Universal Classification System for Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP): A Method to Define the Variables in PRP Production
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Khan Sharun, Abhijit M Pawde (Source: Burns)
Source: Burns - August 4, 2020 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Direct Comparison of Reproducibility and Reliability in Quantitative Assessments of Burn Scar Properties
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Molly E. Baumann, Danielle M. DeBruler, Britani N. Blackstone, Rebecca A. Coffey, Steven T. Boyce, Dorothy M. Supp, J. Kevin Bailey, Heather M. Powell (Source: Burns)
Source: Burns - August 4, 2020 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

The Effect of Neighborhood Area Deprivation Index on Residential Burn Injury Severity
Publication date: Available online 1 August 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Laura N. Purcell, Coleen Bartley, Michael E. Purcell, Bruce A. Cairns, Booker T. King, Anthony Charles (Source: Burns)
Source: Burns - August 2, 2020 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Anticoagulation following mitral valve repair
This study evaluated the association between postoperative warfarin use and complications after mitral valve repair, including bleeding and thromboembolic incidents, readmission, and mortality.MethodsThis retrospective study investigated 1097 patients who underwent elective mitral valve repair between April 2003 and March 2017, and was na ïve to atrial fibrillation or prior cardiac surgery. This cohort had no other indication for or against anticoagulation. About 775 patients were placed on warfarin with international normalized ratio goal 2.5 and 322 patients were not anticoagulated. The association between anticoagu...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - August 2, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tessa M. F. Watt, Shannon L. Murray, Alexander A. Brescia, David A. Burn, Alexander Wisniewski, Shazli P. Khan, Matthew A. Romano, Steven F. Bolling, The Michigan Mitral Research Group (MMRG) Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Robotic trans ‐mitral septal myectomy and papillary muscle reorientation for HOCM combined with or without mitral valve repair: Technical aspects – How we do it
AbstractHypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is one of the more common genetic disorders. The pathophysiology and natural history of the disease have been well studied. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) and systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the anterior mitral leaflet can result in sudden cardiac death, progressive heart failure and arrythmias. Surgical septal myectomy for HOCM is the standard of care and is routinely performed through a median sternotomy. Septal myectomy has also been performed using the trans ‐atrial, trans‐mitral approach either directly or with robotic assistance. In case...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - August 2, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Ashok Kumar C J, A. Marc Gillinov, Nicholas G. Smedira, Kevin Hodges, Daniel J. P. Burns, Per Wierup Tags: SURGICAL TECHNIQUE Source Type: research

Selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3 and CH4 over zeolite supported indium-cerium bimetallic catalysts for lean-burn natural gas engines
Publication date: 1 January 2021Source: Chemical Engineering Journal, Volume 403Author(s): Yun Shi, Jiali Pu, Liwei Gao, Shengdao Shan (Source: Chemical Engineering Journal)
Source: Chemical Engineering Journal - August 1, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Hospital-Based Emergency Department Visits With Pediatric Burns: Characteristics and Outcomes
Conclusions Pediatric burn injuries require significant resources for stabilization and treatment by EDs. The present study highlights the burden and impact of pediatric burn injuries in the United States. (Source: Pediatric Emergency Care)
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - August 1, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Dementia prevention, intervention, and care: 2020 report of the Lancet Commission
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2020Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Gill Livingston, Jonathan Huntley, Andrew Sommerlad, David Ames, Clive Ballard, Sube Banerjee, Carol Brayne, Alistair Burns, Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Claudia Cooper, Sergi G Costafreda, Amit Dias, Nick Fox, Laura N Gitlin, Robert Howard, Helen C Kales, Mika Kivimäki, Eric B Larson, Adesola Ogunniyi, Vasiliki Orgeta (Source: The Lancet)
Source: The Lancet - August 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

The Ill Effects of IQOS on Airway Cells: Let's Not Get Burned All Over Again.
PMID: 32735165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Mol Biol Cell)
Source: Mol Biol Cell - August 1, 2020 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: McAlinden KD, Eapen MS, Lu W, Sharma P, Sohal SS Tags: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research

Adjustment for international surgical outreach missions due to COVID-19
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Gennadiy Fuzaylov, Robert J. Dabek (Source: Burns)
Source: Burns - July 31, 2020 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Response to Universal Classification System for Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP): A Method to define the variables in PRP production
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): J Magalon, M Abellan-Lopez, T Brandin, C Degioanni, F Grimaud, J Veran, F Dignat George, B Bertrand, F Sabatier (Source: Burns)
Source: Burns - July 31, 2020 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Putative Mechanisms Underlying Cardiovascular Disease Associated with Clonal Hematopoiesis of Indeterminate Potential
Publication date: Available online 30 July 2020Source: Stem Cell ReportsAuthor(s): Sarah S. Burns, Reuben Kapur (Source: Stem Cell Reports)
Source: Stem Cell Reports - July 31, 2020 Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 4268: Wetland Fire Scar Monitoring and Its Response to Changes of the Pantanal Wetland
e Liu Fire is an important disturbance factor which results in the irreversible change of land surface ecosystems and leads to a new ecological status after the fire is extinguished. Spanning the period from August to September 2019, the Amazon Forest fires were an unprecedented event in terms of the scale and duration of burning, with a duration of 42 days in the Pantanal wetland. Based on the observation data of wildfire and two Sentinel-2A images separated by a 35-day interval, the objectives of this study are to use the Normalized Burn Ratio (NBR) to map the spatiotemporal change features of fire and then quantitat...
Source: Sensors - July 31, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Xiaodong Li Kaishan Song Ge Liu Tags: Article Source Type: research

Male Aesthetics for the Gluteal Area: Anatomy and Algorithm for Surgical Approach for Dynamic Definition Body Contouring
Conclusions: Men have been increasingly requesting improvement and definition of the buttocks, and our novel algorithm allows for a reliable method in this regard. The high satisfaction index supports the natural and athletic results accomplished with our new approach. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - July 30, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Cosmetic: Original Articles Source Type: research

Author's response.
Authors: Burns JM PMID: 32718483 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the American Dental Association)
Source: Journal of the American Dental Association - July 30, 2020 Category: Dentistry Tags: J Am Dent Assoc Source Type: research

Paucity of Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Rehabilitation of Burn Survivors
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) provide an efficient route from research to practice because they follow a prescribed, vetted process for evidence collection. CPGs offer underserved fields, such as burn rehabilitation, an accessible approach to reliable treatment. A literature search was performed using the terms “Burns AND CPGs AND Rehabilitation.” Three reviewers determined whether guideline development followed an established vetting process. “Rehabilitation” required evidence of treatment to improve, maintain, or restore human function and provide treatment to facilitate recovery. Only 160 a...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - July 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Literature Reviews Source Type: research

Estimation of External Contamination and Exposure Rates Due to Fission Product Release
In the event of a radiological incident, the release of fission products into the surrounding environment and the ensuing external contamination present a challenge for triage assessment by emergency response personnel. Reference exposure rate and skin dose rate calibration data for emergency response personnel are currently lacking for cases where receptors are externally contaminated with fission products. Simulations were conducted to compute reference exposure rate coefficients and skin dose rate coefficients from photon-emitting fission products of radiological concern. To accomplish this task, simplified mathematical...
Source: Health Physics - July 30, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Revisiting 35 and 94 GHZ Millimeter Wave Exposure to the Non-Human Primate Eye
A previous study reported thermal effects resulting from millimeter wave exposures at 35 and 94 GHz on non-human primates, specifically rhesus monkeys’ (Macaca mulatta) corneas, but the data exhibited large variations in the observed temperatures and uncertainties in the millimeter wave dosimetry. By incorporating improvements in models and dosimetry, a non-human primate experiment was conducted involving corneal exposures that agreed well with a three-layer, one-dimensional, thermodynamic model to predict the expected surface temperature rise. The new data indicated that the originally reported safety margins for ey...
Source: Health Physics - July 30, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Human and Doll's Hair in a Gastric Trichobezoar, Endoscopic Retrieval Hazards
We report the case of a 9-year-old-girl with undiagnosed coeliac disease and Rapunzel syndrome who underwent endoscopic removal of a large trichobezoar, which was followed by unexpected multiple perforations of the small bowel and stomach. Argon plasma coagulation (APC) and snare electrocautery were employed during endoscopy to remove the trichobezoar piecemeal, and approximately 70% was removed without any clear signs of damage to the mucosa. It was discovered subsequently that about 20 of her dolls were found without hair. On investigating the composition of a specific doll hair from the manufacturer, it was discovered t...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - July 30, 2020 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Burn-Induced Coagulopathies: a Comprehensive Review
Burn-induced coagulopathy is not well understood, and consensus on diagnosis, prevention, and treatments are lacking. In this review, literature on burn-induced (and associated) coagulopathy is presented along with the current understanding of the effects of burn injury on the interactions among coagulation, fibrinolysis, and inflammation in the acute resuscitative phase and reconstructive phase of care. The role of conventional tests of coagulopathy and functional assays like thromboelastography or thromboelastometry will also be discussed. Finally, reported methods for the prevention and treatment of complications relate...
Source: Shock - July 30, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Orofacial rehabilitation after severe orofacial and neck burn: Experience in a Brazilian Burn Reference Centre
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Dicarla Motta Magnani, Fernanda Chiarion Sassi, Luiz Philipe Molina Vana, Carlos Fontana, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade (Source: Burns)
Source: Burns - July 30, 2020 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Role, Management, and Outcome of Free Flap Reconstruction for Acute Full-Thickness Burns in Hands
Conclusions Free flap transfer can be a mandatory and valuable tool to cover full-thickness burn injuries of the hand early in the clinical course of thermal trauma and may provide extremity salvage by favorable means of reconstruction to achieve acceptable functional outcomes, in the most severe cases. Although microsurgical failure rates in burn patients are slightly higher than in free flap transfer to the upper extremity in general, it can be performed with reasonable risk-to-benefit ratio. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 30, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

The State of Burn Care Training During Plastic Surgery Residency
This study challenges the belief that plastic surgery trainees are disinterested in burn care. Burn surgery remains an important component of training programs, and we propose several steps to encourage greater interest and participation in the burn surgery workforce. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 30, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Assessing the influence of hydrogen on texture evolution in polycrystalline nickel deformed under uniaxial tension
Publication date: November 2020Source: Scripta Materialia, Volume 188Author(s): Zachary D. Harris, Michael A. Ritzo, Justine M. Schulte, Sean R. Agnew, James T. Burns (Source: Scripta Materialia)
Source: Scripta Materialia - July 30, 2020 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 3468: Pharmacological Potential of Small Molecules for Treating Corneal Neovascularization
rson Under healthy conditions, the cornea is an avascular structure which allows for transparency and optimal visual acuity. Its avascular nature is maintained by a balance of proangiogenic and antiangiogenic factors. An imbalance of these factors can result in abnormal blood vessel proliferation into the cornea. This corneal neovascularization (CoNV) can stem from a variety of insults including hypoxia and ocular surface inflammation caused by trauma, infection, chemical burns, and immunological diseases. CoNV threatens corneal transparency, resulting in permanent vision loss. Mainstay treatments of CoNV have partial ...
Source: Molecules - July 30, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: Zachary Barry Bomina Park Timothy W. Corson Tags: Review Source Type: research

Operating Microscope Skin Burn During Arteriovenous Fistula Creation in a Pediatric Patient.
PMID: 32731739 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Surgeon)
Source: The American Surgeon - July 30, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Tingen JS, Carsten CG Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research

Safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacodynamics of the TLR4 Agonist GSK1795091 in Healthy Individuals: Results from a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Ascending Dose Study.
Abstract PURPOSE: Interest in Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists for cancer treatment has been renewed after promising preliminary clinical data in combination with checkpoint inhibitors. This first-in-human study assessed the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) properties of intravenous GSK1795091, a synthetic TLR4 agonist, in healthy volunteers as a precursor to evaluation in patients with cancer. METHODS: Healthy participants were randomized (1:3; double-blinded manner) to receive placebo or a single intravenous injection of GSK1795091 at doses of 7-100 ng. The prima...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - July 30, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Hug BA, Matheny CJ, Burns O, Struemper H, Wang X, Washburn ML Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research

A Review of Vitamin D and Scarring: The Potential for New Therapeutics.
Conclusions: Scars are challenging to treat, and patients are increasingly interested in non-invasive treatment options. Although few human clinical studies have been reported, vitamin D may be beneficial as an adjunct therapy to current treatment options. J Drugs Dermatol. 2020;19(7): doi:10.36849/JDD.2020.4986. PMID: 32721140 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology)
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - July 29, 2020 Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research

Efficacy of stem cell therapy for burn wounds: a systematic review and meta-analysis of preclinical studies
Burns remain a serious public health problem with high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Although there are various treatment options available, there is no consensus on the best treatment for severe bu... (Source: Stem Cell Research and Therapy)
Source: Stem Cell Research and Therapy - July 29, 2020 Category: Stem Cells Authors: Yuan Li, Wei-dong Xia, Leanne Van der Merwe, Wen-tong Dai and Cai Lin Tags: Review Source Type: research

Current and Emerging Topical Scar Mitigation Therapies for Craniofacial Burn Wound Healing
Burn injury in the craniofacial region causes significant health and psychosocial consequences and presents unique reconstructive challenges. Healing of severely burned skin and underlying soft tissue is a dynamic process involving many pathophysiological factors, often leading to devastating outcomes such as the formation of hypertrophic scars and debilitating contractures. There are limited treatment options currently used for post-burn scar mitigation but recent advances in our knowledge of the cellular and molecular wound and scar pathophysiology have allowed for development of new treatment concepts. Clinical effectiv...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - July 29, 2020 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

p75NTR silencing inhibits proliferation, migration and extracellular matrix deposition of hypertrophic scar fibroblasts by activating autophagy through inhibiting PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway.
Abstract Hypertrophic scar (HS) results from abnormal wound healing, accompanied by excessive hypercellularity, migration and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition. Autophagy dysregulation plays crucial roles during HS formation. The overexpressed p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) in injured skin tissue after wound healing becomes a factor aggravating scar. The study was designed to investigate the role of p75NTR and p75NTR-mediated autophagy in the process of HS. The results revealed that p75NTR expression was significantly upregulated while that of autophagy proteins was downregulated in cicatrix at 3 and 6 mon...
Source: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - July 29, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Shi W, Wu Y, Bian D Tags: Can J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research

Topical treatment for facial burns.
CONCLUSIONS: There is mainly low to very low-certainty evidence on the effects of any topical intervention on wound healing in people with facial burns. The number of RCTs in burn care is growing, but the body of evidence is still hampered due to an insufficient number of studies that follow appropriate evidence-based standards of conducting and reporting RCTs. PMID: 32725896 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews)
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - July 29, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Hoogewerf CJ, Hop MJ, Nieuwenhuis MK, Oen IM, Middelkoop E, Van Baar ME Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Safety and target engagement profile of two oxaloacetate doses in Alzheimer's patients.
Authors: Vidoni ED, Choi IY, Lee P, Reed G, Zhang N, Pleen J, Mahnken JD, Clutton J, Becker A, Sherry E, Bothwell R, Anderson H, Harris RA, Brooks W, Wilkins HM, Mosconi L, Burns JM, Swerdlow RH Abstract INTRODUCTION: Brain bioenergetics are defective in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Preclinical studies find oxaloacetate (OAA) enhances bioenergetics, but human safety and target engagement data are lacking. METHODS: We orally administered 500 or 1000 mg OAA, twice daily for 1 month, to AD participants (n = 15 each group) and monitored safety and tolerability. To assess brain metabolism engagement, we performed fluor...
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

Multidrug Resistant Organism Burden in Critically-Ill Burn Patients
Publication date: August 2020Source: American Journal of Infection Control, Volume 48, Issue 8, SupplementAuthor(s): Gavin Harris, Jenny Ziembicki, Laura Watkinson, Heather Dixon, Mohamed H. Yassin (Source: American Journal of Infection Control)
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - July 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Role of Sinks as an Environmental Reservoir in CPE Outbreak in a Burn Intensive Care Unit
Publication date: August 2020Source: American Journal of Infection Control, Volume 48, Issue 8, SupplementAuthor(s): Melisa Avaness, Natasha Salt, Lorraine Maze dit Mieusement, Xavier Marchand-Senecal, Jerome Leis (Source: American Journal of Infection Control)
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - July 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Early failure after non ‐resectional mitral valve repair with artificial chordae
AbstractSevere recurrent mitral regurgitation  within 1 year of mitral valve repair is usually attributed to a technical issue with the original repair procedure. However, when artificial chordae are employed to correct mitral valve prolapse, ventricular remodeling (ie, decreased ventricular size) can lead to recurrent prolapse and valve dysfu nction. To illustrate this phenomenon, we present two patients who experienced early failure after undergoing mitral valve repair with artificial chordae. (Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery)
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - July 28, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Ryan A. Moore, Per Wierup, A. Marc Gillinov, Daniel Burns Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Safety of Powered Dermatome during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Publication date: Available online 26 July 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Timothy Michael Noblet, Sharmila Jivan, Mohammed Umair Anwar (Source: Burns)
Source: Burns - July 27, 2020 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Increased admissions and hospitalizations to Pediatric Burn Center during COVID 19 Pandemic
Publication date: Available online 26 July 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Mehmet Demircan (Source: Burns)
Source: Burns - July 27, 2020 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Sparking the Debate: Facial Injury Patterns from Fireworks
The objective of this article is to estimate the incidence, injury patterns, and demographics of patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) for facial injury sustained from fireworks. This was an analysis of a nationwide database. The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was evaluated for facial injuries from fireworks from 2013 to 2017. Relevant entries were examined for incidence, patient characteristics, location of injury, and type of injury. There were 509 NEISS entries, extrapolating to an estimated 19,816 ED visits for head and neck injuries due to fireworks from 2013 to 2017. The number of...
Source: Facial Plastic Surgery - July 27, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Mehta, Neil Ketan Cowan, Brandon Hojjat, Houmehr Johnson, Jared Chung, Michael Thomas Carron, Michael Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Investigating the Accumulation of Submicron Phase-Change Droplets in Tumors
Submicron phase-change droplets are an emerging class of ultrasound contrast agent. Compared with microbubbles, their relatively small size and increased stability offer the potential to passively extravasate and accumulate in solid tumors through the enhanced permeability and retention effect. Under exposure to sufficiently powerful ultrasound, these droplets can convert into in situ gas microbubbles and thus be used as an extravascular-specific contrast agent. However, in vivo imaging methods to detect extravasated droplets have yet to be established. (Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology)
Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology - July 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Brandon L. Helfield, Kimoon Yoo, Jingjing Liu, Ross Williams, Paul S. Sheeran, David E. Goertz, Peter N. Burns Tags: Technical Note Source Type: research

Real-time burn depth assessment using artificial network: a large-scale, multicentre study
Publication date: Available online 25 July 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Yuan Wang, Zuo Ke, Zhiyou He, Xiang Chen, Yu Zhang, Peizhen Xie, Tao Li, Jiao Zhou, Fangfang Li, Canqun Yang, Pihong Zhang, Chun Huang, Lu Kai (Source: Burns)
Source: Burns - July 25, 2020 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Factors associated with adherence to follow-up care after burn injuries
Publication date: Available online 6 July 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Camerin A. Rencken, Nikki Allorto, Abigail D. Harrison, Stephen T. McGarvey, Adam R. Aluisio (Source: Burns)
Source: Burns - July 25, 2020 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Using rational strategies for children's scars based on more than 5 years assessment after burn
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2020Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Baoguo Chen, Jian Hou, Huifeng Song, Quanwen Gao, Minghuo Xu, Fang Wang, Jue Wang, Jiang Wu, Jiake Chai (Source: Burns)
Source: Burns - July 25, 2020 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Hospital-based surveillance for Japanese encephalitis in Bangladesh, 2007 –2016: Implications for introduction of immunization
Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus is recognized as a major cause of encephalitis in Bangladesh. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends human immunization as the most effective means to control JE. Several WHO-prequalified vaccines are available to prevent JE but no vaccination program has been implemented in Bangladesh. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - July 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kishor Kumar Paul, Hossain M.S. Sazzad, Mahmudur Rahman, Sharmin Sultana, M. Jahangir Hossain, Jeremy P. Ledermann, Paul Burns, Michael S. Friedman, Meerjady S. Flora, Marc Fischer, Susan Hills, Stephen P. Luby, Emily S. Gurley Source Type: research

Paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis revealing burned-out seminoma
(Source: Acta Neurologica Belgica)
Source: Acta Neurologica Belgica - July 25, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Reply: No secrets with the anterior mitral leaflet
Mitral valve repair is the procedure of choice in patients with severe mitral regurgitation caused by degenerative mitral valve disease. Although resection and creation of artificial chordae provide generally equivalent results in those with posterior leaflet prolapse,1 this dictum does not hold for anterior leaflet prolapse. Like Drs Lawrie2 and Bolling,3 virtually all experienced surgeons rely on artificial chordae (with an annuloplasty) to correct anterior leaflet prolapse.3,4 Other approaches to the anterior leaflet have important drawbacks. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - July 25, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Marc Gillinov, Daniel J.P. Burns, Per Wierup Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Rethinking research on the social determinants of global mental health
Publication date: August 2020Source: The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 7, Issue 8Author(s): Kelly Rose-Clarke, Dristy Gurung, Carrie Brooke-Sumner, Rochelle Burgess, Jonathan Burns, Ritsuko Kakuma, Kwabena Kusi-Mensah, Lourdes Ladrido-Ignacio, Pallab K Maulik, Tessa Roberts, Ian F Walker, Shehan Williams, Peter Yaro, Graham Thornicroft, Crick Lund (Source: The Lancet Psychiatry)
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - July 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Tattoos among athletes: a matter of concern?
Authors: Kluger N Abstract Ten to 30% of the population is currently tattooed. However, tattooing is not completely harmless. This trend does not spare athletes and sports medicine specialists may have to manage tattooed athletes. The purpose of this study is to review the overall possible issues associated with tattoos among athletes. Overall, tattooed athletes are exposed to the same complications as anyone, mainly healing issues, skin infections and allergic reactions to a tattoo color. Besides, the main pitfall in sports medicine remains invasive gestures such as puncture or infiltration, as they must be avoide...
Source: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness - July 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sports Med Phys Fitness Source Type: research

Soybean protein-derived peptide nutriment increases negative nitrogen balance in burn injury-induced inflammatory stress response in aged rats through the modulation of white blood cells and immune factors.
Conclusions: Nutrient supplementation of SPP can, therefore, be used as an adjuvant treatment to inhibit the development and severity of inflammatory reactions caused by burns, providing a novel therapy for the treatment and positive prognosis of burn patients. PMID: 32694965 [PubMed] (Source: Food and Nutrition Research)
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - July 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang J, Li W, Ying Z, Zhao D, Yi G, Li H, Liu X Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research

Complex minerals preserve natural geochemically important nanoscale metal oxide clusters
(Source: Acta Crystallographica Section B)
Source: Acta Crystallographica Section B - July 24, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: Burns, P.C. Tags: polyoxometalate minerals structural complexity scientific commentaries Source Type: research