FDA Ensures Your Foods From Animals Are Safe
If you eat meat or drink milk, you want to know: Are the veterinary drugs used in food-producing animals entering your diet? And if they are, are the amounts safe for human consumption? Those are some of the concerns of FDA's Division of Residue Chemistry. (Source: FDA Consumer Health Information Updates)
Source: FDA Consumer Health Information Updates - February 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: FDA Source Type: news

AI Finds Connection Between Disease and Genes
Researchers from Linköping University are behind a new study that has used artificial intelligence to investigate whether it is possible to discover biological networks using deep learning, in which entities known as "artificial neural networks" are trained by experimental data. Since artificial neural networks are excellent at learning how to find patterns in enormous amounts of complex data, they are used in applications such as image recognition. However, this machine learning method has until now seldom been used in biological research. "We have for the first time used deep learning to find ...
Source: MDDI - February 18, 2020 Category: Medical Devices Authors: MDDI Staff Tags: Digital Health Source Type: news

Science shouldn't be for sale – we need reform to industry-funded studies to keep people safe | Carey Gillam
We must be able to trust the integrity of scientific research as we work to protect our families and our planetNot again. News out of Europe last weekrevealed that more than 20 scientific studies submitted to regulators to prove the safety of the popular weedkilling chemical glyphosate came from a large German laboratory that has been accused of fraud and other wrongdoing.The findings come amid global debate over whether or not glyphosate causes cancer and other health problems and if regulators and chemical companies proclaiming the chemical ’s safety actually have credible science on their side.Continue reading... ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 18, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Carey Gillam Tags: Europe World news Environment Monsanto Source Type: news

Chemical Pneumonia
(Source: eMedicineHealth.com)
Source: eMedicineHealth.com - February 18, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Think all BPA-free products are safe? Not so fast, scientists warn
(University of Missouri-Columbia) Using 'BPA-free' plastic products could be as harmful to human health -- including a developing brain -- as those products that contain the controversial chemical, suggest scientists in a new study led by the University of Missouri and published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Green approach accelerates process optimization and retrieval of 'switchable' solvents
(North Carolina State University) Researchers have demonstrated a new, green technology for both accelerated screening and retrieving 'switchable' solvents used in green chemistry applications. The new approach makes the screening process hundreds of times faster and drastically accelerates the rate at which solvents can be retrieved from solution. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Improving the electrical and mechanical properties of carbon-nanotube-based fibers
(Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology) University of Illinois researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology recently developed a technique that can be used to build carbon-nanotube-based fibers by creating chemical crosslinks. The technique improves the electrical and mechanical properties of these materials. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 18, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Characterisation of gunshot residues from non-toxic ammunition and their persistence on the shooter's hands - Roman ò S, De-Giorgio F, D'Onofrio C, Gravina L, Abate S, Romolo FS.
The aim of this work was to characterise three non-toxic ammunition (NTA) from the GECO and Fiocchi brands, which are available in the Italian market. Characterisation was carried out by considering both the elemental chemical composition and morphology, u... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Vaping Causes DNA Changes Similar to Those in Cancer: Study
MONDAY, Feb. 17, 2020 -- People who vape have potentially cancer-causing changes in their DNA similar to those found in cigarette smokers, according to a new study. These chemical alterations -- called epigenetic changes -- can cause genes to... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - February 17, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Reconstructing the diet of fossil vertebrates
(Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology) Paleodietary studies of the fossil record are impeded by a lack of reliable and unequivocal tracers. Scientists from the MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology, the MPI for Chemistry and the Johannes Gutenberg University (JGU) in Mainz have now tested a new method, the isotope analysis of zinc isotopes from the tooth enamel of fossil mammals, and found it to be well suited to expand our knowledge about the diets of fossil humans and other Pleistocene mammals. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 17, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

China battery recycler GEM to make disinfectants in virus epicenter
China's GEM Co Ltd, best known as a recycler of batteries for electric vehicles and producer of cobalt chemicals used in them, said on Sunday it had been given a four-month license to make disinfectant in coronavirus-hit Hubei province. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - February 16, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

The Week That Wasn't: Virus Cream, Commute Chemicals, Tracing Mumps The Week That Wasn't: Virus Cream, Commute Chemicals, Tracing Mumps
Three medical stories that we didn't cover, explained.Medscape (Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines)
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - February 15, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Family Medicine/Primary Care Article Source Type: news

Can HEPAs Filter Out Everything?
HEPA filters remove particulate matter from the air, but can they catch volatile chemicals and DNA? Download this poster from The Baker Company to find out! (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - February 14, 2020 Category: Science Tags: The Marketplace Source Type: news

Custom chemistry business expanding in Shelby County
A local custom chemistry business is expanding its presence in metro Birmingham. Therachem MediLab recently received incentives from the Chelsea City Council and Shelby County and now can move forward with developing a 4,000-square-foot facility on a 40,608-square-foot parcel of land at the Chelsea Business Park. It plans to break ground in August, with at least a year of cons truction. Therachem first opened its 6,600-square-foot facility at 100 Jade Park in 2018. The company also has a lab that… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - February 14, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tyler Patchen Source Type: news

Are you in love or just high on chemicals in your brain? Answer: Yes
Love starts with chemicals jumping between neurons in your brain -- so why do we think it's in our hearts? (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - February 14, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Leaking away essential resources isn't wasteful, actually helps cells grow
(University of Tokyo) Experts have been unable to explain why cells from bacteria to humans leak essential chemicals necessary for growth into their environment. New mathematical models reveal that leaking metabolites -- substances involved in the chemical processes to sustain life with production of complex molecules and energy -- may provide cells both selfish and selfless benefits. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 14, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Jones & Van Aken monitoring water quality for city of Fairfax
(George Mason University) R. Christian Jones, Professor/Director, Potomac Environmental Research and Education Center, Environmental Science and Policy, and Benoit Van Aken, Associate Professor, Chemistry and Biochemistry, are conducting stream monitoring for the City of Fairfax. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 14, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Parabens Exposure in Pregnancy Tied to Girls' Weight Gain Parabens Exposure in Pregnancy Tied to Girls' Weight Gain
Mothers who use beauty products containing chemicals known as parabens during pregnancy may be more likely to have overweight daughters, a small study suggests.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - February 14, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medscape Today News Source Type: news

Predicting autism risk may begin with a drop of blood
(University of California - San Diego) A novel research study by UC San Diego researchers will determine whether testing stored blood drops, recorded at birth, for 1,000 different molecules and chemicals can help predict autism risk years before symptoms would likely appear. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New potential cause of Minamata mercury poisoning identified
(University of Saskatchewan) One of the world's most horrific environmental disasters--the 1950 and 60s mercury poisoning in Minamata, Japan--may have been caused by a previously unstudied form of mercury discharged directly from a chemical factory, research by the University of Saskatchewan (USask) has found. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 13, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

NSF selects 7 winners from its first-ever NSF 2026 Idea Machine prize competition
(National Science Foundation) The National Science Foundation (NSF) is partnering with the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) and United Kingdom Research and Innovation (UKRI) to unlock the mysteries of the chemical and biological processes occurring within our soil. The agencies will collaborate on 10 research projects that will enable American and British researchers to gain a better understanding of soil ecosystems that will continue to play a critical role in feeding the world and supporting life functions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 13, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

VCU researchers to develop next-generation, long-lasting batteries
(Virginia Commonwealth University) Virginia Commonwealth University researchers in the College of Engineering Department of Chemical and Life Science Engineering will receive a $2.5 million grant from the US Department of Energy to develop next-generation rechargeable batteries. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 13, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

From petroleum to wood in the chemical industry: cost-efficient and more sustainable
(KU Leuven) An interdisciplinary team of bio-engineers and economists from KU Leuven has mapped out how wood could replace petroleum in the chemical industry. They not only looked at the technological requirements, but also whether that scenario would be financially viable. A shift from petroleum to wood would lead to a reduction in CO2 emissions, the researchers state in Science. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 13, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Polymers to the rescue! Saving cells from damaging ice
(University of Utah) Research published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society by University of Utah chemists Pavithra Naullage and Valeria Molinero provides the foundation to design efficient polymers that can prevent the growth of ice that damages cells. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 13, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Novel biotechnological route developed to obtain fine chemicals from agricultural waste
(Funda ç ã o de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de S ã o Paulo) Preliminary calculations show that the new biotechnological route can increase the value of sugarcane bagasse and wheat straw up to 5,000-fold and multiply the price of ferulic acid by a factor of up to 75 when these residues are converted into coniferol. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 13, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

New Study Shows That When it Comes to Pesticides and Kids, the EPA Has Looked the Other Way
It’s easy to lose count of all of the pesticides that are sprayed on crops in the U.S., and well-nigh impossible to know all of the names (dichloropropene and pyraclostrobin and spinetoram and on and on). But it’s not hard to guess who gets hit hardest by all of these chemicals: kids, whose brain, nervous and hormonal systems are still developing at the time of exposure. What’s more, a new pesticide introduced today will have fewer years to build up in the tissues of, say, a 50-year old, compared to a child who will accumulate a lifetime load of the stuff. That’s the biggest reason that, in 1996, C...
Source: TIME: Health - February 13, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jeffrey Kluger Tags: Uncategorized Children's Health Environment Environmental Health Pesticides Source Type: news

New Study Shows That When it Comes to Pesticides and Kids, the EPA Has Looked the Other Way
It’s easy to lose count of all of the pesticides that are sprayed on crops in the U.S., and well-nigh impossible to know all of the names (dichloropropene and pyraclostrobin and spinetoram and on and on). But it’s not hard to guess who gets hit hardest by all of these chemicals: kids, whose brain, nervous and hormonal systems are still developing at the time of exposure. What’s more, a new pesticide introduced today will have fewer years to build up in the tissues of, say, a 50-year old, compared to a child who will accumulate a lifetime load of the stuff. That’s the biggest reason that, in 1996, C...
Source: TIME: Science - February 13, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Jeffrey Kluger Tags: Uncategorized Children's Health Environment Environmental Health Pesticides Source Type: news

Structural basis of second-generation HIV integrase inhibitor action and viral resistance
Although second-generation HIV integrase strand-transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) are prescribed throughout the world, the mechanistic basis for the superiority of these drugs is poorly understood. We used single-particle cryo–electron microscopy to visualize the mode of action of the advanced INSTIs dolutegravir and bictegravir at near-atomic resolution. Glutamine-148->histidine (Q148H) and glycine-140->serine (G140S) amino acid substitutions in integrase that result in clinical INSTI failure perturb optimal magnesium ion coordination in the enzyme active site. The expanded chemical scaffolds of second-generation c...
Source: ScienceNOW - February 13, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Cook, N. J., Li, W., Berta, D., Badaoui, M., Ballandras-Colas, A., Nans, A., Kotecha, A., Rosta, E., Engelman, A. N., Cherepanov, P. Tags: Biochemistry, Microbiology reports Source Type: news

Dry reforming of methane by stable Ni-Mo nanocatalysts on single-crystalline MgO
Large-scale carbon fixation requires high-volume chemicals production from carbon dioxide. Dry reforming of methane could provide an economically feasible route if coke- and sintering-resistant catalysts were developed. Here, we report a molybdenum-doped nickel nanocatalyst that is stabilized at the edges of a single-crystalline magnesium oxide (MgO) support and show quantitative production of synthesis gas from dry reforming of methane. The catalyst runs more than 850 hours of continuous operation under 60 liters per unit mass of catalyst per hour reactive gas flow with no detectable coking. Synchrotron studies also show ...
Source: ScienceNOW - February 13, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Song, Y., Ozdemir, E., Ramesh, S., Adishev, A., Subramanian, S., Harale, A., Albuali, M., Fadhel, B. A., Jamal, A., Moon, D., Choi, S. H., Yavuz, C. T. Tags: Chemistry, Materials Science reports Source Type: news

Overcoming surface defects
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - February 13, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Szuromi, P. Tags: Chemistry, Materials Science twis Source Type: news

Green chemistry is vital to a sustainable future, YSPH professor says
Professor Paul Anastas, known as “the father of green chemistry,” is one of several Yale scientists calling for a fundamental shift in chemical engineering. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - February 12, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Parkinson’s disease symptoms: The sign on your skin that could signal the condition
PARKINSON'S disease is a progressive neurological condition that causes problems in the brain. Interference with the chemical dopamine leads to symptoms appearing. What's the sign on your skin that could signal the condition? (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - February 12, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Vapers show chemical changes in their genome linked to cancer
(Keck School of Medicine of USC) A team of scientists at the Keck School of Medicine of USC have found people who vape exhibit similar chemical modifications in their overall genome and in parts of their DNA as people who smoke cigarettes. These specific chemical alterations, also known as epigenetic changes, can cause genes to malfunction -- and are commonly found in nearly all types of human cancer as well as other serious diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Preparing for climate change
(American Chemical Society) As global temperatures continue to rise, scientists are warning the world to brace for heat waves, extreme storms, wildfires and other dire consequences. While chemists are actively searching for new ways to mitigate climate change, they are also developing technologies to allow people and ecosystems to not only survive, but thrive, in a warmer world, according to a special issue of Chemical& Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society.   (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 12, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Mother's beauty products might impact girls' weight gain
(Reuters Health) - Mothers who use beauty products containing chemicals known as parabens during pregnancy may be more likely to have overweight daughters, a small study suggests. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - February 11, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Chemicals in Mom-to-Be's Makeup Impact Kid's Weight
Parabens are chemicals that have long been used as a preservative in cosmetics and body care products. A number of studies have suggested that parabens mimic estrogens in the body and may disrupt the normal function of hormones. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - February 11, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Chemical found in drinking water linked to tooth decay in children
IMAGE: Being exposed to PFAS--a class of chemicals found in drinking water--has been linked to higher rates of cancer, heart disease, thyroid dysfunction and other conditions. WVU School of Dentistry researchers...viewmore Credit: Aira Burkhart/West Virginia University Children with higher concentrations of a certain chemical in their blood are more likely to get cavities, according to a new study byWest Virginia UniversitySchool of Dentistry researchers. Manufactured chemical g roups called perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances are universal as a result of extensive manufacturing and use. Although manuf...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - February 11, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

Synthetic route sourcing of illicit at home cannabidiol (CBD) isomerization to psychoactive cannabinoids using ion mobility-coupled-LC-MS/MS - Kiselak TD, Koerber R, Verbeck GF.
This study focuses on the chemical route sourcing of illicitly produced Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) via the acid-catalyzed cannabidiol isomerization reaction. Each of the acid-catalyzed reactions used acids that are readily available for the general... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The Intercontinental Terminals chemical fire study: a rapid response to an industrial disaster to address resident concerns in Deer Park, Texas - An Han H, Han I, McCurdy S, Whitworth K, Delclos G, Rammah A, Symanski E.
On Sunday, 17 March 2019, a fire erupted at the Intercontinental Terminals Company (ITC, Deer Park, La Porte, TX, USA), resulting in a large fire that blazed for several days. In response, we rapidly launched disaster response activities to monitor air pol... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Mom-to-Be's Cosmetics Chemicals Could Lead to Heavier Baby
TUESDAY, Feb. 11, 2020 -- When pregnant women use cosmetics containing parabens, their children may have a greater likelihood of becoming overweight, a new study suggests. Parabens are chemicals that have long been used as a preservative in... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - February 11, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

New synthesis methods enhance 3D chemical space for drug discovery
(Emory Health Sciences) After helping develop a new approach for organic synthesis -- carbon-hydrogen functionalization -- scientists at Emory University are now showing how this approach may apply to drug discovery. Nature Catalysis published their most recent work -- a streamlined process for making a three-dimensional scaffold of keen interest to the pharmaceutical industry. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Blasting 'forever' chemicals out of water with a vortex of cold plasma
(Drexel University) Researchers from Drexel University have found a way to destroy stubbornly resilient toxic compounds, ominously dubbed 'forever chemicals,' that have contaminated the drinking water of millions across the United States. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers: Synthetic chemicals in soils are 'ticking time bomb'
(University of Arizona) Synthetic chemicals that were released into the environment for the first time 80 years ago have been linked to harmful health effects, and more of them are migrating slowly from the soil, according to University of Arizona research. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 11, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Press highlights for the 2020 American Chemical Society national meeting in Philadelphia
(American Chemical Society) Journalists may now apply for press credentials for the American Chemical Society Spring 2020 National Meeting& Exposition, one of the largest scientific conferences of the year. The meeting will be held March 22-26, 2020 in Philadelphia. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers look to fungus to shed light on cancer
(Florida State University) A team of Florida State University researchers from the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry found that a natural product from the fungus Fusicoccum amygdali stabilizes a family of proteins in the cell that mediate important signaling pathways involved in the pathology of cancer and neurological diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 11, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Nisso America and Quadra announce new distribution partnership for...
Nisso America, Inc names Quadra Chemicals as new distributor for their Hydroxypropyl Cellulose (HPC) product portfolio for the Pharmaceutical, Nutraceutical, Food & Personal Care industries in...(PRWeb February 11, 2020)Read the full story at https://www.prweb.com/releases/nisso_america_and_quadra_announce_new_distribution_partnership_for_hydroxypropyl_cellulose/prweb16882420.htm (Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals)
Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals - February 11, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

J B Chemicals gets EIR from USFDA for unit in Gujarat
USFDA issues an EIR to the company when an inspection is satisfactorily "closed", the company said adding that the inspection was carried out from June 24 to 28, 2019. (Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News)
Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News - February 11, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Govt taking steps to reduce country's dependence on imports of antibiotic raw materials
As per the information received from the port offices of the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO), it stood at 12,006.11 metric tonne (MT) for 2018 and 5,591.44 MT in 2017, Minister of Chemicals& Fertilizers D V Sadananda Gowda said. In this direction, the government has withdrawn exemption of customs duty on certain categories of bulk drugs/ APIs. (Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News)
Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News - February 11, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Oleander and datura poisoning: an update - Pillay VV, Sasidharan A.
India has a very high incidence of poisoning. While most cases are due to chemicals or drugs or envenomation by venomous creatures, a significant proportion also results from consumption or exposure to toxic plants or plant parts or products. The exact nat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

NIH scientists link higher maternal blood pressure to placental gene changes
(NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Higher maternal blood pressure in pregnancy is associated with chemical modifications to placental genes, according to a study by researchers from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news