Severe blunt trauma in Finland and Estonia: comparison of two regional trauma repositories
ConclusionBenchmarking trauma repositories at a national level provides opportunities for quality and performance improvements. We observed comparable demographic profile and outcome indicators in the compared regional trauma systems. (Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery - April 1, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Trends in opioid prescribing in Estonia (2011 ‐2017)
AbstractOur objective was to examine the trends and variation in opioid prescribing in Estonia from 2011 to 2017. This retrospective cross ‐sectional study is based on a nationwide prescription medicines database. We stratified the analysis by treatment indication (cancer vs noncancer pain). Between 2011 and 2017, annual opioid prescribing rates increased by 67% (from 82.9 to 138.6 prescriptions per 1000 population). The annual numbe r of prescriptions per patient did not change substantially (from 2.94 in 2011 to 2.87 in 2017), and was higher among cancer patients (5.07 vs 2.67 annual prescriptions per cancer and noncan...
Source: Pharmacology Research and Perspectives - March 31, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Anneli Uusk üla, Mait Raag, Katrin Kurvits, Ott Laius, Maia Uusküla, Kersti Oselin Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Associated factors of suicidal ideation among older persons with dementia living at home in eight European countries.
This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of suicidal ideation and associated factors in older persons with dementia living at home in eight European countries, and its association with quality of life. Furthermore, changes in suicidal ideation over time were investigated.Methods: This cohort study (n = 1,223) was part of the European "RightTimePlaceCare" project conducted in 2010-2013. Participating countries were Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Baseline and follow-up data were analysed using bivariate and multivariate logistic regressi...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - March 30, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Holmstrand C, Rahm Hallberg I, Saks K, Leino-Kilpi H, Renom Guiteras A, Verbeek H, Zabalegui A, Sutcliffe C, Lethin C Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research

Leptospira spp. in Cats in Estonia: Seroprevalence and Risk Factors for Seropositivity
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Ahead of Print. (Source: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases)
Source: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases - March 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: And žela Lehtla K ärt Must Brian Lassen Toomas Orro Pikka Jokelainen Arvo Viltrop Source Type: research

Herd-level risk factors for cow and calf on-farm mortality in Estonian dairy herds
On-farm mortality (unassisted death and euthanasia) is the unwanted loss of animals, and it comes with negative economic consequences. On-farm mortality rates reflect a herd ’s animal welfare status. The object... (Source: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica - March 12, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Kaari Reimus, Karin Alv åsen, Ulf Emanuelson, Arvo Viltrop and Kerli Mõtus Tags: Research Source Type: research

Changes in therapy and survival of metastatic renal cell carcinoma in Estonia
Before the era of targeted therapies, cytokines were the main therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Our aim was to analyze the changes in treatments and overall survival (OS) of all mRCC patients... (Source: BMC Cancer)
Source: BMC Cancer - March 12, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Hannes J ürgens, Kristiina Ojamaa, Helis Pokker, Kaire Innos and Peeter Padrik Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Application of a new patient-reported outcome measure in orofacial clefts: An exploratory study in two countries.
Authors: Nguyen VT, Persson M, Jagomägi T Abstract Patients with repaired cleft lip and/or palate may vary in satisfaction with their treatment. The exploratory study investigated the satisfaction of patients with orofacial clefts, and their parents with cleft treatment outcomes using the Cleft Hearing, Appearance and Speech Questionnaire (CHASQ). The study included 29 Vietnamese and 27 Estonian patients aged ≥ 7 years with repaired cleft lip and/or palate. The CHASQ was translated into Vietnamese and Estonian. The questionnaire was completed independently by patients and their parents. There were nine item...
Source: Stomatologija - March 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: Stomatologija Source Type: research

Gaining momentum: Popularization of Epilobium angustifolium as food and recreational tea on the Eastern edge of Europe.
lde;ukand R Abstract The local use of wild food plants represents a reservoir for the biocultural diversity of human diet and is therefore being extensively studied; yet the effects of the introduction of novel uses into specific biocultural conditions have been little researched. Rosebay willowherb Epilobium angustifolium L. has been intensively promoted in Europe since the mid-18th century. The expert recommendations did not provide any links to local uses thus raising the question of the legitimacy and diffusion of its food use in modern times. To understand if and to what extent those recommendations have infl...
Source: Appetite - February 27, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kalle R, Belichenko O, Kuznetsova N, Kolosova V, Prakofjewa J, Stryamets N, Mattalia G, Šarka P, Simanova A, Prūse B, Mezaka I, Sõukand R Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The composition of faecal microbiota is related to the amount and variety of dietary fibres.
Authors: Adamberg K, Jaagura M, Aaspõllu A, Nurk E, Adamberg S Abstract For normal gut and body function, the diet should contain variety of dietary fibres. To elucidate the links between food intake, especially the variety of dietary fibres, faecal microbiota, body mass index and content of blood lipids, 59 healthy subjects on common Estonian diet were enrolled. The dietary records were analysed at nutrient level while seven categories of fibres were characterised to differentiate variety of fibre profiles consumed. The data of the high fibre (HF) intake (>15.1 g/1000 kcal) and the low fibre (LF) intake (
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research

Self-Reported Knee Pain Does Not Impact Physical Training Negatively in Conscripts.
This study evaluated self-reported knee pain (KP) and its effect on physical performance during military service in the Estonian Defense Forces. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-five male conscripts aged 19-25 years were divided into two study groups based on the occurrence of KP or not. Self-reported KP and function according to the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) were measured. Physical fitness level was scored using the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT). KOOS and APFT were measured in the beginning and at the end of the 6-month period of military service. RESULTS: Significant differences in ...
Source: Military Medicine - February 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Use of a newly-developed portable capillary electrophoresis analyser to detect drugs of abuse in oral fluid: A case study.
kar J Abstract The aim of the current study was to develop and validate an analytical method to determine whether drugs of abuse (DOA) were present in oral fluid (OF) using a newly-developed, portable capillary electrophoresis (CE) instrument coupled to a deep ultra-violet fluorescence detector (FD). The performance of this portable CE-FD DOA analyser was tested at the Weekend Festival Baltic (Pärnu, Estonia) between 2016 and 2018 as well as on the roadside OF samples collected by the police. The study reported 128 analysed cases in which persons were allegedly found to have been under the influence of DOA. T...
Source: Talanta - February 21, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: Saar-Reismaa P, Brilla CA, Leiman K, Kaljurand M, Vaher M, Kulp M, Mazina-Šinkar J Tags: Talanta Source Type: research

The influence of conspiracy beliefs on conventional and unconventional forms of political participation: The mediating role of political efficacy.
e;iga H, Gámez E Abstract Recent approaches from social psychology lend support to conspiracy beliefs as a motivated form of social cognition, structured around and consistent with a higher-order belief system, which may have an impact on the way people understand their political environment and respond to it. Building on these accounts, this study examines the influence of conspiracism on political efficacy and, indirectly, on conventional and unconventional forms of political participation. Drawing on two-wave panel data collected in five democracies (United States, Japan, United Kingdom, Poland, and Esto...
Source: The British Journal of Social Psychology - February 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ardèvol-Abreu A, Gil de Zúñiga H, Gámez E Tags: Br J Soc Psychol Source Type: research

Retraining for prevention of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: In this randomized controlled trial, we were unable to demonstrate that regular, targeted testing and retraining of new PD patients increased the time to first peritonitis or reduced the rate of peritonitis, as the study comprised patients with a low risk of peritonitis, was underpowered, open to type 1 statistical error, and contamination between groups. PMID: 32063220 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International)
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - February 19, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research

To What Extent Do Perceived Parental Socialization Values Match Estonian Adolescents ’ Personal Values?
AbstractThe study examined how similar perceived parental socialization values are to adolescents ’ personal values and whether the value type and adolescents’ age and gender play a role in this. The sample included 504 Estonian adolescents aged 13–19 (Mage = 15.30), who assessed their personal and parental socialization values with a 21-item version of the Portrait Values Questionnaire. A mixed ANOVA showed that whilst adolescents were oriented to openness to change values, they perceived their parents as putting less emphasis on these values in socialization. Conservation values, on the co...
Source: Child Indicators Research - February 19, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Cross-cultural differences in pedestrian behaviors in relation to values: A comparison of five countries.
This study compared pedestrian behaviors in five countries (Estonia, Greece, Kosovo, Russia, and Turkey) and investigated the relationships between these behaviors and values in each country. The study participants were 131 pedestrians for Estonia, 249 for Greece, 112 for Kosovo, 176 for Russia, and 145 for Turkey. The principal component analyses revealed that the four-factor structure of the Pedestrian Behavior Scale (PBS) was highly consistent across the five countries. ANCOVA results revealed significant differences between countries on the PBS items and scale scores. Specifically, Greek and Turkish participants report...
Source: Accident; Analysis and Prevention. - February 14, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Solmazer G, Azık D, Fındık G, Üzümcüoğlu Y, Ersan Ö, Kaçan B, Özkan T, Lajunen T, Öz B, Pashkevich A, Pashkevich M, Danelli-Mylona V, Georgogianni D, Berisha Krasniqi E, Krasniqi M, Makris E, Shubenkova K, Xheladini G Tags: Accid Anal Prev Source Type: research

New | phs001230.v1.p1 | Estonian Biobank | Estonian Genome Center, University of Tartu
Estonian Biobank | Estonian Genome Center, University of Tartu  (study page |release notes) (Source: dbGaP, the database of Genotypes and Phenotypes)
Source: dbGaP, the database of Genotypes and Phenotypes - February 13, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: StudyRelease Source Type: research

Change in the symptom profile treated as asthma – two cross-sectional studies twenty years apart
The aims of the study were to investigate prevalence trends of respiratory symptoms, asthma and asthma treatment among young adults in Estonia and to estimate changes in symptom profile among subjects who self... (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - February 3, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mihkel Pindus, Hans Orru and Rain J õgi Tags: Research Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 519: E-Cigarette Use by Smoking Status in Estonia, 2012 –2018
Conclusion: In 2002–2018, the e-cigarette use had increased but smoking had decreased in Estonia. A timely and targeted tobacco policy may alleviate the harm of e-cigarette use from the public health perspective. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - January 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Reile P ärna Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Valproic acid prescription trends among females of childbearing age in Estonia: A 14-year nationwide prescription database study
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of VPA use in 2005–2018 in Estonia, with special attention to females of childbearing age.MethodsIn this retrospective nationwide population-based cohort study, outpatient prescription data from the national health insurance provider were used. Annual sex- and age-specific prevalence rates were calculated, and changes therein during the study period were evaluated.ResultsThe annual rates of VPA use among females of childbearing age increased significantly in 2005–2014. After 2014, the increasing trend stopped; in 2014–2018, the prevalence rates declined slightl...
Source: Seizure - January 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The role of HPV infection in oropharyngeal cancer.
Authors: Budu VA, Decuseară T, Balica NC, Mogoantă CA, Rădulescu LM, Chirilă M, Maniu AA, Mistra DM, Muşat GC, Oprişcan IC, Georgescu MG Abstract BACKGROUND: Human papilloma virus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) has been recognized as a distinct disease entity associated with oral HPV infection with high-risk serotypes, mainly among white man at younger age. Lifetime number of oral sex partners of HPV-positive OPSCC patients is the strongest risk factor associated. HPV type 16 is now established as oncogenic and it is the main cause (over the 80%) of this type of OPSCC, followed b...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - January 10, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research

Childhood cancer incidence and survival trends in Estonia (1970 –2016): a nationwide population-based study
Childhood cancers represent a small proportion of all cancers but are still a major public health problem. The study analysed long-term trends in childhood cancer incidence and survival in Estonia in relation ... (Source: BMC Cancer)
Source: BMC Cancer - January 10, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Keiu Paapsi, Aleksei Baburin, Sirje Mikkel, Margit M ägi, Kadri Saks and Kaire Innos Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Valproic acid prescription trends among females of childbearing age in Estonia: A 14-year nationwide prescription database study
Valproic acid (VPA), also known as valproate, is among the most frequently prescribed antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). A major safety issue with VPA is its teratogenicity. Data from several pregnancy registries have consistently shown that the offspring of mothers who use VPA during pregnancy are at greater risk of major congenital malformations [1,2]. Reports have described impaired intellectual and behavioural development in children exposed to VPA in utero [3]. In response to these data, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) strengthened its warnings for VPA use by females in 2014, recommending that, when VPA treatment is nece...
Source: Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy - January 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Katrin Kurvits, Ott Laius, Maia Uusk üla, Sulev Haldre, Aleksei Rakitin Source Type: research

Comparison of psychotropic medication use in the Baltic countries.
Conclusion: While the health-care expenditures in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are largely similar, as is the cultural and recent political background of these EU member countries, the extent and the pattern of psychotropic drug use is remarkably variable. PMID: 31889460 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Morphometric traits predict educational attainment independently of socioeconomic background
Aim of this study is to describe the relationship between anthropometric traits and educational attainment among Estonian schoolchildren born between 1937 and 1962. We asked whether height, cranial volume and ... (Source: BMC Public Health)
Source: BMC Public Health - December 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Markus Valge, Richard Meitern and Peeter H õrak Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Level of Genetic Diversity in European Bumblebees is Not Determined by Local Species Abundance
Bumblebee species with declining population trends tend to show lower genetic diversity levels than stable species. The observed difference might be explained by abundance differences, with declining bumblebee species having lower genetic diversity levels simply due to their lower local species abundances. However, whether this holds true is not known. Here, we investigated whether bumblebee local abundances determines population genetic diversity levels. Therefore, local species abundances were measured for bumblebee species at four locations in Belgium and two locations in Estonia during bumblebee foraging years 2013&nda...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - December 10, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Low cholesterol levels in children predict impulsivity in young adulthood.
CONCLUSIONS: Serum lipid levels could have an impact on development of maladaptive impulsivity starting from an early age. This effect of cholesterol continues throughout adolescence into young adulthood. PMID: 31787117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica)
Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica - December 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acta Neuropsychiatr Source Type: research

Self-rated health and smoking among physicians and general population with higher education in Estonia: results from cross-sectional studies in 2002 and 2014
ConclusionsThis study gave an overview of differences in SRH and smoking between two target groups with higher education in two timepoints highlighting the importance of addressing smoking cessation counselling and health promotion campaigns in the population by different subgroups in Estonia. (Source: Archives of Public Health)
Source: Archives of Public Health - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The fentanyl epidemic in Estonia: opportunities for a comprehensive public health response
Publication date: December 2019Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 6, Issue 12Author(s): Anneli Uuskula, Don Des Jarlais, Sigrid Vorobjov (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - November 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Phenotypic and Molecular Epidemiology of ESBL-, AmpC-, and Carbapenemase-Producing Escherichia coli in Northern and Eastern Europe
In conclusion, we generally found low ESBL/AmpC/Carbapenemase prevalence in E. coli strains isolated in Northern/Eastern Europe. However, several inter-country differences in distribution of particular genes and multilocus sequence types were found. (Source: Frontiers in Microbiology)
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - November 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Dampness and mould at home and at work in the RHINE study: Increased onset and decreased remission of adult respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis
Conclusions: Dampness and mould at home and in the workplace buildings can increase onset of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis, and decrease remission of respiratory symptoms and rhinitis among adults. Exposure to dampness both at home and at work can increase the risk of having respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis. Our study adds new evidence on the health significance of dampness and mould from a prospective study. (Source: European Respiratory Journal)
Source: European Respiratory Journal - November 21, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Wang, J., Pindus, M., Janson, C., Sigsgaard, T., Kim, J.-L., Holm, M., Sommar, J., Orru, H., Gislason, T., Johannessen, A., Bertelsen, R. J. B., Norbäck, D. Tags: Occupational and environmental health Source Type: research

Differences of FENO in adult general populations of Nordic regions
Background: Eventual differences of expiratory nitric oxide (FENO) levels in general populations of Nordic countries may reflect differences in eosinophilic inflammation at population level.Aim: To study the differences in FENO of Nordic regions and their epidemiological associations.Methods: From 1997 to 2003 we measured FENO (ppb) and conducted skin prick-tests for a random sample of adults (n=1498), aged 20-60 years from Finland (Helsinki), Sweden (Stockholm and Örebro) and Estonia (Narva and Saaremaa). We compared differences between regions by estimating odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for high F...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - November 21, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lassmann-Klee, P., Brumpton, B., Henriksen, A. H., Larsson, M., Sundblad, B.-M., Polluste, J., Lindqvist, A., Hedman, L., Backman, H., Rönmark, E., Langhammer, A., Piirilä, P., Sovijärvi, A. R. A. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Psychosocial Factors and Personality Traits and the Prevalence of Arterial Hypertension Among 35- and 55-Year-Old Men and Women in Sweden and Estonia: a SWESTONIA Longitudinal Study
AbstractIntroductionPsychosocial factors influence the risk of developing hypertension. Personality traits have a modulating effect against the harmful influences of psychosocial factors.AimThrough a longitudinal clinical study consisting of men and women aged 35 and 55 at the baseline in Estonia and Sweden, to assess the influence of psychosocial factors and personality traits resulting in arterial hypertension.MethodsData analysis based on the cross-sectional study with 2 assessments over 13  years of a sample comprising 158 individuals from Estonia and 213 individuals from Sweden. The Pearlin Mastery Scale, Rosenbe...
Source: High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention - November 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 4479: Evaluation of Physical Fitness, Body Composition, and Adherence to Mediterranean Diet in Adolescents from Estonia: The AdolesHealth Study
. Sánchez-Oliver Francis Ries Unhealthy lifestyles, low levels of physical fitness, and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) are associated with bad quality of life and the development of a wide range of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The current study aimed to evaluate the level of adherence to the MD in physical fitness performance and body composition parameters in children and adolescents of Estonia. Therefore, 413 adolescents (56% boys) from the city of Tartu completed the Mediterranean Diet Questionnaire (KIDMED) for analyzing the adherence to MD and performed the Alpha Fitness Test for measuring ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - November 14, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pablo Galan-Lopez Ra úl Domínguez Maret Pihu Thordis G ísladóttir Antonio J. S ánchez-Oliver Francis Ries Tags: Article Source Type: research

Cosmetic Tourism in Northern Ireland
Conclusions This surge in cosmetic complications occurred in the New Year period. Complications were seen after a wide range of surgical procedures. All patients required an inpatient stay, and two-thirds required surgery with a significant cost burden to the NHS. Patients are unaware of the risks involved, highlighted by the lack of preoperative counseling and follow-up. In addition, this series has highlighted the risks associated with traveling in the perioperative period, with 2 patients investigated for pulmonary embolus. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - November 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Parkinson's Disease and Symptomatic Osteoarthritis Are Independent Risk Factors of Falls in the Elderly.
Conclusions: Symptomatic hip and knee osteoarthritis are risk factors for falls and related fractures among the elderly population with and without Parkinson's disease. The inability to walk 500 m could be used as a simple predictive factor for the increased risk of falls among elderly populations. PMID: 31700249 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical Medicine Insights: Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders)
Source: Clinical Medicine Insights: Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders - November 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clin Med Insights Arthritis Musculoskelet Disord Source Type: research

First Eastern European experience of isolated limb infusion for in-transit metastatic melanoma confined to the limb: Is it still an effective treatment option in the modern era?
ConclusionThis first Eastern European report of ILI for melanoma ITMs shows results comparable to those from other parts of the world. In this era of effective targeted and immune therapies, ILI remains a useful treatment option, with a high overall response rate and durable responses in patients with melanoma ITMs confined to a limb. (Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO))
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - November 3, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

The Cost-Effectiveness of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening in Estonia
ConclusionPopulation-based AAA screening of elderly men is likely to be a cost-effective measure in reducing the AAA-related disease burden. Given the increase in the overall costs, the actual policy decisions regarding implementing an AAA screening program in Estonia are likely to be influenced by availability of resources as well. (Source: Value in Health Regional Issues)
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - October 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Maturation of Gut Microbiota and Circulating Regulatory T Cells and Development of IgE Sensitization in Early Life
We describe here an infant Treg phenotype characterized by high Treg frequency, the maturation of Treg population characterized by a decrease in their frequency accompanied with an increase in the highly activated Treg cells. These changes in Treg population associated first with the relative abundance of Bifidobacterium longum followed by increasing colonization with butyrate producing bacteria. High bifidobacterial abundance in the neonatal microbiota appeared to be protective, while colonization with Bacteroides and E. coli was associated with later risk of allergy. Estonian children with lower risk of IgE mediated alle...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - October 23, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Role of potentially toxic cyanobacteria in crustacean zooplankton diet in a eutrophic lake
Publication date: November 2019Source: Harmful Algae, Volume 89Author(s): Helen Agasild, Kristel Panksep, Ilmar Tõnno, Kätlin Blank, Toomas Kõiv, René Freiberg, Reet Laugaste, Roger I. Jones, Peeter Nõges, Tiina NõgesAbstractThe coexistence of potentially toxic bloom-forming cyanobacteria (CY) and generally smaller-sized grazer communities has raised the question of zooplankton (ZP) ability to control harmful cyanobacterial blooms and highlighted the need for species-specific research on ZP-CY trophic interactions in naturally occurring communities. A combination of HPLC, molecular a...
Source: Harmful Algae - October 16, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Inventing a herbal tradition: The complex roots of the current popularity of Epilobium angustifolium in Eastern Europe
ConclusionsHistorical ethnobotanical investigations could help to avoid creating repeating waves of popularity of plants that have already been tried for certain diseases and later abandoned as not fully effective. There is, of course, a chance that E. angustifolium could also finally be proven to be clinically safe and cost-effective for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia, but this has not yet happened despite recent intensive research. Documented traditional use would suggest investigating the dermatological, intestinal anti-hemorrhagic and pain inhibiting properties of this plant, if any.Graphical abstract (Source: J...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - October 2, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

A Regional Report on the Evolution of Organ Transplantation in Estonia
No abstract available (Source: Transplantation)
Source: Transplantation - October 1, 2019 Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: In View: Around the World Source Type: research

Brief report: Problematic social media use and sleep disturbances are longitudinally associated with depressive symptoms in adolescents
ConclusionsOur findings add strength to the evidence supporting longitudinal associations between problematic social media use and depressive symptoms and sleep disturbances and depressive symptoms in middle adolescence. (Source: Journal of Adolescence)
Source: Journal of Adolescence - September 27, 2019 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Recent Global Patterns in Prostate Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rates
ConclusionsAs evident from available data, prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates have been on the decline or have stabilized recently in many countries, with decreases more pronounced in high-income countries. These trends may reflect a decline in prostate-specific antigen testing (incidence) and improvements in treatment (mortality).Patient summaryWe examined recent trends in prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates in 44 and 76 countries, respectively, and found that rates in most countries stabilized or decreased. (Source: European Urology)
Source: European Urology - September 5, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Maternal and paternal genetic variation in Estonian local horse breeds in the context of geographically adjacent and distant Eurasian breeds.
s H Abstract The maternal and paternal genetic variation of horse breeds from the Baltic Sea region, including three local Estonian breeds, was assessed and compared with that of Altai and Yakutian horses. In the mtDNA D-loop region, 72 haplotypes assigned to 20 haplogroups in the nine breeds were detected. In Estonian local breeds, 38 mtDNA haplotypes were found, and five of them were shared by the three breeds. More than 60% of all identified haplotypes were rare. Compared with the Estonian Native and Estonian Heavy Draught breeds, a higher haplotypic diversity was found in the Tori breed (h = 0.969). ...
Source: Animal Genetics - September 2, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Sild E, Värv S, Kaart T, Kantanen J, Popov R, Viinalass H Tags: Anim Genet Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a Universal, Classroom-Based Preventive Intervention (PAX GBG) in Estonia: a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial
This study assessed the impact of the PAX GBG on students’ mental health and behavior 7 and 19 months post-baseline in Estonia. This matched-pair, cluster-randomized, waitlist-controlled, open-label trial included 42 Estonian ele mentary schools with 708 first-grade students. The primary outcome was children’s overall mental health rated by teachers, while secondary objectives were to examine whether the effects of the intervention extended to the home context. Teachers also rated their self-efficacy and overall classroom behavior. Intervention adherence and children’s exposure to the intervention we...
Source: Prevention Science - August 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Genes, Vol. 10, Pages 629: Population Genetic Analysis of the Estonian Native Horse Suggests Diverse and Distinct Genetics, Ancient Origin and Contribution from Unique Patrilines
audsepp Cothran The Estonian Native Horse (ENH) is a medium-size pony found mainly in the western islands of Estonia and is well-adapted to the harsh northern climate and poor pastures. The ancestry of the ENH is debated, including alleged claims about direct descendance from the extinct Tarpan. Here we conducted a detailed analysis of the genetic makeup and relationships of the ENH based on the genotypes of 15 autosomal short tandem repeats (STRs), 18 Y chromosomal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), mitochondrial D-loop sequence and lateral gait allele in DMRT3. The study encompassed 2890 horses of 61 breeds, ...
Source: Genes - August 20, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Castaneda Juras Khanshour Randlaht Wallner Rigler Lindgren Raudsepp Cothran Tags: Article Source Type: research

AI judges make good calls on human rights violations but could be gamed
Publication date: 17 August 2019Source: New Scientist, Volume 243, Issue 3243Author(s): Donna LuAI is going into law. It can now predict the outcomes of human rights cases and next year Estonia is planning to use the technology to moderate disputes in small claims courts (Source: New Scientist)
Source: New Scientist - August 17, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

SUN-PO232: The Assessment of Nutrition Care Practice by Nurses and Doctors of North Estonia Medical Centre
(Source: Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Clinical Nutrition - August 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: H.-L. Lepp, K. Eiche Tags: Nutritional assessment I Source Type: research

The Association Of Pulse Wave Velocity With Blood Pressure And Biochemical Cardiovascular Risk Markers In Young Tallinn Adults
Background and Aims: Estonia belongs to high CVD risk countries. PWV in relation to biochemical CVD risk markers had not been assessed in young Estonian adults. (Source: Atherosclerosis)
Source: Atherosclerosis - August 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: G. Zemtsovskaja, K. Pilt, J. Abina, K. Meigas, M. Viigimaa Tags: Posters 26 - 29 May, 2019 Source Type: research