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Internal fit of three ‐unit fixed dental prostheses produced by computer‐aided design/computer‐aided manufacturing and the lost‐wax metal casting technique assessed using the triple‐scan protocol
Suboptimal adaptation of fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) can lead to technical and biological complications. It is unclear if the computer‐aided design/computer‐aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technique improves adaptation of FDPs compared with FDPs made using the lost‐wax and metal casting technique. Three‐unit FDPs were manufactured by CAD/CAM based on digital impression of a typodont model. The FDPs were made from one of five materials: pre‐sintered zirconium dioxide; hot isostatic pressed zirconium dioxide; lithium disilicate glass‐ceramic; milled cobalt‐chromium; and laser‐sintered cobalt‐chromium. The ...
Source: European Journal of Oral Sciences - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Bj ørn E. Dahl, Jon E. Dahl, Hans J. Rønold Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Torsional fatigue resistance of pathfinding instruments manufactured from several NiTi alloys
Abstract AimTo evaluate the torsional properties of pathfinding nickel‐titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments manufactured from several NiTi alloys, ProGlider (M‐wire), Hyflex GPF (conventional NiTi Wire and controlled memory wire), Logic (conventional NiTi wire and controlled memory wire) and Mtwo (conventional NiTi wire). MethodologyA total of 56 NiTi instruments from Glidepath rotary systems (n = 8) were used Logic (size 25, .01 taper), Logic CM (size 25, .01 taper), ProGlider (size 16, .02 taper), Hyflex GPF (size 15, .01 taper), Hyflex GPF CM (size 15, .02 taper; size 20, .02 taper) and Mtwo (size 10, .04 taper). The ...
Source: International Endodontic Journal - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: M. P. Alcalde, M. A. H Duarte, C. M. Bramante, M. Tanomaru ‐filho, B. C Vasconcelos, M. V. R. Só, R. R. Vivan Tags: Original Scientific Article Source Type: research

Risk of inferior alveolar nerve injury with coronectomy versus surgical extraction of mandibular third molars ‐ A comparison of two techniques and review of the literature
ConclusionAlthough evidence from two RCTs suggests that coronectomy can reduce the risk of IAN injury compared to surgical removal of high‐risk mandibular third molars, the quality of evidence is insufficient to provide definitive conclusions regarding the preferred technique.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Awais S Ali, Jon A Benton, Julian M Yates Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Geriatrics, disabilities, dentistry, ethics and economics
(Source: Gerodontology)
Source: Gerodontology - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: H. Barry Waldman, Steven P. Perlman, Andrew G. Schwartz, Charles D. Larsen Tags: INVITED COMMENTARY Source Type: research

Comparative evaluation of oral and dento-maxillofacial manifestation of patients with sickle cell diseases and beta thalassemia major.
Authors: Kalbassi S, Younesi MR, Asgary V Abstract BACKGROUND: Regarding the importance of oral and dental health in patients with hemoglobinopathies and also due to the different results of different studies in this background, in patients with beta thalassemia (BTM) and sickle cell disease (SCD), this study aimed to evaluate and compare the oral and dental manifestations of patients with BTM and SCD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study during the years 2014-2017, a total of 175 patients (with documented BTM or SCD attending to Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, and Tabriz cities central hospitals) were...
Source: Hematology - November 24, 2017 Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Source Type: research

Are there early signs that predict development of temporomandibular joint disease?
Authors: Fredricson AS, Khodabandehlou F, Weiner CK, Naimi-Akbar A, Adami J, Rosén A Abstract Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD) involve orofacial pain and functional limitations that may limit important daily activities such as chewing and speaking. This observational case-control study attempted to identify factors associated with TMJD development, particularly inflammation. The study participants were patients treated at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. The cases were patients who received a diagnosis of TMJD, chronic closed lock, or painful clicking and were treated surgically dur...
Source: Journal of oral science - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Relevance of surface characteristics in the adhesiveness of polymicrobial biofilms to crown restoration materials.
Authors: Teranaka A, Tomiyama K, Ohashi K, Miyake K, Shimizu T, Hamada N, Mukai Y, Hirayama S, Nihei T Abstract We used a polymicrobial (PM) biofilm model to examine associations of bacterial adhesiveness with surface characteristics of various dental materials. Four types of dental materials (apatite pellet, zirconia, ceramic, and composite resin) with rough and mirror surfaces were used. Surface roughness, surface free energy, zeta potential, and colony-forming units (CFUs) of the biofilm formations were measured. Biofilms were cultured for 24 h under anaerobic conditions, plated onto blood agar medium, and anaer...
Source: Journal of oral science - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Quantitative analysis of chronological changes in the volume of flaps used for reconstruction of oral cavity defects.
Authors: Kimura M, Takada K, Ishibashi K, Ohto H, Shibata A, Yamada H, Nishiwaki S, Naganawa Y, Umemura M Abstract Reconstruction of oral defects using flaps following resection of oral cancer has become a standard approach for restoration of oral function. The purpose of this study was to investigate chronological changes in the volume of such flaps used for reconstruction and the factors affecting flap volume. We performed a retrospective analysis of 17 patients who had undergone oral cancer resection and reconstruction with flaps. Measurements were performed using data from computed tomography, and the flaps wer...
Source: Journal of oral science - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Dental health ‐care service utilisation and its determinants in West Iran: a cross‐sectional study
This study aimed to investigate the situation of dental health‐care service utilisation and its determinants in Kermanshah city, western Iran, in 2015. Methods and materialsA cross‐sectional study on a total of 894 household heads was conducted. The participants were selected using a multistage sampling technique. A self‐administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. Multiple logistic regression was performed to assess factors associated with utilisation of dental‐care services and a negative binomial regression was carried out to identify the main factor associated with the frequency of visiting a dentis...
Source: International Dental Journal - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Satar Rezaei, Abraha Woldemichael, Hamed Zandian, Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Navid Veisi, Behzad Karami Matin Tags: Scientific Research Report Source Type: research

Surface changes of various bulk ‐fill resin‐based composites after exposure to different food‐simulating liquid and beverages
Abstract ObjectiveTo evaluate surface roughness, hardness, and morphology changes of various bulk‐fill resin composites eroded by different food‐simulating liquids and beverages. Materials and MethodsOne hundred and thirteen specimens were fabricated in polytetrafluoroethylene cylindrical mold (10 mm in diameter and 4 mm in thickness). Before immersion, baseline data of roughness, Vicker's microhardness were recorded and surface characteristics were examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Each product of specimens (SDR, Dentsply; SonicFill, Kerr; Tetric N‐Ceram Bulk Fill, Ivoclar Vivadent AG; and Filtek Bu...
Source: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Saijai Tanthanuch, Boonlert Kukiattrakoon, Kasidit Eiam ‐O‐Pas, Kan Pokawattana, Nicha Pamanee, Wichachon Thongkamkaew, Asok Kochatung Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Layperson's perception of axial midline angulation in asymmetric faces
ConclusionsOff‐center noses and chins can influence the perceived attractiveness of a smile with a canted dental midline. The degree and direction of a canted midline can influence the harmony between the smile and overall face, with canting in the same direction of the asymmetric features being rated as more attractive. Clinical SignificanceThe dental midline should be as vertically straight as possible. If a midline cant is present, however, it is more favorable to have a dental midline angulation which points in the same direction as nose and chin deviations, rather than in the opposite direction. (Source: Journal of ...
Source: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Bruno Pereira Silva, Emilio Jim énez‐Castellanos, Kyle Stanley, Eduardo Mahn, Christian Coachman, Sivan Finkel Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Adult orthodontics in the Republic of Ireland: specialist orthodontists ’ opinions
. (Source: Journal of Orthodontics)
Source: Journal of Orthodontics - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Siobh án Mary McMorrow Declan T. Millett Source Type: research

Influence of thickness, color, and polishing process of ethylene ‐vinyl‐acetate sheets on surface roughness and microorganism adhesion
Abstract Background/AimThe surface roughness of dental materials can make cleaning difficult, thus facilitating retention of food debris and accumulation of microorganisms. The aim of this study was to assess whether thickness, color, and the polishing process influence the surface roughness of ethylene‐vinyl‐acetate (EVA) sheets and the amount of microorganisms that adhere to them. Materials and MethodsA total of 180 samples of EVA (5 × 5 mm) were divided into 9 groups according to thickness (G1 = 2 mm; G2 = 3 mm; and G3 = 4 mm), color (G4 = b...
Source: Dental Traumatology - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Mariane Hemerly Almeida, Geovana Ventorim Ceschim, Natalia Lopes Pontes P óvoa Iorio, Helvécio Cardoso Corrêa Póvoa, Marlus Roberto Rodrigues Cajazeira, Glaucio Serra Guimarães, Leonardo Santos Antunes, Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

In vitro fracture strength and patterns in root ‐filled teeth restored with different base materials
ConclusionsThe four materials were appropriate intermediate bases. The laminate restorative technique promoted fracture strengths that are likely to withstand normal and maximum masticatory function. The base material can influence failure mode, which may have implications for the clinical presentation of fractures of root‐filled teeth. (Source: Australian Dental Journal)
Source: Australian Dental Journal - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: T Chan, S K üçükkaya Eren, R Wong, P Parashos Tags: Scientific Article Source Type: research

Greetings from the editorial committee
Aditya MitraJournal of Conservative Dentistry 2017 20(4):221-221 (Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Aditya Mitra Source Type: research

Comparative study of ProTaper gold, reciproc, and ProTaper universal for root canal preparation in severely curved root canals
Conclusion: Root canal transportation and the centering ratio with the ProTaper Gold were similar to those obtained with the ProTaper Universal and Reciproc. (Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Hakan Arslan Ezgi Doganay Yildiz Hicran Ates Gunduz Meltem Sumbullu Ibrahim Sevki Bayrakdar Ertugrul Karatas Muhammed Akif Sumbullu Source Type: research

In vitro fracture resistance of composite-resin-veneered zirconia crowns
Conclusions: Group B and C showed significant higher load to failure than Group A. Four specimens of Group A revealed the delamination of composite resin veneering. (Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Chaimongkon Peampring Juthatip Aksornmuang Sasiwimol Sanohkan Source Type: research

Evaluation of canal transportation after preparation with Reciproc single-file systems with or without glide path files
Conclusion: Using glide path files before Reciproc single-file system reduced the degree of apical canal transportation. (Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ugur Aydin Emrah Karataslioglu Source Type: research

Effect of instrument speed when used in reciprocating motion on root canal transportation and centering ability
Conclusion: At the 3 mm level, 600 rpm resulted in more transportation than 300 rpm. However, centering ratio was similar at both 600 rpm and 300 rpm. (Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ezgi Doganay Yildiz Hakan Arslan Meltem Sumbullu Ibrahim Sevki Bayrakdar Muhammed Akif Sumbullu Ertugrul Karatas Source Type: research

Spectrophotometric analysis of coronal discoloration induced by white mineral trioxide aggregate and Biodentine: An in vitro study
Conclusions: Materials used in endodontics may stain teeth. WMTA induced clinically perceptible crown discoloration, whereas Biodentine demonstrated color stability. (Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: B Bhavya Mohammed Sadique Elsy P Simon SV Ravi Sandeep Lal Source Type: research

Influence of root canal obturation using gutta-percha with three different sealers on root reinforcement of endodontically treated teeth. An in vitro comparative study of mandibular incisors
Conclusion: The use of gutta-percha and a root canal sealer reinforces the root dentin, leading to increased fracture resistance against vertical forces. Bioceramic sealer group in them exhibited better results. (Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Pravin Patil Kulwinder Singh Banga Ajinkya M Pawar Sandeep Pimple Raguram Ganeshan Source Type: research

Comparative evaluation of smear layer removal by chitosan and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid when used as irrigant and its effect on root dentine: An in vitro atomic force microscopic and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis
Conclusion: Chitosan is an effective chelating agent with less alteration in radicular dentine. (Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sijo Pazhayahottathil Mathew Veena Suresh Pai G Usha Roopa R Nadig Source Type: research

A comparative evaluation of accuracy of three electronic apex locators using histological section as gold standard: An ex vivo study
Conclusions: All apex locators have been shown to produce acceptable level of accuracy which clearly indicates their reliability in determining the WL. (Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Divya Saxena Suparna Ganguly Saha Anuj Bharadwaj Neelam Vijaywargiya Sandeep Dubey Shubham Kala Source Type: research

Alternating versus continuous rotation: Root canal transportation and centering ratio with the ProTaper Next
Conclusions: PTN instruments promoted minimal apical transportation and remained relatively centered within the root canal, with no significant difference between alternating and continuous rotation. (Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Juan Gonz & #225;lez-Chapela Pablo Castelo-Baz Purificaci & #243;n Varela-Pati & #241;o Benjam & #237;n Mart & #237;n-Biedma Manuel Ru & #237;z-Pi & #241; & #243;n Source Type: research

Effect of protective coating on microhardness of a new glass ionomer cement: Nanofilled coating versus unfilled resin
Conclusion: The increase in MH was greater in the G-Coat compared to the margin bond group in the long-term. Clinically, margin bond may be a suitable alternative when G-Coat is not available. (Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Foad Faraji Haleh Heshmat Sepideh Banava Source Type: research

A comparative clinical evaluation of accuracy of six apex locators with intraoral periapical radiograph in multirooted teeth: An in vivo study
Conclusion: The repeatability with that of apex locators is of great advantage, but the information gained from the radiographs cannot be obtained by any other means. Therefore, it is recommended that radiograph and apex locators are the best combinations in accurately determining the working length and the successful endodontics. (Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Prahlad A Saraf P Ratnakar Thimmanagowda N Patil Raghavendra Penukonda Laxmikant Kamatagi Sneha S Vanaki Source Type: research

Comparing the effectiveness of four desensitizing toothpastes on dentinal tubule occlusion: A scanning electron microscope analysis
Conclusion: Newer desensitizing dentifrices containing 15% n-HA and Remin Pro can provide effective tubule occlusion and thereby reduce the pain and discomfort caused by DH. (Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Amit Jena Soumik Kala Govind Shashirekha Source Type: research

Cone-beam computed tomography as advanced diagnostic aid in endodontic treatment of molars with multiple canals: Two case reports
Amit Pralhad Kamble, Rohini Rangarao Pawar, Sudha Mattigatti, TM Mangala, Saleem MakandarJournal of Conservative Dentistry 2017 20(4):273-277The purpose of these case reports is to emphasize the importance of knowledge regarding the root canal morphology and current diagnostic aids one should have as both of these important factors going to affect the prognosis of the endodontic treatment. These two case reports describe the maxillary and mandibular first molars with multiple canals. After clinical and radiographic diagnosis, additional help of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) of mandibular molar has been taken to eval...
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Amit Pralhad Kamble Rohini Rangarao Pawar Sudha Mattigatti TM Mangala Saleem Makandar Source Type: research

Clinical applications of ferric sulfate in dentistry: A narrative review
Madhuri Bandi, Sreekanth Kumar Mallineni, Sivakumar NuvvulaJournal of Conservative Dentistry 2017 20(4):278-281Ferric sulfate (FS) has been commonly used as a local hemostatic agent for more than three decades in dentistry. Even though the hemostatic mechanism of FS is questioned, it seems that agglutination of blood proteins occurs due to the reaction of blood with ferric and sulfate ions in acidic pH. FS has gained widespread importance as a pulpotomy medicament in contemporary dentistry; nevertheless, it has several applications in different fields of dentistry which was paid little attention. Hence, the purpose of this...
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Madhuri Bandi Sreekanth Kumar Mallineni Sivakumar Nuvvula Source Type: research

Endodontic management of contralateral mandibular first molars with six root canals
Kambhampati Bhargav, Kantheti Sirisha, Mandava Jyothi, Mohan Rao BoddedaJournal of Conservative Dentistry 2017 20(4):282-285The knowledge of variations in root canal morphology is essential for a successful endodontic outcome. Contralateral mandibular molar with six root canals is a rare entity. Root canal treatment of mandibular molars with aberrant canal configuration can be diagnostically and technically challenging. While dealing with variant mandibular molars, mishaps may happen. This case report describes variations in contralateral mandibular molars and also an endodontic mishap while managing them. (Source: Journal...
Source: Journal of Conservative Dentistry - November 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Kambhampati Bhargav Kantheti Sirisha Mandava Jyothi Mohan Rao Boddeda Source Type: research

Mechanism of bioactive molecular extraction from mineralized dentin by calcium hydroxide and tricalcium silicate cement
Calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) has been used in dentistry since the 1920s [1] and has long been considered the ‘gold standard’ for indirect and direct pulp capping procedures [2]. Tricalcium silicate cements (TSCs), introduced in 1993 as a root repair material [3], have been recommended as coronal seal materials for regenerative endodontic procedures [4], and are gradually replacing Ca(OH)2 as endodontic repair materials for dentinogenesis [2,5]. In retrospective studies, the 5-year success rate after direct pulp capping with Ca(OH)2 ranged from 37% to 82% [6]. (Source: Dental Materials)
Source: Dental Materials - November 24, 2017 Category: Materials Science Authors: Xue-qing Huang, John Camba, Li-sha Gu, Brian E. Bergeron, Domenico Ricucci, David H. Pashley, Franklin R. Tay, Li-na Niu Source Type: research

Role of probiotics as bacteriotherapy in dentistry: a literature review
Seg ún la OMS/FAO probióticos son "microorganismos vivos que administrados en cantidades adecuadas confieren un beneficio para la salud del huésped. ” El objetivo de este trabajo es describir el beneficio de los probi óticos en la prevención de enfermedades bucales. Se realizó una búsqueda de los últimos 5 años en Web Of Science, PubMed y Scielo. Obtuvimos como resultado que los probióticos son capaces de producir antimicrobianos, competir por sitios de adhesión celular, modular el sistema inmunológico y degradar toxinas; generan...
Source: Odontoestomatologia - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Epidemiology of periodontal diseases in Uruguay: past and present
This article aims to review periodontal disease in Uruguay. International databases (PUBMED, SCOPUS, EBSCO, SciELO) were consulted. The search also included national sources (National Library of Dentistry, Documentation Center of the School of Dentistry, Ministry of Public Health, National Directorate of Health of the Armed Forces) which were searched manually. The studies found provided useful epidemiological information and allowed us to conduct a historical review of epidemiology concepts, etiopathogenesis and hegemonic currents in periodontics. Gingival disease is the most prevalent disease, while destructive periodont...
Source: Odontoestomatologia - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Upper airway assessment in Orthodontics: a review
Conclusiones: Es fundamental conocer métod os de evaluación de vía aérea que incluyen; un examen clínico, evaluación radiográfica y de Conebeam, éstos alertan de alteraciones que interfieren en el tratamiento.Abstract: Introduction: Upper airway assessment is particularly important in the daily work of orthodontists, pediatric dentists, ENT specialists, speech therapists, etc., because of its close connection with the development of craniofacial structures and with other pathologies such as Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). Objective: To review the limits, func...
Source: Odontoestomatologia - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Clinical study of the efficacy, duration and adverse effects of hyaluronic acid implants in the oral-maxillofacial area
Conclusion: dermal injectable HA (TEOSYAL Deep Lines®) is effective to correct deep NLG. Average duration of 10.5 months with a “ slow fall ” . Adverse reactions: none. (Source: Odontoestomatologia)
Source: Odontoestomatologia - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Case report: domestic violence against a patient with Down syndrome
Resumen: Las mujeres con deficiencia que sufren de violencia generalmente presentan lesiones que son f ácilmente visibles para los odontólogos. Cerca del 65% de las lesiones de abuso comprometen el área de cabeza, cuello o boca. Además, la tasa anual de violencia en mujeres con deficiencia es 1,7 mayor que en aquellas sin deficiencia. Dentro de este contexto, el presente trabajo descriptivo, enfo cado en un caso clínico y de abordaje cualitativo, tiene como finalidad analizar los aspectos subjetivos relacionados a los sentimientos vividos por una paciente de género femenino portado...
Source: Odontoestomatologia - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Peer review
Resumen: Las mujeres con deficiencia que sufren de violencia generalmente presentan lesiones que son f ácilmente visibles para los odontólogos. Cerca del 65% de las lesiones de abuso comprometen el área de cabeza, cuello o boca. Además, la tasa anual de violencia en mujeres con deficiencia es 1,7 mayor que en aquellas sin deficiencia. Dentro de este contexto, el presente trabajo descriptivo, enfo cado en un caso clínico y de abordaje cualitativo, tiene como finalidad analizar los aspectos subjetivos relacionados a los sentimientos vividos por una paciente de género femenino portado...
Source: Odontoestomatologia - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Implications of WHO Guideline on Sugars for dental health professionals
The objectives of this paper are to consider the implications of the Guideline for dental health practice and to advocate use of the common risk factor approach when providing dietary advice. As part of a broad range of actions needed to reduce free sugars intake, improved education for dental health professionals and supporting patients to eat less free sugars are key actions for the dental profession. All dental health professionals should have the skills and confidence to provide their patients with healthier eating advice, including how to limit free sugars intake. It is therefore important that dental health professio...
Source: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Paula Moynihan, Yuka Makino, Poul Erik Petersen, Hiroshi Ogawa Tags: UNSOLICITED NARRATIVE REVIEW Source Type: research

Clustering patterns of oral and general health ‐risk behaviours in Brazilian adolescents: Findings from a national survey
Abstract ObjectivesTo evaluate how oral and general health‐risk behaviours cluster among Brazilian adolescents. MethodsThe study comprised a total of 109 104 adolescents (52.2% female) participating in the Brazilian National School‐based Student Health Survey (PeNSE). Seventeen behaviours (including diet; oral and hand hygiene; frequency of dental visits; tobacco, alcohol and drug use; sexual behaviour; physical activity, and risk for external causes) were measured using a self‐reported questionnaire. Pairwise correlations between the health‐risk behaviours were performed, and clustering was assessed by the hierarc...
Source: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Lidia M. R. Jord ão, Deborah C. Malta, Maria do Carmo M. Freire Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Radiology of Implant Dentistry.
Abstract The article presents an overview of the goal of imaging at each stage of implant therapy and the usefulness and limitations of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in achieving those goals. Various MDCT protocols of use in implant imaging also are presented, with an emphasis on dose reduction and the use of iterative reconstruction techniques. Also discussed are options for viewing and analysis of CT images, issues related to appropriate image reformatting and interpretation, interactive treatment planning, and transfer of information from the images to the surgical field during implant surgery using ...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 23, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Al-Ekrish AA Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Alterations in Tooth Structure and Associated Systemic Conditions.
This article discusses some of these tooth alterations and associated systemic and genetic conditions. PMID: 29157542 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 23, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Masood F, Benavides E Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Utilization of community health workers in Canada's Children's Oral Health Initiative for indigenous communities
Abstract ObjectiveThe Children's Oral Health Initiative (COHI) is a federally funded community‐based preventive dental programme implemented in geographically remote Canadian Indigenous communities. The study investigated the effect of the availability of local community health workers (COHI Aides) on access to the programme's preventive dental services for children. MethodsTwenty‐five communities were continuously enrolled in the COHI during the 7‐year study period. Communities were categorized as having uninterrupted (all 7 years), intermittent (≥4 years) or sporadic (
Source: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Kavita R. Mathu ‐Muju, Xiaoli Kong, Candace Brancato, James McLeod, Heather M. Bush Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

A multi ‐centre randomised clinical trial of oral hygiene interventions following stroke—A 6‐month trial
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of two oral health promotion (OHP) programmes to reduce dental plaque levels following stroke. A multi‐centre randomised clinical control trial was conducted among patients hospitalised following stroke in Malaysia. Patients were randomly allocated to two OHP groups: (i) control group who received the conventional method for plaque control—daily manual tooth brushing with a standardised commercial toothpaste, (ii) test group—who received an intense method for plaque control—daily powered tooth brushing with 1% Chlorhexidine gel. Oral health assessments were...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: N. Ab Malik, S. Mohamad Yatim, F. Abdul Razak, O. L. T. Lam, L. Jin, L. S. W. Li, C. McGrath Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Special Care in Dentistry)
Source: Special Care in Dentistry - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Early socioeconomic conditions and severe tooth loss in middle ‐aged Costa Ricans
ConclusionThe lifecourse model allowed to highlight that early socioeconomic conditions could have long‐term consequences on severe tooth loss in middle ages via both direct and indirect mechanisms. (Source: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology)
Source: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Romain Fantin, Cyrille Delpierre, Michelle Kelly ‐Irving, Cristina Barboza Solís Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Oral health status among children and adolescents in governmental and private schools of the Palestinian Territories
ConclusionThe SDHP was established in order to prevent and control oral diseases among schoolchildren in the PT. The Programme is fairly passive and the survey indicates an urgent need for reorientation of activities towards population‐based prevention and health promotion. The application of the WHO Health Promoting Schools concept is highly recommended. (Source: International Dental Journal)
Source: International Dental Journal - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Lamis Abuhaloob, Poul Erik Petersen Tags: Scientific Research Report Source Type: research

Skeletal open ‐bite treatment with zygomatic anchorage for a child with mental retardation: A new modality
ABSTRACTAnterior open bite (AOB) is one of the most difficult malocclusions to treat and maintain in orthodontics. Malocclusion occurs more frequently in children with disabilities than in healthy children. Surgical correction of severe AOB often requires maxillary impaction to reduce the anterior facial height. The zygomatic buttress area could be a valuable anchorage site to achieve intrusion of maxillary posterior teeth. A 16‐year‐old boy with mental retardation showing signs of persistence of infantile behavior, decreased cognitive functioning, and psychomotor skill deficits (no identified syndrome) with an AOB was...
Source: Special Care in Dentistry - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Y. Rajmohan Shetty, Anisha Keshan, Amitha M. Hegde, Manju R, Ashutosh Shetty Tags: CASE HISTORY REPORT Source Type: research

Persistent Dentoalveolar Pain Disorder: A Comprehensive Review
Persistent dentoalveolar pain of idiopathic origin represents a diagnostic challenge for the dentist and physician alike. Disagreement on taxonomy and diagnostic criteria presents a significant limit to the advancement of research in the field. Patients struggle with a lack of knowledge by dental and medical professionals, diagnostic delays, and unnecessary treatments. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 23, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Alberto Malacarne, Egilius L.H. Spierings, Chao Lu, George E. Maloney Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The Risk Factors in Early Failure of Dental Implants: a Retrospective Study
Conclusion: It seems that prophylactic antibiotic therapy, implant surface, bone density and placement in fresh extraction socket may contribute to dental implant failure. (Source: Journal of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences)
Source: Journal of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences - November 22, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The Accuracy of Four Impression-making Techniques in Angulated Implants Based on Vertical Gap
This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of four impression-making techniques for angulated implants by stereomicroscope through measuring the vertical marginal gaps between the cemented metal framework and the implant analog.Materials and Method: A definitive cast with two 15 ° mesially angulated implants served as the standard reference for making all the impressions and later for accuracy evaluation. Four groups of five samples were evaluated: (1) closed-tray snap-fit transfer, (2) open-traynonsplinted impression coping, (3) metal splinted impression coping, and (4) fabricated acrylic resin transfer cap.A gold-pall...
Source: Journal of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences - November 22, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research