Effect of added psyllium and food enzymes on quality attributes and shelf life of chickpea-based gluten-free bread
Publication date: Available online 7 August 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Fernanda G. Santos, Etiene V. Aguiar, Ana Carolina L.S. Centeno, Cristina M. Rosell, Vanessa D. Capriles (Source: LWT Food Science and Technology)
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - August 13, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Development of a rapid and efficient protoplast isolation and transfection method for Chickpea (Cicer arietinum)
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2020Source: MethodsXAuthor(s): Ninghui Cheng, Paul A. Nakata (Source: MethodsX)
Source: MethodsX - August 13, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Black Beans and Red Kidney Beans Induce Positive Postprandial Vascular Responses in Health Adults: A Pilot Randomized Cross-over Study
The objective of this study was to compare different bean varieties (black, navy, pinto, red kidney) and white rice for their acute postprandial effects on vascular and metabolic responses in healthy individuals. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - August 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jaime L. Clark, Carla G. Taylor, Peter Zahradka Source Type: research

Proteomic responses to progressive dehydration stress in leaves of chickpea seedlings
Chickpea is an important food legume crop with high protein levels that is widely grown in rainfed areas prone to drought stress. Using an integrated approach, we describe the relative changes in some physiolo... (Source: BMC Genomics)
Source: BMC Genomics - July 29, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Saeedreza Vessal, Mohammad Arefian and Kadambot H. M. Siddique Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Fermentation of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and coconut (Coccus nucifera L.) beverages by Lactobacillus paracasei subsp paracasei LBC 81: The influence of sugar content on growth and stability during storage
Publication date: October 2020Source: LWT, Volume 132Author(s): Maria Carolina Mesquita, Eliana dos Santos Leandro, Ernandes Rodrigues de Alencar, Raquel Braz Assunção Botelho (Source: LWT Food Science and Technology)
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - July 22, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Reference Genome Assembly for Australian Ascochyta rabiei Isolate ArME14
Ascochyta rabiei is the causal organism of ascochyta blight of chickpea and is present in chickpea crops worldwide. Here we report the release of a high-quality PacBio genome assembly for the Australian A. rabiei isolate ArME14. We compare the ArME14 genome assembly with an Illumina assembly for Indian A. rabiei isolate, ArD2. The ArME14 assembly has gapless sequences for nine chromosomes with telomere sequences at both ends and 13 large contig sequences that extend to one telomere. The total length of the ArME14 assembly was 40,927,385 bp, which was 6.26 Mb longer than the ArD2 assembly. Division of the genome by Occulter...
Source: G3: Genes Genomes Genetics - July 7, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Shah, R. M., Williams, A. H., Hane, J. K., Lawrence, J. A., Farfan-Caceres, L. M., Debler, J. W., Oliver, R. P., Lee, R. C. Tags: Genome Report Source Type: research

Inhibition of multiple defense responsive pathways by CaWRKY70 transcription factor promotes susceptibility in chickpea under Fusarium oxysporum stress condition
Suppression and activation of plant defense genes is comprehensively regulated by WRKY family transcription factors. Chickpea, the non-model crop legume suffers from wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cicer... (Source: BMC Plant Biology)
Source: BMC Plant Biology - July 6, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Joydeep Chakraborty, Senjuti Sen, Prithwi Ghosh, Akansha Jain and Sampa Das Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Genomic diversity of chickpea-nodulating rhizobia in Ningxia (north central China) and gene flow within symbiotic Mesorhizobium muleiense populations.
Abstract Diversity and taxonomic affiliation of chickpea rhizobia were investigated from Ningxia in north central China and their genomic relationships were compared with those from northwestern adjacent regions (Gansu and Xinjiang). Rhizobia were isolated from root-nodules after trapping by chickpea grown in soils from a single site of Ningxia and typed by IGS PCR-RFLP. Representative strains were phylogenetically analyzed on the basis of the 16S rRNA, housekeeping (atpD, recA and glnII) and symbiosis (nodC and nifH) genes. Genetic differentiation and gene flow were estimated among the chickpea microsymbionts fro...
Source: Systematic and Applied Microbiology - July 1, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Zhang J, Peng S, Shang Y, Brunel B, Li S, Zhao Y, Liu Y, Chen W, Wang E, Singh RP, James EK Tags: Syst Appl Microbiol Source Type: research

Discovery of Intake Biomarkers of Lentils, Chickpeas, and White Beans by Untargeted LC –MS Metabolomics in Serum and Urine
ConclusionsThe results of the present untargeted metabolomics work reveals a broad list of metabolites that are candidates for use as biomarkers of pulse intake. Further studies are needed to validate these BFIs and to find the best combinations of them to boost their specificity. (Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research)
Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research - June 22, 2020 Category: Food Science Authors: Mar Garcia ‐Aloy, Marynka Ulaszewska, Pietro Franceschi, Sheila Estruel‐Amades, Christoph H. Weinert, Alba Tor‐Roca, Mireia Urpi‐Sarda, Fulvio Mattivi, Cristina Andres‐Lacueva Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Genotype-dependent responses of chickpea to high temperature and moderately increased light
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2020Source: Plant Physiology and BiochemistryAuthor(s): Rong Zhou, Xiaqing Yu, Sijie Huang, Xiaoming Song, Eva Rosenqvist, Carl-Otto Ottosen (Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry)
Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry - June 21, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Molecular analysis of the dominant lactic acid bacteria of chickpea liquid starters and doughs and propagation of chickpea sourdoughs with selected Weissella confusa.
Abstract Fermented chickpea liquid is used as a leavening agent in chickpea bread production. In the present study, traditional chickpea liquid starter and dough samples were collected from bakeries in Turkey and microbiologically investigated. Culture-independent analysis for microbiota diversity, performed by MiSeq Illumina, identified Clostridium perfringens as major group in all samples, while Weissella spp. Dominated LAB community. A culture-dependent methodology was applied and 141 isolates were confirmed to be members of the LAB group based on 16s rRNA gene sequence analysis. In particular, 11 differen...
Source: Food Microbiology - June 18, 2020 Category: Food Science Authors: Boyaci Gunduz CP, Gaglio R, Franciosi E, Settanni L, Erten H Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research

Legume and Nuts Consumption in Relation to Odds of Breast Cancer: A Case-Control Study.
This study aimed to investigate the relation between legume and nuts intake in relation to breast cancer in Iranian women. In this population-based case-control study, we enrolled 350 pathologically confirmed new cases of breast cancer and 700 controls which were matched with cases in terms of age and socioeconomic status. Dietary intakes were assessed using a validated block-format 168-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Legume intake was computed by summing up the consumption of lentils, peas, chickpeas, and different kinds of beans, including red beans and pinto beans. To calculate nuts consumption, we ...
Source: Nutrition and Cancer - June 1, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Sharif Y, Sadeghi O, Benisi-Kohansal S, Azadbakht L, Esmaillzadeh A Tags: Nutr Cancer Source Type: research

Are legume-based recipes an appropiate source of nutrients for healthy aging? A prospective cohort study.
F, Lopez-Garcia E Abstract Although legumes are rich in protein and fiber, and low in saturated fat and sodium, traditional legume-based recipes include substantial amounts of processed meat, salt and potatoes, which could counteract the potential benefits of legumes. This prospective study aimed to assess the longitudinal association of consumption of different types of legumes, and traditional legume-based recipes, with unhealthy aging in older adults. Data were taken from 2505 individuals aged ≥60 years from the Seniors-ENRICA cohort. Habitual legume consumption was assessed in 2008-2010 with a validated die...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - June 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Caballero FF, Ballesteros JM, García-Esquinas E, Struijk EA, Ortolá R, Rodríguez-Artalejo F, Lopez-Garcia E Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Biological control of Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in stored chickpeas through the release of natural enemies
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2020Source: Biological ControlAuthor(s): Rey D. Iturralde-García, Jordi Riudavets, Cristina Castañé (Source: Biological Control)
Source: Biological Control - May 29, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Genomic and Expression Analysis Indicate the Involvement of Phospholipase C family in Abiotic Stress Signaling in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum).
Abstract Phospholipase C proteins are phospholipid hydrolysing enzymes and crucial components of abiotic stress triggered lipid signaling in plants. PLCs are implicated in plant reaction to drought, salinity, and cold stress responses, however, characterization of the PLC family in the legume crop chickpea is missing. Here, we identify and describe nine PLC encoding genes in the chickpea genome. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the chickpea PLC family has evolved through a common path in dicots. Subcellular localization of fluorescence tagged proteins confirmed cytoplasmic and plasma membrane bound forms of PLCs ...
Source: Gene - May 23, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Sagar S, Kumar Biswas D, Singh A Tags: Gene Source Type: research

Discovery of Intake Biomarkers of Lentils, Chickpeas and White Beans by Untargeted LC ‐MS Metabolomics in Serum and Urine
ConclusionsThe results of the present untargeted metabolomics work revealed a broad list of metabolites that are candidates for use as biomarkers of pulse intake. Further studies are needed to validate these BFIs and to find the best combinations of them to boost their specificity.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research)
Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research - May 18, 2020 Category: Food Science Authors: Mar Garcia ‐Aloy, Marynka Ulaszewska, Pietro Franceschi, Sheila Estruel‐Amades, Christoph H. Weinert, Alba Tor‐Roca, Mireia Urpi‐Sarda, Fulvio Mattivi, Cristina Andres‐Lacueva Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Effect of high intensity ultrasound on physicochemical, interfacial and gel properties of chickpea protein isolate
Publication date: Available online 11 May 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Yuntao Wang, Yingjuan Wang, Ke Li, Yanhong Bai, Bin Li, Wei Xu (Source: LWT Food Science and Technology)
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - May 13, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Quality characterization of gluten free noodles enriched with chickpea protein isolate
Publication date: Available online 11 May 2020Source: Food BioscienceAuthor(s): Sajad Ahmad Sofi, Jagmohan Singh, Navnidhi Chhikara, Anil Panghal, Yoesh Gat (Source: Food Bioscience)
Source: Food Bioscience - May 11, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Effect of partial replacement of wheat flour with sprouted chickpea flours with or without selenium on physicochemical, sensory, antioxidant and protein quality of yeast-leavened breads
Publication date: Available online 3 May 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Daniela Guardado-Félix, Marco A. Lazo-Vélez, Esther Pérez-Carrillo, Diego Esteban Panata-Saquicili, Sergio O. Serna-Saldívar (Source: LWT Food Science and Technology)
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - May 4, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Development of novel plant-based milk based on chickpea and coconut
Publication date: Available online 28 April 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Luana Rincon Arruda Daguer Damasceno, Raquel Braz Assunção Botelho, Ernandes Rodrigues de Alencar (Source: LWT Food Science and Technology)
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - April 29, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Functional properties of chickpea protein-pectin interfacial complex in buriti oil emulsions and spray dried microcapsules
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2020Source: Food HydrocolloidsAuthor(s): Poliana Moser, Vânia Regina Nicoletti, Stephan Drusch, Monika Brückner-Gühmann (Source: Food Hydrocolloids)
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - April 25, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Selection and screening of drought tolerant high yielding chickpea genotypes based on physio-biochemical indices and multi-environmental yield trials
Chickpea is one of the major legume crops being cultivated in the arid and semi-arid regions of Pakistan. It is mainly grown on the marginal areas where, terminal drought stress is one of the serious threats t... (Source: BMC Plant Biology)
Source: BMC Plant Biology - April 17, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Tariq Mahmud Shah, Muhammad Imran, Babar Manzoor Atta, M. Yasin Ashraf, Amjad Hameed, Irem Waqar, M. Shafiq, Khalid Hussain, M. Naveed, M. Aslam and Muhammad Amir Maqbool Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 1702: Role of Ascorbic acid, Glutathione and Proline Applied as Singly or in Sequence Combination in Improving Chickpea Plant through Physiological Change and Antioxidant Defense under Different Levels of Irrigation Intervals
In conclusion, The sequence combination of antioxidants and proline caused improvement in plant growth under drought stress by up-regulating the antioxidant defense system and osmolyte synthesis. (Source: Molecules)
Source: Molecules - April 8, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: Hossam S. El-Beltagi Heba I. Mohamed Mahmoud R. Sofy Tags: Article Source Type: research

Integrating genomics for chickpea improvement: achievements and opportunities.
Abstract KEY MESSAGE: Integration of genomic technologies with breeding efforts have been used in recent years for chickpea improvement. Modern breeding along with low cost genotyping platforms have potential to further accelerate chickpea improvement efforts. The implementation of novel breeding technologies is expected to contribute substantial improvements in crop productivity. While conventional breeding methods have led to development of more than 200 improved chickpea varieties in the past, still there is ample scope to increase productivity. It is predicted that integration of modern genomic resources ...
Source: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics - April 6, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Roorkiwal M, Bharadwaj C, Barmukh R, Dixit GP, Thudi M, Gaur PM, Chaturvedi SK, Fikre A, Hamwieh A, Kumar S, Sachdeva S, Ojiewo CO, Tar'an B, Wordofa NG, Singh NP, Siddique KHM, Varshney RK Tags: Theor Appl Genet Source Type: research

Harnessing chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed endophytes for enhancing plant growth attributes and bio-controlling against Fusarium sp
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2020Source: Microbiological ResearchAuthor(s): Arpan Mukherjee, Brajesh Singh, Jay Prakash Verma (Source: Microbiological Research)
Source: Microbiological Research - March 21, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 1383: State-of-the-Art Production Chains for Peas, Beans and Chickpeas —Valorization of Agro-Industrial Residues and Applications of Derived Extracts
Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 1383: State-of-the-Art Production Chains for Peas, Beans and Chickpeas—Valorization of Agro-Industrial Residues and Applications of Derived Extracts Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules25061383 Authors: Annalisa Tassoni Tullia Tedeschi Chiara Zurlini Ilaria Maria Cigognini Janos-Istvan Petrusan Óscar Rodríguez Simona Neri Annamaria Celli Laura Sisti Patrizia Cinelli Francesca Signori Georgios Tsatsos Marika Bondi Stefanie Verstringe Geert Bruggerman Philippe F. X. Corvini The world is confronted with the depletion of natural resources due to th...
Source: Molecules - March 18, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: Annalisa Tassoni Tullia Tedeschi Chiara Zurlini Ilaria Maria Cigognini Janos-Istvan Petrusan Óscar Rodríguez Simona Neri Annamaria Celli Laura Sisti Patrizia Cinelli Francesca Signori Georgios Tsatsos Marika Bondi Stefanie Verstringe Geert Bruggerman Ph Tags: Review Source Type: research

Genome-wide analysis of glutathione S-transferase gene family in chickpea suggests its role during seed development and abiotic stress.
Abstract Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are multifunctional proteins that help in oxidative stress metabolism and detoxification of xenobiotic compounds. Studies pertaining to GST gene family have been undertaken in various plant species, however no information is available with respect to GST genes in chickpea. In the current study, we identified a total of 51 GST encoding genes in chickpea (CaGST) genome. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that GST gene family can be divided into eleven distinct classes. Tau and phi were the major classes in chickpea and one third of the CaGST genes represented segmental duplicat...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - March 17, 2020 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Ghangal R, Rajkumar MS, Garg R, Jain M Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research

Integrated seed proteome and phosphoproteome analyses reveal interplay of nutrient dynamics, carbon ‐nitrogen partitioning and oxidative signaling in chickpea
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Proteomics)
Source: Proteomics - March 11, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Arunima Sinha, Toshiba Haider, Kanika Narula, Sudip Ghosh, Niranjan Chakraborty, Subhra Chakraborty Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Revealing the complexity of protein abundance in chickpea root under drought-stress using a comparative proteomics approach
Publication date: Available online 6 March 2020Source: Plant Physiology and BiochemistryAuthor(s): Swati Gupta, Shashank Kumar Mishra, Sankalp Misra, Vivek Pandey, Lalit Agrawal, Chandra Shekhar Nautiyal, Puneet Singh Chauhan (Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry)
Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry - March 7, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

GSE146427 The preceding root system drives the rhizosphere microbiome
Conclusions: The study describes the diversity and functional capacity of a high-quality soil microbial metagenome. The results demonstrate the contribution of the microbiome from decaying root in determining the metagenome of developing root systems, which is fundamental to plant growth, since roots preferentially inhabit previous root channels. Modifications in root microbial function through soil management, can ultimately govern plant health, productivity and food security. (Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus)
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - March 6, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Other soil metagenome Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 1450: Image-Based Phenotyping of Flowering Intensity in Cool-Season Crops
In this study, we evaluated multiple imaging sensors (RGB and multiple multispectral cameras), image resolution (proximal/remote sensing at 1.6 to 30 m above ground level/AGL), and image processing (standard and unsupervised learning) techniques in monitoring flowering intensity of four cool-season crops (canola, camelina, chickpea, and pea) to enhance the accuracy and efficiency in quantifying flowering traits. The features (flower area, percentage of flower area with respect to canopy area) extracted from proximal (1.6–2.2 m AGL) RGB and multispectral (with near infrared, green and blue band) image data wer...
Source: Sensors - March 6, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Chongyuan Zhang Wilson A. Craine Rebecca J. McGee George J. Vandemark James B. Davis Jack Brown Scot H. Hulbert Sindhuja Sankaran Tags: Article Source Type: research

Effects of Heat stress and molecular mitigation approaches in orphan legume, Chickpea.
Abstract Global warming has an adverse impact on agriculture and food security is in doldrums around the world. A sharp increase in the temperature of earth is expected and may lead to ~ 1.8-4 °C rise in average earth temperature by the year 2100. Thus, heat stress is a critical factor for plant growth development and crop yield. Chickpea, which is an important leguminous crop and rich source of proteins is also a heat sensitive crop but high temperature exceeding 35 °C inhibit its productivity. Climate-smart agriculture seems to be a plausible approach to minimize the drastic ...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - March 4, 2020 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Kumari P, Rastogi A, Yadav S Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research

Effect of topical chickpea oil (Cicer arietinum L.) on knee osteoarthritis: A randomized double-blind controlled clinical trial
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: European Journal of Integrative MedicineAuthor(s): Mitra Abbasifard, Rahele Zareshahi (Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - February 26, 2020 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Gluten free cookies from rice-chickpea composite flour using exudate gums from acacia, apricot and karaya
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Food BioscienceAuthor(s): Afshan Mumtaz Hamdani, Idrees Ahmed Wani, Naseer Ahmad BhatAbstractCookies free from gluten were developed using rice-chickpea composite flour with added exudate gums of acacia, apricot or karaya. The proximate composition of rice, chickpea and their composite flours was measured. Pasting properties of samples with and without the added gums at two test concentrations (0.5 and 1.0 g/100 g) were studied using a Rapid Visco Analyser. Dough formulations were developed and subjected to rheological and antioxidant analysis. Following baking...
Source: Food Bioscience - February 22, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Understanding genotypic variation and identification of promising genotypes for iron and zinc content in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
The objective was to understand heritable variation for zinc and iron in a diverse panel of 402 germplasm at two locations. Zinc and iron contents ranged from 1.10 – 5.91 mg/100 g to 0.50 – 8.54 mg/100 g, respectively and are comparable to some of the best biofortified crops of Harvest Plus target levels. Chickpea cultivars released for commercial cultivation were found to contain higher amounts of grain zinc and iron at both the locations. Analysis of phytic acid in cultivars with higher mineral contents showed negative correlation with zinc and iron. Heera, H82-2 and H214 for Zn; a...
Source: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - February 19, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Effects of extrusion processing and gum content on physicochemical, microstructural and nutritional properties of fermented chickpea-based extrudates
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Sibel Yağci, Aylin Altan, Faruk DoğanAbstractThe incorporation of legumes in convenient and healthy food products is one way for increasing their consumptions. However, developing of new products with high content of legume flour is limited due to their beany flavor. To overcome this issue, in the present study, fermentation of chickpeas with baker's yeast and yoghurt culture was used as a potential approach to improve the sensory and nutritional properties of the final extruded product. Fermented chickpea blends were extruded through a co-rotating ...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - February 13, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Controlling dough rheology and structural characteristics of chickpea-wheat composite flour-based noodles with different levels of Artemisia sphaerocephala Krasch. gum addition.
Abstract The effect of Artemisia sphaerocephala Krasch. gum (ASKG) addition on the dough performance and structural characteristics of the wheat-chickpea composite flour-based product was studied. The low levels of ASKG addition (0.03-0.5%) tended to cause a remarkable increase in the viscoelastic properties of the composite dough system, followed by a decreased trend at higher level of gum addition (0.8%). This trend was in agreement with the variations found for cooking loss, free -SH content, and relative crystallinity measured by X-ray diffractometer for dough samples. The confocal laser scanning micrographs (...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - February 11, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Jia F, Ma Z, Hu X Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

Analysis of Zinc and Chromium in Grain Samples Using Ionic Liquid-Based Ultrasound-Assisted Microextraction Followed by Flame-AAS After Microwave Digestion.
Abstract A simple, rapid and eco-friendly microextraction method was developed for the determination and preconcentration of zinc (Zn) and chromium (Cr) from grain products by ultrasonic-assisted ionic liquid dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (UA-IL-DLLME) combined with flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Quercetin (2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one dihydrate) was used for the complexation of Zn(II) and Cr(III) ions at different pHs. The 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium bis[(trifluoromethyl) sulfonyl]imide ([Hmim][NTf2] and acetonitrile were used as extraction solvent and dispers...
Source: Biological Trace Element Research - February 10, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Elik A, Demirbas A, Altunay N Tags: Biol Trace Elem Res Source Type: research

Heat transfer in breaded and non-breaded chicken nuggets baked in a pilot-scale radiant wall oven
Publication date: Available online 3 February 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): E. Ozen, R.K. SinghAbstractA pilot-scale radiant wall oven (RWO) was used for baking chicken nuggets, some breaded with different coatings, and also non-breaded. Overall and radiant heat transfer coefficients were calculated at the surface of nuggets based on the experimental temperature and heat flux measurements. The baking temperatures ranged between 347 °C and 407 °C with different processing times. The non-breaded nuggets had higher heat flux and the radiant heat transfer coefficients, 46897 ± 429 W/m2 and 151.1 W/m2K, t...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - February 4, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Antioxidant phytochemicals in pulses and their relation to human health: A Review.
Ruiz V, Morales P Abstract Pulses are staple foods cultivated since ancient times, which play an important role in the human diet. From a nutritional point of view, pulses are very interesting foods as they are rich in proteins, carbohydrates and dietary fiber. Dietary antioxidants are a complex mixture of hydrophilic and lipophilic compounds usually present in foods of plant origin, including pulses. In the present study, the phytochemical composition of selected pulses (common beans, fava beans, lentils, chickpeas, peas and lupins) have been reviewed in terms of their content of antioxidant compounds. The conten...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - February 3, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Ciudad-Mulero M, Matallana-González MC, Cámara M, Fernádez-Ruiz V, Morales P Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research

Erratum to 'Comparative phylogenetic analysis of aquaporins provides insight into the gene family expansion and evolution in plants and their role in drought tolerant and susceptible chickpea cultivars' [Genomics, volume 112, issue 1(2020) Pages 263-275].
PMID: 32029329 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Genomics)
Source: Genomics - February 3, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Hussain A, Tanveer R, Azeem F, Mustafa G, Farooq M, Amin I, Mansoor S Tags: Genomics Source Type: research

Transglutaminase modifies the physical stability and digestibility of chickpea protein-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions
This study sought to utilize enzymatic crosslinking to modulate the properties of chickpea-stabilized o/w emulsions and determine its effect on digestibility. Oil-in water emulsions were produced from 40% corn oil and 6% chickpea protein (w/w) with/without addition of transglutaminase (TG). Crosslinking increased the particle size and poly-dispersity, and led to the formation of a gel-like structure (G'>G″) with 1.5 order of magnitude higher G’ compared to the non-crosslinked emulsion. Enzyme addition improved the emulsion physical stability (over a month) compared to the non-crosslinked emulsion that showed...
Source: Food Chemistry - January 30, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Over-expression of chickpea glutaredoxin (CaGrx) provides tolerance to heavy metals by reducing metal accumulation and improved physiological and antioxidant defence system.
Abstract Glutaredoxins (Grxs) are small multifunctional redox proteins. Grxs have glutathione-dependent oxidoreductase activity in the presence of glutathione reductase and NADPH. The role of Grxs is well studied in heavy metal tolerance in prokaryotic and mammalian systems but not in plant genera. In the present study, a chickpea glutaredoxin (CaGrx) gene (LOC101493651) has been investigated against metal stress based on its primary screening in chickpea which revealed higher up-regulation of CaGrx gene under various heavy metals (AsIII-25 μM, AsV-250 μM, Cr(VI)-300 μM, and Cd-500 &mu...
Source: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety - January 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kumar A, Dubey AK, Kumar V, Ansari MA, Narayan S, Meenakshi, Kumar S, Pandey V, Shirke PA, Pande V, Sanyal I Tags: Ecotoxicol Environ Saf Source Type: research

Integrated control of dry root rot of chickpea caused by Rhizoctoniabataticola under the natural field condition
Publication date: March 2020Source: Biotechnology Reports, Volume 25Author(s): Abdul Khaliq, Sartaj Alam, Irfan Ullah Khan, Dilawar Khan, Shakela Naz, Yaxin Zhang, Assar Ali ShahAbstractThe study investigated the effect of three fungicides Bavistin®, Aliette®, and Biomagic® at the rate of 2 g/L were tested In vitro and In vivo to control dry root rot and their impact on yield were evaluated at the rate of 4 g/L against R. bataticola while varieties used were Karak-1, Karak-2, Karak-3, and Sheenghar. Disease severity was recorded lowest (19 %) and highest yield (1467 Kg/ha), plant height (47.5 cm), number of pod...
Source: Biotechnology Reports - January 23, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Integrated control of dry root rot of chickpea caused by Rhizoctonia Bataticola under the natural field condition
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Biotechnology ReportsAuthor(s): Abdul Khaliq, Sartaj Alam, Irfan Ullah Khan, Dilawar Khan, Shakela Naz, Yaxin Zhang, Assar Ali ShahAbstractThe study investigated the effect of three fungicides Bavistin®, Aliette®, and Biomagic® at the rate of 2 g/L were tested In vitro and In vivo to control dry root rot and their impact on yield were evaluated at the rate of 4 g/L against R. bataticola while varieties used were Karak-1, Karak-2, Karak-3, and Sheenghar. Disease severity was recorded lowest (19%) and highest yield (1467 Kg/ha), plant height ...
Source: Biotechnology Reports - January 21, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Changes in odor characteristics of pulse protein isolates from germinated chickpea, lentil, and yellow pea: role of lipoxygenase and free radicals
In this study, pulse protein isolates (PPIs) were extracted from 0, 1, 3, and 5 days germinated chickpea, lentil, and yellow pea flours by alkaline extraction–isoelectric precipitation method. The germination time had negligible impact on the proximate composition of PPIs. In total, 67 volatiles in PPIs were identified via HS-SPME–GC–MS/O. Among all the identified volatile components, seven of them, including hexanal (11), (E)-2-octen-1-ol (7), (E,Z)-2,6-nonadienal (17), 3-octen-2-one (33), 3,5-octadien-2-one (34), 2-methoxy-3-isopropylpyrazine (56), and 2-methoxy-3-(1-methylpropyl)pyrazine (57), contribu...
Source: Food Chemistry - January 11, 2020 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Amelioration effect of chromium-tolerant bacteria on growth, physiological properties and chromium mobilization in chickpea (Cicer arietinum) under chromium stress.
In this study, chromium (Cr)-tolerant bacteria were test for their efficiency in alleviating Cr stress in Cicer arietinum plants. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene analysis, the isolates were identified belonging to genus Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Bacillus thuringiensis B. cereus, and B. subtilis. The strains produced a considerable amount of indole-3-acetic acid in a medium supplemented with tryptophan. The strains also showed siderophore production (S2VWR5 and S3VKR17), phosphorus production (S1VKR11, S3VKR2, S3VKR16, and S2VWR5), and potassium solubilization (S3VKR2, S2VWR5, and S3VKR17). Furthermore, the strains were e...
Source: Archives of Microbiology - January 1, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Shreya D, Jinal HN, Kartik VP, Amaresan N Tags: Arch Microbiol Source Type: research

Hypoglycemic Potential of Supplementation with a Vegetable and Legume Juice Formula in Type 2 Diabetic Patients.
CONCLUSION: It is recommended to use this juice for diabetic patients to reduce hyperglycemia and synergize the effect of the used drug. It can thus avoid health problems that occur to those patients when using drugs for long time and in massive amounts. PMID: 31944072 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS)
Source: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS - January 1, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Gabrial SGN, Shakib MR, Haleem MSMA, Gabrial GN, El-Shobaki FA Tags: Pak J Biol Sci Source Type: research

Molecular characterization of Chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus strain D in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) from District Dera Ismail Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
In this study diversity of CpCDV was explored in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province of Pakistan. In year 2016, during a survey in the chickpea growing areas of district Dera Ismail Khan, CpCDV infected plants were identified. Leaf samples were collected, and a diagnostic PCR confirmed mastreivrus infection in 4 out of 100 samples. From these samples full-length genome of CpCDV was amplified using specific back-to-back primers. Virus molecules were sequenced to their entirety and sequence analysis of a molecule KRF4 (GenBank accession # KY952837) showed the highest pair wise sequence identity of 97% with a CpCDV molecule (KM2...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 29, 2019 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research