Beyond surge: coping with mass burn casualty in the closest hospital to the Formosa Fun Coast Dust Explosion - Chuang S, Chang KS, Woods DD, Chen HC, Reynolds ME, Chien DK.
PURPOSE: To provide an insight into the challenges faced by the closest hospital to the Formosa Fun Coast Dust Explosion (FFCDE) disaster scene, and to examine how the hospital staff adapted to cope with the mass burn casualty (MBC) in their overcrowded em... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Numerical assessment of the human body response to a ground-level explosion - Sielicki PW, Gajewski T.
This paper presents the results of a numerical analysis of the behaviour of a human body after a ground-level explosion. The explosions were generated by condensed charges for different stand-off distances and various masses of explosive. The detonations p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Mother claims her son's second degree burns cleared up thanks to a £7.99 pot of coconut oil
Tracy Hallwood, 24, of Cheshire, only turned her back for a second last October when her son Arlo, now 20 months, pulled a boiling brew off the kitchen counter. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - January 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Medical News Today: What are the health benefits of aloe vera juice?
Aloe vera is a popular remedy for burns and skin problems, and it is also available as a juice. Learn about the health benefits of this nutritious beverage here. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - January 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nutrition / Diet Source Type: news

Man, 71, suffers a blistering COLD BURN from a trendy cyro-chamber
The unnamed man, who was treated at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, developed a rash after a malfunctioning nozzle sprayed liquid nitrogen directly onto his skin. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mediterranean Diet Named Best Overall For 2019
By Sandee LaMotte, CNN (CNN) — If you’re a fan of the Mediterranean diet, get ready to do a victory dance. For the first time, the Mediterranean diet has won the gold as 2019’s best overall diet in rankings announced Wednesday by US News and World Report. The analysis of 41 eating plans also gave the Mediterranean diet the top spot in several subcategories: best diet for healthy eating, best plant-based diet, best diet for diabetes and easiest diet to follow. The high accolades are not surprising, as numerous studies found the diet can reduce the risk for diabetes, high cholesterol, de...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - January 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News best diets CNN Source Type: news

Phys Ed: Stand More, Lounge Less? Don ’ t Do It to Lose Weight
People burn more calories when they stand than when sitting or lying down, but the increase is smaller than many of us might hope. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: GRETCHEN REYNOLDS Tags: Exercise Calories Weight Obesity Source Type: news

Penetrating injury to Zone II of the neck causing laryngotracheal injury following a firecracker blast: first reported case - Jameel MR, Galketiya KB, Samarasinghe TM.
The journal is the official publication of the College of Surgeons of Sri Lanka.   Its mission is to reach the highest standard of scientific surgical practice by dissemination of high quality scientific information and to foster and promote the growth of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Tragic death of a family due to house fire - Senarath PSMD, Nandasiri CSA, Vidanapathirana M.
In the early days, hazards of fire were limited to its thermal hazards. With the advancement of civilization, science and industry, the lifestyles of people have changed, including their housing trends, i.e. space, insulation and ventilation, the hazards o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

A fatal case of accidental high-voltage electrocution - Arachchi SHD, Ruwanpura RP.
High voltage electrical injuries are relatively uncommon but exhibit a high rate of mortality. A body of a 39-yearold electrician who had died while working on high tension cables was brought for post-mortem examination. The autopsy revealed first and seco... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Pets burned in California's Camp Fire get relief with fish-skin treatments
The skin has been used to treat bears and mountain lions in the past (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - January 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cryotherapy malfunction results in burn, blisters
(Reuters Health) - Whole-body cryotherapy - a trendy procedure that exposes the naked body to subzero temperatures - isn't backed by evidence and can be risky, doctors say. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 1, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Bi-objective scheduling of fire engines for fighting forest fires: new optimization approaches - Wu P, Chu F, Che A, Zhou MC.
It is challenging to perform emergency scheduling for fighting forest fires subject to limited rescue resources (i.e., vehicles with fire engines), since extinguishing each fire point should take into account multiple factors, such as the actual fire sprea... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Fire investigation: historical perspective and recent developments - Lentini JJ.
As a forensic science, fire investigation involves a wide variety of disciplines and thus attracts an equally wide variety of practitioners. These range from fire protection engineers who may only occasionally engage in forensic work to law enforcement off... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Safety assessment of a high-rise dormitory in case of fire - Rahouti A, Datoussa ïd S, Descamps T.
This paper aims to focus on the combination of fire- and agent-based modelling approaches to assess the level of safety of a multi-storeyed building case study. Design/methodology/approach For an existing building to be occupied such as the ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

American Greetings Builds Communications Platform Around A Powerful Human Truth
American Greetings may sell greeting cards, but, with their " Connections Build Us " platform, what they are really selling is improved mental and physical well being. To prove the point they put a few top-tier athletes to an unexpected test. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - December 31, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Will Burns, Contributor Source Type: news

Confirmatory factor analysis and reliability of the Burn Specific Health Scale-Revised in Brazilian burned patients - Freitas NO, Caltran MP, Mazin SC, Dantas RAS, Rossi LA.
This study ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Design solutions to improve resilience of metro vehicle to blast events - El Koursi EM, Bruyelle JL, Seddon R, O'Neill C.
Considerable effort is being devoted by researchers and stakeholders in order to improve the safety of metro systems with regard to terrorist attacks. The issue has been addressed by many researchers, taking into account the bow-tie model of safety managem... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Regional fire scenarios in Spain: linking landscape dynamics and fire regime for wildfire risk management - Montiel Molina C, Karlsson Mart ín O, Galiana Martín L.
Fire scenarios are multiscale land-type planning units for a fire regime with different applications at national, regional, and local scales. The main aim of this research is to implement a methodology integrating landscape dynamics and wildfire risk from ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

The features and treatment of Xixia "May 17th" explosion accident - Wang S, Yang B, Li X, Sun Y, Cao S, Zhu T, Xu M, Li X, Li T, Zhao J.
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze the injury characteristics of victims and treatment strategies in the explosion accident on the 17th May 2018 in Xixia county (Xixia "May 17th" explosion accident). METHODS: Completion the Level Three treatment... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

The role of psychological flexibility in appearance anxiety in people who have experienced a visible burn injury - Shepherd L, Reynolds DP, Turner A, O'Boyle CP, Thompson AR.
BACKGROUND: Individuals with visible differences can experience appearance anxiety that is distressing and disruptive to daily functioning. Understanding psychological factors that maintain appearance anxiety related to scarring is important in developing ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Thermal burn injury from a wedding ring: an unusual case - Andrade P, Kaura AS, Bryant JR, Burke E.
We describe a case of a thermal wedding ring injury sustained during a welding accident. It is critical to understand the 3 zones... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Shamshu, 25 – Testimony of Rohingya
A divorced woman who lives alone risks much more to live in harsh poverty than one in a household where a man lives. When asked: “What do you need?” She replied: “I have nothing at all, I need everything”. Generally, Rohingya women rarely go outside on their own and do not talk to strangers. Hence, it is hard for supporting services to reach women’s only families. Shamshu has been traumatized, she is anxious and alone. Everything she says is negative, it gives me the sad impression that she has giving up on life.   I came here a year ago. What I am having most troubles with in my life now...
Source: Doctors of the World News - December 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Martina Villa Tags: Uncategorised Source Type: news

The association between experiencing discrimination and physical and mental health among PWID - Couto E Cruz C, Salom CL, Dietze P, Burns L, Alati R.
BACKGROUND: Discrimination can be a daily issue in the lives of people who inject drugs (PWID). However, the extent to which discrimination is related to the health of PWID remains unclear. METHODS: Data focusing on discrimination against PWID and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Wireless network for assessing temperature load of large-scale structures under fire hazards - Kim RE, In K, Yeo I.
While the construction of high-rise buildings has become popular in big cities, an average of over 15,000 structure fires in those buildings are being reported in the United States. Especially because the fire in a building can result in a failure or even ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Sepsis in the Burn Patient
Sepsis is the leading cause of death in burn patients. The authors of this journal article say that interventions are challenging owing to a lack of specific guidelines, and all burn types involve a risk for complications. They say that interventions should include care of the burn, medication administration, continuous monitoring for infection development, infection prevention measures, and (if necessary) treatment of sepsis. The article concludes that sepsis in burn patients is different from the unburned population. Efforts are needed to develop more accurate diagnostic strategies and guidelines to trigger rapid treatme...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - December 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Can systemic inflammatory response syndrome score at admission predict clinical outcome in patients with severe burns? - Wu G, Zhuang M, Jiang Y, Fan J, Sun Y, Zhou Z, Xia Z, Sun Y.
INTRODUCTION: The use of SIRS score as a predictor of outcomes in patients with severe burns has not been fully evaluated. Here, we aimed to test that whether admission SIRS score, combining with other predictors, could be used in predicting outcomes in pa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Effectiveness of an educational program on decreasing burns and injuries in Persian festival of fire: a burden of diseases approach - Homaie Rad E, Kouchakinezhad-Eramsadati L, Mohtsham-Amiri Z, Davoudi-Kiakalayeh A, Yousefzadeh-Chabok S.
In this study we tried to find effectiveness of Chaharshanbeh souri educational campaign on decreasing b... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Green firebreaks as a management tool for wildfires: lessons from China - Cui X, Alam MA, Perry GL, Paterson AM, Wyse SV, Curran TJ.
Wildfire is a widespread natural hazard that is expected to increase in areal extent, severity and frequency with ongoing changes in climate and land-use. One tool that has been used in an effort to reduce the damage caused by wildfires is green firebreaks... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Hazards from failure of CNG automotive cylinders in fire - Tschirschwitz R, Krentel D, Kluge M, Askar E, Habib K, Kohlhoff H, Kr üger S, Neumann PP, Rudolph M, Schoppa A, Storm SU, Szczepaniak M.
Compressed natural gas (CNG) is a widely used automotive fuel in a variety of countries. In case of a vehicle fire where the safety device also malfunctions, a failure of the CNG automotive cylinder could occur. Such a cylinder failure is associated with s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Listeners offer support to Sask. gynecologic oncologists who feel burned out
Listeners of The Morning Edition offered words of support and shared their experiences with two specialists who recently told CBC News they left their positions due to excessive workload without much relief (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - December 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Saskatchewan Source Type: news

Muhammad, 11 – Testimony of Rohingya
While listening to the story of an 11-year-old boy who never showed a smile, I wondered if he was at the age when a teen’s voice changes, as his voice sounded hoarse. To questions, he would spend time thinking before answering. His father was shot dead in front of him, and the boy himself had to shoot bullets before escaping and running away to Bangladesh. In what state of mind did he cross the river and the mountains? At the camp he looks after his 6 young brothers, because there are no more adult men in his family. The shelter where they live is nothing more than that of other families, they live in extreme pover...
Source: Doctors of the World News - December 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Martina Villa Tags: Uncategorised Source Type: news

Is this protein the key to a 'flab jab'?
Researchers from the University of Copenhagen in Denmark have found a protein which they believe encourages the body to burn fat during exercise, and they want to trial injecting it at rest. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - December 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gel made from the bark of a birch tree speeds up healing of wounds from burns, clinical trial finds
The new study of the gel, The gel, called Oleogel-S10, was led by a team at the St Andrews Centre for Plastic Surgery and Burns at the Mid Essex Hospital NHS Trust. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - December 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Omron launches HeartGuide watch-based wearable BP monitor
Omron Healthcare (TYO:6645) said late last week that it launched its HeartGuide wearable blood pressure monitor, touting it as the world’s first such device. The HeartGuide is an FDA-cleared, wearable oscillometric blood pressure monitor intended for personal use and styled to function as a wrist watch, the Lake Forest, Ill.-based company said. The device features a cuff in the wrist watch band which inflates to measure systolic and diastolic pressures at a clinical level of accuracy, the company claims. The newly launched HeartGuide also monitors physical activity including steps taken, distance walked, ca...
Source: Mass Device - December 27, 2018 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Fink Densford Tags: Business/Financial News Diagnostics Featured Omron Omron Healthcare Source Type: news

A NASA Probe Launched to Study Pluto Is About to Look at Another Mysterious Object
(CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla.) — The spacecraft team that brought us close-ups of Pluto will ring in the new year by exploring an even more distant and mysterious world. NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft will zip past the scrawny, icy object nicknamed Ultima Thule soon after the stroke of midnight. One billion miles beyond Pluto and an astounding 4 billion miles from Earth (1.6 billion kilometers and 6.4 billion kilometers), Ultima Thule will be the farthest world ever explored by humankind. That’s what makes this deep-freeze target so enticing; it’s a preserved relic dating all the way back to our solar syste...
Source: TIME: Science - December 27, 2018 Category: Science Authors: MARCIA DUNN / AP Tags: Uncategorized onetime space Source Type: news

An evaluation of the impact of a burn camp on children and young people's concerns about social situations, satisfaction with appearance and behaviour - Armstrong-James L, Cadogan J, Williamson H, Rumsey N, Harcourt D.
INTRODUCTION: This evaluation aimed to assess the impact of a burn camp on children and young people's concerns about social situations, satisfaction with appearance and behaviour. METHODS: Young people completed the Perceived Stigmatisation Questi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Beware of thermal epiglottis! A case report describing 'teapot syndrome' - Verhees V, Ketharanathan N, Oen IMMH, Baartmans MGA, Koopman JSHA.
BACKGROUND: The type of scalding injury known as 'teapot syndrome', where hot liquid is grabbed by the child with the aim of ingestion and falls over a child causing burns on the face, upper thorax and arms, is known to cause peri-oral and facial oedema. T... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Epidemiological analysis of pediatric burns in the Dominican Republic reveals a demographic profile at significant risk for electrical burns - Sinha S, Nu ñez Martinez CM, Hartley RL, Quintana Alvarez RJ, Yoon G, Biernaskie JA, Nickerson D, Gabriel VA.
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric burns are preventable with legislative and infrastructural changes. Although retrospective audits of many low- and middle-income countries have aided preventative efforts, the epidemiological status of burns in the Caribbean is not kno... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Examining management scenarios to mitigate wildfire hazard to caribou conservation projects using burn probability modeling - Stockdale C, Barber Q, Saxena A, Parisien MA.
The boreal forests of Alberta have extensive networks of legacy seismic exploration lines that have been linked to the decline of boreal woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) populations throughout the region. In order to improve habitat quality for... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Examining forest resilience to changing fire frequency in a fire-prone region of boreal forest - Hart SJ, Henkelman J, McLoughlin PD, Nielsen SE, Truchon-Savard A, Johnstone JF.
Future changes in climate are widely anticipated to increase fire frequency, particularly in boreal forests where extreme warming is expected to occur. Feedbacks between vegetation and fire may modify the direct effects of warming on fire activity and shap... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Fireproofing of domestic upholstered furniture: migration of flame retardants and potential risks - Lounis M, Leconte S, Rousselle C, Belzunces LP, Desauziers V, Lopez-Cuesta JM, Julien JM, Guenot D, Bourgeois D.
Flame retardants (FRs) are widely incorporated in polyurethane foams to decrease their fire reaction. Currently, the risks associated with the use of FRs in domestic upholstered furniture (UF) are evaluated according to FRs volatility and potency to be emi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Forging selfhood: social categorisation and identity in Arizona's prison wildfire programme - Feldman LR.
This article examines the expressions of identity for participants in the Inmate Wildfire Program (IWP), a skilled prison labour programme in the US state of Arizona. The identity of imprisoned individuals is deleteriously shaped by the penal regime's cons... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Implementation of a checklist to enhance operation note quality at a UK burns centre - Khajuria A, Charles W, Williams A, Leon-Villapalos J, Atkins J, Jones I, Bache S, Collins D.
INTRODUCTION: Operation notes are fundamental for clinical, academic and medico-legal purposes. Good Surgical Practice (2014) provides guidelines to assist note completion but the literature suggests poor adherence to these. The aim of this study was to ev... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Augmented reality game-related injury - Richards KG, Wong KY, Khan M.
We present a case of electrical burns in a Po... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Emergency and acute care management of traumatic spinal cord injury: a survey of current practice among senior clinicians across Australia - Sharwood LN, Dhaliwal S, Ball J, Burns B, Flower O, Joseph A, Stanford R, Middleton J.
BACKGROUND: To describe pre-hospital, emergency department and acute care assessment and management practices of senior clinicians for patients with acute traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) across Australia; and to describe clinical practice variation. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Fish skin is cheaper than bandages – and children relish looking like superhero Aquaman
A neurologist from the Federal University of Cear á in Brazil claims many children are arriving at hospital with burns hoping to look like the DC Comics superhero from the film released this year. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - December 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

'Burned out': Saskatoon cancer doctors reveal reasons for departures
The province of Saskatchewan is losing all but one of its gynecologic oncologists. Departing specialists say burn out was inevitable without additional manpower and support. It's a chronic issue in smaller centres in Canada. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - December 24, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Saskatchewan Source Type: news

Burn warning: How to treat a burn - and why you should NEVER pop a blister
BURNS and scalds could be caused by cooking a big dinner, especially over the festive Christmas period. This is how to treat a painful burn, and what to do if your skin becomes scalded. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - December 22, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Africa: Why Uganda Burns Medicine When Hospitals Have No Drugs
[Monitor] A dry, frigid wind stings and numbs the body inside the vast National Medical Stores (NMS) facility in Entebbe, some 40 kilometres from Kampala. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - December 21, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news