive symptoms. Neurotropin, an extract from the inflamed skin of rabbits inoculated with vaccinia virus, has been used for pain relief. Decrease of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the brain is one of the proposed mechanisms for the major depressive disorders, and Neurotropin has been reported to restore the decreased BDNF in the hippocampus. In this experiment, we examined whether Neurotropin had an antidepressant-like effect in a model of fibromyalgia and whether BDNF in the brain was altered after ...
Source: Behavioural Pharmacology - September 14, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Linking non-restorative sleep and activity interference through pain catastrophizing and pain severity: An intra-day process model among individuals with fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain condition that predominantly affects women and interferes with individuals ’ daily functioning.58,80 Repeated activity interference can substantially limit one's successful adjustment to chronic pain through the development of negative self-schema and reduction of rewards that stem from engaging in meaningful and enjoyable activities.23,26 Hence, a central target of chro nic pain management is helping individuals increase their engagement in and performance of important daily activities. (Source: The Journal of Pain)
Source: The Journal of Pain - September 14, 2019 Category: Materials Science Authors: Chung Jung Mun, Mary C. Davis, Claudia Campbell, Patrick Finan, Howard Tennen Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research

The Powers of Flowers: Evaluating the Impact of Floral Therapy on Pain and Psychiatric Symptoms in Fibromyalgia.
CONCLUSIONS: Participation in a floristry course may lead to a significant improvement in pain and psychiatric symptoms in fibromyalgia patients. These findings highlight the potential benefit of utilizing occupational therapy programs, such as a floristry course, for improving quality of life in fibromyalgia. PMID: 31507119 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal)
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - September 12, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research

Approach as a key for success: Reduced avoidance behaviour mediates the effect of exposure therapy for fibromyalgia.
acute;tsson B Abstract Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent chronic pain disorder associated with large suffering and substantial societal costs. Pain-related avoidance behaviour and hypervigilance to bodily symptoms are common in FM and contribute in maintaining and exacerbating the disorder. Exposure therapy targeting avoidance behaviours and hypervigilance has shown promise in the treatment of FM. The present study investigated mediators of treatment outcome in exposure therapy for FM. We used data from a randomised trial, where 140 participants were allocated to 10-week internet-delivered exposure therapy or to a ...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hedman-Lagerlöf M, Andersson E, Hedman-Lagerlöf E, Wicksell RK, Flink I, Ljótsson B Tags: Behav Res Ther Source Type: research

Effects of birth months on rheumatic diseases in South Korea: a nationwide case-control study.
CONCLUSIONS: Seasonal variations in infectious agents, sun exposure, and food ingestion during gestation or early infancy seem to explain the association between birth month/season and development of rheumatic diseases. PMID: 31498065 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - September 11, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research

Pain without inflammation
Publication date: Available online 6 September 2019Source: Best Practice & Research Clinical RheumatologyAuthor(s): Jon LampaAbstractChronic pain is a common symptom in rheumatic diseases, and the patient with pain and no signs of inflammation poses a challenge to the physician.Notably, all rheumatic diseases have components of non-inflammatory pain and a higher prevalence of fibromyalgia compared to the overall population.Hypothetically, a chronic pain stimulus may have stronger impact in a chronic inflammatory state, and the process towards a pain condition may be influenced by individual predisposition for developme...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Rheumatology - September 8, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research

Taking the patient and the patient's perspective into account to improve outcomes of care of patients with musculoskeletal diseases
Publication date: Available online 6 September 2019Source: Best Practice & Research Clinical RheumatologyAuthor(s): Martijn A.H. Oude Voshaar, Mart A.F.J. van de LaarAbstractPatient-reported outcome measures are commonly used in the assessment of patients with musculoskeletal diseases. The present review provides an overview of historic and recent developments, including core set recommendations for assessing patient-reported outcomes in patients with fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and psoriatic arthritis. The evidence supporting commonly used patient-reported outcomes measu...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Rheumatology - September 8, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research

What is the significance of diagnostic criteria of fibromyalgia?
International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, EarlyView. (Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - September 8, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Katsuhiro Toda Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Cannabinoids and Pain Management: an Insight into Recent Advancements
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review discusses the recent advancements in research on Cannabinoids ’ role in pain, including its use in cancer pain, neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia, headache, visceral pain, postoperative and failed back pain management, and concurrent use with opioids.Recent FindingsCurrent research suggests that a potential role exists for medical cannabis in pain management, although research shows varied effectiveness by the type of pain. Moreover, its coadministration with opioids may result in reduced opioid requirements.SummaryPatients with neuropathic pain, cancer pain, and migraine headache ma...
Source: Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports - September 6, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback to Treat Fibromyalgia: An Integrative Literature Review
Fibromyalgia (FM) is associated with debilitating pain and a reduced heart rate variability (HRV), reflecting decreased emotional adaptability and resistance to stress. Common pharmacological treatments are ineffective, and opioids are highly addictive and cause an estimated 15,000 overdose deaths per year. Effective recommendations include patient-centered interventions like physical activity, cognitive behavioral therapy, and biofeedback. Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB) may be effective in improving HRV, thus increasing stress resistance and emotional adaptability and reducing pain. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - September 6, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Marcelaine Reneau Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

How and for whom does a positive affect intervention work in fibromyalgia: An analysis of mediators and moderators
DiscussionIn fibromyalgia patients, the effects of the BPS on the outcomes seem to be more related to changes in affect than to changes in future expectations.SignificanceThis is the first study to present evidence about who can benefit from an intervention designed to augment positive affect and promote positive functioning in FMS patients and how these changes occur. It extends previous findings on patient characteristics associated with the response to pain management interventions. (Source: European Journal of Pain)
Source: European Journal of Pain - September 5, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: G Molinari, M Miragall, A Enrique, C Botella, R Ba ños, A García‐Palacios Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Predicting walking as exercise in women with fibromyalgia from the perspective of the theory of planned behavior.
edó A, Velasco L Abstract Based on the theory of planned behavior, this study examined factors related to the intention to adhere to an unsupervised walking program and the intention-behavior gap in relation to walking adherence in women with fibromyalgia. We also accounted for specific variables: fear of movement, pain intensity, distress and disability. TPB constructs, walking behavior and the above-mentioned variables were assessed in 274 women aged 18 to 70 years old (mean 51.8, range 25.5-69.1 years) at baseline and seven weeks later (n = 219) during 2012. Intention to adhere to a w...
Source: Women and Health - September 5, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Pastor-Mira MA, López-Roig S, Peñacoba C, Sanz-Baños Y, Lledó A, Velasco L Tags: Women Health Source Type: research

Is transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) effective in adults with fibromyalgia? A Cochrane Review summary with commentary.
Authors: Arienti C PMID: 31475930 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions)
Source: Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions - September 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact Source Type: research

Constructing the Gendered Risk of Illness in Lyrica Ads for Fibromyalgia: Fear of Isolation as a Motivating Narrative for Consumer Demand
AbstractDirect-to-consumer television advertisements forLyrica in the United States create narratives of gendered domestic normalcy to which women with fibromyalgia are encouraged to aspire through pharmaceutical intervention. This paper unpacks images and narratives within these advertisements to demonstrate that they rely on metaphors that represent gendered expectations in order to evoke guilt and provoke a desire for what Joseph Dumit calls “health as risk reduction,” and what I argue is an attempt to show disability being erased. Following Stuart Hall’s Encoding/Decoding model of communication, viewe...
Source: Journal of Medical Humanities - September 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Flexibility exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia.
CONCLUSIONS: When compared with aerobic training, it is uncertain whether flexibility improves outcomes such as HRQoL, pain intensity, fatigue, stiffness, and physical function, as the certainty of the evidence is very low. Flexibility exercise training may lead to little or no difference for all-cause withdrawals. It is also uncertain whether flexibility exercise training has long-term effects due to the very low certainty of the evidence. We downgraded the evidence owing to the small number of trials and participants across trials, as well as due to issues related to unclear and high risk of bias (selection, performance,...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - September 2, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kim SY, Busch AJ, Overend TJ, Schachter CL, van der Spuy I, Boden C, Góes SM, Foulds HJ, Bidonde J Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Analysis of the effects of low-level laser therapy on muscle fatigue of the biceps brachii muscle of healthy individuals and spastic individuals: Study protocol for a single-center, randomized, double-blind, and controlled clinical trial
Background: Muscular fatigue is caused by biochemical alterations that modify the mechanics of muscle contraction, resulting in negative changes in the performance of the contraction. Several resources are studied to mitigate this situation among which we can cite low-level laser therapy (LLLT). The effects of LLLT are being studied in healthy subjects with fibromyalgia and who are athletes, and currently the studies are being performed in spastic muscles with poststroke individuals. The aim will be to evaluate the effects of LLLT on the fatigue of the biceps brachii muscle of healthy individuals and individuals with spa...
Source: Medicine - September 1, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Clinical Trial Source Type: research

Psychotropics in Your Medicine Cabinet: A Case Study of Dimenhydrinate Use
We present a case of a woman in her forties, with a psychiatric history of bipolar disorder, and complex concurrent medical history including familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), and fibromyalgia, admitted for withdrawal management of her intravenous dimenhydrinate use. As a result of her FMF, there were numerous hospital admissions and treatment which required intravenous access. Hence, a physician-inserted intravenous access port was placed on her chest. The port was maintained monthly with the help of a community agency. In this port, she was injecting 100 to 200 mg of dimenhydrinate hourly for its euphoric and calming...
Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine - September 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Fibromyalgia Assessment Screening Tool (FAST): clues to fibromyalgia on a multidimensional health assessment questionnaire (MDHAQ) for routine care.
CONCLUSION: FAST3 and FAST4 cumulative indices from only MDHAQ scores, correctly identify most patients who meet 2011 FM criteria. FAST indices can assist clinicians in routine care as clues to FM with a general rheumatology, rather than FM-specific, questionnaires. PMID: 31474596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Rheumatol)
Source: J Rheumatol - September 1, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Gibson KA, Castrejon I, Descallar J, Pincus T Tags: J Rheumatol Source Type: research

Mediterranean Diet, Body Composition, and Activity Associated With Bone Health in Women With Fibromyalgia Syndrome
Discussion LM and the Med Diet were consistently associated with calcaneal quantitative ultrasound parameters, supporting the hypothesis that LM and adherence to the Med Diet play determinant roles in bone health in FMS women. Training programs to maximize LM and strategies for promoting good adherence to the Med Diet should be considered in order to prevent the development of osteoporosis in FMS women. Because nurses are involved in implementing preventive programs, their roles in promoting this adherence to the Med Diet and maximizing LM in patients with FMS should help reduce the impact of osteoporosis. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Neurasthenia: Modern Malady or Historical Relic?
Neurasthenia was a popular diagnosis from 1869 through 1930. Despite being discarded, the core symptoms of neurasthenia can still be found throughout modern society. The present article reviews the symptoms, common course, proposed causes, and common treatments for neurasthenia. Similarities are seen in several familiar diagnoses, including depression, chronic fatigue syndrome, and fibromyalgia. Through reviewing the trends of neurasthenia, modern doctors may learn more about the subtleties of the diagnostic process, as well as the patient-physician relationship. The goal is to learn from the past as it relates to current ...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - August 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3173: Physical Condition Factors that Predict a Better Quality of Life in Women with Fibromyalgia
This study aims to determine which physical qualities can predict the quality of life in women with FM. Also, a comparison between the physical qualities of women with FM and healthy counterparts was conducted. In total, 223 women participated in this cross-sectional study, 123 with FM, with ages ranging between 45 and 70 years. The study was conducted at several fibromyalgia associations and specialized medical units. QoL was measured as the main outcome. In addition, functional capacity, muscular strength, maintenance of thoracic posture, postural control, flexibility, pain threshold, and anxiety were measured. Predictio...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - August 30, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sempere-Rubio Aguilar-Rodr íguez Ingl és Izquierdo-Alventosa Serra-A ñó Tags: Article Source Type: research