First Reported Helicopter In-flight Serratus Plane Block for Rib Fractures
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Air Medical JournalAuthor(s): Justin McLean, Sean Cooke, Brian Burns, Cliff Reid (Source: Air Medical Journal)
Source: Air Medical Journal - July 17, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Dextromethorphan Analgesia in a Human Experimental Model of Hyperalgesia
Conclusions This study shows that low-dose (30-mg) dextromethorphan is antihyperalgesic in humans on the areas of primary and secondary hyperalgesia and reverses peripheral and central neuronal sensitization. Because dextromethorphan had no intrinsic antinociceptive effect in acute pain on healthy skin,N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor may need to be sensitized by pain for dextromethorphan to be effective. (Source: Anesthesiology)
Source: Anesthesiology - July 17, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Prevalence of Burnout and Career Satisfaction Among Oncologists in China: A National Survey
AbstractBackground.Burnout and career satisfaction has been extensively studied among U.S. and European oncologists, although little is known about the situation among Chinese oncologists. Therefore, we conducted this national survey to investigate the prevalence of burnout and career satisfaction among Chinese oncologists.Patients and Methods.Between September 2015 and December 2016, a cross‐sectional field survey was conducted through the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology and the Chinese Committee of Rehabilitation and Palliative Care. The full‐length survey consisted of 59 questions investigating personal and pro...
Source: The Oncologist - July 17, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Shuxiang Ma, Yan Huang, Yunpeng Yang, Yuxiang Ma, Ting Zhou, Hongyun Zhao, Likun Chen, Ningning Zhou, Li Zhang Tags: Health Outcomes and Economics of Cancer Care, Global Health and Cancer Source Type: research

Correction: Whole-genome sequencing of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia reveals distinct differences in the mutational landscape between IgHVmut and IgHVunmut subgroups
Leukemia, Published online: 17 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41375-019-0515-8Correction: Whole-genome sequencing of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia reveals distinct differences in the mutational landscape between IgHVmut and IgHVunmut subgroups (Source: Leukemia)
Source: Leukemia - July 17, 2019 Category: Hematology Authors: A Burns R Alsolami J Becq B Stamatopoulos A Timbs D Bruce P Robbe D Vavoulis R Clifford M Cabes H Dreau J Taylor S J L Knight R Mansson D Bentley R Beekman J I Mart ín-Subero E Campo R S Houlston K E Ridout A Schuh Source Type: research

Risk factors for incomplete polyp resection after cold snare polypectomy
AbstractBackgroundIncomplete polyp resection (IPR) is recognized as a risk factor for interval colorectal cancer (ICC), and is, therefore, an important issue in polypectomy. Cold snare polypectomy (CSP) is a procedure that does not involve electrocautery and has no burn effect. Therefore, there is the possibility that the risk of ICC associated with IPR is higher in cases undergoing CSP than in those undergoing hot polypectomy. However, little is known about the risk factors for IPR after CSP.PurposePrecise identification of the risk factors can lead to prevention of IPR after CSP. Therefore, we performed this observationa...
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - July 16, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

GSE130430 The Developmental Heterogeneity of Human Natural Killer Cells Defined by Single-cell Transcriptome
Contributors : Chao Yang ; Jason R Siebert ; Robert Burns ; Zachary J Gerbec ; Benedetta Bonacci ; Amy Rymaszewski ; Mary Rau ; Matthew J Riese ; Sridhar Rao ; Karen-Sue Carlson ; John M Routes ; James W Verbsky ; Monica S Thakar ; Subramaniam MalarkannanSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensNatural killer (NK) cells are critical to both innate and adaptive immunity. However, the development and heterogeneity of human NK cells are yet to be fully-defined. Using single-cell RNA-sequencing technology, we identify distinct NK subsets in human bone marrow and blood. We define a ...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - July 15, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research

Bone Marrow Findings in Patients With Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia Treated With Arsenic Trioxide.
CONCLUSIONS: Bone marrow biopsies from patients treated with ATO have unusual but characteristic features. Despite variability in marrow findings, clinical outcomes were uniformly favorable. PMID: 31305869 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Clinical Pathology)
Source: American Journal of Clinical Pathology - July 15, 2019 Category: Pathology Authors: Miller KP, Venkataraman G, Gocke CD, Batista DA, Borowitz MJ, Burns KH, Pratz K, Duffield AS Tags: Am J Clin Pathol Source Type: research

Analysis of parameters influencing intraarticular temperature during radiofrequency use in shoulder arthroscopy
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study was to analyze the influence of several factors on the temperature in the work chamber during shoulder arthroscopy procedures in order to identify danger zones when using radiofrequency.MethodsIntraarticular temperature was measured intraoperatively using system with special probe that directly measured the temperature in 22 patients. Data collection was prospective. The main parameters studied were the measurement of the temperature depending on: localization of the procedure (glenohumeral or subacromial), the use of coagulation or ablation, the number of portals, the pressure of the a...
Source: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology - July 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Deneysel Olarak Uyar ılan Bir Özofagus Yanık Modelinde Carvacrol'ün Etkileri: VEGF ve Kaspaz Ekspresyonu-3 Proteinler.
Conclusions: Carvacrol may contribute to a reduction in fibrosis by decreasing inflammation and preventing cell apoptosis. PMID: 31288583 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Investigative Surgery)
Source: Journal of Investigative Surgery - July 12, 2019 Category: Surgery Tags: J Invest Surg Source Type: research

Sources of error in clinical measurement of the amplitude of accommodation
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Journal of OptometryAuthor(s): David H. Burns, Peter M. Allen, David F. Edgar, Bruce J.W. EvansAbstractMeasurement of the amplitude of accommodation is established as a procedure in a routine optometric eye examination. However, clinical methods of measurement of this basic optical function have several sources of error. They are numerous and diverse, and include depth of focus, reaction time, instrument design, specification of the measurement end-point, specification of the reference point of measurement, measurement conditions, consideration of refractive error, and...
Source: Journal of Optometry - July 12, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Keloid Excision and Adjuvant Treatments: A Network Meta-analysis
Conclusions According to our results, “excision + radiation” had significantly better outcomes than excision alone. “Excision + pressure” had better outcomes than excision + any other treatment modality, and excision + nonradiation adjuvant therapies were also better than “excision only,” although these findings did not reach statistical significance. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - July 12, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research

Soil respiration and nutrient availability after short heating followed by rewetting differ between first and second heating and are influenced by the interval between heating events
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2019Source: Soil Biology and BiochemistryAuthor(s): Mihiri Seneviratne, Petra MarschnerAbstractSoils may be exposed to short heating events for example in fast-moving grass fires which can reoccur if not all fuel was burnt in the first heating. Little is known about the effect of a second heating on microbial activity and nutrient availability. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of one and two heating events on soil respiration and nutrient availability. The soil was incubated moist (165 g kg−1) for 7 days. On day 8, soils were left unheated (CM) or heated...
Source: Soil Biology and Biochemistry - July 12, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Diagnostic and clinical experience of patients with pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration
Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder with brain iron accumulation (NBIA). (Source: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases)
Source: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases - July 12, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Randall D. Marshall, Abigail Collins, Maria L. Escolar, H. A. Jinnah, Thomas Klopstock, Michael C. Kruer, Aleksandar Videnovic, Amy Robichaux-Viehoever, Colleen Burns, Laura L. Swett, Dennis A. Revicki, Randall H. Bender and William R. Lenderking Tags: Research Source Type: research

Do patients, families, and healthcare teams benefit from the integration of palliative care in burn intensive care units? Results from a systematic review with narrative synthesis.
CONCLUSION: This review reflects the challenging setting of burn intensive care units. Evidence from these articles suggests that the integration of palliative care in burn intensive care units improves patients' comfort, decision-making process, and family care. Further research is needed to better understand how the integration of palliative care in burn intensive care units may be fostered and to identify the outcomes of this integration. PMID: 31296110 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Palliative Medicine)
Source: Palliative Medicine - July 12, 2019 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Ribeiro AF, Martins Pereira S, Gomes B, Nunes R Tags: Palliat Med Source Type: research

Primary cardiac angiosarcoma diagnosed in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Authors: Burns EA, Ahmed A, Sunkara A, Khan U, Sharif R, Abdelrahim M, Reardon M, Trachtenberg B Abstract Primary cardiac angiosarcoma (PCAS) is a malignancy seldom seen in pregnancy. A 23-year-old G1P0 Chinese female was found to have PCAS during her first trimester when she presented with tamponade physiology. The transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) results did not indicate the presence of an intracardiac lesion, and pericardial fluid cytology analysis showed no evidence of malignancy. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) exhibited a right atrial mass, and tissue biopsy indicated a high-grade angiosarcoma. ...
Source: Ecancermedicalscience - July 11, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Ecancermedicalscience Source Type: research

Value of procalcitonin levels as a predictive biomarker for sepsis in pediatric patients with burn injuries
Conclusion: High PCT levels may be a predictive biomarker for the development of sepsis in pediatric patients with burn injury. However, more comprehensive prospective studies may be required to validate this finding. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - July 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: MF Kundes M Kement Source Type: research

Expression levels and significance of miR-184 and miR-126 in burned rats.
Authors: Xu S, Fan Y, Wu T, Xu P Abstract Expression levels and significance of miR-184 and miR-126 in burned rats were investigated. A total of 30 healthy rats were selected to construct a burn rat model, and another 10 healthy rats as the control group. The modeled rats were divided into groups I, II and III according to burn area, 10 for each group. The reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-q.PCR) was used to detect the expression of miR-184 and miR-126 in the serum of three groups of burned rats, and ELISA was employed to detect the expression levels in peripheral blood and the correl...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - July 10, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

[ASAP] Effect of Surface Roughness on Light-Absorber Orientation in an Organic Photovoltaic Film
Chemistry of MaterialsDOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b01337 (Source: Chemistry of Materials)
Source: Chemistry of Materials - July 10, 2019 Category: Materials Science Authors: Thomas Lee †‡, Paul L. Burn*†‡, and Alan E. Mark*† Source Type: research

Nano-drug delivery systems in wound treatment and skin regeneration
Skin damages are defined as one of most common lesions people suffer from, some of wounds are notoriously difficult to eradicate such as chronic wounds and deep burns. Existing wound therapies have been proved... (Source: Journal of Nanobiotechnology)
Source: Journal of Nanobiotechnology - July 10, 2019 Category: Nanotechnology Authors: Wei Wang, Kong-jun Lu, Chao-heng Yu, Qiao-ling Huang and Yong-Zhong Du Tags: Review Source Type: research

Development of outcome-specific criteria for study evaluation in systematic reviews of epidemiology studies.
CONCLUSIONS: Outcome-specific criteria are an important part of a systematic review and will facilitate study evaluations by epidemiologists with experience in evaluating studies using systematic review methods who may not have extensive discipline-specific experience in the outcomes being reviewed. PMID: 31299560 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environment International)
Source: Environment International - July 9, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Radke EG, Glenn B, Galizia A, Persad A, Nachman R, Bateson T, Wright JM, Navas-Acien A, Arroyave WD, Puett RC, Harville EW, Pollack AZ, Burns JS, Lynch CD, Sagiv SK, Stein C, Cooper GS Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

[Use of methoxyflurane on acute pain during burn dressing in adult consultation].
The objective was to compare the short-term efficacy of methoxyflurane vs. MEOPA on acute pain during burn dressing in consultation, the secondary outcome was to assess the patient's comfort and the quality of the dressing performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monocentric, prospective study from April 2018 to January 2019. Men and women>18 years presenting acute burn on
Source: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthetique - July 9, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Verdier J, Leduc A, Duteille F, Bertrand-Vasseur A, Perrot P Tags: Ann Chir Plast Esthet Source Type: research

The increasing threat of silver-resistance in clinical isolates from wounds and burns
(Source: Infection and Drug Resistance)
Source: Infection and Drug Resistance - July 8, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infection and Drug Resistance Source Type: research

A multicentre assessment of prostate MRI  quality and compliance with UK and international standards
To assess prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) image quality and compliance with technical standards between centres in the South West region of the UK. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 8, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: P.R. Burn, S.J. Freeman, A. Andreou, N. Burns-Cox, R. Persad, T. Barrett Source Type: research

Continued provision of WHO International Standards for total and free PSA: Content and commutability of replacement preparations.
CONCLUSION: On the basis of these results, the preparations coded 17/102 and 17/100 were established by the WHO Expert Committee on Biological Standardization as the 2nd ISs for free and total PSA (PSA-ACT+free PSA) respectively, with assigned contents of 0.53 μg/ampoule and 0.50 μg/ampoule. PMID: 31295477 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical Biochemistry)
Source: Clinical Biochemistry - July 8, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Ferguson J, Patel D, Atkinson E, Rigsby P, Burns C Tags: Clin Biochem Source Type: research

Simultaneous hydrogel crosslinking and silver nanoparticle formation by using ionizing radiation to obtain antimicrobial hydrogels
The objective of this work was to study hydrogel dressings containing AgNPs from silver nitrate, synthesized by radiation involving the formation of silver nanoparticles with simultaneous occurrence of crosslinking and sterilization of the polymer systems. One of the hydrogels was prepared with poly(N-vinyl-2- pyrrolidone) (PVP) and the other with poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) as main studied polymers. An aqueous solution of AgNO3 was added to both polymer systems separately. The AgNPs synthesis, polymer crosslinking and dressing sterilization were achieved simultaneously by irradiating the resultant solutions with gamma-rays ...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - July 7, 2019 Category: Physics Source Type: research

cAMP-MicroRNA-203-IFNγ Network Regulates Subcutaneous White Fat Browning and Glucose Tolerance
ConclusionsMicroRNA-203 (miR-203) promotes white adipose tissue browning in cold exposed mice and improves glucose tolerance in HFD fed mice by repressing IFN-γ.Since miR-203 is activated by cAMP-dependent C/EBPβ up-regulation and directlyrepressesIFN-γ signal pathway, we declare that miR-203 acts as a messenger between cAMP signal pathway and IFN-γ signal pathway.Graphical abstract (Source: Molecular Metabolism)
Source: Molecular Metabolism - July 7, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Ratiometric DNA Walking Machine for Accurate and Amplified Bioassay.
Abstract DNA walking machines opened new avenues for the biosensing and demonstrated great success in the past few years. Since DNA machines are mainly non-equilibrium systems driven by dynamic interactions, the matrix effects on DNA machines is a bottleneck and more intricated than common DNA-mediated assays, especially for complicated physiological samples. Herein, to realize an accurate and reliable quantitative machine, a ratiometric DNA walking machine was developed in human serums and cell lysates based on the elemental isotope ratio measurement. The target DNA-triggered walking machine converted and amplifi...
Source: Chemistry - July 7, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Wang C, Hu J, Lv Y, Liu R Tags: Chemistry Source Type: research

Enhanced wound healing by PVA/Chitosan/Curcumin patches: In vitro and in vivo study
Publication date: 1 October 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 182Author(s): Niranjan R., Kaushik M., Prakash J., Venkataprasanna K.S., Christy Arpana, Pannerselvam Balashanmugam, G. Devanand VenkatasubbuAbstractBiocompatible polymers are being used in recent times for treating skin injuries and burn wounds. Polymers like Poly Vinyl Alcohol and Chitosan are proven to be biocompatible with least toxic to treat injuries with minimal side-effects. Curcumin, a primary component of turmeric has anti-inflammatory properties and anti-microbial activity but has extremely low bioavailability. Converting Curc...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - July 6, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

High ligation of sapheno-femoral junction and thermal ablation for lower limb primary varicosity in day hospital setting.
CONCLUSION: Catheter delivery of thermal energies for saphenous ablation, even when combined with high ligation of saphenous femoral arc, demonstrated to be minimally invasive, easy to learn and easy to perform in day hospital setting, with early return to normal activity. EVLT achieved similar results to RFA and both techniques were considered equally effective and safe; the results we obtained were not statistically significant but RFA showed less pain, ecchymosis and haematomas, as well as provided better short-term quality of life. KEY WORDS: Day Hospital setting, Endovenous laser treatment, High ligation ablation ...
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - July 5, 2019 Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research

A beverage containing orange pomace improves laxation and modulates the microbiome in healthy adults: A randomised, blinded, controlled trial
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 60Author(s): Jennifer C. Dennis-Wall, Alyssa M. Burns, Rebecca J. Solch, Maria Ukhanova, Wendy J. Dahl, Mary C. Christman, Thomas Boileau, Mary Brauchla, Jin-E Shin, Carmelo Nieves, Volker Mai, Bobbi Langkamp-HenkenAbstractThe aim was to assess whether citrus pomace increases stool frequency in healthy adults. In this randomised, blinded, controlled trial, healthy adults (62% females) received a beverage containing pomace (473 mL/day, providing 10 g fibre/day, n = 111) or control (n = 110) for 3 weeks. Stool frequency, Bristol Stool F...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - July 5, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Improving Clinician Decisions and Communication in Critical Care Using Novel Information Technology.
CONCLUSIONS: The primary findings of these assessments are that clinicians found the NHIT easy to use despite minimal training and experience and that it did not degrade clinician efficiency or decision-making accuracy. These findings are in contrast to common user experiences when introduced to new EMRs in clinical practice. PMID: 31271437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - July 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Correction to: Prenatal alcohol exposure and infant gross motor development: a prospective cohort study
Following publication of the original article [1], the authors opted to revise the first paragraph of the section “Characteristics associated with maternal drinking in pregnancy”. Below is the updated version. (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - July 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Delyse Hutchinson, George J. Youssef, Clare McCormack, Judy Wilson, Steve Allsop, Jake Najman, Elizabeth Elliott, Lucinda Burns, Sue Jacobs, Ingrid Honan, Larissa Rossen, Hannah Fiedler, Samantha Teague, Joanne Ryan, Craig A. Olsson and Richard P. Mattick Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Correction to: P-42 Distribution and antifungal susceptibility of Candida isolates in a Tunisian burn unit
Introduction: Burned patients are at high risk of yeast colonization and thus of invasive fungal infections, particularly to Candida (C.) spp., leading to an increase in morbidity and mortality. While pre-empt... (Source: Annals of Intensive Care)
Source: Annals of Intensive Care - July 4, 2019 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Trabelsi Sonia, Hanachi Majdi, Bouchekoua Meriam, Aloui Dorsaf, Cheikhrouhou Sarra, Khaled Samira, Messadi Amen Allah and Thabet Lamia Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 2950: Assessment of Bandaged Burn Wounds Using Porcine Skin and Millimetric Radiometry
di Owda This paper describes the experimental setup and measurements of the emissivity of porcine skin samples over the band of 80–100 GHz. Measurements were conducted on samples with and without dressing materials and before and after the application of localized heat treatments. Experimental measurements indicate that the differences in the mean emissivity values between unburned skin and burned damaged skin was up to ~0.28, with an experimental measurement uncertainty of ±0.005. Measured differences in the mean emissivity values between unburned and burn damaged skin increases with the d...
Source: Sensors - July 4, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Amani Yousef Owda Neil Salmon Sergiy Shylo Majdi Owda Tags: Article Source Type: research

The Global Epidemiology of NAFLD and NASH in Patients with type 2 diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide, with a global prevalence of 25.2% [1]. NAFLD is defined by the presence of hepatic steatosis, detected either by imaging or histology, and a lack of secondary causes of hepatic fat accumulation (i.e. excessive alcohol consumption, steatogenic medication, or monogenic hereditary disorders) [2]. (Source: Journal of Hepatology)
Source: Journal of Hepatology - July 4, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Zobair M. Younossi, Pegah Golabi, Leyla de Avila, James Minhui Paik, Manirath Srishord, Natsu Fukui, Ying Qiu, Leah Burns, Arian Afendy, Fatema Nader Source Type: research

P-curving the Fusiform Face Area: Meta-Analyses Support the Expertise Hypothesis
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Edwin J. Burns, Taylor Arnold, Cindy M. BukachAbstractPsychologists have debated whether the right fusiform face area’s (FFA) responses are domain specific to faces, or domain general for certain object categories that we have visual expertise with. This latter domain general expertise account has been criticised for basing its assumptions upon studies that suffer from small participant numbers, small effects, and statistically significant p-values that are close to .05. An additional criticism is that these findi...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 3, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

A revisit to the effects of zinc salt on skin burn wound healing to reflect the risks in current pharmaceutical care.
This study examined skin wound healing process of rats inflicted by partial thickness thermal burn wound as a function of applied soluble zinc contents (0.1 ml of zinc chloride solution 0.01% (w/w) or 5.0% (w/w)). The size, surface morphology and histological profiles of wound beds of untreated rats and those treated with zinc chloride solutions were characterized. A soluble zinc content as low as 10.5 μg/cm2 of skin negated skin wound healing when compared to the untreated rats. This was alarming as the commercial products currently in the market are formulated with a high level of zinc content. Albeit th...
Source: Journal of Dermatological Treatment - July 3, 2019 Category: Dermatology Tags: J Dermatolog Treat Source Type: research

Co-morbidities in the multiple victims of the silent killer in carbon monoxide poisoning.
Authors: Mureşan CO, Zăvoi RE, Dumache RO, Precup CV, Ciocan V, Bulzan OŞ, Florou C, Enache A Abstract Carbon monoxide (CO) remains an insidious and silent killer due to its physical and chemical properties; its lethal effects are encountered in cases of household accidents, occupational hazards or suicide. Deaths due to CO poisoning were studied retrospectively in the period 2000-2018 at the Institute of Forensic Medicine, Timişoara, Romania. These cases represent 1.75% of all the autopsies and 0.63% of all violent deaths. There have been cases of single deaths and cases with multiple victims - concomitant dea...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - July 3, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research

State of the art in human adipose stem cells and their role in therapy.
Authors: Şovrea AS, Boşca AB, Constantin AM, Dronca E, Ilea A Abstract Nowadays, adipose tissue appears to be the most valuable source in regenerative cell therapy, due to the following characteristics: high accessibility, high expression in a large number of individuals, high self-renewal and ability to differentiate, and hematopoietic support to the implant area. Its therapeutic potential has been experimentally observed in a broad spectrum of diseases with high population impact: diabetes, myocardial infarction, Parkinson disease, bone fractures, facial reconstruction or loss of subcutaneous tissue due to cong...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - July 3, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research

Post-Acute Care Setting is Associated With Employment After Burn Injury
To examine differences in long-term employment outcomes of adult burn survivors by post-acute care setting. (Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - July 3, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Leda F. Espinoza, Laura C. Simko, Richard Goldstein, Kara A. McMullen, Chloe Slocum, Julie K. Silver, David N. Herndon, Oscar E. Suman, Walter J. Meyer, Nicole S. Gibran, Karen Kowalske, Ross Zafonte, Colleen M. Ryan, Jeffrey C. Schneider Source Type: research

Glutamine in Burn Injury.
Abstract Burn injury is the most devastating of survivable injuries and is a worldwide public health crisis. Burn injury is among the most severe metabolic stresses a patient can sustain. A major burn leads to an inflammatory response and catabolism that, when compounded by burn wound nutrient losses, can lead to severe nutrition losses and deficiencies. These losses can impair immune function and wound healing and place burn patients at high risk for organ injury and mortality. Experimental data indicate glutamine (GLN) is well positioned mechanistically, perhaps above and beyond in any other intensive care unit ...
Source: Nutrition in Clinical Practice - July 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wischmeyer PE Tags: Nutr Clin Pract Source Type: research

Soil elemental concentrations, geoaccumulation index, non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks in functional areas of an informal e-waste recycling area in Accra, Ghana.
This study assesses the distribution, contamination and human health risks of major, minor and trace elements in the topsoil and subsoil of two informal e-waste recycling sites in Accra, Ghana. Metal concentrations in Agbogbloshie exceeded the Dutch Soil intervention values with exceedances of 72%, 57%, 57%, 38%, 16%, 2% for Cu, Zn, Pb, Ba, Cd and As respectively. Metal concentrations in Ashaiman exceeded the Dutch Soil intervention values with exceedances of 62%, 57% and 46% for Cu, Zn and Pb respectively. Geoaccumulation indices indicated that the topsoils of the burn area and dismantling areas of Agbogbloshie e-waste re...
Source: Chemosphere - July 3, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Ackah M Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research

Search results outliers among MEDLINE platforms.
Conclusion: Platform enhancements among interfaces affect record retrieval and challenge the expectation that MEDLINE platforms should, by default, be treated as MEDLINE. Substantial inconsistencies in search result counts, as demonstrated here, should raise concerns about the impact of platform-specific influences on search results. PMID: 31258442 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA)
Source: Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA - July 2, 2019 Category: Databases & Libraries Tags: J Med Libr Assoc Source Type: research

The Efficacy and Safety of High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) Therapy for Benign Thyroid Nodules —A Single Center Experience from Singapore
AbstractBackgroundHigh-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a recent noninvasive technique of treating thyroid nodules. Our study aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of HIFU in treating benign thyroid nodules.MethodsThis is a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients who underwent HIFU of benign thyroid nodules at our institution from July 2017 –2018. All procedures were performed by a single surgeon. Patients were evaluated immediately post-procedure, and at subsequent intervals of 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months. The primary endpoint was thyroid nodule volume reduction at ...
Source: World Journal of Surgery - July 1, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Chemical mismanagement and skin burns among hospitalized and outpatient door (OPD) patients.
This study suggests that management's effective supervision and governmental regulations may help to prevent chemical skin burns at work, and can further be controlled by hiring professional workers alongside providing training to them in chemical handling as well as using protective equipment and developing appropriate management policies to improve victim's wellbeing and quality of life. Findings will help the workers, doctors, hospitals, industries, government, and other stakeholders to understand and control chemical hazards at-site to minimize the risks of chemical skin burn incidents. PMID: 31251122 [PubMed - as ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - July 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Laxative-Induced Contact Dermatitis
A 5-year-old female with Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy and a history of constipation presented to the emergency department with a new blistering buttocks rash, which was initially concerning for nonaccidental burn. Upon further investigation, it was found that Ex-Lax had been given to the patient for constipation. This had resulted in a bowel movement, which led to an irritant dermatitis. The patient was eventually diagnosed with senna-induced erosive diaper dermatitis. This case report highlights the importance of a thorough history and physical examination to prevent an unnecessary child abuse work-up. (Source: Pediatric Emergency Care)
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - July 1, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Illustrative Cases Source Type: research

Regional disparities in access to verified burn center care in the United States
CONCLUSION We found significant disparities in access to verified center burn care and determined nonverified centers with the greatest potential to increase access, if verified. Our future directions include identifying barriers to verification, such as lack of fellowship-trained burn surgeons or lack of hospital commitment. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Epidemiological, level III. (Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care)
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - July 1, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: 2019 EAST PODIUM PAPER Source Type: research

Unplanned readmission after traumatic injury: A long-term nationwide analysis
CONCLUSION Unplanned readmission after trauma is high and remains this way 6 months after discharge. Understanding the factors that increase the odds of readmissions within 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months offer a focus for quality improvement and have important implications for hospital benchmarking. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Epidemiological study, level III. (Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care)
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - July 1, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Frontalis Muscle Flap: As a Salvage Procedure for Upper Eyelid in a Burn Patient
The ugly face of civil war shows itself in the desperate patients and their extreme sequellae. The options for reconstruction of patients with late-term serious sequellae decrease and their treatments also become more difficult. A 31-year-old male patient was injured 18 months ago due to a bomb explosion and received long-term treatment through local wound care in his country. A patient who is referred to us with such late-term ectropion and lagophthalmos is likely to have both morphologic and functional deterioration. A frontal muscle flap was planned for this patient. The frontal muscle flap has been used for a long time...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - July 1, 2019 Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research

Aesthetic and Functional Rehabilitation of Postburn Maxillofacial Deformity
Postburn maxillofacial deformities, although rare, are a significant cause of morbidity. Since contracture scars have a potential role in deforming the maxillofacial skeleton, the focus of treatment should be on growing patients, where scar contractures can drastically influence growth and morphology of the maxillofacial units. There are certain aspects of severe facial burns and deformities, especially of the jaws, that deserve sincere attention to overcome aesthetic and functional disabilities such as inability to masticate and incompetent lips. The purpose of this article, therefore, is to discuss these injuries, the me...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - July 1, 2019 Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research