Molecules, Vol. 26, Pages 2984: Changes in Light Energy Utilization in Photosystem II and Reactive Oxygen Species Generation in Potato Leaves by the Pinworm Tuta absoluta
l Moustakas We evaluated photosystem II (PSII) functionality in potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L.) before and after a 15 min feeding by the leaf miner Tuta absoluta using chlorophyll a fluorescence imaging analysis combined with reactive oxygen species (ROS) detection. Fifteen minutes after feeding, we observed at the feeding zone and at the whole leaf a decrease in the effective quantum yield of photosystem II (PSII) photochemistry (ΦPSII). While at the feeding zone the quantum yield of regulated non-photochemical energy loss in PSII (ΦNPQ) did not change, at the whole leaf level there was a significant increase. ...
Source: Molecules - May 18, 2021 Category: Chemistry Authors: Ilektra Sperdouli Stefanos Andreadis Julietta Moustaka Emmanuel Panteris Aphrodite Tsaballa Michael Moustakas Tags: Article Source Type: research

Be careful with lentils! About a forensic observation
We report an original observation of a multi-visceral dispersion of exogenous particles detected, in an 8-year-old boy, who allegedly fell from a 2-m high brick-wall. The autopsy found major liver fracture and diaphragm rupture with massive internal hemorrhage without gastric wall rupture. The histological analyses have identified round to oval bodies in the lung bronchi, alveoli, and, rarely, in vascular sections, and also on the surface of several samples. These particles stained strongly pink by the periodic acid Schiff method, evoking dried vegetables. Two hypotheses were invoked: aspirated vegetable particles into the...
Source: International Journal of Legal Medicine - January 1, 2021 Category: Medical Law Source Type: research

Standardization of an LNA-based TaqMan assay qPCR analysis for Aspiculuris tetraptera DNA in mouse faeces
Aspiculuris tetraptera, as a parasitic pinworm, is most frequently detected in laboratory mice, and transmission is mediated by the eggs contained in the faeces of infected mice. A highly sensitive and quantitati... (Source: BMC Microbiology)
Source: BMC Microbiology - December 7, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Keishiro Isayama, Kenji Watanabe, Mariko Okamoto, Tomoaki Murata and Yoichi Mizukami Tags: Methodology article Source Type: research

Hepatic pinworm infestation misdiagnosed as a liver metastasis in a patient with colonic adenocarcinoma
Publication date: Available online 11 May 2020Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Dea Natalie Munch Jepsen, Jens Thomas Fredrik Osterkamp, Jakob Hagen Vasehus Schou, Peter Nørgaard Larsen, Rajendra Singh Garbyal (Source: IDCases)
Source: IDCases - May 13, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Impact of Enterobius vermicularis infection on biochemical parameters in the blood of children in Erbil Province, Iraq
Enterobius vermicularis is an intestinal helminthic parasite that causes a gastrointestinal infection called enterobiasis. Children are more susceptible to infection than adults. The current study aimed to explor... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - May 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ahmed Akil Khudhair Al-Daoody and Eman Najdy Haydar Al-Bazzaz Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Thermal plasticity in the invasive south American tomato pinworm Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)
Publication date: Available online 18 April 2020Source: Journal of Thermal BiologyAuthor(s): Vimbai Tarusikirwa, Reyard Mutamiswa, Sinead English, Frank Chidawanyika, Casper Nyamukondiwa (Source: Journal of Thermal Biology)
Source: Journal of Thermal Biology - April 20, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Enterobius vermicularis Infestation Mimicking Rectal Malignancy
Abstract Enterobius vermicularis is a common intestinal nematode of humans that can be considered relatively harmless. A polypoid lesion mimicking malignancy was detected in the rectum of a 66-year-old female patient who had been operated for sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma in the past. Histopathological examination of the lesion revealed no malignancy but there was adult E. vermicularis nematodes and eggs. In this case report, we aimed to present an enterobiasis infestation that produces non-necrotizing granuloma tissue in the rectum. PMID: 32212596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Turkis...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - March 19, 2020 Category: Parasitology Authors: Akıncı O, Kepil N, Erzin YZ, Zengin AK Tags: Turkiye Parazitol Derg Source Type: research

Synthesis and efficacy of pyrvinium-inspired analogs against tuberculosis and malaria pathogens.
Abstract Herein, we report the synthesis and evaluation of pyrvinium-based antimalarial and antitubercular compounds. Pyrvinium is an FDA approved drug for the treatment of pinworm infection, and it has been reported to have antiparasitic and antimicrobial activities. Pyrvinium contains quinoline core coupled with pyrrole. We replaced the pyrrole with various aryl or heteroaryl substituents to generate pyrvinium analogs. The profiling of these compounds against malaria parasite P. falciparum 3D7 revealed analogs with better antimalarial activity than pyrvinium pamoate. Compound 14 and 16 showed IC50 of 23...
Source: Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters - February 13, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: Gaikwad VR, Karale UB, Govindarajalu G, Adhikari N, Krishna EV, Krishna VS, Misra S, Sriram D, Sijwali PS, Rode HB Tags: Bioorg Med Chem Lett Source Type: research

Successful Resolution of Recurrent Vaginal Pinworm Infection With Intermittent Albendazole Administration
We describe the case of a 7-year-old girl with repeated vaginal Enterobius vermicularis infection, never detected as a digestive tract infection. Two-dose pyrantel pamoate or 2-dose albendazole could not suppress recurrence. Finally, 3-dose albendazole after 2-week intervals was successful in preventing relapse. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - February 11, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Instructive Cases Source Type: research

Confusing a Pollen Grain with a Parasite Egg: an Appraisal of "Paleoparasitological Evidence of Pinworm (Enterobius Vermicularis) Infection in a Female Adolescent Residing in Ancient Tehran".
Authors: Camacho M, Reinhard KJ Abstract There is often the risk of confusing pollen grains with helminth eggs from archaeological sites. Thousands to millions of pollen grains can be recovered from archaeological burial sediments that represent past ritual, medication and environment. Some pollen grain types can be similar to parasite eggs. Such a confusion is represented by the diagnosis of enterobiasis in ancient Iran. The authors of this study confused a joint-pine (Ephedra spp.) pollen grain with a pinworm egg. This paper describes the specific Ephedra pollen morphology that can be confused with pinwo...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - January 9, 2020 Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research

Pinworm Infection at Salmon Ruins and Aztec Ruins: Relation to Pueblo III Regional Violence.
Authors: Reinhard KJ, Camacho M Abstract The study of coprolites has been a theme of archaeology in the American Southwest. A feature of archaeoparasitology on the Colorado Plateau is the ubiquity of pinworm infection. As a crowd parasite, this ubiquity signals varying concentrations of populations. Our recent analysis of coprolite deposits from 2 sites revealed the highest prevalence of infection ever recorded for the region. For Salmon Ruins, the deposits date from AD 1140 to 1280. For Aztec Ruins, the samples can be dated by artifact association between AD 1182-1253. Both sites can be placed in the Ance...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - January 9, 2020 Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research

Papular eruption on UV-exposed skin in a 7-year-old boy caused by Enterobius vermicularis infection.
We present the case of a 7-year-old boy with sudden onset of pruritic erythemato-squamous confluent papules and plaques on UV-exposed skin, caused by proven enterobiasis. To our understanding, this is the first case of photodermatosis-like dermatitis caused by enterobiasis reported in the literature. PMID: 31855273 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica)
Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica - December 21, 2019 Category: Dermatology Tags: Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat Source Type: research

Preschool girl with vaginal bleeding due to pinworm endometritis
Genital tract bleeding in prepubertal girls is a rare clinical condition, which can occur for multiple reasons. It frequently generates anxiety in the family and in health care professionals. A thorough anamnesis and careful genital inspection can give important diagnostic hints; however, there are cases in which the cause remains doubtful and a complete gynecological evaluation (including cultures and vaginoscopy) is necessary. Therefore, the attending physician should always consider less frequent diagnoses in order to perform the necessary studies in a sequential and rational manner. (Source: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology - December 18, 2019 Category: OBGYN Authors: Andrea von H öveling, Lilian Carrasco, Thomas Weitzel, Gioconda Martinez, Cristina Riquelme, Paula Sepulveda, Hugo Ojeda Source Type: research

Pinworms of the red howler monkey (Alouatta seniculus) in Colombia: gathering the pieces of the pinworm-primate puzzle
Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Brenda Solórzano-García, Andrés Link Ospina, Silvia Rondón, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de LeónAbstractPinworms of primates are believed to be highly host specific parasites, forming co-evolutionary associations with their hosts. In order to assess the strength and reach of such evolutionary links, we need to have a broad understanding of the pinworm diversity associated with primates. Here, we employed an integrative taxonomic approach to assess pinworm diversity in red howler monkeys in Colombi...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - December 5, 2019 Category: Parasitology Source Type: research