Global Health: Zika Virus, a Mosquito-Borne Infection, May Threaten Brazil’s Newborns
An increase in the number of infants born in Brazil with a form of brain damage has been blamed on the Zika virus. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - December 28, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Viruses Dengue Fever Mosquitoes Brazil Pregnancy and Childbirth Chikungunya Virus Source Type: news

All I Want for Christmas Is Mosquito Repellent: Avoid Becoming a Victim of Chikungunya Virus
As thousands of Americans flock to the sun, sand and warm waters of the southern states of America, the Caribbean and South and Central America, almost everyone is aware that protection from the sun can be easily achieved applying lotions with a high SPF rating. Of course, many will choose a dark tan over their skin's health, but at least they're making a decision knowing the consequences. Unfortunately, the vast majority of travelers to southern destinations do not know that unless they apply an effective mosquito repellent from dawn to dusk -- and use other repellents and protections throughout the day and night -- they ...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - December 24, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Scientists identify effective and novel mechanisms to block chikungunya virus
Scientists looking at the antiviral mechanisms of two previously identified human monoclonal antibodies have found they potently inhibit chikungunya virus (CHIKV) at multiple stages of infection. These antibodies prevent CHIKV from both entering and exiting cells, an important finding that could lead to new approaches in therapeutics and vaccines to fight infectious diseases. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - December 10, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Scientists identify effective and novel mechanisms to block chikungunya virus
(Blood Systems) Blood Systems Research Institute scientists looking at the antiviral mechanisms of two previously identified human monoclonal antibodies have found they potently inhibit chikungunya virus (CHIKV) at multiple stages of infection. These antibodies prevent CHIKV from both entering and exiting cells, an important finding that could lead to new approaches in therapeutics and vaccines to fight infectious diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - December 10, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Zika virus infection – Panama
On 2 December 2015, the National IHR Focal Point (NFP) of Panama notified PAHO/WHO of the first 3 laboratory-confirmed cases of Zika virus disease. On 27 November, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Panama was informed of 68 patients with fever and exanthema in Ustupu island, Alligandi district, Guna Yala province. Serum samples were taken from 43 patients, 30 of whom were symptomatic, and sent for testing to the Commemorative Gorgas Institute for Health Studies. All samples, which were analyzed using the algorithm proposed by PAHO/WHO (see related links), resulted negative for dengue and chikungunya. Out of the samples taken...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - December 5, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: dengue [subject], dengue haemhorragic fever, dengue fever, dengue virus, health services [subject], Disease outbreak news [doctype], Panama [country], Region of the Americas [region] Source Type: news

Zika virus infection – Paraguay
On 27 November 2015, the National IHR Focal Point of Paraguay notified PAHO/WHO of 6 laboratory-confirmed autochthonous cases of Zika virus infection in the city of Pedro Caballero, which is located in the northeast of the country and shares borders with Brazil. The diagnoses were made by the national reference laboratory, the Central Public Health Laboratory of the Ministry of Health, through reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique. Cases were identified from clusters of febrile patients whose samples tested negative for dengue and chikungunya. They presented with fever, headache, myalgia, arth...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - December 3, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: dengue [subject], dengue haemhorragic fever, dengue fever, dengue virus, headache [subject], headache, migraine, chronic headache, health services [subject], Disease outbreak news [doctype], Paraguay [country], Region of the Americas [region] Source Type: news

Mosquito-borne chikungunya may cause fatal brain infection
Stephen FellerWASHINGTON, Nov. 30 (UPI) -- The chikungunya virus, spread by mosquitoes, can cause encephalitis far more often than doctors previously thought, according to a study. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - December 1, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What are the Most Common Arbovirus in Children in the US?
Discussion Arboviruses are viruses transmitted by arthropods (primarily mosquitos and ticks) to humans. Most infections are asymptomatic. Many others have mild symptoms such as an influenza-like illnesses. But for some patients they can cause neuroinvasive disease with meningitis, encephalitis and flaccid paralysis. Some patients also unfortunately die. Diagnosis is by serum or cerebrospinal fluid IgM antibody to the specific virus. Treatment is supportive only as there is no specific treatment and currently there are no vaccines for prevention. Mosquito bite and tick bite prevention are the best options for families and c...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - November 30, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

What are the Most Common Arboviruses in Children in the US?
Discussion Arboviruses are viruses transmitted by arthropods (primarily mosquitos and ticks) to humans. Most infections are asymptomatic. Many others have mild symptoms such as an influenza-like illnesses. But for some patients they can cause neuroinvasive disease with meningitis, encephalitis and flaccid paralysis. Some patients also unfortunately die. Diagnosis is by serum or cerebrospinal fluid IgM antibody to the specific virus. Treatment is supportive only as there is no specific treatment and currently there are no vaccines for prevention. Mosquito bite and tick bite prevention are the best options for families and c...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - November 30, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Encephalitis Observed in Patients with Chikungunya Virus (FREE)
By Kelly Young Edited by Susan Sadoughi, MD, and André Sofair, MD, MPH The mosquito-borne chikungunya virus can be "a significant cause" of neurologic disease … (Source: Physician's First Watch current issue)
Source: Physician's First Watch current issue - November 30, 2015 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

Mosquito-born virus may cause brain swelling, death
Experts warn travelers should be aware of the potentially deadly chikungunya virus, for which there is no vaccine (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - November 28, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mosquito-borne virus may cause brain swelling, death
Experts warn travelers should be aware of the potentially deadly chikungunya virus, for which there is no vaccine (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - November 28, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Mosquito-borne chikungunya virus causes severe brain inflammation
Mosquito-borne virus chikungunya can cause encephalitis, leading to disability and death, especially in infants and over 65. One locally transmitted case has occurred in the US. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - November 26, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses Source Type: news

Chikungunya Virus Can Cause Fatal Encephalitis Chikungunya Virus Can Cause Fatal Encephalitis
The mosquito-borne virus chikungunya can lead to severe encephalitis and even death, especially in young babies and older adults, a new study has found. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - November 26, 2015 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Mosquito-Borne Virus May Cause Fatal Brain Infection
Chikungunya outbreak on Reunion Island finds encephalitis more common than previously believed Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Encephalitis, Traveler's Health, Viral Infections (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - November 25, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mosquito-borne virus may lead to severe brain infection
(American Academy of Neurology) The mosquito-borne virus chikungunya may lead to severe brain infection and even death in infants and people over 65, according to a new study that reviewed a chikungunya outbreak on Reunion Island off the coast of Madagascar in 2005-2006. The study is published in the Nov. 25, 2015, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 25, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

NIH-sponsored clinical trial of chikungunya vaccine opens
(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) An experimental vaccine to protect against the mosquito-borne illness chikungunya is being tested in a Phase 2 trial sponsored by the National Institutes of Health. Results from an initial trial of the vaccine were reported in 2014. In that study, all 25 vaccine recipients developed robust immune responses and no safety concerns were noted. The new trial is will enroll 400 healthy adult volunteers aged 18 to 60 years old at six sites in the Caribbean. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 24, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Research points to development of single vaccine for Chikungunya, related viruses
What if a single vaccine could protect people from infection by many different viruses? That concept is a step closer to reality. Researchers have identified 'broadly neutralizing' antibodies that protect against infection by multiple, distantly related alphaviruses -- including Chikungunya virus -- that cause fever and debilitating joint pain. The discovery, in mice, lays the groundwork for a single vaccine or antibody-based treatment against many different alphaviruses. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - November 10, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Research points to development of single vaccine for Chikungunya, related viruses
(Washington University School of Medicine) What if a single vaccine could protect people from infection by many different viruses? That concept is a step closer to reality. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louishave identified 'broadly neutralizing' antibodies that protect against infection by multiple, distantly related alphaviruses -- including Chikungunya virus -- that cause fever and debilitating joint pain. The discovery, in mice, lays the groundwork for a single vaccine or antibody-based treatment against many different alphaviruses. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 10, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Global Health: To Prevent Malaria in Humans, Scientists Try Protecting Pigs
An experimental mosquito-killer for livestock may help prevent the transmission of the disease to humans. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - November 2, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Chaccour, Carlos Malaria Pigs American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Agriculture and Farming Livestock Chikungunya Virus Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Cattle Worms Source Type: news

Global Health: To Prevent Malaria in Humans, Scientists Try Protecting Pigs
An experimental mosquito-killer for livestock may help prevent the transmission of the disease to humans. (Source: NYT)
Source: NYT - November 2, 2015 Category: American Health Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Chaccour, Carlos Malaria Pigs American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Agriculture and Farming Livestock Chikungunya Virus Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Cattle Worms Source Type: news

Biosimilars, Tech Advances, Chikungunya Among ACR HighlightsBiosimilars, Tech Advances, Chikungunya Among ACR Highlights
More than 16,000 attendees at the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) meeting will hear about the latest technology and resources to make their practices more efficient. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - November 2, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Rheumatology News Source Type: news

Researchers discover simple, affordable diagnostic kit for chikungunya
A novel and affordable diagnostic test for chikungunya will soon be available thanks to new research. The formerly unknown virus, now named Eilat virus, is related to chikungunya and other mosquito-borne viruses and was collected in Israel's Negev Desert about three decades ago. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - October 30, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Chikungunya Joint Pain Keeps Islanders Away from Work (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Effects of the mosquito-born disease can linger for some time (Source: MedPage Today Rheumatology)
Source: MedPage Today Rheumatology - October 28, 2015 Category: Rheumatology Source Type: news

Chikungunya Has Spread to 1.7 Million Cases in the AmericasChikungunya Has Spread to 1.7 Million Cases in the Americas
Since 2013, the virus has been reported in 45 countries or territories in the western hemisphere. The CDC reports an increasing number of cases in people who travel from the United States to Mexico. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - October 12, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

'Bad Bugs' Focus of 2015 IDWeek
(MedPage Today) -- Ebola, dengue, chikungunya, and a host of others under scrutiny at joint meeting (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - October 7, 2015 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Chikungunya – Spain (update)
On 3 August 2015, WHO was notified by the National IHR Focal Point for Spain of a case of chikungunya infection in the city of Gandia, Valencian Community. The patient, a 60-year-old man, had no history of travel outside the European Region. The patient was identified after detection at the regional laboratory of IgM in his serum by ELISA in samples taken on 23 July. A second sample taken on 19 August showed an IgG seroconversion at the same laboratory. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - September 17, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: travel [subject], travel and health, air travel, Disease outbreak news [doctype], European Region [region], Spain [country] Source Type: news

New genome sequence to provide insight into tiger mosquito and how deadly diseases are transmitted to humans
The first draft genome sequence of Aedes albopictus, commonly known as the tiger mosquito, has been published by scientists. This tiger mosquito is responsible for transmitting several deadly diseases to humans, such as dengue and chikungunya, potentially offering hope to millions around the world. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - September 15, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Chikungunya – Senegal
On 9 September 2015, the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs (MOHSA) of Senegal notified WHO of active circulation of chikungunya virus in the region of Kédougou. The circulation began on 27 August 2015. Samples were collected from 14 suspected cases for laboratory-confirmation at the Institut Pasteur of Dakar. Ten (10) samples tested positive for chikungunya virus. As of 8 September 2015, ten (10) chikungunya confirmed cases were reported. The latest active circulation in the affected area was reported between 2009 and 2010. On 7 September 2015, the MOHSA discussed the situation during the routine weekly meeting....
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - September 14, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: dengue [subject], dengue haemhorragic fever, dengue fever, dengue virus, headache [subject], headache, migraine, chronic headache, risk factor [subject], risk, health risks, African Region [region], Disease outbreak news [doctype], Senegal [country] Source Type: news

8 illnesses you could have brought back from holiday
From Lyme disease in Scotland to Chikungunya from the Caribbean, a list of common ailments you could have contracted during your week away (Source: Telegraph Health)
Source: Telegraph Health - September 7, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Asian tiger mosquitoes spotted in Paris
PARIS (Reuters) - Asian tiger mosquitoes, known to carry deadly diseases including dengue fever and chikungunya, were spotted in Paris for the second year running this summer, a local French health agency said. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - August 20, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Creating a DEET-free Mosquito Repellant That Actually Works
Enjoying time outside might just get a lot better. A mosquito repellant technology is in the works that could make us practically invisible to mosquitos. No more will products that don’t fully work, or the effective, yet very toxic DEET be the only options for us to defend against mosquitos. With a growing presence of research, the dangers of mosquitoes are being more realized. As the New York Times cites, “According to the World Health Organization, mosquitoes remain the deadliest animal on the planet, carrying diseases like West Nile, chikungunya, and malaria that kill more than a million people a year.&rdquo...
Source: TIME.com: Top Science and Health Stories - August 13, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Daniel Bentley Tags: Uncategorized deet disease solution kite patch Malaria mosquito repellant preventing mosquito bites repellant technology Source Type: news

Woman loses vision after mosquito bites
Vision problems may be underreported for mosquito-transmitted chikungunya fever (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - August 11, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Chikungunya – Spain
On 3 August 2015, WHO was notified by the National IHR Focal Point for Spain of a case of chikungunya infection in the city of Gandia, Valencian Community. This is the first time that an individual with no history of travel to a chikungunya-endemic area tests positive for the disease in Spain. The patient is a 60-year-old man. He developed symptoms on 7 July in France and sought medical care on 8 July while still in France. Following his return to Spain, the patient was hospitalized on 11 July and discharged on 16 July. Patient blood samples were collected on 23 July. On 31 July, he was laboratory confirmed to be positive...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - August 10, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: travel [subject], travel and health, air travel, Disease outbreak news [doctype], European Region [region], Spain [country] Source Type: news

Woman Loses Vision After Mosquito Bite Transmits Chikungunya Fever
By: Laura Geggel Published: 08/10/2015 10:38 AM EDT on LiveScience A woman who caught chikungunya fever while vacationing in the Caribbean wound up losing some of the vision in her right eye permanently, according to a new report of her case. The findings suggest that vision problems may be an underreported effect of the mosquito-transmitted virus, which has spread in recent years from Africa and Asia to the Caribbean, Latin America and parts of the United States, the report's authors said. "Sight-threatening visual loss can be a late complication of infection with chikungunya," said Dr. Abhijit Mohite, who treat...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - August 10, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Dengue, chikungunya infections in India underestimated: Study
Researchers estimated that on average, 23 per cent of those who have not yet been infected become infected by dengue every year. (Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News)
Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News - July 17, 2015 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Mayo Clinic News Network Headline 7/17/2015
In today's Mayo Clinic News Network Headline with Vivien Williams: Mayo Clinic travel medicine expert Donna Springer, A.P.R.N., tells us about chikungunya, a painful mosquito-borne virus now found in the Americas. Plus, why tree nuts and treadmills are good for our health. Click here for the tree nut study and here for the treadmill study. Journalists: Video and additional soundbites [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - July 17, 2015 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Burden of Dengue, Chikungunya in India Far Worse Than Understood
New Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research finds new evidence that an extremely high number of people in southern India are exposed to two mosquito-borne viruses -- dengue and chikungunya. (Source: Public Health News Headlines from Johns Hopkins)
Source: Public Health News Headlines from Johns Hopkins - July 16, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Burden of dengue, chikungunya in India far worse than understood
New evidence shows an extremely high number of people in southern India are exposed to two mosquito-borne viruses -- dengue and chikungunya. These findings, the researchers say, reinforce the need for officials to be on the lookout for these diseases and to find ways to control its spread not only in India but also around the world. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - July 16, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Burden of dengue, chikungunya in India far worse than understood
(Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health) New Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research finds new evidence that an extremely high number of people in southern India are exposed to two mosquito-borne viruses -- dengue and chikungunya. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - July 16, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Africa: Scientists Look to Mosquito Data to Map Spread of Disease
[SciDev.Net] Mosquitoes that carry the dengue and chikungunya viruses are more widespread than ever, believe scientists mapping the global spread of the insects. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - July 9, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Scientists look to mosquito data to map spread of disease
The range of the insects that carry the dengue and chikungunya viruses is at its widest, shows model. (Source: SciDev.Net)
Source: SciDev.Net - July 7, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Virus-Carrying Mosquitoes Spreading to New Regions
Scientists track carriers of dengue and chikungunya infection Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Insect Bites and Stings, International Health, Viral Infections (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - July 6, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The new regions at risk from mosquitoes carrying diseases
Cases of yellow fever, chikungunya and dengue fever might rise as the ideal conditions for the mosquitoes that can carry the viruses become more widespread (Source: New Scientist - Epidemics and Pandemics)
Source: New Scientist - Epidemics and Pandemics - July 1, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Virus-carrying mosquitoes are more widespread than ever, and spreading
Scientists behind the first global distribution maps of two species of dengue and chikungunya-carrying mosquitoes warn they are spreading to new areas where they could cause disease. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - June 30, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Virus-carrying mosquitoes are more widespread than ever, and spreading
(eLife ) Scientists behind the first global distribution maps of two species of dengue and chikungunya-carrying mosquitoes warn they are spreading to new areas where they could cause disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 30, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

More imported malaria infection reported in the UK
Increase in infections prompts PHE to remind travellers to protect themselvesRelated items from OnMedica12-fold increase in chikungunya virusMalaria prophylaxisWarn patients that natural malaria immunity fadesFirst malaria vaccine for children could be recommended for use by autumn (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - June 12, 2015 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Mosquito sex-determining gene could help fight dengue fever
A gene responsible for sex determination in mosquitoes that can transmit yellow fever, dengue, and chikungunya viruses has been identified by researchers. Only female mosquitoes bite because they need blood for developing eggs, and researchers believe that a higher ratio of males could reduce disease transmission. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - May 21, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Mosquito sex-determining gene could help fight dengue fever
(Virginia Tech) Researchers with the Fralin Life Science Institute have identified a gene responsible for sex determination in mosquitoes that can transmit yellow fever, dengue, and chikungunya viruses. Only female mosquitoes bite because they need blood for developing eggs, and researchers believe that a higher ratio of males could reduce disease transmission. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - May 21, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Dengue and Chikungunya in Our Backyard: Preventing Aedes Mosquito-Borne Disease
May 19, 2015, 1:00 PM EDT. This session of Grand Rounds will highlight the importance of preventing Aedes mosquito-borne diseases and the need for improved diagnostic, prevention and control measures. (Source: PHPartners.org)
Source: PHPartners.org - May 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news