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Effects of periodontal endoscopy on the treatment of periodontitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Kuang Y, Hu B, Chen J, Feng G, Song J Abstract BACKGROUND: For this systematic review, the authors evaluated and synthesized the available scientific evidence related to the effects of periodontal endoscopy on the treatment of periodontitis. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Chinese Scientific Journals database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Chinese Medicine Premier's Wanfang database for articles about periodontal endoscopy that were published through January 2017. The authors considered the percentage of residual calculus, average treatment time, bleeding ...
Source: Journal of the American Dental Association - June 25, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Am Dent Assoc Source Type: research

Risk indicators of early childhood caries (ECC) in children with high treatment needs.
Authors: Kraljevic I, Filippi C, Filippi A Abstract Early childhood caries (ECC) represents a major health and economic problem worldwide. Its consequences such as early pain experience may affect the immediate and long-term quality of life of the child. In very young and uncooperative children the therapy of ECC is often viable only under general anesthesia. After treatment these affected children have a higher risk for future caries either soon thereafter, or later in life. The aim of the present study was to determine risk indicators and their correlation among children with high caries prevalence and high treat...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - June 25, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Tempor äre Anhebung der Vertikaldimension mit Komposit in einem vereinfachten direkten Spritzgussverfahren.
Temporäre Anhebung der Vertikaldimension mit Komposit in einem vereinfachten direkten Spritzgussverfahren. Swiss Dent J. 2017;127(5):413-444 Authors: Manhart J Abstract The comprehensive dental rehabilitation of complex prosthetic cases is often associated with increasing occlusal vertical dimension and transferring horizontal mandibular position in centric relation. The newly defined position of the mandibula should be functionally and esthetically evaluated for a longer time period before irreversible measures are performed. This case report discusses in detail a time-saving and economic direct ...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - June 25, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Neuer Therapieansatz mit Denosumab bei Riesenzellgranulomen. Ein Fallbeispiel.
Authors: Rostetter C, Rordorf T, Essig H, Zweifel D, Schumann P, Rücker M, Bredell M PMID: 28639685 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin)
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - June 25, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Pyostomatitis vegetans Zahlreiche blassgelbe Punkte auf entz ündlich rotem Grund.
Pyostomatitis vegetans Zahlreiche blassgelbe Punkte auf entzündlich rotem Grund. Swiss Dent J. 2017;127(6):523-537 Authors: Bethke G, Bethke G, Prager M, Purucker P Abstract Pyostomatitis vegetans is a disease of the gingiva and the oral mucosa with noticeable, uncommon morphology. Clinical characteristics of this rare disease and considerations regarding differential diagnosis are described. Pyostomatitis vegetans is frequently associated with chronic inflammatory bowel diseases and can, thus, give a diagnostic hint at an existing ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease. A therapy plan for pyostom...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - June 25, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Traitement m édicamenteux du lichen plan buccal.
Traitement médicamenteux du lichen plan buccal. Swiss Dent J. 2017;127(6):538-539 Authors: Schenkel JS, Lübbers HT, Rostetter C, Metzler P Abstract Oral lichen planus is a relatively common T-cell mediated inflammatory disease with potential malignant transformation. It may present itself with pain and oral lesions such as ulcers and Wickham’s striae. Treatment includes topical corticosteroids, preferably Clobetasol, immunosuppressive drugs and retinoids. Hyaluronic acid and aloe vera have been proven to be successful. If topical treatment fails, systemic therapy with corticosteroids may b...
Source: Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin - June 25, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: Swiss Dent J Source Type: research

Methotrexate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw: Report of two cases
We report the cases of two men aged 88 and 73 years who were treated with MTX for rheumatoid arthritis and who both presented with exposed bone in the jaw, characteristic of osteonecrosis. We saw no change in symptoms in the first patient while MTX was being administered, while expansion of the jaw and bone exposure stopped immediately after cessation of MTX in the second case. We therefore suspected that both cases were MTX-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. Osteonecrosis has been reported with drugs that are not among those recognized as causing medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. Dentists and oral surgeons must ...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology - June 25, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Head and neck cancer treatment in a developing country: A survey-based study in Brazil
Conclusions The majority of the responding physicians in this survey are head and neck cancer experts and work in sites structured to treat head and neck cancer patients. However, the availability of proper treatment depends on institutional and financial issues. (Source: Journal of Cancer Policy)
Source: Journal of Cancer Policy - June 25, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Early life factors and dental caries in 5-year-old children in China
Conclusions This study shows certain early life factors play a role in dental caries among Chinese preschool children and provides important insights to shape public health initiatives on the importance of introducing early toothbrushing. Clinical Significance The early environment, especially the age when parents introduce toothbrushing to their children, can be an important factor to prevent childhood dental caries. (Source: Journal of Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Dentistry - June 25, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Ten-year clinical observation of a porcelain laminate veneer seated with biological tissue adaptation (BTA) technique.
Authors: Tsubota K Abstract This clinical report describes the use of biological tissue adaptation technique for placement of a porcelain laminate veneer in a 50-year-old woman. The author developed this prosthetic technique to facilitate alignment of gingival levels for esthetic purposes. The laminate veneer was seated on the maxillary central incisor with an adhesive system. Although the margin of the restoration overhangs, no gingival inflammation or recession has been observed during a follow-up period of 10 years and 9 months. PMID: 28637992 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of oral science)
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced IL-6 and RANKL expression in osteoblasts.
Authors: Nagao M, Tanabe N, Manaka S, Takayama T, Kawato T, Torigoe G, Sekino J, Tsukune N, Ozaki M, Maeno M, Suzuki N, Sato S Abstract Periodontal disease is caused by inflammation induced by Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g.) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and involves expression of proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL), which are implicated in bone resorption. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is commonly used in the treatment of bone fracture. However, the mechanisms by which LIPUS inhibits LPS-indu...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Effect of the leukotriene receptor antagonist montelukast on orthodontic tooth movement.
Authors: Asaad H, Al-Sabbagh R, Al-Tabba D, Kujan O Abstract Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease, and its prevalence is relatively high among children. Optimal management of asthma often requires long-term pharmacotherapy; however, the effects of these medications on orthodontic treatment is uncertain. We evaluated the effects of the leukotriene LTD4 receptor antagonist montelukast on orthodontic tooth movement in an animal model. Eight mongrel dogs were given montelukast for periods up to 4 weeks. An orthodontic force of 150-200 g was applied to move the second and fourth premolars toward the site of the extr...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

HLA-A*26-A*30 and HLA-DRB1*10 could be predictors of nasopharyngeal carcinoma risk in high-risk Tunisian families.
Authors: Mokni-Baizig N, Gorgi Y, Elghourabi M, Makhlouf M, Boussen H, Gritli S, Elmay M, Gamoudi A, Elmay A Abstract We investigated human leukocyte antigen (HLA) profiles for Tunisians with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), their families, and a sample of unrelated healthy Tunisians in order to identify HLA specificities associated with familial NPC. HLA-A, -B, and -DRB1 typing was successful for 36 NPC patients, 72 unaffected family members, and 130 community controls, and the chi square or Fisher exact test was used to compare allele frequencies between cases and controls. We observed a consistent protective effe...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Comparison of gene expression profiles of gingival carcinoma Ca9-22 cells and colorectal adenocarcinoma HT-29 cells to identify potentially important mediators of SLPI-induced cell migration.
Authors: Takamura T, Suguro H, Mikami Y, Iwase T, Komiyama Y, Kuyama K, Komiyama K, Oki H Abstract Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) is a serine protease inhibitor whose expression level is positively correlated with tumor aggressiveness and metastatic potential. However, the mechanism underlying SLPI-induced enhancement of malignant phenotype is not completely understood. The malignancy of cancer cells is highly dependent on cell migration activity. Our previous study revealed that gingival carcinoma Ca9-22 cells, but not colorectal adenocarcinoma HT-29 cells, expressed SLPI. Therefore, we investigated...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Three-dimensional finite element analysis of the effects of implant diameter and photofunctionalization on peri-implant stress.
Authors: Ohyama T, Yasuda H, Shibuya N, Tadokoro S, Nakabayashi S, Namaki S, Hara Y, Ogawa T, Ishigami T Abstract Previous finite element analyses of peri-implant stress assumed a bone-implant contact (BIC) ratio of 100%, even though the BIC ratio is known to be approximately 50% or less. However, the recent development of ultraviolet treatment of titanium immediately before use, known as photofunctionalization, significantly increased the BIC ratio, to 98.2%. We used a unique finite element analysis model that enabled us to examine the effects of different BIC ratios on peri-implant stress. A three-dimensional mod...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

The logic behind the use of fissure sealant retention as a proxy outcome measure for dental caries prevention.
This study investigated the logic behind this proposition, and its validity. A logical framework of the proposition was established. The mechanism of caries development was transferred into a Directed acyclic graph, and this was used to investigate the logical framework. The sensitivity and specificity of full sealant retention in the prediction of dental carious lesion development and the number of false positive/false negative prediction rates were computed. The sensitivity/specificity was statistically compared to that of random values. A contradiction in the logical framework was identified. The mean sensitivity/specif...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Three-dimensional evaluation of the location of the mandibular canal using cone-beam computed tomography for orthodontic anchorage devices.
This study investigated guidelines for placement of monocortical screws in the mandible, particularly the mandibular canal. In this study of 35 patients, we used cone-beam computed tomography to determine the distance from the alveolar crest to the superior border of the mandibular canal (DMC) and the shortest distance from the buccal and lingual cortex to the mandibular canal (attaining distance) in the areas between premolars (premolar area), between the second premolar and first molar (middle area), and between the first and second molars (molar area). The DMC values for these areas were 16.55, 18.94, and 16.58 mm, resp...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Anti-inflammatory effect of rosuvastatin decreases alveolar bone loss in experimental periodontitis.
Authors: Kırzıoğlu FY, Tözüm Bulut M, Doğan B, Fentoğlu Ö, Özmen Ö, Çarsancaklı SA, Ergün AG, Özdem M, Orhan H Abstract The effects of systemically administered rosuvastatin on alveolar bone loss (ABL), cytokine levels and oxidative status were investigated in rats with ligature-induced periodontitis. Rats were divided randomly into four groups: a non-ligated group (C); a non-ligated+rosuvastatin group (R); a ligated group (P); and a ligated+rosuvastatin group (PR). Ligatures were placed at the maxillary second molars, and rosuvastatin was administered for 14 days. Af...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Repeatability of measurements of surface electromyographic variables during maximum voluntary contraction of temporalis and masseter muscles in normal adults.
In conclusion, the measurements of surface EMG variables and the indices obtained according to the study protocol were highly repeatable in healthy men. Additional studies using templates and intraexaminer measurement errors are warranted in both men and women for complete validation of these findings. PMID: 28637983 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of oral science)
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

In vivo evaluation of chitosan-glycerol gel scaffolds seeded with stem cells for full-thickness mandibular bone regeneration.
Authors: Maglione M, Spano S, Ruaro ME, Salvador E, Zanconati F, Tromba G, Turco G Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate in vivo bone regeneration, mediated by adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs), induced to differentiate into osteoblasts and carried by a scaffold gel. In the test group, bone regeneration was mediated by ADSCs, induced to differentiate into osteoblasts, and carried by a scaffold gel. In the control group a scaffold without cells was used. The scaffold, consisting of chitosan and glycerol phosphate, was maintained in situ by a cross-linked resorbable membrane. The osteogenic potential of ADS...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Effects of vascular endothelial growth factor on osteoblasts around dental implants in vitro and in vivo.
Authors: Guang M, Huang B, Yao Y, Zhang L, Yang B, Gong P Abstract Vasculogenesis is a pivotal procedure during dental implant osseointegration and bone repair process. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), regarded as one of the most important vasculogenesis factor, also plays a central role in bone repair, but its role around dental implants is still unknown. In the present study, rat primary osteoblasts seeded on titanium discs were tested using proliferation, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Real-time PCR, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) expression. Chicken embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) was used t...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Satisfaction with dietary life affects oral health-related quality of life and subjective well-being in very elderly people.
Authors: Iinuma T, Arai Y, Takayama M, Takayama M, Abe Y, Osawa Y, Fukumoto M, Fukui Y, Shioda Y, Hirose N, Komiyama K, Gionhaku N Abstract Age-related deterioration in physical and oral health reduces healthy life expectancy and is thus an important problem for very elderly people. We investigated the effects of satisfaction with dietary life (SDL) in everyday life on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and subjective well-being and examined associations between these factors. We evaluated 426 elders aged 85 years or older. All participants completed a questionnaire that inquired about age, gender, drinki...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

The oral microbiome and human health.
Authors: Yamashita Y, Takeshita T Abstract In this brief review, we discuss our previous research on the relationship between the bacterial composition of salivary microbiota and periodontal disease. Analysis using a terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism method and an international comparison suggest that the predominance of the genera Prevotella and Veillonella in the salivary microbiota is attributable to periodontal disease conditions, and that the predominance of the genus Neisseria indicates healthy periodontal conditions. Furthermore, we recently used next-generation sequencing technology to perfo...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Mechanisms underlying δ- and μ-opioid receptor agonist-induced increases in extracellular dopamine level in the nucleus accumbens of freely moving rats.
Mechanisms underlying δ- and μ-opioid receptor agonist-induced increases in extracellular dopamine level in the nucleus accumbens of freely moving rats. J Oral Sci. 2017;59(2):195-200 Authors: Saigusa T, Aono Y, Waddington JL Abstract The nucleus accumbens is a terminal area of the mesolimbic dopaminergic system that arises in the ventral tegmental area. Opioids are thought to enhance dopaminergic activity in the nucleus accumbens by activating δ- and μ-opioid receptors in the ventral tegmental area. However, δ- and μ-opioid receptor agonists increase extracellular levels of ...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

The oral mucosal membrane and transient receptor potential channels.
Authors: Kido MA, Yoshimoto RU, Aijima R, Cao AL, Gao WQ Abstract The oral cavity is the first line of defense, sensation, and secretion of the alimentary canal. Oral perception contributes to the enjoyment of food and beverages and to avoiding consumption of poisonous or harmful substances. Oral sensation is served by somatosensory nervous systems distributed to the oral membrane. Recent studies reported that oral epithelial cells may transduce temperature and touch through membranous sensors, which comprise ion channels with multimodal properties, and nerves. Here, we describe the possible role of oral epithelial...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Coordinated control of the tongue during suckling-like activity and respiration.
Authors: Inoue T, Nakayama K, Ihara Y, Tachikawa S, Nakamura S, Mochizuki A, Takahashi K, Iijima T Abstract The tongue can move freely and is important in oral motor functions. Tongue movement must be coordinated with movement of the hyoid, mandible, and pharyngeal wall, to which it is attached. Our previous study using isolated brainstem-spinal cord preparations showed that application of N-methyl-D-aspartate induces rhythmic activity in the hypoglossal nerve that is coincident with rhythmic activity in the ipsilateral trigeminal motor nerve. Partial or complete midline transection of the preparation only abolishe...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Projection and synaptic connectivity of trigeminal mesencephalic nucleus neurons controlling jaw reflexes.
Authors: Yoshida A, Moritani M, Nagase Y, Bae YC Abstract Neurons in the trigeminal mesencephalic nucleus (Vmes) receive deep sensation (proprioception) from jaw-closing muscle spindles and periodontal ligaments and project primarily to the jaw-closing motoneuron pool (jaw-closing nucleus) of the trigeminal motor nucleus and to the supratrigeminal nucleus. Numerous articles have described the morphology and physiology of the central projections of Vmes afferents originating from the muscle spindles and periodontal ligaments. However, no report has provided a detailed description of projection and synaptic connectiv...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Neuron-glia interaction is a key mechanism underlying persistent orofacial pain.
Authors: Iwata K, Katagiri A, Shinoda M Abstract Excitability of neurons in the trigeminal ganglion (TG), trigeminal spinal subnucleus caudalis (Vc), and upper cervical spinal cord (C1-C2) is greatly enhanced after orofacial inflammation and trigeminal nerve injury, and TG, Vc, and C1-C2 neurons remain sensitized long after such episodes. Sensitized neurons generate various molecules, which are released from nociceptive neurons in these areas and are involved in modulating the excitability of TG, Vc, and C1-C2 nociceptive neurons. Hyperexcitable nociceptive neurons also activate satellite glial cells in the TG and ...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Neural mechanisms of nociception during orthodontic treatment.
Authors: Kobayashi M, Horinuki E Abstract Orthodontic tooth movement is accompanied by inflammatory responses in the periodontal ligament. Chemical mediators such as interleukin-1β have key roles in nociception around teeth. Such nociceptive inputs to the periodontal ligament continue for several days and potentially induce plastic changes in higher brain regions, including the cerebral cortex. This review summarizes research on orthodontic treatment-induced modulation of neural activities in the central nervous system. Furthermore, we describe our recent findings on the spatiotemporal effects of orthodontic t...
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Preface.
Authors: Kobayashi M PMID: 28637972 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of oral science)
Source: Journal of oral science - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research

Assessment of the Effect of Fruit (Apple) and Plain Yoghurt Consumption on Plaque pH
Conclusion: Both kinds of yoghurts were considered cariogenic since plaque pH drop below critical points. Average of plaque pH after consuming fruit yoghurt was significantly lower in almost all the time intervals (Source: Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques)
Source: Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A randomized clinical trial to compare pain levels during three types of oral anesthetic injections and the effect of Dentalvibe ® on injection pain in children
ConclusionsChildren experienced similar levels of pain in all sites of injection using the traditional method. The Dentalvibe® did not decrease discomfort and was not accepted more by children. (Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Nabih Raslan, Reem Masri Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Achondroplasia with multiple supplemental supernumerary teeth and multiple talon cusps: A rare case report
Achondroplasia is the most common cause of dwarfism, which is inherited as an autosomal dominantdisorder, caused by genetic mutation in fibroblast growth factor 3, leading to defective maturation ofchondrocytes. It is known to be associated with various oral and dental manifestations such as delayeddental development, midfacial hypoplasia and constricted maxilla with a relatively large mandible,resulting in skeletal/dental Class III malocclusion, posterior crossbite, anterior reverse jet and anterioroverbite. However, the association of achondroplasia with talon cusp and supernumerary teeth hasnever been reported in the li...
Source: Dental Research Journal - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prevalence of dental caries and fluoride concentration of drinking water: A systematic review
Conclusion: The meta ‑regression showed that tooth type and social class had a significant association with the difference in the prevalence of dental caries. Therefore, these variables were the sources of heterogeneity, and the studies must be grouped and subgrouped based on these variables.Key Words: Dental caries, fluoride, review, systematic, water (Source: Dental Research Journal)
Source: Dental Research Journal - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Autologous platelet ‑rich plasma’s role in enhancing the healing phase after surgical removal of teeth
. (Source: Dental Research Journal)
Source: Dental Research Journal - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Achondroplasia with multiple supplemental supernumerary teeth and multiple talon cusps: A rare case report
Achondroplasia is the most common cause of dwarfism, which is inherited as an autosomal dominantdisorder, caused by genetic mutation in fibroblast growth factor 3, leading to defective maturation ofchondrocytes. It is known to be associated with various oral and dental manifestations such as delayeddental development, midfacial hypoplasia and constricted maxilla with a relatively large mandible,resulting in skeletal/dental Class III malocclusion, posterior crossbite, anterior reverse jet and anterioroverbite. However, the association of achondroplasia with talon cusp and supernumerary teeth hasnever been reported in the li...
Source: Dental Research Journal - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Osseous choristoma of submental region: A rare occurrence
This report presents a case of osseouschoristoma in the submental region of a 30 ‑year‑old female subject. Her chief complaint was apainless swelling in the submental region. Panoramic radiography showed a well‑defined, round,radiopaque lesion near the inferior border of the left mental region. The lesion was diagnosed as anosseous choristoma based on the histopathological examination of the surgical specimen. This paperis an attempt to bring forward a unique occurrence of osseous choristoma, which would furtherhelp the medical fraternity in improvising their knowledge, diagnosis, and treatment of this entity.Key Wor...
Source: Dental Research Journal - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Salivary levels of interleukin ‑8 in oral lichen planus and diabetic patients: A biochemical study
This study aimed to assess the salivary levels of interleukin ‑8 (IL‑8) in oral lichenplanus (OLP) and diabetes mellitus (DM) patients, and OLP + DM patients in comparison withhealthy individuals.Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross‑sectional study was conducted on 75 patients(30 with OLP, 5 with both OLP and DM, 20 with DM and 20 healthy contro ls). The salivary levelsof IL‑8 and fasting blood sugar and 2‑h postprandial blood glucose levels were measured in all thesubjects. Data were analyzed with one‑way ANOVA and post hoc least significant difference tests.Results: The mean salivary level of IL‑8 ...
Source: Dental Research Journal - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Jargon: A barrier in case history taking? ‑ A cross‑sectional survey among dental students and staff
Conclusion: This study showed widespread use of jargon/abbreviations in case history takingamong the respondents. There is a lack of knowledge regarding standard medical abbreviations.Although the majority of the respondents were comfortable with the use of jargon, the majorityof the postgraduates and faculty members felt the use of jargon should be stopped.Key Words: Abbreviations, case history, dental students, jargon (Source: Dental Research Journal)
Source: Dental Research Journal - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The effect of surface treatment with a fractional carbon dioxide laser on shear bond strength of resin cement to a lithium disilicate ‑based ceramic
This study investigated the impact of different surface treatments, including fractionalcarbon dioxide (CO2) laser on shear bond strength (SBS) of resin cement to lithium disilicate ceramic.Materials and Methods: In this in vitro study, 72 blocks of IPS e.max CAD ceramic were randomlydivided into six groups in terms of treatment (n = 12). Group 1 underwent etching with 9.6%hydrofluoric (HF) acid, whereas group 2 was subjected to air abrasion with aluminum oxide particles.Groups 3 and 4 were treated with a fractional CO2 laser for 10 s using 10 W/14 mJ (group 3) or20 W/10 mJ (group 4). In groups 5 and 6, the CO2 laser was a...
Source: Dental Research Journal - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral health status, salivary pH status, and Streptococcus mutans counts in dental plaques and saliva of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia
This study compared dental caries, oral hygiene status,salivary pH, and Streptococcus mutans counts in dental plaques and saliva of children with leukemiawith those of healthy controls.Materials and Methods: This case–control cross ‑sectional study assessed 32 children withALL and 32 healthy children (4–9 ‑year‑old) for gingival bleeding index (GBI), decayed, missing, andfilled/decayed, missing, and filled surfaces (DMF/dmfs), and plaque index (PI). Sampling was performedto determine salivary pH and S. mutans counts of the participants. The two groups matched interms of age, gender, and socioecon omic sta...
Source: Dental Research Journal - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Preferences and choices of a child concerning the environment in a pediatric dental operatory
Conclusion: The results of this study will help the dental team decide on the appropriate designof the pediatric dental operatory room in order to provide a comfortable dental environmentwhich will reduce anxiety in children and improve the quality of health care.Key Words: Anxiety, children, dental clinic, music (Source: Dental Research Journal)
Source: Dental Research Journal - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of audiovisual distraction in behavior modification during dental caries assessment and sealant placement in children with autism spectrum disorder
This study was conducted on 28 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, aged 6.5−9.8 years. Children underwent one introductory (desensitization) appointment and three treatment sessions. During the introductory session, children had the procedures explained to them, they watched a movie projected on a screen while oral screening and assessment of cooperation level were carried out. In treatment session I, oral examination, charting, and dental x ‑rays were undertaken, whereas the children watched movies with or without video eyewear. During treatment sessions II/III, dental prophylaxis was carried out on ...
Source: Dental Research Journal - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Role of fluoride varnish in preventing early childhood caries: A systematic review
Conclusion: The results showed that fluoride varnishes have been used at concentrations of 1% and 5% in the prevention of ECC. The preventive fraction was influenced by the frequency ofapplication, the duration of study and sample size. The evidence level of the studies was of moderateto limited value.Key Words: Early childhood caries, fluoride varnish, prevention (Source: Dental Research Journal)
Source: Dental Research Journal - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Automatic Methods for Alveolar Bone Loss Degree Measurement in Periodontitis Periapical Radiographs
Periodontitis involves progressive loss of the  alveolar bone around the teeth. Its diagnosis can be established from (a) clinical examination by probing the gingiva (gums) using a periodontal probe, or (b) radiographic examination by evaluating the patient's radiographs (X-ray films) to determine the amount of alveolar bone loss around the teeth. Determining type and degree of alveolar bone loss by examining radiographs has been a difficult task for most dentists. Recently, two reports on validation of a dental image analyzer tool to measure the degree of alveolar bone loss are available in periodontitis research ...
Source: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine - June 24, 2017 Category: Bioinformatics Authors: P.L. Lin, P.Y. Huang, P.W. Huang Source Type: research

Effect of routine dentistry on faecal fibre length in Donkeys
This study aimed to identify FFL pre-rasping in donkeys requiring dental treatment and to evaluate how this changed over a 6-week period post-rasping. (Source: Journal of Equine Veterinary Science)
Source: Journal of Equine Veterinary Science - June 24, 2017 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Claire Johnson, Jane Williams, Chelsie Phillips Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

The influence of oral health on patients' food perception: a systematic review
Summary Oral food perception depends on somatosensory information that includes taste and can be modified by oral components and/or functions such as mastication. The purpose of this study was to describe the interplay between oral health, mastication and taste. A review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta‐Analyses checklist was conducted on 615 publications found by both PubMed and backward research. Thirty‐one studies have been included. The results showed that the decline in taste ability observed during the healthy ageing process could be potentiated by the deterioration of or...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: C. Batisse, G. Bonnet, C. Eschevins, M. Hennequin, E. Nicolas Tags: Review Source Type: research

Does pain in the masseter and anterior temporal muscles influence maximal bite force?
(Source: Archives of Oral Biology)
Source: Archives of Oral Biology - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Authors: Marcelo Coelho Goiato, Paulo Renato Junqueira Zuim, Am ália Moreno, Daniela Micheline dos Santos, Emily Vivianne Freitas da Silva, Fernanda Pereira de Caxias, Karina Helga Leal Turcio Source Type: research

Evidence-based practice and the evidence pyramid: A 21st century orthodontic odyssey
This article aims to explore these questions to evaluate how evidence-based orthodontics has played itself out so far, so that it can continue to grow strong and stand up to the challenges of 21st century orthodontics. (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Extraction frequencies
Publication date: July 2017 Source:American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 152, Issue 1 Author(s): Robert Waxler (Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - June 24, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research