Extracellular Matrix Proteome: Isolation of ECM Proteins for Proteomics Studies.
Abstract Understanding molecular mechanisms and cellular metabolism in varied plant processes necessitates knowledge of the expressed proteins and their subcellular distribution. Spatial partitioning of organelles generates an enclosed milieu for physiochemical reactions designed and tightly linked to a specific organelle function. Of which, extracellular matrix (ECM)/cell wall (CW) is a dynamic and chemically active compartment. The ECM proteins are organized into complex structural and functional networks involved in several metabolic processes, including carbon and nitrogen metabolism. Organellar proteomics aim...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - October 10, 2019 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Elagamey E, Narula K, Chakraborty N, Chakraborty S Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research

A pulse-based diet and the Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes diet in combination with health counseling and exercise improve health-related quality of life in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.
Conclusions: Both interventions improved HRQoL scores in women with PCOS without prescribed energy-restriction. Our observations add novel insights into current evidence and elucidate the need for future psychological research to target lifestyle modifications for improving HRQoL and unique psychological complications of PCOS in this high-risk population (CinicalTrials.gov identifier:NCT01288638). PMID: 31558086 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology - September 29, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

Synthesis and assessment of carboxymethyl tamarind kernel gum based novel superabsorbent hydrogels for agricultural applications
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: PolymerAuthor(s): Khushbu, Sudhir G. Warkar, Anil KumarAbstractThe novel superabsorbent hydrogels (SAH) were fabricated by interpenetrating carboxymethyl tamarind kernel gum with sodium-acrylate. The synthesis of SAH was verified by characterization using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, thermo-gravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy and swelling studies under various solutions. The hydrogel formed was found out to be degradable (soil burial biodegradation test). Maximum water holding capacity, bulk density, porosity and water retention capacity...
Source: Polymer - September 21, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Phenotypic and Genotypic Diversity Among Symbiotic and Non-symbiotic Bacteria Present in Chickpea Nodules in Morocco
In this study, endophytic bacteria isolated from chickpea nodules from different soil types and regions in Morocco, were evaluated for their phenotypic and genotypic diversity in order to select the most tolerant ones for further inoculation of this crop. Phenotypic characterization of 135 endophytic bacteria from chickpea nodules showed a wide variability for tolerance to heavy metals and antibiotics, variable response to extreme temperatures, salinity, pH and water stress. 56% of isolates were able to nodulate chickpea. Numerical analysis of rep-PCR results showed that nodulating strains fell into 22 genotypes. Sequencin...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - September 18, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Physiological plasticity to high temperature stress in chickpea: adaptive responses and variable tolerance
Publication date: Available online 10 September 2019Source: Plant ScienceAuthor(s): Akanksha Pareek, Divya Rathi, Divya Mishra, Subhra Chakraborty, Niranjan ChakrabortyAbstractHigh temperature stress (HTS) is one of the most crucial factors that limits plant growth and development, and reduces crop yields worldwide. Cool-season crops, particularly the legumes, are severely affected by increasing ambient temperature associated with global climate change. We characterized the HTS-induced modulations of morpho-physicochemical traits and gene expression of several chickpea genotypes and the metabolic profile of the tolerant cu...
Source: Plant Science - September 12, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Shedding light on the presymbiontic phase of C. arietinum
Publication date: Available online 10 September 2019Source: Plant Physiology and BiochemistryAuthor(s): Domenica Farci, Cinzia Sanna, Rosaria Medda, Francesca Pintus, Hazem M. Kalaji, Joanna Kirkpatrick, Dario PianoAbstractA complex network of symbiotic events between plants and bacteria allows the biosphere to exploit the atmospheric reservoir of molecular nitrogen. In seeds, a series of presymbiotic steps are already identified during imbibition, while interactions between the host and its symbiont begin in the early stages of germination. In the present study, a detailed analysis of the substances' complex delivered by ...
Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry - September 10, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Pulses and food security: dietary protein, digestibility, bioactive and functional properties
Publication date: Available online 5 September 2019Source: Trends in Food Science & TechnologyAuthor(s): Sílvia M.F. Bessada, João C.M. Barreira, M. Beatriz P.P. OliveiraAbstractBackgroundFood security is a current major concern. Protein malnutrition, in particular, must be overcome urgently. Simultaneously, food manufacturers are increasingly interested proteins from plant sources. Hence, pulse crops could be exploited as sustainable, climate change resistant and high quality protein sources.Scope and approachPulses, such as peas, common beans, cowpea, fava beans, chickpea, lentil, or lupin, contain high...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - September 6, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Genes, Vol. 10, Pages 676: Whole Genome Diversity, Population Structure, and Linkage Disequilibrium Analysis of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Genotypes Using Genome-Wide DArTseq-Based SNP Markers
This study also demonstrates the efficiency of DArTseq-based SNP genotyping for large-scale genome analysis in chickpea. The genotypic markers provided in this study are useful for various association mapping studies when combined with phenotypic data of different traits, such as seed yield, abiotic, and biotic stresses, and therefore can be efficiently used in breeding programs to improve chickpea. (Source: Genes)
Source: Genes - September 4, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Farahani Maleki Mehrabi Kanouni Scheben Batley Talebi Tags: Article Source Type: research

Genes, Vol. 10, Pages 676: Whole Genome Diversity, Population Structure, and Linkage Disequilibrium Analysis of Chickpea  (Cicer arietinum L.) Genotypes Using Genome-Wide DArTseq-Based SNP Markers
This study also demonstrates the efficiency of DArTseq-based SNP genotyping for large-scale genome analysis in chickpea. The genotypic markers provided in this study are useful for various association mapping studies when combined with phenotypic data of different traits, such as seed yield, abiotic, and biotic stresses, and therefore can be efficiently used in breeding programs to improve chickpea. (Source: Genes)
Source: Genes - September 4, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Somayeh Farahani Mojdeh Maleki Rahim Mehrabi Homayoun Kanouni Armin Scheben Jacqueline Batley Reza Talebi Tags: Article Source Type: research

GSE119865 Morphological and transcriptomic analysis reveal robust nonhost resistance response during chickpea interaction with Alternaria brassicae
Contributors : Urooj Fatima ; Priyadarshini Bhorali ; Muthappa Senthil-KumarSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Cicer arietinumAlternaria brassicae is a necrotrophic fungal pathogen which infects brassica crops and lead to huge loss in crop production. There is a need to exploit the novel resistance mechanism against A. brassicae. Under field condition, chickpea is the potential nonhost plant for A. brassicae. At molecular level, it is not known how the NHR in chickpea operates against A. brassicae. In present study, we did the transcriptomic analysis in chickpea plants exposed to nonhost pathogen, A. bra...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - September 1, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Cicer arietinum Source Type: research

Analysis of chickpea gene co-expression networks and pathways during heavy metal stress.
Abstract Crop productivity and yield are adversely affected by abiotic and biotic stresses. Therefore, finding out the genes responsible for stress tolerance is a significant stride towards crop improvement. A gene co-expression network is a powerful tool to detect the most connected genes during heavy metal (HM) stress in plants. The most connected genes may be responsible for HM tolerance by altering the different metabolic pathways during the biotic and abiotic stress. In the same line we have performed the GSE86807 microarray analysis of chickpea during exposure to chromium, cadmium and arsenic and analyzed th...
Source: Journal of Biosciences - September 1, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Yadav BS, Singh S, Srivastava S, Mani A Tags: J Biosci Source Type: research

Nutritional, physico-chemical and functional characterization of a global chickpea collection
Publication date: Available online 30 August 2019Source: Journal of Food Composition and AnalysisAuthor(s): Carmine Summo, Davide De Angelis, Luigi Ricciardi, Francesco Caponio, Concetta Lotti, Stefano Pavan, Antonella PasqualoneAbstractA comprehensive study to assess and compare physico-chemical, nutritional and functional properties of a chickpea germplasm collection was carried out. The collection, composed of 57 accessions, also included black chickpeas from Apulia (Southern Italy), previously shown to display peculiar phenotypic and genetic features with respect to desi and kabuli chickpeas, and for which no informati...
Source: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - August 31, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Optimisation of the pH and boiling conditions needed to obtain improved foaming and emulsifying properties of chickpea aquafaba using a response surface methodology
Publication date: Available online 30 August 2019Source: International Journal of Gastronomy and Food ScienceAuthor(s): Tomás Lafarga, Silvia Villaró, Gloria Bobo, Ingrid Aguiló-AguayoAbstractChickpea cooking water, also known as aquafaba, generated in our homes is generally discarded as waste. However, this valuable resource contains high quantities of proteins with excellent technofunctional properties. The current paper aimed at optimising the foaming and emulsifying capacity of aquafaba, obtained by simulating domestic cooking conditions, as well as the stability of the generated foams and emulsion...
Source: International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science - August 31, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

A Novel Seed-Dressing Formulation Based on an Improved Mutant Strain of Trichoderma virens, and Its Field Evaluation
Using gamma-ray induced mutagenesis, we have developed a mutant (named G2) of Trichoderma virens that produced 2-3 fold excesses of secondary metabolites, including viridin, viridiol, and some yet-to-be identified compounds. Consequently, this mutant had improved antibiosis against the oomycete test pathogen Pythium aphanidermatum. A transcriptome analysis of the mutant vis-à-vis the wild type strain showed upregulation of several secondary-metabolism related genes. In addition, many genes predicted to be involved in mycoparasitism and plant-interactions were also upregulated. We used tamarind seeds as a mass multip...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - August 31, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Adequate zinc nutrition improves the tolerance against drought and heat stresses in chickpea
Publication date: Available online 27 August 2019Source: Plant Physiology and BiochemistryAuthor(s): Aman Ullah, Leila Romdhane, Abdul Rehman, Muhammad FarooqAbstractTwo chickpea genotypes viz. Bhakar-2011 (desi) and Noor-2013 (kabuli) were sown in soil filled pots supplied with low (0.3 mg kg−1) and high (3 mg kg−1 soil) zinc (Zn) under control (70% water holding capacity and 25/20 °C day/night temperature), drought (35% water holding capacity) and heat (35/30 °C day/night temperature) stresses. Drought and heat stresses reduced rate of photosynthesis, photosystem II efficiency, plant growt...
Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry - August 28, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Transcript profiling of chickpea pod wall revealed the expression of floral homeotic gene AGAMOUS-like X2 (CaAGLX2).
Abstract The differentially expressed genes in the chickpea pod wall have been identified for the first time using a forward suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) library. In all, 226 clones of SSH library were sequenced and analyzed. A total of 179 high-quality expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were generated and based on the CAP3 assembly of these ESTs, 126 genes (97 singletons and 29 contigs) were computationally annotated. The mapping of 88.26% ESTs by gene ontology (GO) annotation distributed them into 751 GO terms of three categories, cellular location, molecular function, and biological process. The KEGG...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - August 28, 2019 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Vasantrao JM, Baruah IK, Panda D, Bhattacharjee M, Acharjee S, Sarmah BK Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research

Supplementary irrigations at different physiological growth stages of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) change grain nutritional composition
Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Ihsan Serkan Varol, Yusuf Murat Kardes, Hasan Ali Irik, Halil Kirnak, Mahmut KaplanAbstractChickpea is one the most important legumes consumed all around the world because of high protein content. The current study was conducted to investigate the effects of irrigation treatments at different physiological growth stages (before flowering, beginning of flowering, pod-set and pod-fill periods) on nutritional attributes of chickpea. The findings showed that one or two irrigations at different physiological growth stages instead of full irrigatio...
Source: Food Chemistry - August 22, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

The Use of Metamaterial Type Double-Sided Resonator Structures in Humidity and Concentration Sensing Applications
In this study, the applications of ordinary double-sided split ring resonator (DSRR), double-sided L-type resonator (DLTR) and double-sided closed-cross-ring resonator (DCCR) structures in humidity sensing of chickpea powders and in concentration sensing of methanol-deionized water solutions are studied both in numerically and experimentally for five different samples in each case in microwave S- and X-bands. For the sensitivity analyses, the transmission spectra (i.e. |S21|) of the sensors are obtained by using rectangular hollow waveguide setups and the dependence of the resonance frequencies on the percentage humidity o...
Source: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical - August 18, 2019 Category: Physics Source Type: research

Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of two component system genes in Cicer arietinum.
Abstract The two-component system (TCS) plays an important role in signal transduction pathways, cytokinin signaling and stress resistance of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. It is comprised of three types of proteins in plants; histidine kinases (HKs), histidine phosphotransfer proteins (HPs) and response regulators (RRs). Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is one of the most important legume crops worldwide with special economic value in semi-arid tropics. Availability of complete genome sequence of chickpea presents a valuable resource for comparative analysis among angiosperms. In current study, Arabidopsis thaliana and...
Source: Genomics - August 12, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Ahmad B, Azeem F, Ali MA, Nawaz MA, Abbas A, Nadeem H, Batool R, Atif RM, Ijaz U, Cordone MN, Chung G Tags: Genomics Source Type: research

Sustainable intensification of rice fallows of Eastern India with suitable winter crop and appropriate crop establishment technique.
Abstract Rice fallow, a rainfed lowland agro-ecology, is presently gaining particular attention for sustainable cropping intensification in the South Asia. Nevertheless, cropping intensification of rice-fallow areas is largely challenged by non-availability of irrigation, the poor financial status of farmers and soil constraints. Indeed, fast depletion of the soil residual moisture remains the primary obstacle for growing a crop in succession in rice fallows. A field investigation was carried out to identify the most adaptable rice-winter crop rotation and to customize appropriate crop establishment practice for a...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - August 10, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kumar R, Mishra JS, Rao KK, Bhatt BP, Hazra KK, Hans H, Mondal S Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Effects of ultrasound on technological properties of chickpea cooking water (aquafaba)
Publication date: Available online 7 August 2019Source: Journal of Food EngineeringAuthor(s): Mariana Cassel Meurer, Daiana de Souza, Lígia Damasceno Ferreira MarczakAbstractThe effects of high intensity ultrasound on foaming and emulsifying properties of chickpea cooking water (aquafaba) were investigated. Aquafaba was treated by ultrasound in 50% and 100% of the equipment power capacity, during 10, 20 and 30 min. Results showed that protein solubility and density were not affected by ultrasound, and viscosity had a slight increase. Ultrasound application improved foaming expansion, which increased from 259% to 5...
Source: Journal of Food Engineering - August 7, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Cross-sectional association between non-soy legume consumption, serum uric acid and hyperuricemia: the PREDIMED-Plus study
ConclusionsIn this study of elderly subjects with metabolic syndrome, we observed that despite being a purine-rich food, non-soy legumes were inversely associated with SUA levels and hyperuricemia prevalence.Trial registrationISRCTN89898870. Registration date: 24 July 2014. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - August 5, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Wet-milled chickpea coproduct as an alternative to obtain protein isolates
This study evaluated the use of the wet-milled protein-rich chickpea coproduct to produce chickpea protein isolates following a short downstream process. The chemical and molecular composition, functionality and protein quality of the wet-milled protein isolates (WMPI) were determined and compared to a protein isolate produced by the isoelectric precipitation method (IPPI). WMPI had higher protein purity, lower fat content and higher fat absorption capacity compared to IPPI. The isolate and protein solubilities and emulsifying and foaming capacities were not affected by the wet-milling process but water holding capacity an...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - August 2, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

True ileal digestibility of legumes determined by dual-isotope tracer method in Indian adults
ConclusionsThe true mean ileal IAA digestibility of legumes in healthy Indian adults was lower than expected. Traditional processing techniques such as dehulling improve protein digestibility by about 8%. This study was registered in the Clinical Trials Registry of India (CTRI): CTRI/2017/11/010468 (http://ctri.nic.in, accessed on 28/03/2019). (Source: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

True ileal digestibility of legumes determined by dual-isotope tracer method in Indian adults.
CONCLUSIONS: The true mean ileal IAA digestibility of legumes in healthy Indian adults was lower than expected. Traditional processing techniques such as dehulling improve protein digestibility by about 8%. This study was registered in the Clinical Trials Registry of India (CTRI): CTRI/2017/11/010468 (http://ctri.nic.in, accessed on 28/03/2019). PMID: 31374575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kashyap S, Varkey A, Shivakumar N, Devi S, Reddy B H R, Thomas T, Preston T, Sreeman S, Kurpad AV Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

A hydroponics based high throughput screening system for Phytophthora root rot resistance in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
Phytophthora root rot (PRR) caused by P. medicaginis is a major soil borne disease in chickpea growing regions of Australia. Sources of resistance have been identified in both cultivated and wild Cicer species. H... (Source: Plant Methods)
Source: Plant Methods - July 26, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Amritha Amalraj, Julian Taylor and Tim Sutton Tags: Research Source Type: research

Foam ove
Publication date: 13 July 2019Source: New Scientist, Volume 243, Issue 3238Author(s): When I drain a can of chickpeas, the liquid forms a soapy foam. What causes this, and if it is related to soap, could it be used as an eco-friendly replacement? (Source: New Scientist)
Source: New Scientist - July 13, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Molecular docking and pharmacokinetic evaluation of natural compounds as targeted inhibitors against Crz1 protein in Rhizoctonia solani.
This study Comprises of quantitative structure-toxicity relationship (QSTR) and quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR). All compounds showed high binding energy for Crz1 protein through molecular docking. Further, a pharmacokinetic study revealed that these compounds had minimal side effects. Biological activity spectrum prediction of these compounds showed potential antifungal properties by showing significant interaction with Crz1. Hence, these compounds can be used for the prevention and treatment of wet root rot in Chickpea. PMID: 31285645 [PubMed] (Source: Bioinformation)
Source: Bioinformation - July 10, 2019 Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Malik A, Afaq S, Gamal BE, Ellatif MA, Hassan WN, Dera A, Noor R, Tarique M Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research

Comparative proteomics and gene expression analyses revealed responsive proteins and mechanisms for salt tolerance in chickpea genotypes
Salinity is a major abiotic stress that limits the growth, productivity, and geographical distribution of plants. A comparative proteomics and gene expression analysis was performed to better understand salini... (Source: BMC Plant Biology)
Source: BMC Plant Biology - July 9, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Mohammad Arefian, Saeedreza Vessal, Saeid Malekzadeh-Shafaroudi, Kadambot H. M. Siddique and Abdolreza Bagheri Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Functional diversity of cultivable endophytes from Cicer arietinum and Pisum sativum: Bioprospecting their plant growth potential
In this study, we isolated and investigated 58 endophytic bacteria for their ability to promote plant growth in vitro by testing organic acid, ammonia, HCN and siderophore production, phosphate solubilization and Indole 3 acetic acid (IAA) biosynthesis. All isolates were producing IAA in the range of 4.40-110 μg ml-1. Most of the isolates produced ammonia, while 50% isolates were organic acid producers, 40% of isolates produced HCN and 21 isolates from both the crops solubilized phosphate. On the basis of 16S rDNA sequence efficient isolates were identified as Pantoea agglomerans (CPHN2), Bacillus cereus strain (CPH...
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - July 4, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Pseudomonas citronellolis; a multi-metal resistant and potential plant growth promoter against arsenic (V) stress in chickpea
In this study, we have studied microbial diversity of the agricultural and marginal land based on 16S rRNA gene and screened eight strains of Pseudomonas for its tolerances towards various heavy metals and for plant growth promoting properties (PGP). The best strain is tested in chickpea plants against Arsenic (As5+) stress. All the strains responded differently to heavy metals viz. Arsenic, (As5+ (0.3–0.5M) and As3+ (250 μg mL−1) Cadmium (Cd2+) (250–350 μg mL−1), Chromium (Cr2+) (200–350 μg mL−1) and Mercury (Hg2+) (1–2 μg mL−1). Out of eight stra...
Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry - July 4, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Effect of kansui addition on dough rheology and quality characteristics of chickpea-wheat composite flour-based noodles and the underlying mechanism
Publication date: 15 November 2019Source: Food Chemistry, Volume 298Author(s): Fangyuan Jia, Zhen Ma, Xiaolong Wang, Xiaoping Li, Liu Liu, Xinzhong HuAbstractThe impact of kansui on the dough rheology and quality characteristics of chickpea-wheat composite flour-based noodles was investigated. For noodle dough, both the relative crystallinity and degree of order obtained from X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy increased with the low level of kansui addition (0.5–1.5%), followed by a decreased trend at higher levels of alkali concentration (2.0–3.0%). Such variation was in accordance w...
Source: Food Chemistry - June 30, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Physicochemical, functional, structural, thermal characterization and α-amylase inhibition of polysaccharides from chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) hulls
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: LWTAuthor(s): Hafiz Muhammad Saleem Akhtar, Mohamed Abdin, Yahya Saud Hamed, Wei Wang, Guijie Chen, Dan Chen, Chunxu Chen, Wei Li, Shanza Mukhtar, Xiaoxiong ZengAbstractIn the present study, polysaccharides (CHPS) were prepared from chickpea hulls by hot water extraction and ethanol precipitation, and the physicochemical, functional, thermal and structural characteristics of CHPS were investigated. The results revealed that CHPS was comprised of mannose, rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, xylose and arabinose with molar percentages of 2.16, 2.96, 42.17, 9...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - June 20, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

This week's questions
Publication date: 1 June 2019Source: New Scientist, Volume 242, Issue 3232Author(s): When I drain a can of chickpeas, the liquid forms a soapy foam. What causes this, and if it is related to soap, could it be used as an eco-friendly replacement? (Source: New Scientist)
Source: New Scientist - June 2, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Chlorophyll fluorescence and carbohydrate concentration as field selection traits for heat tolerant chickpea genotypes
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2019Source: Plant Physiology and BiochemistryAuthor(s): Givemore M. Makonya, John B.O. Ogola, A. Muthama Muasya, Olivier Crespo, Sipho Maseko, Alex J. Valentine, Carl-Otto Ottosen, Eva Rosenqvist, Samson B.M. ChimphangoAbstractChickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), a cool season crop is severely affected by heat stress, predicted to increase due to warming climates. Research for identifying heat tolerance markers for potential chickpea genotype selection is imperative. The study assessed the response of four chickpea genotypes to a natural temperature gradient in the field using chlorophyl...
Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry - May 30, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Effect of germination on the chemical composition, thermal, pasting, and moisture sorption properties of flours from chickpea, lentil, and yellow pea
Publication date: 15 October 2019Source: Food Chemistry, Volume 295Author(s): Minwei Xu, Zhao Jin, Senay Simsek, Clifford Hall, Jiajia Rao, Bingcan ChenAbstractChemical composition, thermal, pasting, and moisture adsorption properties of flours from chickpea (Cicer aretinium L.), lentil (Lens culinaris Merr.), and yellow pea (Pisum sativum L.) were investigated over a 6-day germination. Protein content increased for pulses over germination while lentil had the highest protein content that increased from 30.65 to 33.60 g/100 g dry basis (d.b.). Lipid content in pulse flours decreased over germination with chickpea havin...
Source: Food Chemistry - May 29, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Changes in the chemical composition and bioactive compounds of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) fortified by germination
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2019Source: LWTAuthor(s): Cristiano Dietrich Ferreira, Vanessa Kern Bubolz, Jennifer da Silva, Caroline Lambrecht Dittgen, Valmor Ziegler, Chirle de Oliveira Raphaelli, Maurício de OliveiraAbstractGermination is a widely used process to reduce antinutritional factors and enhance the nutritional value of several grains. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the germination process for 48 h on the nutritional components and bioactive compounds of chickpeas. Proximal composition, protein solubility, lipid acidity, fatty acid profile, total phenolic compounds,...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - May 12, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Modulating effect of cotyledon cell microstructure on in vitro digestion of starch in legumes
In this study, we provided detailed characterisation of the microstructure, physicochemical properties, and in vitro starch digestion of cotyledon cells. Raw, intact cells were obtained from adzuki bean, chickpea, lentil, and lima bean using a sequential acid-alkali isolation method. These cells were then cooked and subjected to in vitro gastric and small intestinal digestion. Light micrographs of the cells showed various cell shape (ellipsoid or spherical) and size (mean diameter, D50 ∼98–118 μm). The cells contained tightly packed starch granules (D50 ∼19–40 μm) that were embedded in protein...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - May 1, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Genome-Wide Identification and Characterization of the JAZ Gene Family in Rubber Tree (Hevea brasiliensis)
Conclusion Jasmonate signaling plays a vital role in the regulation of secondary laticifer differentiation and natural rubber biosynthesis. In the present study, JAZs, the repressors of jasmonate signaling, are genome-wide identified. Based on the computational analyses and gene expression patterns, HbJAZ5.0 and HbJAZ10.0b might be key regulators of laticifer differentiation whereas HbJAZ8.0b was crucial for regulation of natural rubber biosynthesis in H. brasiliensis. The genome-wide identification of HbJAZs will facilitate the jasmonate signaling-mediated laticifer differentiation and natural rubber biosynthesis in rubb...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - May 1, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Endophytic Consortium With Diverse Gene-Regulating Capabilities of Benzylisoquinoline Alkaloids Biosynthetic Pathway Can Enhance Endogenous Morphine Biosynthesis in Papaver somniferum
Tania Ray1†, Shiv S. Pandey1†, Alok Pandey2, Madhumita Srivastava3, Karuna Shanker3 and Alok Kalra1* 1Microbial Technology Department, CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, India 2Biotechnology Division, CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, India 3Analytical Chemistry Department, CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, India Secondary metabolite biosynthesis in medicinal plants is multi-step cascade known to be modulated by associated endophytes. While a single endophyte is not able to upregulate all biosynthetic st...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - April 30, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Correction to: Genome-wide SNP discovery for development of high-density genetic map and QTL mapping of ascochyta blight resistance in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.).
Abstract Unfortunately there was an error in the name of the gene "Ca-AKL18" in the discussion section. PMID: 31028410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics)
Source: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics - April 27, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Deokar A, Sagi M, Tar'an B Tags: Theor Appl Genet Source Type: research

A multifaceted rhizobacterium Paenibacillus lentimorbus alleviates nutrient deficiency-induced stress in Cicer arietinum L
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: Microbiological ResearchAuthor(s): Nikita Bisht, Shalini Tiwari, Poonam C. Singh, Abhishek Niranjan, Puneet Singh ChauhanABSTRACTNutrient deficiency in soil is one of the limiting factors responsible for stunted growth and poor flowering/fruiting of crops which result in decline in overall agricultural productivity. However, one important strategy to overcome the problem of nutrient deficiency and to avoid use of chemical fertilizers is the use of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). Paenibacillus lentimorbus NRRL B-30488 (hereafter B-30488), an efficient PGPR...
Source: Microbiological Research - April 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Multi-trait analysis of domestication genes in Cicer arietinum – Cicer reticulatum hybrids with a multidimensional approach: modeling wide crosses for crop improvement
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: Plant ScienceAuthor(s): Min-Gyoung Shin, Sergey V. Bulyntsev, Peter L. Chang, Lijalem Balcha Korbu, Noelia Carrasquila-Garcia, Margarita A. Vishnyakova, Maria G. Samsonova, Douglas R. Cook, Sergey V. NuzhdinAbstractDomestication and subsequent breeding have eroded genetic diversity in the modern chickpea crop by ˜100-fold. Corresponding reductions to trait variation create the need, and an opportunity, to identify and harness the genetic capacity of wild species for crop improvement. Here we analyze trait segregation in a series of wild x cultivated hybrid popul...
Source: Plant Science - April 25, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Isolation, characterization, and effect of phosphate-zinc-solubilizing bacterial strains on chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) growth
ConclusionThese results indicated that Pseudomonas sp. strain AZ5 and Bacillus sp. strain AZ17 can serve as effective microbial inocula for chickpea, particularly in the rain-fed area. (Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences)
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - April 11, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Isolation, characterization and effect of phosphate-zinc-solubilizing bacterial strains on chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) growth
ConclusionThese results indicated that Pseudomonas sp. strain AZ5 and Bacillus sp. strain AZ17 can serve as effective microbial inocula for chickpea, particularly in rain-fed area. (Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences)
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - April 10, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: research

An overview of expected glycaemic response of one ingredient commercial gluten free pasta
In this study, 15 commercial gluten free pasta samples (short shaped) made using just one gluten free flour represented by different legumes, cereals and a pseudocereal from organic farming were studied. Our results showed a variability among commercial gluten free pasta in terms of cooking properties and glycaemic response that could be due to the raw material and the processing conditions. Pasta with higher dietary fibre content such as legume and in particular chickpea, presented the lower predicted glycaemic index and may represent a good alternative for the population interested in consuming gluten free pasta. (Source...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - April 8, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Effectiveness of native and Citric Acid-enriched biochar of Chickpea straw in Cd and Pb sorption in an acidic soil
Publication date: Available online 2 April 2019Source: Journal of Environmental Chemical EngineeringAuthor(s): Setareh Nazari, Ghasem Rahimi, Abolfazl Khademi Jolgeh NezhadAbstractDifferent procedures have been used to decrease the pollution of soil and water bodies. Among these methods, application of adsorption technique has been studied worldwide. In the recent years a novel adsorbent which is frequently used by researchers for removal of some pollutants especially heavy metals is biochar of organic residues. In this research, the effect of the native and CA-enriched biochar of Chickpea on adsorption of heavy metals, ca...
Source: Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering - April 3, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

CLAVATA signaling pathway genes modulating flowering time and flower number in chickpea.
Abstract KEY MESSAGE: A combinatorial genomic strategy delineated functionally relevant natural allele of a CLAVATA gene and its marker (haplotype)-assisted introgression led to development of the early-flowering chickpea cultivars with high flower number and enhanced yield/productivity. Unraveling the genetic components involved in CLAVATA (CLV) signaling is crucial for modulating important shoot apical meristem (SAM) characteristics and ultimately regulating diverse SAM-regulated agromorphological traits in crop plants. A genome-wide scan identified 142 CLV1-, 28 CLV2- and 6 CLV3-like genes, and their comprehens...
Source: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics - March 30, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Basu U, Narnoliya L, Srivastava R, Sharma A, Bajaj D, Daware A, Thakro V, Malik N, Upadhyaya HD, Tripathi S, Hegde VS, Tyagi AK, Parida SK Tags: Theor Appl Genet Source Type: research

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) lectin exhibit inhibition of ACE-I, α-amylase and α-glucosidase activity.
CONCLUSION: Lectin demonstrated its antioxidant character, ACE-I inhibition and significantly inhibitory for α-glucosidase and α-amylase seems to qualify as an anti-hyperglycemic therapeutic molecule. The biological effects of chickpea lectin display potential for reducing parameters of medically debilitating conditions. These characteristics however, needs to be established under in vivo systems too viz. animals through to humans. PMID: 30919768 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Protein and Peptide Letters)
Source: Protein and Peptide Letters - March 27, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Bhagyawant SS, Narvekar DT, Gupta N, Bhadkaria A, Gautam AK, Srivastava N Tags: Protein Pept Lett Source Type: research

Indian pulses: A review on nutritional, functional and biochemical properties with future perspectives
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2019Source: Trends in Food Science & TechnologyAuthor(s): Baskar Venkidasamy, Dhivya Selvaraj, Arti Shivraj Nile, Sathishkumar Ramalingam, Guoyin Kai, Shivraj Hariram NileAbstractPulses are a very important part of a human diet providing all nutritional and physiologically beneficial effects on human health. Pulses are rich in protein, carbohydrates, and dietary fibre, and a rich source of other bioactive components, and their consumption extends worldwide. Pulses are dried legumes that consist of various varieties of beans, lentils, peas, green gram, black gram, horse gram, ...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - March 23, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research