Molecules, Vol. 27, Pages 814: Quantitative Estimation of Protein in Sprouts of Vigna radiate (Mung Beans), Lens culinaris (Lentils), and Cicer arietinum (Chickpeas) by Kjeldahl and Lowry Methods
This study aimed to determine the protein contents of the sprouts of Vigna radiates (mung beans), Lens culinaris (lentils), and Cicer arietinum (chickpeas) using the Kjeldahl and Lowry methods. The results obtained from the Kjeldahl method identified protein concentrations of 2.54, 2.63, and 2.19%, whereas the Lowry method results identified protein concentrations of 2.96%, 4.10%, and 1.6% in mung beans, lentils, and chickpeas, respectively. In both the methods, lentils were found to have the highest amount of protein followed by mung beans and chickpeas. Both the Kjeldahl and Lowry methods demonstrated good protein values...
Source: Molecules - January 26, 2022 Category: Chemistry Authors: Nayab Batool Rizvi Samina Aleem Mohammad Rizwan Khan Sadia Ashraf Rosa Busquets Tags: Article Source Type: research

Prospectus of Genomic Selection and Phenomics in Cereal, Legume and Oilseed Breeding Programs
The last decade witnessed an unprecedented increase in the adoption of genomic selection (GS) and phenomics tools in plant breeding programs, especially in major cereal crops. GS has demonstrated the potential for selecting superior genotypes with high precision and accelerating the breeding cycle. Phenomics is a rapidly advancing domain to alleviate phenotyping bottlenecks and explores new large-scale phenotyping and data acquisition methods. In this review, we discuss the lesson learned from GS and phenomics in six self-pollinated crops, primarily focusing on rice, wheat, soybean, common bean, chickpea, and groundnut, an...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - January 21, 2022 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 27, Pages 691: Chickpeas from a Chilean Region Affected by a Climate-Related Catastrophe: Effects of Water Stress on Grain Yield and Flavonoid Composition
This study demonstrates that water stress induces biosynthesis of biochanin A. However, positive changes in the biochanin A concentration are overshadowed by negative changes in the grain yield. Therefore, water stress, which may be worsened by climate change in the upcoming years, may jeopardize both the production of chickpeas and the supply of biochanin A, a bioactive compound that can be used to produce dietary supplements and/or nutraceuticals. (Source: Molecules)
Source: Molecules - January 21, 2022 Category: Chemistry Authors: Adriano Costa de Camargo Hern án Speisky Raquel Bridi Paula N úñez Pizarro Arturo Larena Ana Clara da C. Pinaffi-Langley Fereidoon Shahidi Andr és R. Schwember Tags: Article Source Type: research

Ecological performance of multifunctional pesticide tolerant strains of Mesorhizobium sp. in chickpea with recommended pendimethalin, ready-mix of pendimethalin and imazethpyr, carbendazim and chlorpyrifos application
Arch Microbiol. 2022 Jan 5;204(1):117. doi: 10.1007/s00203-021-02628-5.ABSTRACTThe present study was designed to screen the Mesorhizobium strains (50) for tolerance with four recommended pesticides in chickpea. In-vitro, robust pesticide tolerant strains were developed in pesticides amended media over several generations. Further, verification of the multifunctional traits of pesticide tolerant mesorhizobia under pesticide stress was conducted in-vitro. Among different pesticides, significantly high tolerance in Mesorhizobium strains was observed with recommended doses of pendimethalin (37%) and ready-mix (36%) followed by...
Source: Archives of Microbiology - January 5, 2022 Category: Microbiology Authors: Pallavi Mansotra Poonam Sharma Asmita Sirari Navneet Aggarwal Source Type: research

Chitosan thiamine nanoparticles intervene innate immunomodulation during Chickpea-Fusarium interaction
Int J Biol Macromol. 2021 Dec 25:S0141-8130(21)02735-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2021.12.105. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe present study evaluated the effect of chitosan thiamine nanoparticles (TCNP) on the activation of defence responses in chickpea against stress caused by wilt pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri (FOC), under greenhouse condition. A significant increase in enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants was observed in the TCNP treated chickpea plants challenged with FOC compared to the untreated control. Histochemical staining showed high deposition of lignin in the vascular bundles of chickpea stem...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - December 29, 2021 Category: Biochemistry Authors: M Sathiyabama M Indhumathi Source Type: research

Chitosan thiamine nanoparticles intervene innate immunomodulation during Chickpea-Fusarium interaction
Int J Biol Macromol. 2021 Dec 25;198:11-17. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2021.12.105. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe present study evaluated the effect of chitosan thiamine nanoparticles (TCNP) on the activation of defence responses in chickpea against stress caused by wilt pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri (FOC), under greenhouse condition. A significant increase in enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants was observed in the TCNP treated chickpea plants challenged with FOC compared to the untreated control. Histochemical staining showed high deposition of lignin in the vascular bundles of chickpea stem tissues in ...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - December 29, 2021 Category: Biochemistry Authors: M Sathiyabama M Indhumathi Source Type: research

Dietary habits of lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicota Bengalensis) in an agro-ecosystem, Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan
Braz J Biol. 2021 Dec 20;84:e251410. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.251410. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTDietary habits of bandicoot rats (bandicota bengalensis) were investigated in the agricultural crops of the Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan by analysing stomach contents. The research activities were conducted in major field crops including wheat-groundnut and in the fallow lands during non-crop season at the field boundaries. The specimens were captured from the fields using kill/snap traps, and dissected to collect their stomach samples for laboratory analysis. Light microscopic slides of the plant material were recovered from stomach ...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 21, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: A Baig T Mahmood N Munawar A Saman A Razzaq F Akrim H Fatima M Farooq A A Khan N Irshad Source Type: research

Dietary habits of lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicota Bengalensis) in an agro-ecosystem, Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan
Braz J Biol. 2021 Dec 20;84:e251410. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.251410. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTDietary habits of bandicoot rats (bandicota bengalensis) were investigated in the agricultural crops of the Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan by analysing stomach contents. The research activities were conducted in major field crops including wheat-groundnut and in the fallow lands during non-crop season at the field boundaries. The specimens were captured from the fields using kill/snap traps, and dissected to collect their stomach samples for laboratory analysis. Light microscopic slides of the plant material were recovered from stomach ...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 21, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: A Baig T Mahmood N Munawar A Saman A Razzaq F Akrim H Fatima M Farooq A A Khan N Irshad Source Type: research

Dietary habits of lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicota Bengalensis) in an agro-ecosystem, Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan
Braz J Biol. 2021 Dec 20;84:e251410. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.251410. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTDietary habits of bandicoot rats (bandicota bengalensis) were investigated in the agricultural crops of the Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan by analysing stomach contents. The research activities were conducted in major field crops including wheat-groundnut and in the fallow lands during non-crop season at the field boundaries. The specimens were captured from the fields using kill/snap traps, and dissected to collect their stomach samples for laboratory analysis. Light microscopic slides of the plant material were recovered from stomach ...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 21, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: A Baig T Mahmood N Munawar A Saman A Razzaq F Akrim H Fatima M Farooq A A Khan N Irshad Source Type: research

Dietary habits of lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicota Bengalensis) in an agro-ecosystem, Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan
Braz J Biol. 2021 Dec 20;84:e251410. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.251410. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTDietary habits of bandicoot rats (bandicota bengalensis) were investigated in the agricultural crops of the Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan by analysing stomach contents. The research activities were conducted in major field crops including wheat-groundnut and in the fallow lands during non-crop season at the field boundaries. The specimens were captured from the fields using kill/snap traps, and dissected to collect their stomach samples for laboratory analysis. Light microscopic slides of the plant material were recovered from stomach ...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 21, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: A Baig T Mahmood N Munawar A Saman A Razzaq F Akrim H Fatima M Farooq A A Khan N Irshad Source Type: research

Dietary habits of lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicota Bengalensis) in an agro-ecosystem, Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan
Braz J Biol. 2021 Dec 20;84:e251410. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.251410. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTDietary habits of bandicoot rats (bandicota bengalensis) were investigated in the agricultural crops of the Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan by analysing stomach contents. The research activities were conducted in major field crops including wheat-groundnut and in the fallow lands during non-crop season at the field boundaries. The specimens were captured from the fields using kill/snap traps, and dissected to collect their stomach samples for laboratory analysis. Light microscopic slides of the plant material were recovered from stomach ...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 21, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: A Baig T Mahmood N Munawar A Saman A Razzaq F Akrim H Fatima M Farooq A A Khan N Irshad Source Type: research

Dietary habits of lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicota Bengalensis) in an agro-ecosystem, Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan
Braz J Biol. 2021 Dec 20;84:e251410. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.251410. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTDietary habits of bandicoot rats (bandicota bengalensis) were investigated in the agricultural crops of the Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan by analysing stomach contents. The research activities were conducted in major field crops including wheat-groundnut and in the fallow lands during non-crop season at the field boundaries. The specimens were captured from the fields using kill/snap traps, and dissected to collect their stomach samples for laboratory analysis. Light microscopic slides of the plant material were recovered from stomach ...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 21, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: A Baig T Mahmood N Munawar A Saman A Razzaq F Akrim H Fatima M Farooq A A Khan N Irshad Source Type: research

Dietary habits of lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicota Bengalensis) in an agro-ecosystem, Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan
Braz J Biol. 2021 Dec 20;84:e251410. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.251410. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTDietary habits of bandicoot rats (bandicota bengalensis) were investigated in the agricultural crops of the Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan by analysing stomach contents. The research activities were conducted in major field crops including wheat-groundnut and in the fallow lands during non-crop season at the field boundaries. The specimens were captured from the fields using kill/snap traps, and dissected to collect their stomach samples for laboratory analysis. Light microscopic slides of the plant material were recovered from stomach ...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 21, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: A Baig T Mahmood N Munawar A Saman A Razzaq F Akrim H Fatima M Farooq A A Khan N Irshad Source Type: research

Dietary habits of lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicota Bengalensis) in an agro-ecosystem, Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan
Braz J Biol. 2021 Dec 20;84:e251410. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.251410. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTDietary habits of bandicoot rats (bandicota bengalensis) were investigated in the agricultural crops of the Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan by analysing stomach contents. The research activities were conducted in major field crops including wheat-groundnut and in the fallow lands during non-crop season at the field boundaries. The specimens were captured from the fields using kill/snap traps, and dissected to collect their stomach samples for laboratory analysis. Light microscopic slides of the plant material were recovered from stomach ...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 21, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: A Baig T Mahmood N Munawar A Saman A Razzaq F Akrim H Fatima M Farooq A A Khan N Irshad Source Type: research

Dietary habits of lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicota Bengalensis) in an agro-ecosystem, Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan
Braz J Biol. 2021 Dec 20;84:e251410. doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.251410. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTDietary habits of bandicoot rats (bandicota bengalensis) were investigated in the agricultural crops of the Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan by analysing stomach contents. The research activities were conducted in major field crops including wheat-groundnut and in the fallow lands during non-crop season at the field boundaries. The specimens were captured from the fields using kill/snap traps, and dissected to collect their stomach samples for laboratory analysis. Light microscopic slides of the plant material were recovered from stomach ...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 21, 2021 Category: Biology Authors: A Baig T Mahmood N Munawar A Saman A Razzaq F Akrim H Fatima M Farooq A A Khan N Irshad Source Type: research