A low-cost, paper-based hybrid capture assay to detect high-risk HPV DNA for cervical cancer screening in low-resource settings
Lab Chip. 2022 Dec 23. doi: 10.1039/d2lc00885h. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCervical cancer is a leading cause of cancer death for women in low-resource settings. The World Health Organization recommends that cervical cancer screening programs incorporate HPV DNA testing, but available tests are expensive, require laboratory infrastructure, and cannot be performed at the point-of-care. We developed a two-dimensional paper network (2DPN), hybrid-capture, signal amplification assay and a point-of-care sample preparation protocol to detect high-risk HPV DNA from exfoliated cervical cells within an hour. The test does not re...
Source: Cancer Control - December 23, 2022 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Chelsey A Smith Megan M Chang Kathryn A Kundrod Emilie N Novak Sonia G Parra Leticia L ópez Celda Mavume Cesaltina Lorenzoni Mauricio Maza Mila P Salcedo Jennifer L Carns Ellen Baker Jane Montealegre Michael Scheurer Philip E Castle Kathleen M Schmeler R Source Type: research

Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on food insecurity in El Salvador during 2020
Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2022 Dec 15;46:e209. doi: 10.26633/RPSP.2022.209. eCollection 2022.NO ABSTRACTPMID:36532894 | PMC:PMC9749870 | DOI:10.26633/RPSP.2022.209 (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - December 19, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Carlos Ayala Dur án Source Type: research

Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on food insecurity in El Salvador during 2020
CONCLUSIONS: When compared with other relevant international studies, the prevalence of food insecurity identified using the HHS - only 6.45% - was low for El Salvador. However, when using the HFIES scale, the prevalence rose to 35.41% of households. Some determinants align with previous studies, namely income, educational level and agricultural problems. The COVID-19 pandemic appeared to have direct effects on food insecurity.PMID:36532894 | PMC:PMC9749870 | DOI:10.26633/RPSP.2022.209 (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - December 19, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Carlos Ayala Dur án Source Type: research

Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on food insecurity in El Salvador during 2020
Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2022 Dec 15;46:e209. doi: 10.26633/RPSP.2022.209. eCollection 2022.NO ABSTRACTPMID:36532894 | PMC:PMC9749870 | DOI:10.26633/RPSP.2022.209 (Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health)
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - December 19, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Carlos Ayala Dur án Source Type: research

EE329 Public Health and Economic Impact of a Gender-Neutral Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Program in El Salvador
To assess the public health and economic impact of adding males to the existing 9-10-year-old female-only vaccination (FOV) with two-dose schedule of quadrivalent HPV vaccine (4vHPV) from the El Salvador public health system perspective. (Source: Value in Health)
Source: Value in Health - December 1, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: AM Rendon, L Barria, A Pavelyev, M Felsher, V Daniels, C Parellada Source Type: research

Characterising performance information use in the primary healthcare systems of El Salvador, Lebanon and Malawi: multiple qualitative case study protocol
This study will address three research questions: (1) How do decision-makers use performance information, and for what purposes? (2) What are the contextual factors that influence the use or non-use of performance information? and (3) What are the proximal outcomes reported by PHC decision-makers from performance information use? Methods and analysis We present the protocol of a theory-driven, qualitative study with a multiple case study design to be conducted in El Salvador, Lebanon and Malawi.Data sources include semi structured in-depth interviews and document review. Interviews will be conducted with approximately 60 ...
Source: BMJ Open - November 21, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Munar, W., Wahid, S. S., Makwero, M., El-Jardali, F., Dullie, L., Yang, W.-C. Tags: Open access, Global health Source Type: research

Point-of-care biomarkers for prediction of kidney function trajectory among sugarcane cutters: a comparative test accuracy study
Conclusion Leukocyturia and Hb, both measurable with point-of-care methods, may be early indicators for kidney injury and risk for eGFR decline among heat-stressed male workers, thereby facilitating individual-level prevention and research aiming to understand the causes of CKDnt. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - November 18, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Hansson, E., Wesseling, C., Wegman, D., Ekström, U., Chavarria, D., Glaser, J., Jakobsson, K. Tags: Open access, Occupational and environmental medicine Source Type: research

Advocacy for Unaccompanied Migrant Children in US Detention
During 2021, nearly 150,000 unaccompanied children (UCs) were apprehended at the US –Mexican border. Most are leaving Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, motivated by poverty, climate change, and violence. UCs are most often apprehended by the Border Patrol and then transferred to the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR), the Department of Health and Human Services. ORR is resp onsible for ensuring that the child is released to a parent or sponsor in the United States capable of providing an adequate home. Advocacy must not only address a complex system of legal and custodial care but also confront a troubled political...
Source: Pediatric Clinics of North America - November 17, 2022 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paul H. Wise Source Type: research

National and regional social observatories of tuberculosis in eight countries in Latin America and the CaribbeanObservat órios sociais nacionais e regional de tuberculose em oito países da América Latina e do Caribe
This article presents the implementation model, advances, and challenges of TB social observatories. As of December 2021, 135 civil society organizations in Latin America and the Caribbean were included in the eight observatories. These are spaces that serve as platforms for social surveillance, policy advocacy, and social monitoring of national TB responses, in addition to contributing to ENGAGE-TB indicators related to TB case detection and support during treatment. It is recommended to consolidate and expand the existing observatories, with the participation of other countries in the LAC region.PMID:36320204 | PMC:PMC95...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - November 2, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Oscar Ram írez-Koctong Alberto Colorado Lourdes Cruzado-Castro Helen Marin-Samanez Leonid Lecca Source Type: research