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Whale graveyard shows mass stranding of species millions of years ago
Chilean site branded most diverse on planet for marine mammals after Pan-American highway roadworks discoveryA mass graveyard of fossilised whales unearthed in Chile was created by four separate strandings over a period of 10,000 years, scientists believe.The skeletons of dozens of baleen whales were found in ancient sandstones beside the Pan-American Highway in the Atacama region of north Chile, where they are thought to have lain undetected for between 6m and 9m years.In an article published in the Royal Society journal, researchers explain the animals ate toxic algae before being washed into an estuary and eventually on...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 26, 2014 Category: Science Authors: Josh Halliday Tags: theguardian.com Evolution Biology Americas Marine life World news Cetaceans Archaeology Whales Dinosaurs Fossils Zoology Environment Science Chile Source Type: news

Chile's five-million-year-old whale graveyard explained by scientists
Scientists believe they can now explain the mystery of a graveyard of whales discovered beside the Pan-American Highway in Chile, in what was described as one of the most significant fossil discoveries in recent years.     (Source: The Independent - Science)
Source: The Independent - Science - February 26, 2014 Category: Science Tags: Archaeology Source Type: news

Temperature and ecology: Rival Chilean barnacles keep competition cool
A lot of research shows that temperature can strongly influence species interactions and sometimes shape the appearance and functioning of biological communities. That's why a newly published finding that changes in temperature did not alter the competitive balance of power between two rival species of Chilean barnacles is an ecological surprise. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - February 21, 2014 Category: Science Source Type: news

Temperature and ecology: Rival Chilean barnacles keep competition cool
(Brown University) A lot of research shows that temperature can strongly influence species interactions and sometimes shape the appearance and functioning of biological communities. That's why a newly published finding that changes in temperature did not alter the competitive balance of power between two rival species of Chilean barnacles is an ecological surprise. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 21, 2014 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Alcohol consumption among Chilean adolescents: Examining individual, peer, parenting and environmental factors - Sanhueza GE, Delva J, Bares CB, Grogan-Kaylor A.
This study examined whether adolescents from Santiago, Chile who had never drunk alcohol differed from those who had drunk alcohol but who had never experienced an alcohol-related problem, as well as from those who had drunk and who had experienced a... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - February 15, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Suicidal behavior and psychiatric disorders in Chile. A population-based study - Silva D, Vicente B, Saldivia S, Kohn R.
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behavior ranges from ideation to consummation of suicide. In Chile, rates of suicide increased from 4.8 to 12.7/100,000 in the period 1992-2009. AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of suicidal behavior and its relationship with sociodemogr... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - February 15, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

The role of peers and parents in predicting alcohol consumption among Chilean youth - Han Y, Grogan-Kaylor A, Delva J, Castillo M.
This study estimated marginal associations of parent- and peer-related measures to examine the different patterns of lifetime ever-use and frequency of alcohol consumption among adolescents in Santiago, Chile (N=918). Probit and negative binomial models we... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - February 7, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Psychometric properties of the AQ Aggression Scale in Chilean students - Valdivia-Peralta M, Fonseca-Pedrero E, González-Bravo L, Lemos-Giráldez S.
BACKGROUND: The Buss and Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ) evaluates aggressive behaviours and is used to assess manifestations of aggression. METHODS: At different points in time, 346 Chilean university students participated in the validation of the ins... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - February 3, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

GSA Bulletin covers the US, Italy, Iran, Jamaica, Chile, and Argentina, and China
(Geological Society of America) Learn more about river morphology in Oregon; coastal responses to sea level; the Tertiary Sabzevar Range, Iran; carbon-dioxide sequestration; fault systems in the Blue Mountains of Jamaica; Villarrica Volcano, Chile; landslide modeling; the southern Bighorn Arch, Wyoming; high-diversity plant fossil assemblages of the Salamanca Formation, Argentina; Upper Cretaceous strata, Western Interior Seaway; stratigraphy in Italy; the Soreq drainage, Israel; faulting in Surprise Valley, California; and the Qiantang River estuary, eastern China. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 27, 2014 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Perception of neighborhood crime and drugs increases cardio-metabolic risk in Chilean adolescents - Martinez SM, Blanco E, Delva J, Burrows R, Reyes M, Lozoff B, Gahagan S.
PURPOSE: Studies report an association between neighborhood risk and both obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors (CMR) among adolescents. Here we describe the effect of perceived neighborhood risk on adiposity and CMR among Chilean adolescents. METHODS: ... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - January 24, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Night visions: Darren Almond's full-moon landscapes
Taken over the course of half an hour at night, Darren Almond's images expose what happens when 'you give the landscape longer to express itself'At least two guiding spirits hover around To Leave a Light Impression, the new show by British artist Darren Almond at White Cube, Bermondsey. The most obvious is Charles Darwin, in whose footsteps Almond followed to make several of his images. The other is the lesser-known Scottish nature writer, Nan Shepherd, whose book, The Living Mountain, provides the exhibition's epigraph:"So there I lie on the plateau, under me the central core of fire from which was thrust the grumbli...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 21, 2014 Category: Science Authors: Sean O'Hagan Tags: theguardian.com Photography Charles Darwin Argentina Art The moon Art and design Scotland Editorial Environment Science Chile Source Type: news

Chile's Dakar Rally criticised by greens, archaeologists and indigenous groups
Chilean government defends motor-sport rally as archaeologists say nearly half of ancient sites on 10,000km route are damagedThe Dakar Rally of 500 off-road vehicles bumping and skidding through clouds of dust may be one of the world of motor sport's most spectacular sights but archaeologists, environmentalists and indigenous groups are warning the 14-day event is ruining Chile's ancient heritage.Chilean government studies seen by the Guardian confirm the damage done to geoglyphs, protected sites, burial grounds and tracks on the Inca trail during previous races, but such is the race's importance for tourism that it has on...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 16, 2014 Category: Science Authors: Jonathan Watts Tags: The Guardian Sport News Archaeology Land rights Endangered species Deserts Motor sport Environment Indigenous peoples Chile World news Source Type: news

Pilot program to let US high-school students experience Antarctic science at a Chilean station
(National Science Foundation) Three high-school students and a teacher from Wisconsin will participate in a joint pilot program of the US and Chilean Antarctic programs that will send them to a Chilean research station this February for hands-on experience with Antarctic environments and ecosystems research. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 13, 2014 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Cardinal Raúl Silva Henríquez Bridge during the 2010 Chile earthquake - Wang Z, Chen G, Yen P, Buckle I.
This paper presents a case study of the Cardinal Raúl Silva Henríquez Bridge, which experienced significant damage during an earthquake that occurred in Chile on February 27, 2010. Supported by reinforced concrete and steel columns of varying heights, th... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - November 10, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Epidemiology of Pediatric Facial Trauma in Chile: A retrospective study of 7,617 cases in 3 years - Collao-González C, Carrasco-Labra A, Sung-Hsieh HH, Cortés-Araya J.
OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology of facial trauma injuries in a group of Chilean children aged 15 years or less. Study design: Retrospective study of case series. Between 2006 and 2009, clinical records of 293,090 patients were reviewed. Data of pa... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - November 1, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Validation of the Davidson Trauma Scale in its original and a new shorter version in people exposed to the F-27 earthquake in Chile - Leiva-Bianchi MC, Araneda AC.
BACKGROUND: On February 27, 2010 (F-27), an earthquake and tsunami occurred having a significant impact on the mental health of the Chilean population, leading to an increase in cases of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). OBJECTIVES: Within this contex... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - September 4, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Eyewitness: Atacama desert, Chile
Photographs from the Guardian Eyewitness series (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - August 24, 2013 Category: Science Tags: theguardian.com Astronomy Technology Editorial Chile World news Source Type: news

Therapeutic Abortion Faces Political Resistance in Chile
Nearly a quarter century after Chile’s return to democracy, there is still a lack of political will to legalise therapeutic abortion, analysts say, even though Congress is debating several draft laws on the question. Natalia Flores, executive secretary of the Observatory on Gender Equity, says the legislation currently in place, which bans abortion under all circumstances, restricts the fundamental rights of women. “In Chile, the fact that abortion is illegal for any reason makes women second-class citizens, because they are not allowed to make decisions about their bodies, which is their basic territory,&rdquo...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 5, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Marianela Jarroud Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Latin America & the Caribbean Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva Europe TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Sociodemographic/clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients admitted to the National Burn Center of Chile - Albornoz CR, Villegas J, Peña V, Whittle S.
Background: Approximately 150 subjects per year suffer severe burns in Chile. Aim: To analyze sociodemographic/clinical features and outcomes of severely burned patients. Material and Methods: Retrospective cohort study of 936 patients aged 47 ± 20 years ... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - June 8, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Chile set on GPS-based tsunami warning system
Chile is due to become the first developing nation to have a rapid tsunami early-warning system based on GPS technology. (Source: SciDev.Net)
Source: SciDev.Net - June 5, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Chilean coast could provide clues on sea level rise
The tsunami that hit the Chilean coast in 2010 left behind a ‘natural laboratory’ for studying the impact of sea level rise due to climate change, a study says. (Source: SciDev.Net)
Source: SciDev.Net - May 1, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

UK commits £88m to Chilean telescope 'as big as all existing ones put together'
The European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT), costing more than €1bn, will capture the universe's earliest momentsBritain has committed £88m towards the construction of the world's largest telescope. The huge observatory, to be built in the Chilean Andes, will allow astronomers to capture images of the universe's earliest moments.The giant eye on the sky, known as the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT), will cost more than €1bn (£900m) to build. Its main mirror, which will gather light from distant stars and galaxies, will be 39 metres in diameter, made of 798 segments. The observatory will ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - March 3, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Robin McKie Tags: James Webb space telescope Astronomy European Union News UK news The Observer Hubble space telescope David Willetts Science Chile Source Type: news

Epidemiological profile of deaths after the 2010 earthquake in Chile - Lastra T J, Guzmán C G, Conejeros R C, Suárez V G, Chávez F O.
Background: On February 27, 2010 a powerful earthquake followed by a tsunami stroke Chile. The study of mortality during this emergency can provide important public health information. Aim: To describe the main characteristics of people who died during the... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - February 21, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Brazil and Chile lack sustainable public procurement
Citizens in Brazil and Chile want a market of sustainable public procurement, but there is still much to achieve, finds a study. (Source: SciDev.Net)
Source: SciDev.Net - February 20, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Chile to boost leadership of its engineering schools
To increase innovation and economic growth, Chile has launched a plan to have world-class engineering schools by 2030. (Source: SciDev.Net)
Source: SciDev.Net - February 13, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Screen Actors Guild Awards(R) and Patagonia Sur to Plant Forest in Chilean Patagonia as Part of Expanded Partnership to Fight Climate Change
WASHINGTON, Jan. 23, 2013 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The Screen Actors Guild Awards is expanding efforts to further reduce its carbon footprint thanks to a unique reforestation partnership with Chile's Patagonia Sur, (Source: Medical News (via PRIMEZONE))
Source: Medical News (via PRIMEZONE) - January 23, 2013 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Santiago, Chile, will get drier and warmer
(Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres) Already nowadays 10 percent or more of the population in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago de Chile is affected by extreme heat or floods. These threats will tend to increase due to the continuous expansion of the Chilean capital, the consequent changes in land use and the influences of climate change. Because of that, the international research project ClimateAdaptationSantiago has developed, during the last three years, an Adaptation Plan to climate change. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 23, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

British astronomers launch advanced planet search to look for signs of life
Robotic telescopes in Chile's Atacama desert will conduct Next Generation Transit Survey to analyse atmospheres for cluesThe art of hunting planets has come so far that astronomers can now list hundreds of alien worlds that orbit stars so faint they are not even visible as pinpricks in the clear night sky.Little is known of these far-flung planets. The most conspicuous are huge, the size of Jupiter, and scorched from circling so close to their suns. Others are giant iceballs, or waterworlds, or even rocky like Earth. But the finer details are a mystery, the stuff of speculation more than science.To find out more about thes...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 6, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Tags: Astronomy Americas World news guardian.co.uk Alien life UK news Science Chile Space Source Type: news

Alcohol zero tolerance law in Chile: strengths, flaws and shortcomings that should not be overlooked - González-Wilhelm L, Johnson J, Carnevali R, Ruiz G.
Background: Chile has recently entered into force Act No. 20.580, which modifies the legal limits of blood alcohol concentration in drivers and increases the penalties for driving under the influence of alcohol, narcotics or psychotropic substances. The ai... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - January 6, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

In Chile, Abortion Hot Line Is in Legal Gray Area
In a country where abortion is entirely illegal, volunteers who answer calls at a hot line that tries to help women face possible prison sentences. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 4, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: By AARON NELSEN Tags: Abortion Women and Girls Pregnancy and Childbirth Social Conditions and Trends Chile Source Type: news

Chile launches contest scheme to support return of PhDs
With a monthly salary of up to US$4,000 and fresh funds for research, Chile seeks to attract young researchers who are abroad. (Source: SciDev.Net)
Source: SciDev.Net - January 3, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news