Principles, safety, and a database of fireworks - Matsunaga T.
Principles and safety of fireworks as well as the database that the authors have been opened to the public are overviewed. First, chemical substances used to make fireworks are explained. Especially, oxidizers, which are solid powders including oxygen, are... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Science and fireworks - Arai M.
As an introduction of the special issue for the combustion science in fireworks, features of Japanese fireworks, competitions of fireworks display, names/gyokumei of individual firework, and science of fireworks are explained. The science of fireworks incl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Understanding structure ignition vulnerabilities using mock-up sections of attached wood fencing assemblies - Suzuki S, Manzello SL.
Firebrand production from structure combustion becomes a key factor in the magnitude of how quickly a large outdoor fire may spread. Post-fire disaster investigations suggest that attached building components, such as wood fencing assemblies are known to b... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Wildfires modelling: short overview, challenges and perspectives - Morvan D.
Since the end of 90', the mechanical engineering and combustion communities have manifested a growing interest in wildfires physics with a significant effort in the development of new approaches in wildfires modelling on more physical bases. Wildfires phys... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Combining diverse driving forces for smoke control in complex urban traffic link tunnels (UTLTs) using one-dimensional flow modelling - Liu Y, Yang D, Xiao Y, Mao S, Yang M.
Urban traffic link tunnels (UTLTs) could become increasingly more complex because they incorporate both looped main tunnels and multiple branch tunnels. In such a complex tunnel structure, smoke control in the event of fire becomes more difficult than that... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Detecting urban fire high-risk regions using colocation pattern measures - Xia Z, Li H, Chen Y, Yu W.
Understanding the spatial patterns of fire incidents and identifying high-risk locations are important for urban fire safety management. Colocation pattern analysis involving geographic information system (GIS) intends to examine the spatial proximity of d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Experimental study on maximum smoke temperature beneath the ceiling induced by carriage fire in a tunnel with ceiling smoke extraction - Tang F, He Q, Chen L, Li P.
Tunnel fire is an important topic considering tunnel safety design and regulations, a process in which the high smoke temperature under the ceiling is the key parameter. This paper investigates experimentally the maximum temperature beneath the ceiling ind... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Vaping illnesses top 1,000 across the U.S.
The CDC issued an alarming update on America's vaping crisis. Nearly 1,100 cases of illnesses linked to vaping have now been reported in the U.S. and 19 patients have died in 16 states. As Dean Reynolds reports, a new study finds recent vaping illnesses are similar to chemical burns. (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - October 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Hand burn injuries in children - Klein T, Wendenburg W, Boemers TM, Marathovouniotis N.
A consistently high proportion of thermal injuries in children are to the hand, and scalds and contact burns are the main causes. While most thermal Injuries to the hand in children can be treated conservatively, deep burns can result in scary contractures... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Risk of burns during active external rewarming for accidental hypothermia - Giesbrecht GG, Walpoth BH.
This article describes 3 incidents in which therapeutic or experimental warming of cold individuals caused first- to third-degree burns to the skin. Mechanisms for these injuries are considered. We conclude that active external rewarming of the trunk of a ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Vaping-Related Lung Injuries In US Surpass 1,000 Cases
(CNN) — There are now more than 1,000 cases of vaping-related lung injuries across the United States, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. As of Tuesday, 1,080 cases of lung injury associated with the use of e-cigarettes or vaping have been reported to the CDC, Schuchat said. Cases have been reported in 48 states and the US Virgin Islands. There have been 19 deaths confirmed from 16 states: two in California, two in Kansas, two in Oregon, and one each from Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey and Virginia...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - October 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Vaping Source Type: news

'Chemical Burns' May Be Vaping Lung Damage Source
The researchers saw no evidence of tissue damage from lipids such as mineral oils, which until now have been a suspected cause of vaping-linked lung injuries. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - October 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

' Chemical Burns' Seen as Possible Cause of Vaping Lung Damage'Chemical Burns' Seen as Possible Cause of Vaping Lung Damage
The recent surge of lung injuries among users of e-cigarette products appears to be caused by chemical toxicity and not from the accumulation of lipids in the lungs, researchers say.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines)
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - October 3, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Pulmonary Medicine News Source Type: news

Vaping Lung Damage Similar To Chemical Burn, Research Shows
(CNN) — Lung damage in those using e-cigarettes might be caused by chemicals in the vape liquid, according to a letter published Wednesday in the New England Journal of Medicine. The findings are among the first to offer insight into what might have sickened more than 800 people in recent months who vaped. At least 17 people nationwide have died from vaping-related illnesses. The cause is unclear, although several federal and state agencies are investigating. Researchers from the Mayo Clinic found the lung damage was similar to a chemical burn. “It seems to be some kind of direct chemical injury, similar to wha...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - October 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Health Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Vaping Source Type: news

Wildfire prevention through prophylactic treatment of high-risk landscapes using viscoelastic retardant fluids - Yu AC, Lopez Hernandez H, Kim AH, Stapleton LM, Brand RJ, Mellor ET, Bauer CP, McCurdy GD, Wolff AJ, Chan D, Criddle CS, Acosta JD, Appel EA.
Polyphosphate fire retardants are a critical tactical resource for fighting fires in the wildland and in the wildland-urban interface. Yet, application of these retardants is limited to emergency suppression strategies because current formulations cannot r... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Mother left with horrific burns after a gas grill exploded in her face
Rebecca Rogers, from Wilmington in North Carolina, has been scarred for life after her life-changing ordeal in August. She was at her friend's apartment when she suffered the burns. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Lung Damage From Vaping Resembles Chemical Burns, Report Says
Doctors at the Mayo Clinic examined samples of lung tissue from 17 patients, all of which looked as if the people had been exposed to toxic chemicals, the researchers said. (Source: NYT)
Source: NYT - October 3, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Denise Grady Tags: your-feed-science E-Cigarettes Respiratory Diseases Hazardous and Toxic Substances Burns Marijuana Lungs Deaths (Fatalities) Chemicals New England Journal of Medicine Mayo Clinic Source Type: news

Vaping may leave lungs with 'chemical burns seen in industrial accidents'
Alabama reported its first vaping-related death on Tuesday as Mayo Clinic reported biopsies on 17 lung tissue samples from vaping patients resembled those with chemical burns from toxic fumes. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Chronic Cutaneous Ulcer and Burn Wounds -- Developing Products for Treatment
Clinical/Medical (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - October 2, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news

Vaping-related lung damage in 17 patients resembled chemical burns, U.S. doctors say
The lung injuries linked to vaping may be caused by exposure to toxic chemical fumes, U.S. doctors say in a study published Wednesday in the New England Journal of Medicine. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - October 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Health Source Type: news

Numerical simulation methodology of multi-layer Kevlar 49 woven fabrics in aircraft engine containment application - Zhenhua Z, Lulu L, Wei C, Gang L.
A numerical simulation method was developed to provide effective tools to estimate the ballistic resistance of Kevlar 49 fabric for gas turbine engine containment system in LS-DYNA. Material model based on representative unit cell and three-element viscoel... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Explosion parameters and combustion kinetics of biomass dust - Liu A, Chen J, Huang X, Lin J, Zhang X, Xu W.
In this study, a 20-L spherical explosion vessel, hot plate apparatus, Godbert-Greenwald furnace apparatus, and TG-FTIR were used to investigate the explosion and combustion characteristics of three biomass dusts: dalbergia cochinchinensis (DC), pine sawdu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Study of different facets of electrocution deaths: a 5-year review - Giri S, Waghmode A, Tumram NK.
Deaths due to fatal electric injuries are quite common due to extensive use of electricity in home and industries. Hence, every single case of electrocution should be thoroughly investigated. Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Suicidal deaths by burns in females of reproductive age: 2 yr study - Dhoble SV, Dere RC, Jaiswani AK, Savardekar RR.
In India, deaths related to burns are more common in women than in men. Fire is easily available weapon used by female for suicide. Most burns happen in low- and middle-income countries. Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Survey of reported eye injuries from handheld laser devices in Canada - Qutob SS, Feder KP, O'Brien M, Marro L, McNamee JP, Michaud DS.
BACKGROUND: Unprotected exposure to handheld lasers can cause temporary or permanent vision loss depending on the laser classification. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the occurrence of, and details associated with, reported eye injuries resulting from hand... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Understanding burn injuries: The different types and treatments
(Natural News) Burns are quite common injuries. In the U.S., over three million people experience some type of burn injury. While most of them are minor and require little or no treatment, some burns can still cause death. There are different types of burn injuries and they vary in treatment. One primary factor used to... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Terrawatch: the mysteries of the moon's largest crater
A recent Chinese mission has revealed more about the South Pole Aitken basinMost space rocks that hurtle towards Earth burn up in the atmosphere. The moon ’s lack of atmosphere means it does not have the same protection, and consequently its surface is peppered with craters. The oldest and largest crater – a massive 2,000km across and 13km deep – sits at the far side of the moon. Known as the South Pole Aitken basin, this crater fascinates scien tists because it may help reveal what’s inside the moon.Data fromNasa ’s Grail mission in 2011 mapped the moon ’s gravitational field and showed...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - October 1, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Kate Ravilious Tags: Space Astronomy Science The moon Source Type: news

Comparing types of financial incentives to promote walking: an experimental test - Burns RJ, Rothman AJ.
This study tested whether in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news

Up Close and Personal: New Essays From Leslie Jamison
In her second collection, “Make It Scream, Make It Burn,” the author of “The Empathy Exams” wages a journalistic battle between sentiment and detachment. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - October 1, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Sloane Crosley Tags: Books and Literature Jamison, Leslie Make It Scream, Make It Burn (Book) Source Type: news

Why the Women Most Likely to Die of Breast Cancer Have Gotten the Least Attention
How can you have a moonshot trying to cure cancer and not mention people dying of cancer?I believed the narrative that is pushed on women, that if you check your breasts and if you catch it early, you’re fine.ide class="right-rail__container right-rail__container--ad"> Lianne Kraemer had been living with metastatic breast cancer for more than a year when I met her in December 2017 at the Henry B. González Convention Center in San Antonio. Throughout the week, more than 7,000 doctors, scientists and pharmaceutical-company representatives would descend on the city for the country’s most impor...
Source: TIME: Health - October 1, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Kate Pickert Tags: Uncategorized Breast Cancer health Source Type: news

This is how far you'd have to walk to burn off calories after meals at Nando's and Zizzis
Dietitian Helen Bond has helped to estimate the distances you would have to walk to burn off calories after eating. For example Beefeater's mixed grill would be a walk from Brighton to Eastbourne (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - September 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

A comparison study of methods for estimation of a burn surface area: Lund and Browder, e-burn and Mersey Burns - Chong HP, Quinn L, Jeeves A, Cooksey R, Lodge M, Carney B, Molony D.
INTRODUCTION: One of the greatest challenges in burn care is the estimation of a total burn surface area (TBSA). It is especially challenging and needs to take into account the growing proportions and the age of a paediatric patient. The aims of this study... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Analysis of a historical accident in a Spanish coal mine - Sanmiquel-Pera L, Bascompta M, Anticoi HF.
There has been a long history of coal mine accidents and these, usually, involve serious injuries, fatalities, and the destruction of facilities. In the seventies, an explosion killed 28 miners in a Spanish coal mine. This paper gives insight into the main... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Burn wounds after electrical injury in a bathtub: a case report - Hardon SF, Haasnoot PJ, Vries AM.
BACKGROUND: Increased smartphone use among minors makes our population more prone to electrical injury. Despite regulations on electrical home safety standards, smartphones and chargers still pose a risk for severe injury among users. CASE PRESENTATION: We... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

East London deliberate corrosive fluid injuries - Hossain RR, Papamichael E, Coombes A.
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this case series are to (1) highlight the incidence of deliberate corrosive fluid injuries (DCFI) in East London; (2) ascertain the types of substances used; and (3) grade the resulting ocular surface burns using two validated gradi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

On the importance of firebrand processes in large outdoor fires - Manzello SL.
Firebrands are produced from combustion of both vegetative and structural fuels in large outdoor fires. It is well known that firebrand generation, transport, and ignition mechanisms result in rapid and potentially devastating fire spread processes in larg... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

The "headstrike" protocol: a retrospective review of a single trauma center's operational change in the management of anticoagulated ground-level falls - Keyes M, Alley A, Muertos K, Anderson B, Howerton S, Burns A, Pepe A.
Anticoagulated older adults suffering ground-level falls are a specialty trauma population at risk for intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Delays in diagnosis or initiation of anticoagulation reversal can lead to increased morbidity/mortality. A novel "Headstri... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Psychiatrists call for massive increase in medical school places
They say 15,000 more students need to enter medical school by 2029 Related items fromOnMedica The future for our students General Practitioners recognised as ‘specialists’ Junior doctors report widespread ‘burn out,’ survey shows Over half of GPs plan to leave within five years Partnership best model for delivering what GPs and patients want (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - September 30, 2019 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Blast concussion and posttraumatic stress as predictors of postcombat neuropsychological functioning in OEF/OIF/OND veterans - Nelson NW, Disner SG, Anderson CR, Doane BM, McGuire K, Lamberty GJ, Hoelzle J, Sponheim SR.
In this study, we examined factors that predict cognitive functioning by considering effects of blast-related concussion (BRC), non-blast-related concussion (NBRC), and pos... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Blast-related traumatic brain injury: current concepts and research considerations - Bryden DW, Tilghman JI, Hinds SR.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a well-known consequence of participation in activities such as military combat or collision sports. But the wide variability in eliciting circumstances and injury severities makes the study of TBI as a uniform disease state... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Incident command post exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and particulate matter during a wildfire - Navarro KM, Cisneros R, Schweizer D, Chowdhary P, Noth EM, Balmes JR, Hammond SK.
Wildland firefighters engaged in fire suppression activities are often exposed to hazardous air pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and particulate matter (PM2.5) during wildfires with no respiratory protection. Although t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Novel bicomponent functional fibers with sheath/core configuration containing intumescent flame-retardants for textile applications - Maqsood M, Seide G.
The objective of this study is to examine the effect of intumescent flame-retardants (IFR's) on the spinnability of sheath/core bicomponent melt-spun fibers, produced from Polylactic acid (PLA) single polymer composites, as IFR's have not been tested in bi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Nuancing the need for speed: temporal health system strengthening in low-income countries - Bashford T, Joannides A, Phuyal K, Bhatta S, Mytton J, Harrison R, Hutchinson P.
Patients with delayed access to medical care often experience worse outcomes. The ‘three delays’ model developed in the context of emergency obstetric care is an important conceptual device for researchers and policy-makers, particularly in resourc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Preventing explosions of hydrogen gas inhalers - Kurokawa R, Hirano SI, Ichikawa Y, Matsuo G, Takefuji Y.
Production and excretion of hydrogen (H2) gas in human was reported in 1969, since then it has been regarded as non-toxic molecule. For preventive and therapeutic medical uses, a possible treatment for cancer was reported and another article was... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Psychological needs of the families of patients who attempted suicide by self-immolation: an overlooked issue [letter] - Rezaie L, Schwebel DC.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Reasons for not losing weight on a keto diet
This article outlines 10 reasons why a person may not lose weight despite following the keto diet. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - September 27, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity / Weight Loss / Fitness Source Type: news

Black market cannabis vapes are found to contain hydrogen CYANIDE
Cannabis vaping pens that are purchased from unlicensed dealers may contain myclobutanil, a pesticide that can turn into hydrogen cyanide - which causes fatal asphyxiation - when it is burned. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - September 27, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

E-Cigarette Maker Juul Stops All Advertising, Replaces CEO
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 25, 2019 -- Amid a national outbreak of vaping-linked illnesses and deaths, vape device maker Juul Labs said Wednesday it is stopping all print, digital, and television advertising, and its CEO, Kevin Burns, is stepping down. Juul,... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - September 25, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Juul Labs' CEO Out
In the midst of a national outbreak of vaping-linked illnesses and deaths, the president of Juul Labs' Kevin Burn is stepping down. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - September 25, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news