Lighting up disease-carrying mosquitoes
A simple technique for simultaneously detecting RNA from West Nile and chikungunya virus in samples from mosquitoes has been developed by a researcher who is now working to add the ability to screen for Zika virus. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - March 21, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Lighting up disease-carrying mosquitoes
(DOE/Sandia National Laboratories) Robert Meagher, a chemical engineer at Sandia National Laboratories, has developed a simple technique for simultaneously detecting RNA from West Nile and chikungunya virus in samples from mosquitoes. He is now working to add the ability to screen for Zika virus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 21, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Zika News: 3-in-1 Lab Test Authorized, Travel-Related Cases in U.S. (FREE)
By Amy Orciari Herman Edited by Susan Sadoughi, MD, and André Sofair, MD, MPH Here's the latest on the Zika virus outbreak:The FDA authorized emergency use of a test that can identify whether someone is infected with Zika, dengue, or chikungunya. … (Source: Physician's First Watch current issue)
Source: Physician's First Watch current issue - March 21, 2016 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

Summit on the Aedes Aegypti Crisis in the Americas
Entomological Society of America. 03/13/2016This Web page provides information and background materials for the Summit on the Aedes Aegypti Crisis in the Americas, held in Brazil on March 13, 2016. Scientific, business, and nongovernmental experts and leaders met to map out a plan for successfully managing the Aedes aegypti mosquito, an insect that is a vector of Zika virus, yellow fever, dengue, and chikungunya, and is causing serious public health crises across the hemisphere. The page provides links to Full Agenda for the Summit, Speakers at the Summit, and Briefing Paper. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide fo...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - March 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Chikungunya – Argentina
On 7 March 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Argentina notified PAHO/WHO of the first chikungunya outbreak in the country. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - March 14, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Argentina [country], Disease outbreak news [doctype], Region of the Americas [region] Source Type: news

Protecting the Health and Safety of Workers in Emergency Vector Control of Aedes Mosquitoes: Interim Guidance for Vector Control and Health Workers
World Health Organization. 03/10/2016This 11-page document provides recommendations on essential measures to protect the health and safety of operators and other persons involved in emergency vector control of Aedes mosquitoes, which transmit Zika, dengue, and chikungunya viruses. Measures include space spraying of insecticides, larvicide application, and, in some cases, indoor residual spraying. The guidance is intended to be used by vector control managers and operators, public health workers, medical professionals, district health officers, and ministries of health. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disast...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - March 13, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Aedes Control in Preparation for Zika
U.S. Department of Defense. 02/23/2016This two-page document describes steps being taken to prepare the Department of Defense community for Zika virus disease, particularly procedures for surveillance and control of the Aedes mosquitoes that transmit Zika, dengue, and chikungunya viruses. It provides links to other guidances and resources for controlling Aedes mosquitoes. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - March 13, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Guidance Regarding Zika, Dengue and Chikungunya Viruses
U.S. Department of Defense. 02/03/2016This two-page document contains information about the potential for transfusion-transmitted Zika infection, and recommends facilitating donor self-deferral of 28 days after travel to Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America and South America. It also provides educational post-donation information materials and recommendations for use by blood collection organizations relevant to Zika, dengue, and chikungunya viruses, and provides recommended actions to be taken by the collection facility in response to post-donation information reports. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Dis...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - March 13, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Protecting the Health and Safety of Workers in Emergency Vector Control of Aedes Mosquitoes: Interim Guidance for Vector Control and Health Workers
World Health Organization. 03/10/2016This 11-page document provides recommendations on essential measures to protect the health and safety of operators and other persons involved in emergency vector control of Aedes mosquitoes, which transmit Zika, dengue, and chikungunya viruses. Measures include space spraying of insecticides, larvicide application, and, in some cases, indoor residual spraying. The guidance is intended to be used by vector control managers and operators, public health workers, medical professionals, district health officers, and ministries of health. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disast...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - March 12, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Aedes Control in Preparation for Zika
U.S. Department of Defense. 02/23/2016This two-page document describes steps being taken to prepare the Department of Defense community for Zika virus disease, particularly procedures for surveillance and control of the Aedes mosquitoes that transmit Zika, dengue, and chikungunya viruses. It provides links to other guidances and resources for controlling Aedes mosquitoes. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - March 12, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Guidance Regarding Zika, Dengue and Chikungunya Viruses
U.S. Department of Defense. 02/03/2016This two-page document contains information about the potential for transfusion-transmitted Zika infection, and recommends facilitating donor self-deferral of 28 days after travel to Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America and South America. It also provides educational post-donation information materials and recommendations for use by blood collection organizations relevant to Zika, dengue, and chikungunya viruses, and provides recommended actions to be taken by the collection facility in response to post-donation information reports. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Dis...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - March 12, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Change in mosquito mating may control Zika virus
Genetic cues from male Aedes aegypti mosquitoes passed on during sex affect which genes are turned on or off in a females' reproductive tract post-mating, including genes related to blood feeding, egg development and immune defense, according to new research.The researchers believe such processes provide information that could be exploited to fight mosquito-borne diseases, such as dengue fever, chikungunya and Zika virus. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - March 11, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Change in mosquito mating may control Zika virus
(Cornell University) Genetic cues from male Aedes aegypti mosquitoes passed on during sex affect which genes are turned on or off in a females' reproductive tract post-mating, including genes related to blood feeding, egg development and immune defense, according to new Cornell research.The researchers believe such processes provide information that could be exploited to fight mosquito-borne diseases, such as dengue fever, chikungunya and Zika virus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - March 11, 2016 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Chikungunya misdiagnosis masks true burden
The viral disease is often reported as the better-known dengue because of similar symptoms, finds study. (Source: SciDev.Net)
Source: SciDev.Net - March 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

AIBS to Convene Expert Panel on Science of Zika, Potential for Genetic Control
The Zika virus is the most recent example of a virus spreading rapidly around the world with the assistance of an animal vector - in this case the mosquito Aedes. On 15 March 2016, the American Institute of Biological Sciences will convene a meeting of scientific experts to discuss the epidemiology of Zika, the potential for genetic control of the mosquito species that transmit it, and the ethical issues associated with the use of this new biotechnology. This webinar program is free and open to the public, but space is limited and pre-registration is required. The extraordinarily fast spread of the Zika virus has prompted...
Source: Public Policy Reports - March 8, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: AIBS Source Type: news

Briefing Paper: Summit on the Aedes Aegypti Crisis in the Americas; Joining Together to Address a Grand Challenge
Entomological Society of America. 02/05/2016This four-page document is a briefing paper for the Summit on the Aedes Aegypti Crisis in the Americas, scheduled for March 13, 2016, in Brazil. The purpose of this summit is to explore how national entomological societies can use their expertise to address mosquito-borne disease in the Americas, including Zika fever, dengue fever, and chikungunya. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - March 7, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Media advisory: Summit on the Aedes aegypti crisis in the Americas
(Entomological Society of America) Members of the media are invited to attend a one-day event on the mosquito that transmits, Zika, chikungunya, dengue, and yellow fever in Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil on March 13, 2016. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 7, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Dispelling rumours around Zika and microcephaly
Updated11 March 2016 There are many repellents that are effective against all mosquitoes including Aedes mosquitos. Effective repellents contain DEET (diethyltoluamide) or IR 3535 or Icaridin which are the most common biologically active ingredients in insect repellents. Active ingredients are listed on the product label. The following active ingredients repel or kill the mosquito when it rests or approaches the body: DEET (N, N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide), IR3535 (3- [N-butyl-N-acetyl], aminopropionic acid ethyl-ester) or Icaridin (piperidinecarboxílico acid-1, 2- (2-hydroxyethyl) - 1-metilpropilester). There is no...
Source: WHO news on Zika virus - March 7, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: child development [subject], child growth, emergencies [subject], emergency preparedness, crises, emergency preparedness, newborn [subject], newborn, newborn health, perinatal, neonate mortality, newborn care, low birth weight, infant, newborn, zika, zika Source Type: news

Google Donates $1 Million And A Data Team To Fight Zika Virus
Tech giant Google has seen more than a 3,000 percent increase in global search interest in mosquito-borne Zika virus since November. Now they're going to harness that power for good, according to a letter the company posted Thursday.   Google engineers and data scientists will partner with UNICEF to map the virus and anticipate its spread, and the company is providing the aid organization with a $1 million grant to bolster its on-the-ground efforts. Google specifically cited education, community outreach, mosquito eradication and vaccine and diagnostic testing development as the grant's primary foc...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - March 3, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

When Zika Turns Deadlier: How Anti-Vaccination Misinformation Could Exacerbate an International Health Emergency
The world is in a frenzy over the Zika virus. Researchers established a link between its rise in Brazil and cases of congenital microcephaly in babies of infected pregnant women, with infants born with smaller than expected heads and improper brain development. As of November last year, Brazil's northeastern state of Pernambuco recorded 646 babies born with microcephaly. On February 1, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the virus and its suspected link to birth defects an international public health emergency. Though we don't yet understand the exact relationship between Zika and microcephaly, there is clear cau...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - February 29, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The Latest On Zika Virus: Texas Just Developed A Much-Needed Rapid Diagnostic Test
The Zika virus, which is spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, is strongly suspected to be linked to a new wave of microcephaly cases in Brazil. Babies born with this birth defect have smaller heads and sometimes brains that aren't fully developed, which can result in life-long developmental problems.    Zika is currently spreading through Central and South America and the Caribbean, and with the high volume of news about the virus, it's tough to stay up-to-date. Check out our full coverage, or read our daily recaps. Here are four updates, opinions and developments to know about now: &nbs...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - February 24, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Chikungunya: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment
Chikungunya virus is a debilitating infection spread by mosquitos. Once viewed as a tropical disease, it now occurs in multiple countries and outbreaks can be widespread. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - February 24, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses Source Type: news

A Conspiracy Theory Links The Gates Foundation To The Spread Of Zika Virus. Don't Believe It.
This article was updated to accurately reflect the Annenberg Science Knowledge survey question on whether GM mosquitoes have caused the spread of the Zika virus or minimized the spread of the virus.  Also on HuffPost:  -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website. (Source: Science - The Huffington Post)
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - February 23, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

4 ways to protect your family from mosquitoes
.Follow me at @drClaire The news about the Zika virus possibly causing microcephaly in infants has everyone talking about — and worried about — mosquitoes. It’s not just the Zika virus that can be spread by mosquitoes; these insects also spread other illnesses, such as malaria, dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever, West Nile virus, eastern equine encephalitis, and Japanese encephalitis. It should be said that most people who are bitten by mosquitoes don’t get sick with anything. But if you are living in or traveling to an area where these illnesses are prevalent, it’s important to know the four b...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - February 23, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Claire McCarthy, MD Tags: Health Parenting Prevention Travel health Source Type: news

Coming Next Month: Using Gene Drives to Counter Zika, an AIBS Webinar
The rapid spread of the Zika virus in the Americas has prompted international concern because of its apparent link to birth defects, including microcephaly, in infants born to infected women. The virus may also be linked to cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome, a disabling immune disorder. The World Health Organization has declared the Zika outbreak an international health emergency. The virus is spread by the bite of Aedes mosquitoes, which also transmit dengue and chikungunya virus, among other pathogens. Suppressing these mosquitoes would therefore likely limit the spread of these diseases as well as Zika. One way t...
Source: Public Policy Reports - February 23, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: AIBS Source Type: news

Wolbachia parasite superinfection: A new tool to fight mosquito arbovirus transmission
(PLOS) Aedes aegypti mosquitoes transmit a number of pathogens, including the Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika viruses. The Wolbachia bacterium can be introduced into the Aedes aegypti population and then block virus replication in the infected mosquito host. As with any antiviral strategy, the potential development of resistance by the virus is a concern. A study published on Feb. 18, 2016 in PLOS Pathogens reports on a strategy to make it harder for Dengue (and possibly other viruses) to develop Wolbachia resistance. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 18, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Genetic sex change for mosquitoes could stop the spread of Zika
Female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are disease carriers. Inserting male genes into mosquitoes using Crispr-Cas9 could be a new way to prevent epidemicsTwo US scientists have proposed a new answer to the Zika epidemic: a sex-change operation for the mosquito that spreads the virus and other diseases. This genetic modification would turn deadly, blood-drinking females into harmless, nectar-sipping males.The solution could potentially be used to limit not just Zika but malaria, dengue, yellow fever and other mosquito-borne infections such as chikungunya. However, the researchers accept there is a long way to go before the techni...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 17, 2016 Category: Science Authors: Tim Radford Tags: Science Zika virus Genetics Biology World news Source Type: news

Mosquito Control: Can It Stop Zika at Source?
World Health Organization. 02/16/2016This resource looks at conventional and new techniques for control of Aedes aegypti, the principal mosquito species that transmits the Zika, dengue, and chikungunya viruses. This mosquito has a number of breeding and behavioral quirks that make it extremely difficult to control. The resource summarizes World Health Organization guidance, discusses the rise and fall of mosquito control, and provides advice for conventional and newer tools for mosquito control. (Text) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - February 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

A Viral Story Links The Zika Crisis To Monsanto. Don't Believe It.
A group of doctors in Argentina calling themselves the "Physicians in Crop-Sprayed Towns" have issued an explosive report that denies global scientific consensus on the Zika virus outbreak and its apparent link to an uptick in cases of the birth defect microcephaly in Brazil. The doctors allege that instead of the mild mosquito-borne Zika virus, the increase in microcephaly cases is caused by a larvicide that contains the chemical pyriproxyfen. This larvicide is employed in mosquito control efforts against the Aedes Aegypti mosquito, the type that can carry Zika, including using it to kil...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - February 16, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What makes me so tasty? 5 myths about mosquito bites
Just about everyone can agree that mosquitoes are more than a little annoying. They bite, the bites itch and the repellent stinks. Even more disturbing are the incurable viruses these tiny predators can carry, including West Nile, malaria, yellow fever, dengue fever and chikungunya. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - February 15, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Zika, Dengue, and Chikungunya Viruses: American Association of Blood Banks Bulletin
American Association of Blood Banks. 02/01/2016This eight-page bulletin provides the rationale for blood community action to address the potential threat of Zika virus to blood recipients. Its focus is Zika virus, but the measures described should also be effective for chikungunya and dengue viruses. It includes information about the potential for transfusion-transmitted Zika infection, and a recommendation to facilitate self-deferral of donors who have traveled to countries that are already experiencing Zika epidemics or those that are likely to experience such epidemics in the near future. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Re...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - February 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Zika Communication Materials
World Health Organization, Pan American Health Organization. 01/05/2016This Web page provides communication materials about symptoms, prevention, and treatment of Zika virus disease, and about Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which are the main carriers for dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses. Materials include videos, posters, and infographics. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - February 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Zika, Dengue, and Chikungunya Viruses: American Association of Blood Banks Bulletin
American Association of Blood Banks. 02/01/2016This eight-page bulletin provides the rationale for blood community action to address the potential threat of Zika virus to blood recipients. Its focus is Zika virus, but the measures described should also be effective for chikungunya and dengue viruses. It includes information about the potential for transfusion-transmitted Zika infection, and a recommendation to facilitate self-deferral of donors who have traveled to countries that are already experiencing Zika epidemics or those that are likely to experience such epidemics in the near future. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Re...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - February 13, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Zika Communication Materials
World Health Organization, Pan American Health Organization. 01/05/2016This Web page provides communication materials about symptoms, prevention, and treatment of Zika virus disease, and about Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which are the main carriers for dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses. Materials include videos, posters, and infographics. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - February 13, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Pesticide-induced mosquito death outweighs fitness advantage of survivors
A common toxin used to kill yellow fever mosquito larvae – the most prevalent transmitter of dengue, chikungunya and zika viruses – is highly effective. While there are some fitness advantages to surviving adults, this is still an effective way to control the damaging health impacts of these mosquito-borne diseases, a new study shows. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - February 12, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Fighting the 'Cockroach of Mosquitoes'
Experts working to halt the spread of the Zika, dengue and chikungunya viruses face a wily foe in Aedes aegypti, the main mosquito that transmits them, and some methods for fighting them are stirring controversy. (Source: WSJ.com: Health)
Source: WSJ.com: Health - February 12, 2016 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: PAID Source Type: news

The Latest On Zika: Asia's Research Arms Race Has One Major Holdup
Brazilian abortion activists face an uphill battle as they lobby for fewer restrictions in a heavily Catholic country where many of the women most affected by Zika virus hold anti-abortion views.  The virus, which is spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, is strongly suspected to be causing a new wave of microcephaly cases in Brazil. Babies born with the birth defect have smaller heads and brains that aren't fully developed, which can result in life-long developmental problems.    And across the world, scientists in China, India and Singapore -- each of which have large populations and histories of mosqu...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - February 10, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Outbreak of Zika, Chikungunya, and Dengue IllnessesOutbreak of Zika, Chikungunya, and Dengue Illnesses
The spread of Zika virus brings with it additional challenges, particularly the risk for concurrent transmission of chikungunya and dengue viruses by the same vectors. Emerging Infectious Diseases (Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines)
Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines - February 9, 2016 Category: Pathology Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news

Microcephaly Revives Battle for Legal Abortion in Brazil
“Abortion shouldn’t be a crime” reads a sign held in one of the numerous demonstrations held in Brazil to demand the legalisation of abortion. Credit: Courtesy of Distintas LatitudesBy Mario OsavaRIO DE JANEIRO, Feb 8 2016 (IPS)The Zika virus epidemic and a rise in the number of cases of microcephaly in newborns have revived the debate on legalising abortion in Brazil. However, the timing is difficult as conservative and religious groups are growing in strength, especially in parliament.“We are issuing a call to society to hold a rational, generous debate towards a review of the law that criminalise...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - February 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Mario Osava Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Latin America & the Caribbean Population Poverty & SDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Abortion Bra Source Type: news

Guillain-Barré syndrome – Brazil
On 22 January 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Brazil notified PAHO/WHO of an increase of Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) recorded at the national level. Data from the hospital-based surveillance system reveal that, between January and November 2015, 1,708 cases of GBS were registered nationwide. While a number of states reported significant increases in reported cases – especially, Alagoas (516.7%), Bahia (196.1%), Rio Grande do Norte (108.7%), Piauí (108.3%), Espirito Santo (78.6%), and Rio de Janeiro (60.9%) – other states reported stable or even diminishing number of GBS cases as compared to 2014...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - February 8, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: pesticide [subject], insecticides, fungicides, risk assessment [subject], zika, Brazil [country], Disease outbreak news [doctype], Region of the Americas [region] Source Type: news

The Latest On Zika: Virus In Bodily Fluids Prompts New Sex Recommendations
On Friday, Brazilian researchers detected Zika virus in saliva and urine for the first time. While it's still too early to say whether the disease can be spread by the fluids, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated its health guidelines for pregnant women to include sexual health recommendations.  The Zika virus, which is spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, is strongly suspected to be linked to a new wave of microcephaly cases in Brazil. Babies born with the birth defect have smaller heads and brains that aren't fully developed, which can result in life-long developmental problems. &nb...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - February 6, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Already Struggling With Dengue, Hawaii Braces Itself For Zika
The mosquito-borne Zika virus could hit Hawaii especially hard if it arrives in the Aloha State, according to an expert from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. While a widespread outbreak of Zika in the Hawaiian islands remains unlikely at the moment, the state is at higher risk because of its tropical climate and large number of foreign travelers. And many experts are voicing serious concerns about the state's ability to handle such an event, should it occur. Hawaii is already battling its largest outbreak of dengue fever since the 1940s, a disease that is carried by the sam...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - February 3, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

What the rise of Zika (and other viruses) might tell us about our planet
Follow me at @JohnRossMD Zika virus, a pathogen that was almost unknown a few months ago, is now rampant in Central and South America and the Caribbean. In Brazil, it has already infected about 1.5 million people and caused nearly 4,000 cases of microcephaly, a severe birth defect. It is almost certain to spread to every country in the Americas, except Canada and Chile, which lack the Aedes mosquitoes that spread Zika. Zika is not the only virus that has come from the tropics to menace the United States. Dengue, an unpleasant and potentially fatal viral infection, has broken out in Texas, Florida and Hawaii in the past 10 ...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - February 3, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: John Ross, MD, FIDSA Tags: Health Infectious diseases Prevention Safety Source Type: news

Zika Virus: Fact Sheets and Posters
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 01/21/2016This resource provides fact sheets and posters about mosquito bite prevention, and dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses that are useful tools for healthcare providers. Fact sheets cover Mosquito Bite Prevention for Travelers, Mosquito Bite Prevention for the United States, and Help Control Mosquitoes that Spread Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika Viruses. Posters address Going to the American Tropics? and Recently in the American Tropics? (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - February 3, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Clip-on device offers protection against mosquitoes that transmit Zika
A new repellent device could be an effective tool for preventing bites from the Aedes aegypti mosquito -- the primary vector of Zika, chikungunya, dengue, and yellow fever -- according to a new article. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - February 2, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Brazil Wages War against Zika Virus on Several Fronts
In the country’s capital, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff oversees one of the military operations against the Aedes Aegypti mosquito carried out at a national level in the last few days to curb the spread of the Zika virus. Credit: Roberto Stuckert Filho/PRBy Mario OsavaRIO DE JANEIRO, Feb 2 2016 (IPS)Brazil is deploying 220,000 troops to wage war against the Zika virus, in response to the alarm caused by the birth of thousands of children with abnormally small heads. But eradicating the Aedes aegypti mosquito requires battles on many fronts, including science and the pharmaceutical industry.The Zika virus, transm...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - February 2, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Mario Osava Tags: Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Headlines Health Latin America & the Caribbean Population Poverty & SDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Brazil cities Science and Technology Zika Virus Source Type: news