Linkage QTL Mapping and Genome-Wide Association Study on Resistance in Chickpea to Pythium ultimum
The objective of this study was to identify genetic markers and candidate genes associated with resistance to P. ultimum in an interspecific recombinant inbred line population (CRIL-7) derived from a cross between C. reticulatum (PI 599072) x C. arietinum (FLIP 84-92C) and conduct genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for disease resistance using a chickpea diversity panel consisting of 184 accessions. CRIL-7 was examined using 1029 SNP markers spanning eight linkage groups. A major QTL, “qpsd4-1,” was detected on LG 4 that explained 41.8% of phenotypic variance, and a minor QTL, “qpsd8-1,” was detected on LG8 tha...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - August 15, 2022 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Development of High Yielding Fusarium Wilt Resistant Cultivar by Pyramiding of “Genes” Through Marker-Assisted Backcrossing in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
Pusa 391, a mega desi chickpea variety with medium maturity duration is extensively cultivated in the Central Zone of India. Of late, this variety has become susceptible to Fusarium wilt (FW), which has drastic impact on its yield. Presence of variability in the wilt causing pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceri (foc) across geographical locations necessitates the role of pyramiding for FW resistance for different races (foc 1,2,3,4 and 5). Subsequently, the introgression lines developed in Pusa 391 genetic background were subjected to foreground selection using three SSR markers (GA16, TA 27 and TA 96) while 48 SSR ma...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - August 5, 2022 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Influence of abiotic factors (water activity and temperature) on growth and aflatoxin production by Aspergillus flavus in a chickpea-based medium
This study provides useful baseline data on conditions representing a high and a low risk for contamination of chickpea by aflatoxins which is of greater concern because this pulse is destined mainly for human consumption.PMID:35926400 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2022.109841 (Source: International Journal of Food Microbiology)
Source: International Journal of Food Microbiology - August 4, 2022 Category: Food Science Authors: Cindy Johana Romero Donato Eugenia Cendoya Luisina Delma Demonte Mar ía Rosa Repetti Sof ía Noemí Chulze Mar ía Laura Ramirez Source Type: research

Influence of abiotic factors (water activity and temperature) on growth and aflatoxin production by Aspergillus flavus in a chickpea-based medium
This study provides useful baseline data on conditions representing a high and a low risk for contamination of chickpea by aflatoxins which is of greater concern because this pulse is destined mainly for human consumption.PMID:35926400 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2022.109841 (Source: International Journal of Food Microbiology)
Source: International Journal of Food Microbiology - August 4, 2022 Category: Food Science Authors: Cindy Johana Romero Donato Eugenia Cendoya Luisina Delma Demonte Mar ía Rosa Repetti Sof ía Noemí Chulze Mar ía Laura Ramirez Source Type: research

Exploring Chickpea Germplasm Diversity for Broadening the Genetic Base Utilizing Genomic Resourses
Legume crops provide significant nutrition to humans as a source of protein, omega-3 fatty acids as well as specific macro and micronutrients. Additionally, legumes improve the cropping environment by replenishing the soil nitrogen content. Chickpeas are the second most significant staple legume food crop worldwide behind dry bean which contains 17%–24% protein, 41%–51% carbohydrate, and other important essential minerals, vitamins, dietary fiber, folate, β-carotene, anti-oxidants, micronutrients (phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc) as well as linoleic and oleic unsaturated fatty acids. Despite these advan...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - August 4, 2022 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

[ASAP] Modeling the Thermal Denaturation of the Protein –Water System in Pulses (Lentils, Beans, and Chickpeas)
Journal of Agricultural and Food ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.2c03553 (Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry)
Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry - August 3, 2022 Category: Food Science Authors: Charlotte Lefe ̀vre, Philippe Bohuon, Valérie Lullien-Pellerin, and Christian Mestres Source Type: research

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Seeds as a Reservoir of Endophytic Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria
This study aimed to isolate, identify and characterize culturable endophytic bacteria from chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seeds. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rDNA showed that the endophytic bacteria belong to the genera Mesorhizobium, Burkholderia, Bacillus, Priestia, Paenibacillus, Alcaligenes, Acinetobacter, Rahnella, Enterobacter, Tsukamurella, and Microbacterium. The most frequently observed genus was Bacillus; however, rhizobia typically associated with chickpea roots were also found, which is a novel finding of this study. Siderophore production and phosphorus solubilization were the most widespread plant growth...
Source: Current Microbiology - July 30, 2022 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sara S Laranjeira Isabel G Alves Guilhermina Marques Source Type: research

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Seeds as a Reservoir of Endophytic Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria
This study aimed to isolate, identify and characterize culturable endophytic bacteria from chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seeds. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rDNA showed that the endophytic bacteria belong to the genera Mesorhizobium, Burkholderia, Bacillus, Priestia, Paenibacillus, Alcaligenes, Acinetobacter, Rahnella, Enterobacter, Tsukamurella, and Microbacterium. The most frequently observed genus was Bacillus; however, rhizobia typically associated with chickpea roots were also found, which is a novel finding of this study. Siderophore production and phosphorus solubilization were the most widespread plant growth...
Source: Current Microbiology - July 30, 2022 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sara S Laranjeira Isabel G Alves Guilhermina Marques Source Type: research

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Seeds as a Reservoir of Endophytic Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria
This study aimed to isolate, identify and characterize culturable endophytic bacteria from chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seeds. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rDNA showed that the endophytic bacteria belong to the genera Mesorhizobium, Burkholderia, Bacillus, Priestia, Paenibacillus, Alcaligenes, Acinetobacter, Rahnella, Enterobacter, Tsukamurella, and Microbacterium. The most frequently observed genus was Bacillus; however, rhizobia typically associated with chickpea roots were also found, which is a novel finding of this study. Siderophore production and phosphorus solubilization were the most widespread plant growth...
Source: Current Microbiology - July 30, 2022 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sara S Laranjeira Isabel G Alves Guilhermina Marques Source Type: research

Epigenomics as Potential Tools for Enhancing Magnitude of Breeding Approaches for Developing Climate Resilient Chickpea
Epigenomics has become a significant research interest at a time when rapid environmental changes are occurring. Epigenetic mechanisms mainly result from systems like DNA methylation, histone modification, and RNA interference. Epigenetic mechanisms are gaining importance in classical genetics, developmental biology, molecular biology, cancer biology, epidemiology, and evolution. Epigenetic mechanisms play important role in the action and interaction of plant genes during development, and also have an impact on classical plant breeding programs, inclusive of novel variation, single plant heritability, hybrid vigor, plant-e...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - July 22, 2022 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

The Complete Chloroplast Genome Sequence of < em > Cicer bijugum < /em > , Genome Organization, and Comparison with Related Species
CONCLUSION: It is aimed that the data obtained from this study, which is the first study in which whole chloroplast genomes of wild chickpea species were sequenced, will guide researchers in future molecular, evolutionary, and genetic engineering studies with chickpea species.PMID:35814936 | PMC:PMC9199535 | DOI:10.2174/1389202923666220211113708 (Source: Current Genomics)
Source: Current Genomics - July 11, 2022 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Melih Temel Yasin Kaymaz Duygu Ate ş Abdullah Kahraman Muhammed Bahattin Tanyola ç Source Type: research