Association of Common Foods with Inflammation and Mortality: Analysis from a Large Prospective Cohort Study
J Med Food. 2024 Feb 14. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2023.0203. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSome dietary patterns are associated with inflammation, while others lower inflammation and improve health. However, many people cannot follow a complete, healthy diet. Therefore, this study's aim was to identify specific foods associated chronic inflammation and mortality. The study used Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) research materials from the NHLBI Biologic Specimen and Data Repository Information Coordinating Center. Three plant-based and three animal-based MESA food categories were chosen based on perceived availability i...
Source: Atherosclerosis - February 14, 2024 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nicholas W Carris Rahul Mhaskar Emily Coughlin Easton Bracey Srinivas M Tipparaju Koushik R Reddy Hariom Yadav Ganesh V Halade Source Type: research

Allyl isothiocyanate regulates oxidative stress, inflammation, cell proliferation, cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis via interaction with multiple cell signaling pathways
AbstractCancer growth is a molecular mechanism initiated by genetic and epigenetic modifications that are involved in cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and senescence pathways. Chemoprevention is an important strategy for cancer treatment that leads to blocking, reversing, or impeding the multistep process of tumorigenesis, including the blockage of its vital morphogenetic milestones viz. normal, preneoplasia, neoplasia, and metastasis. Naturally occurring phytochemicals are becoming ever more popular compared to synthetic drugs for many reasons, including safety, bioavailability, efficacy, and easy availabil...
Source: Histochemistry and Cell Biology - November 29, 2023 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

Molecules, Vol. 28, Pages 7269: A Review of Foods of Plant Origin as Sources of Vitamins with Proven Activity in Oxidative Stress Prevention According to EFSA Scientific Evidence
ímara Beyond their nutritional benefits, vitamins could decrease the risk of chronic diseases due to their potent antioxidant capacity. The present work is aimed at reviewing the state of the art regarding (1) the vitamins involved in oxidative stress prevention in accordance with the requirements established by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and (2) the foods of plant origin that are sources of those vitamins and have potential benefits against oxidative stress in humans. According to the European regulations based on EFSA scientific evidence, riboflavin, vitamin C, and vitamin E are those vitamins subjecte...
Source: Molecules - October 25, 2023 Category: Chemistry Authors: Mar ├şa Ciudad-Mulero Laura Dom ├şnguez Patricia Morales Virginia Fern ├índez-Ruiz Monta ├▒a C├ímara Tags: Review Source Type: research

The current status, challenges, and future perspectives for managing diseases of brassicas
The Brassica genus comprises the greatest diversity of agriculturally important crops. Several species from this genus are grown as vegetable and oil crops for food, animal feed and industrial purposes. In particular, B. oleracea has been extensively bred to give rise to several familiar vegetables (cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale and Brussels Sprouts, etc.) that are grouped under seven major cultivars. In 2020, 96.4 million tonnes of vegetable brassicas were produced globally with a 10.6% increase over the past decade. Yet, like other crops, the production of brassicas is challenged by diseases among which, black rot...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - July 18, 2023 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of hypertension: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies
ConclusionA high intake of fruit and vegetables combined, and total fruit was associated with reduced risk of hypertension, while results for fruit and vegetable subtypes were mixed and need further study. (Source: European Journal of Nutrition)
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - July 15, 2023 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Urinary 2- to 16 ╬▒-hydroxyestrone ratio did not change with cruciferous vegetable intake in premenopausal women
In conclusion, neither cruciferous supplements nor an added vegetable serving altered urinary 2:16 in premenopausal women with eight weeks treatment. This ratio did vary with time, which is important for designing future trials.PMID:37335576 | DOI:10.1024/0300-9831/a000785 (Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research)
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - June 19, 2023 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stephanie J Davis Sara A Arscott Shellen Goltz Cassidy Muir Neil Binkley Sherry A Tanumihardjo Source Type: research