Peanut allergy therapy shows promise
Conclusion This well-conducted study has shown that children with peanut allergy can be treated successfully with immunotherapy. The main aim of these treatments is to avoid severe allergic reactions if the child accidentally eats peanuts. An important issue not addressed by the study is how long the effects of the immunotherapy might last, and whether the positive effects might lead to a false sense of security. Studies are needed to determine how long and how frequently maintenance immunotherapy doses need to continue to be given to maintain peanut tolerance in these children. Studies will also be needed to determine ...
Source: NHS News Feed - January 30, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medical practice Pregnancy/child Source Type: news

Demis Hassabis: 15 facts about the DeepMind Technologies founder
The man behind Google's new £400m acquisition is a former child prodigy who was a chess master and a games developer before moving into artificial intelligence• Now 37, Hassabis was born in London in July 1976 and quickly showed academic promise and skill with board games, especially chess.• At the ages of 13 Hassabis reached the rank of chess master, and was the second-highest-rated player in the world under 14 at the time – beaten only by the Hungarian chess grandmaster and strongest female chess player in history, Judit Polgár.• Accelerated through school, Hassabis completed his A-level...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 28, 2014 Category: Science Authors: Samuel Gibbs Tags: Blogposts Consciousness Computing Technology UK news London Google Business Artificial intelligence (AI) Science Source Type: news

Google buys artificial intelligence firm DeepMind Technologies for £400m
London-based firm set up by chess-prodigy-turned-neuroscientist is Google's biggest ever European acquisitionA two-year-old British technology company set up by a former child chess prodigy who became a groundbreaking neuroscientist has become Google's largest European acquisition.The search giant is spending £400m ($625m) on DeepMind Technologies, a London-based firm set up in 2012, which recently developed a computer system capable of understanding and playing an Atari computer game simply by looking at it on a screen as a human would.The artificial intelligence (AI) firm was created by Demis Hassabis, 37. Describe...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 27, 2014 Category: Science Authors: Samuel Gibbs Tags: The Guardian Technology sector Consciousness News Computing UK news London Google Business Artificial intelligence (AI) Science Source Type: news

Swarthy, blue-eyed caveman revealed using DNA from ancient tooth
Genome sequence of 7,000-year-old human remains overturns popular image of light-skinned European hunter-gatherersDNA taken from the wisdom tooth of a European hunter-gatherer has given scientists an unprecedented glimpse of modern humans before the rise of farming. The Mesolithic man, who lived in Spain around 7,000 years ago, had an unusual mix of blue eyes, black or brown hair, and dark skin, according to analyses of his genetic make-up.He was probably lactose intolerant and had more difficulty digesting starchy foods than the farmers who transformed diets and lifestyles when they took up tools in the first agricultural...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 26, 2014 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Tags: The Guardian Spain Genetics Evolution Biology World news Human biology Europe Anthropology UK news Immunology Editorial Science Source Type: news

Dorothy Hodgkin and the Year of Crystallography
The UK has a long and successful history in crystallography, but among its numerous Nobel Prize winners in the field, the only woman was headlined as a mere 'Oxford housewife'2014 has been declared the International Year of Crystallography by Unesco (the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation). It marks the centenary of the award of the 1914 Nobel Prize in Physics to Max von Laue, swiftly followed the next year by a further Nobel Prize in Physics for the work done by father-and-son team William Henry and William Lawrence (known as Lawrence) Bragg. These two prizes were key staging points in the de...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 14, 2014 Category: Science Authors: Athene Donald Tags: Blogposts People in science Chemistry Source Type: news

Tiktaalik fossil reveals how fish evolved into four-legged land animals
A fish called Tiktaalik that lived 375m years ago already had strong hind limbs – even though it still lived in waterThe fossilised remains of an ancient beast have revealed how prehistoric life hauled itself from the water and took its first unsteady steps along the path that led to four-legged land animals.Clues to the seminal moment in the history of life were found in the bones of Tiktaalik, a 375m-year-old freshwater creature that grew to three metres long and had aquatic features mixed with others more suited to life on land.Scientists first discovered Tiktaalik in 2004 while hunting fossils on Ellesmere Island...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 13, 2014 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Tags: The Guardian Evolution Biology Americas World news Canada Fossils Science Source Type: news

Coffee may boost brain's ability to store long-term memories, study claims
People who had caffeine after looking at images apparently better at distinguishing them from similar ones the next dayA cup or two of coffee could boost the brain's ability to store long-term memories, researchers in the US claim. People who had a shot of caffeine after looking at a series of pictures were better at distinguishing them from similar images in tests the next day, the scientists found.The task gives a measure of how precisely information is stored in the brain, which helps with a process called pattern separation which can be crucial in everyday situations.If the effect is real, and some scientists are doubt...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 12, 2014 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Tags: The Guardian United States Coffee World news Food & drink Neuroscience Life and style Memory Source Type: news

Cambridge don Michael Green shares $3m for Fundamental Physics prize
• Hawking's successor gets honour for string theory work• New award one of several funded by tech billionairesThe man who took on Stephen Hawking's prestigious post at Cambridge University has won $1.5m (£918,000) for pioneering work on string theory, an idea that describes the world as tiny strings in eleven-dimensional space-time.Michael Green, who became the Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cambridge when Hawking stepped down in 2009, shares the $3m Fundamental Physics prize with fellow theorist John Schwarz at California Institute of Technology.The award, worth more than double the $1.2m Nobel prize...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 13, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Tags: The Guardian People in science News Nobel prizes Science prizes Physics Michael Green Source Type: news

US Navy predicts summer ice free Arctic by 2016 | Nafeez Ahmed
Is conventional modelling out of pace with speed and abruptness of global warming?An ongoing US Department of Energy-backed research project led by a US Navy scientist predicts that the Arctic could lose its summer sea ice cover as early as 2016 - 84 years ahead of conventional model projections.The project, based out of the US Naval Postgraduate School's Department of Oceanography, uses complex modelling techniques that make its projections more accurate than others.A paper by principal investigator Professor Wieslaw Maslowski in the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences sets out some of the findings so far of the...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 9, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Nafeez Ahmed Tags: Energy Blogposts Arctic World news Climate change Environment Polar regions Source Type: news

I have PSP. The neurologist said: 'I can't do anything for you'
Keith has a rare and fatal neurological disease. Now, he is trying to raise the profile of progressive supranuclear palsy, a condition even most GPs would fail to recogniseIt was his eyes clamping shut that first prompted Keith to talk to his doctor. The supermarket manager was 38 years old and never imagined that the bouts of blindness were the first symptoms of a rare condition that will eventually kill has a disease that hardly anyone has heard of: progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Often confused with other neuro-degenerative conditions such as Parkinson's disease, PSP is more commonly found in...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 8, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Katie Allen Tags: The Guardian Health & wellbeing Neuroscience Features Life and style Source Type: news

Tech titans gather to make winners of the 'Oscars of science' into instant millionaires
Silicon Valley hosts lavish ceremony for Breakthrough prize that aims to give scientists celebrity status and inspire interest in life's 'big questions'Silicon Valley has a tendency to tackle social ills with big ideas, its feisty startups revolutionising everything from healthcare to education. Now a handful of billionaire engineers have turned their attention to a social blight that affects their own kind: the lack of appreciation (and funding) for scientists.The second Breakthrough prize for life sciences is being awarded on Thursday at Nasa's Ames Research Centre in Mountain View, California, about a five-minute drive ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 7, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Parmy Olson Tags: United States Culture World news Mark Zuckerberg Media Kevin Spacey Sergey Brin Technology Science prizes UK news Film California The Observer Glenn Close Source Type: news

Love hormone helps autistic children bond with others, study shows
According to this study, oxytocin may have an effect of making faces more interesting as assessed by greater activity in brain structures concerned with reward evaluation. Disappointingly, this effect is seen only in brain activity and not in behaviour. Demonstrating an effect on behaviour will be critical if nasal spray treatment is to be of any value."AutismPsychologyHuman biologyMedical researchNeuroscienceIan © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 2, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Tags: The Guardian Psychology News Medical research Human biology Society Autism Neuroscience Source Type: news

Footballers 'no more likely' to get Alzheimer's disease
Conclusion This study shows that in laboratory conditions, a Tau protein outside a neuron can be rapidly absorbed by the cell and can trigger Tau proteins inside the cell to form clumps instead of their usual function. The study then shows that the cell can release the Tau clumps and they can be absorbed by other neurones and cause Tau protein clumps to form. This gives a clue as to how neurofibrillary tangles might spread in the brain of people with Alzheimer’s disease.  However, there are limitations to this research, including: The research shows that in a laboratory setting, formation of chains of Tau ...
Source: NHS News Feed - November 28, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology Medical practice Source Type: news

Lloyd George 'art in lieu of tax' plan at record annual value of £49.4m
Ortiz's bashed piano, Darwin papers and a Rothko among 30 new treasures open to public view under AiL schemeIn 1966 Raphael Ortiz, a self-proclaimed Latin American revolutionary, entered a nice house in Islington, London, stripped to the waist, picked up an axe and hacked apart a fashionable couple's piano in the name of art.It will be announced, on Thursday, that the wood, metal and felt scraps left over from that event will now be owned by the nation – to join 29 other treasures going in to public collections thanks to the Acceptance in Lieu scheme.The AiL scheme was created in Lloyd George's 1910 "people's bu...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - November 14, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Mark Brown Tags: Tax The Guardian Charles Darwin HMRC Art News Ashmolean Museum Tate Britain UK news Income tax Mark Rothko Inheritance tax Art and design Source Type: news

Kidney failure linked to ACE inhibitor blood pressure pills
A Cambridge University study has linked popular ACE inhibitor pills to sudden renal failure - which is fatal in up to 30 per cent of cases. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 7, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

ACE inhibitor use may be linked to kidney failure
Conclusion ACE inhibitors and ARAs are recognised as a potential risk factor for AKI in some patients. This particular study has tried to estimate the possible size of the problem, but its findings should be viewed with some caution. As the authors point out: some of the conditions these drugs are prescribed for are themselves a risk factor for AKI changes in hospital coding and better recognition of AKI could explain the rise in admissions an ageing population leads to both increased prescribing of these drugs and an increased risk for AKI increased use of these drugs may be a marker for increased use of other...
Source: NHS News Feed - November 7, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medication Heart/lungs Source Type: news

UCLA psychologists report new insights on human brain, consciousness
This study, he said, marks an initial step toward conducting neuroscience research on consciousness.   The research was conducted at Belgium's University Hospital of Liege.   Monti's expertise includes cognitive neuroscience, the relationship between language and thought, and how consciousness is lost and recovered after severe brain injury. He was part of a team of American and Israeli brain scientists who used fMRI on former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon in January 2013 to assess his brain responses.   Surprisingly, Sharon, who was presumed to be in a vegetative state since suffering a brain hemorrha...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - October 17, 2013 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Musicians may be most creative 'when not actually playing instrument'
New research into how and when the muse strikes finds that even fairly mundane activities can feed in to new insightsFor a musician, it's an elusive question: where to find your muse? How to unlock your creative voice? Well, putting down the instrument and just tapping the furniture or singing badly in the shower might help.New research suggests that musicians may be at their most creative when they are not playing their instrument or singing. By studying musicians and asking them when inspiration struck them, researchers found that breakthrough moments often happened when players were humming to themselves or tapping out ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - October 1, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Mark Brown Tags: The Guardian Music Culture News UK news Science Source Type: news

David Frost: Hello, Good Evening and Farewell; When Miranda Met Bruce; David Attenborough's Rise of Animals; Peaky Blinders; Science Britannica – review
It's been a week for TV's grey knights, with Frost, Brucie – and Attenborough's brief history of spinesDavid Frost: Hello, Good Evening and Farewell (ITV1) | ITVPlayerWhen Miranda Met Bruce (BBC1) | iPlayerDavid Attenborough's Rise of Animals (BBC2) | iPlayerPeaky Blinders (BBC2) | iPlayerScience Britannica (BBC2) | iPlayerSuch was David Frost's unprecedented success on television in both Britain and America that his weekly bicontinental commute at the height of his fame was said (wrongly) to have put him in the Guinness Book of Records as the most travelled man on the planet. Meanwhile Bruce Forsyth is apparently th...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 21, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Andrew Anthony Tags: Documentary Culture Television & radio Brian Cox Reviews Miranda Hart David Attenborough Drama The Observer Entertainment Factual TV Science amp; radio Source Type: news

Stephen Hawking: brain could exist outside body
At premiere of film about his life, physicist says it's theoretically possible to copy brain on to computer to provide life after deathStephen Hawking has said he believes brains could exist independently of the body, but that the idea of a conventional afterlife is a fairy tale.Speaking at the premiere of a documentary film about his life, the theoretical physicist said: "I think the brain is like a program in the mind, which is like a computer, so it's theoretically possible to copy the brain on to a computer and so provide a form of life after death."However, this is way beyond our present capabilities. I thin...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 21, 2013 Category: Science Tags: World news Physics Stephen Hawking Science Source Type: news

Ray Dolby, audio engineer who pioneered noise reduction, dies at 80
Dolby Laboratories founder's work in music, television and film won him Oscar, Grammy and Emmy awardsRay Dolby, the engineer who pioneered the noise reduction in audio recordings that produced clearer sound for music and cinema, died on Thursday. He was 80.Dolby, whose name became synonymous with home sound systems and cinema, and won an Oscar, a Grammy and two Emmys for his work, died at his home in San Francisco, said the company he founded, Dolby Laboratories Inc.Dolby had been suffering from Alzheimer's disease in recent years and had been diagnosed with leukemia in July."Though he was an engineer at heart, my fat...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 12, 2013 Category: Science Tags: United States Music Music industry Obituaries News Electronics and electrical engineering Film Science World news Source Type: news

Better Hygiene Could Raise Risk of Alzheimer’s
A study by researchers at Cambridge University has found that high-income, highly industrialized countries with large urban areas and better hygiene and sanitation have much higher rates of Alzheimer's disease. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - September 6, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cleanliness does not 'cause dementia'
Conclusion This study suggests that proxy measures for exposure to microbes and living in sanitary and hygienic environments may be associated with increased rates of Alzheimer’s disease. The researchers point out that their study, as with all epidemiological studies based on survey data, are limited in as much as they can only provide information on correlations and cannot be interpreted as proving one factor causes another. Relying on survey data, especially data from different countries, is also limited by the fact that it is collected in different ways. It is important to evaluate the source of the data – t...
Source: NHS News Feed - September 5, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology Lifestyle/exercise Source Type: news

Alzheimer's: could good hygiene and less contact with bacteria pose 'greater risk'?
Cambridge University's study pinpointed a significant relationship between a nation’s cleanliness and the number of Alzheimer’s patients. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - September 5, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

King Richard III had a roundworm infection, scientists claim
Researchers from Cambridge University analyse soil sample from pelvis and find eggs where intestine would have beenRichard III suffered from a roundworm infection, according to research carried out on his skeleton.The body of the king, who ruled England from 1483-85, was discovered last year by archaeologists at the University of Leicester, and scientists have since been undertaking careful analysis of the remains.A team of researchers led by Dr Piers Mitchell, of the Department of Archaeology and Anthropology at Cambridge University, used a powerful microscope to examine soil samples taken from the skeleton's pelvis and s...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 4, 2013 Category: Science Tags: Infectious diseases News Medical research Microbiology Richard III UK news Monarchy Science Source Type: news

Sir Michael Stoker obituary
Director of the Imperial Cancer Research Fund laboratories who turned the ICRF into a world-renowned organisatonSir Michael Stoker, who has died aged 95, was an outstanding cell biologist and a pioneer in the use of mammalian cells grown in the laboratory for the study of cancer. He also, in his characteristically unassuming way, had a major influence on the development of biomedical research in Britain through his involvement in many scientific organisations, especially as director of research at the Imperial Cancer Research Fund (now subsumed into Cancer Research UK).In the early 1950s, as a lecturer in pathology at Camb...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - August 27, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Walter Bodmer Tags: The Guardian Obituaries Biology Medical research Cancer Medicine Science Source Type: news

Solar-powered travel: opening up new routes across sky, sea and land
A new generation of solar-powered vehicles is making extraordinary journeys around the world and pushing the boundaries of technical knowledgeThe wings of the experimental aircraft arch more than 63 metres, the same span as an Airbus A340, but they look frail, supported on the airstrip by wheeled struts. They are covered in a patina of 11,268 photovoltaic cells, which look dark blue in the grey predawn. The four 10-horsepower propellers they power now start to spin silently. Bertrand Piccard, a 55-year-old explorer and psychiatrist, dons his helmet and oxygen mask and completes his final checks. The Solar Impulse quietly t...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - August 24, 2013 Category: Science Tags: World news Solar power Engineering Travel Road transport Oceans Technology Features Politics Air transport The Observer Environment Transport policy Science Source Type: news

Food addiction: does it really exist?
Research suggests that sugar and fat may be addictive – but the findings are controversial. Which foods do you find hardest to resist, and have you experienced withdrawal symptoms?In pictures: super unhealthy fast foodWe seem to be addicted to everything these days: phones, sex, shopping … and junk food. There is, of course, a vast difference between serious clinical addiction and figure-of-speech addiction ("I'm totally addicted to sherbet lemons at the moment"). Of course we need food to live, but can we become dependent on certain unhealthy foods in the same way that we can on drugs?Rats can't res...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - August 20, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Amy Fleming Tags: Nutrition Blogposts Health & wellbeing Food drink Features Life and style Science Source Type: news

The role of stem cells in skin maintenance
All organs in our body rely on stem cells in order to maintain their function. The skin is our largest organ and forms a shield against the environment. New research results from BRIC, University of Copenhagen and Cambridge University, challenge current stem cell models and explains how the skin is maintained throughout life. The results have just been published in the recognized journal Cell Stem Cell. New knowledge challenge stem cell models The skin consists of many different cell types, including hair cells, fat- and sweat glands... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - August 19, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Dermatology Source Type: news

Shining stem cells reveals how our skin is maintained
(University of Copenhagen) All organs in our body rely on stem cells in order to maintain their function. The skin is our largest organ and forms a shield against the environment. New research results from BRIC, University of Copenhagen and Cambridge University, challenge current stem cell models and explains how the skin is maintained throughout life. The results have just been published in the recognized journal Cell Stem Cell. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - August 15, 2013 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Cocaine may affect the way the body stores fat
Conclusion This study suggests that despite taking in more calories, and eating more fat and carbohydrates, cocaine users have a lower fat mass than non-users. The researchers suggest that this shows some underlying difference in how their bodies process fats, possibly due to lowered levels of leptin, rather than having a reduced appetite. There are some points to note when interpreting these findings: The researchers did not assess the men’s physical activity to see if this could account for the cocaine users’ reduced fat mass. They suggest that as the cocaine users’ lean mass (which includes muscle...
Source: NHS News Feed - August 12, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Lifestyle/exercise Food/diet Mental health Source Type: news

Girls who are autistic have more 'masculine' brains, scientists claim
Cambridge University researchers conducting one of the largest brain imaging studies of gender differences in autism found evidence of 'neuroanatomical masculinisation' in autistic females. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 10, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Anorexia and autism - are they related?
Girls with anorexia nervosa have some of the traits observed in people with autism, researchers at the Autism Research Centre at Cambridge University reported in the journal Molecular Autism. As background information, the authors explained that anorexia nervosa ('anorexia') is an eating disorder in which the patient refuses to maintain a minimum body weight (15% below expected body weight). There is also an abnormal preoccupation with food and weight... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - August 10, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Eating Disorders Source Type: news

Arctic methane catastrophe scenario is based on new empirical observations | Nafeez Ahmed
Critics of new Nature paper on costs of Arctic warming ignore latest science on permafrost methane at everyone's perilLast week, the journal Nature published a new paper warning of a $60 trillion price tag for a potential 50 Gigatonne methane pulse from the East Siberian Arctic Shelf (ESAS) over 10-50 years this century. The paper, however, prompted many to suggest that its core scenario - as Arctic permafrost thaws it could increasingly unleash dangerous quantities of methane from sub-ice methane hydrates in as quick as a decade - is implausible. The Washington Post's Jason Samenow argued that "most everything known ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - July 31, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Nafeez Ahmed Tags: Blogposts Arctic Climate change Environment Polar regions Source Type: news

Moon may influence sleep, study finds
Even if moonlight isn't streaming through your curtains, the phase of the moon may affect how well you sleepScience and myth rarely agree, but new research suggests that the lunar cycle could have an effect on the quality of sleep.The study by researchers at the University of Basel in Switzerland found that even in the absence of moonlight, participants slept less deeply and for shorter periods during the full moon than at other lunar phases. It is a phenomenon already known in other organisms as the "circalunar rhythm", but has never before been shown in humans.Christian Cajochen, who was the lead researcher on ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - July 26, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Simon Roach Tags: Biology World news The moon Health & wellbeing Human biology Society UK news Life and style Sleep Science Source Type: news

Forget willpower - the easiest way to lose weight is to remove temptation in the first place
Research by Cambridge University has found that the best way to avoid temptation is to not face it in the first place. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - July 24, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

MitoQ: Anti-wrinkle cream that claims to REVERSE ageing discovered by accident
MitoQ - which claims to soften the skin while lightening and actually reversing the signs of ageing - was discovered by scientists at Cambridge University. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - July 18, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Navigating 18th-century science: Board of Longitude archive digitised | Rebekah Higgitt
Today the complete archive of the Board of Longitude is being launched online, with stories of innovation, exploration and endeavour - and much more than just John HarrisonToday Lord Rees will be launching the digitised archive of the Board of Longitude at Cambridge University Library. Stuffed full of the correspondence and work of those who preceded him as Astronomer Royal, it also contains letters and papers of artisans, inventors, expeditionary astronomers and maritime explorers. For those not familiar with the story of the 18th-century search for a means to determine longitude at sea, this video, gives an introduction ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - July 18, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Rebekah Higgitt Tags: Digital media Blogposts Museums Libraries History of science Source Type: news

Dementia rates dropping
Conclusion This study suggests that the prevalence of dementia in over 65s in 2011 is lower than would have been expected.  The study had many strengths, including the large number of people it interviewed from different areas and the consistent research methods adopted in 1991 and again in 2011, particularly using the same criteria to diagnose dementia at both time points. This means we can be relatively sure that its conclusions are reliable. That said, it does have some limitations to consider. The response rate in 2011 (56%) was much lower than in 1991 (80%). The study authors offer a number of explanations for ...
Source: NHS News Feed - July 17, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology Older people Medical practice Source Type: news

Stem cell research in Cambridge
Report of the collaboration between Cambridge University and the pharma industry mentions the Cambridge Stem Cell Institute's work on stem cells in multiple sclerosis. Business Weekly Stem cells - A to Z of MS (Source: Multiple Sclerosis Trust)
Source: Multiple Sclerosis Trust - June 30, 2013 Category: Neurology Source Type: news

Stephen Emmott Q&A: 'Windfarms are not the answer to our problems'
The author of Ten Billion on how we might avert a population catastrophe, his attempts to replicate photosynthesis, and why G8 leaders ought to wear tiesWatch Stephen Emmott reading extracts from his book. Reading this on mobile? Click hereWhy have scientists and politicians been slow and reluctant to confront population growth?It might be useful to first distinguish between growth and behaviour. The problem is less the current number of us in itself (yet) but more the way the majority of the 7 billion of us live and consume. This is principally the cause of almost every global problem we face. Critically, every one of the...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - June 29, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Tim Adams Tags: Energy Population World news Food Technology Physics Energy efficiency Energy research Ethical and green living Q & amp;As The Observer Environment Science Source Type: news

Martin Bernal obituary
Scholar of Chinese history and politics whose most controversial work, Black Athena, explored the origins of ancient GreeceMartin Bernal, who has died aged 76, was a scholar of China and modern politics, but his contentious work on ancient Greece brought him most to the public eye. He maintained that the cultural roots of Greek civilisation derived not just from Indo-Europeans invading from the north, but substantially, as ancient authors affirmed, from Egypt, the Phoenician cities of the eastern Mediterranean and west Asia.In place of what he saw as the racist "Aryan" theory of Greek origins prevalent from the e...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - June 21, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Gregory Blue Tags: Obituaries Classics History Greece Linguistics Archaeology China Egyptology History and history of art Languages Education Source Type: news

SfE President-elect named in the Queen’s Birthday Honours list
The Society for Endocrinology would like to offer its warm congratulations to Professor Stephen O’Rahilly, who has been awarded a knighthood for services to medical research in the Queen’s Birthday Honours list. Inaugurated as a Fellow of The Royal Society in 2003 and elected to the Academy of Medical Sciences in 1999, Professor O’Rahilly is Professor of Clinical Biochemistry and Medicine, Department of Clinical Biochemistry at Cambridge University, Co-Director of the Wellcome Trust-MRC IMS, and the President-elect of the Society for Endocrinology. His appointment as Knight Bachelor complement...
Source: Society for Endocrinology - June 18, 2013 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news

Cambridge University Hospitals appoints interim chief nurse
Cambridge University Hospitals Foundation Trust has appointed a new interim chief nurse, the trust has announced. (Source: Nursing Times Breaking News)
Source: Nursing Times Breaking News - June 14, 2013 Category: Nursing Source Type: news

Denise Cummins Selected for APS Fellow Status
Dr. Cummins, author of Good Thinking (Cambridge University Press, 2012) was selected for Fellow status in the Association for Psychological Science in recognition of sustained outstanding contributions to the advancement of psychological more (Source: Psychology Today Work Center)
Source: Psychology Today Work Center - June 12, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dr. Denise Cummins, Ph.D. Tags: Education Psych Careers Work 10 years Association for Psychological Science fellow status fellows outstanding contributions to science psychology science award science fellow teaching service Source Type: news

Pomegranate, Green Tea, Turmeric And Broccoli May Help Fight Prostate Cancer
British researchers have scientifically proven that broccoli, turmeric, green tea and pomegranate help fight the most common cancer in men in the United States and the United Kingdom - prostate cancer. Professor Robert Thomas, who works as an oncologist at Bedford Hospital and Addenbrooke's, part of Cambridge University Hospitals, and team conducted a six-month human study involving 203 adult males, all of them with prostate cancer... (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - June 10, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Prostate / Prostate Cancer Source Type: news

Electric shocks to brain help students solve maths problems, scientists say
Psychologists find students do puzzles 27% faster after non-invasive procedure than those who had no treatmentPeople who struggle with maths problems might fare better after a course of gentle electric shocks to the brain, scientists have claimed.Psychologists at Oxford University found that students scored higher on mental arithmetic tasks after a five-day course of brain stimulation.If future studies prove that it works – and is safe – the cheap and non-invasive procedure might be used routinely to boost the cognitive power of those who fall behind in maths, the scientists said. Researchers led by Roi Cohen K...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - May 16, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Tags: University of Oxford Psychology News Mathematics Higher education UK news Science Source Type: news

Joe Farman obituary
Scientist whose discovery of the depletion of the ozone layer sparked global action to phase out dangerous chemicalsJoe Farman, who has died aged 82, was the leader of a small group of scientists who made one of the most important discoveries in recent history. In 1985, they published a landmark paper on the ozone layer, the protective skin that filters the sun's ultraviolet rays and without which the rays can cause cancers and eye damage. Their research showed that the ozone layer was being rapidly depleted over the Antarctic.Just two years later, world governments signed the Montreal protocol, a treaty phasing out the us...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - May 16, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Fiona Harvey Tags: Obituaries Ozone layer Physics Environment Science Source Type: news

Human embryonic stem cells created from adult tissue for first time
The cells, made with cloning technique behind Dolly the sheep, have the potential to regenerate damaged organs and tissuesScientists have used the cloning technique that led to Dolly the sheep to turn human skin into embryonic stem cells – which can make any tissue in the body.The US team overcame technical problems that had frustrated researchers for more than a decade to create batches of the body's master cells from donated skin.The work will spark fresh interest in the use of cloning in medical research, and reignite the controversy over a procedure that demands a supply of human eggs, and the creation and destru...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - May 15, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Tags: Embryos Ethics Biology World news Medical research Human biology UK news Stem cells Science Source Type: news

At last, we'll find out what's going on in a teenager's head: Scientists will study brains to see how they change as we mature
Scientists at Cambridge University have begun a £5.4million study to understand the workings of the adolescent brain, personified by Harry Enfield's Kevin The Teenager (pictured). (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 14, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news