Predictors of non-communicable diseases screening behaviours among adult population in Brunei Darussalam: a retrospective study
ConclusionIdentifying specific predictors of screening behaviours could help policymakers introduce tailored guidelines and effective approaches for screening and early detection programmes. Causal relationships and barriers to screening, including healthcare provider ’s role and health service utilisation, are highly recommended in future studies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 13, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Socialising over fruits and vegetables: the biocultural importance of an open-air market in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam
Earth ’s biocultural diversity comprising biological, cultural and linguistic diversities is being eroded quickly. Our ability to recognise and appreciate what is remaining is crucial for its survival. However,... (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - January 31, 2020 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: F. Merlin Franco, Li Ling Chaw, Nurzahidah Bakar and Siti Noraqilah Haji Abas Tags: Research Source Type: research

Survival Rates and Associated Factors of Colorectal Cancer Patients in Brunei Darussalam.
CONCLUSION: This study found the overall 5-year survival rate of CRC in Brunei Darussalam is similar to that in some Asian countries such as Singapore and Malaysia. However, more efforts need to be carried out in order to raise awareness of CRC and improve the survival of CRC patients. PMID: 31983194 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention)
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - January 28, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research

Brunei Darussalam: country report on children ’s environmental health
Journal Name: Reviews on Environmental Health Issue: Ahead of print (Source: Reviews on Environmental Health)
Source: Reviews on Environmental Health - January 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Brunei Darussalam: country report on children ’s environmental health
Journal Name: Reviews on Environmental Health Volume: 35 Issue: 1 Pages: 15-25 (Source: Reviews on Environmental Health)
Source: Reviews on Environmental Health - January 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Medication adherence in stroke patients in Brunei Darussalam Public Hospital: the cross ‐sectional study associated with chronic diseases, life style and potential barriers
AbstractObjectivesMedication nonadherence is a growing concern globally, and little is known about the adherence of stroke patients. To know the proportion of adherence and nonadherent stroke patients to their medication. To identify factors associated with adherence and nonadherence in stroke patients.MethodsA cross ‐sectional study for the 76 eligible stroke patient ≥18 years old recruited from outpatient stroke clinic from Brunei Neuroscience Stroke and Stroke Rehabilitation Centre (BNSRC). Medication adherence was measured by self‐administered scoring. Fisher's exact test was applied to identify assoc iated...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research - January 11, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Yeng Kwong Han, Rajan Rajabalaya, Dk Hajah Norazieda Binti Pg Hj Mohammad Yassin, Sheba R. David Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Colorectal Cancer in Brunei Darussalam: An Overview and Rationale for National Screening Programme.
Authors: Lim MA, Chong VH, Ong SK, Lim YC Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide after lung and breast cancers, and ranks second in terms of cancer mortality globally. Brunei Darussalam reports high incidence of CRC in the Southeast Asian region and has no formal national screening programme for CRC. Screening for CRC in Brunei Darussalam is offered in an opportunistic fashion for individuals with average or above average risks for CRC, that is, the individual has a positive family history of CRC or neoplasms and is more than 50 years old. Opportunistic screening is widely practi...
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - December 26, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research

House dust mite sensitisation and association with atopic dermatitis in Brunei
AbstractIgE sensitisation in tropical areas is under-reported. A 2  year retrospective cohort study of allergy data specific to aero and food allergens in Brunei demonstrated that specific IgE levels to house dust mite (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, D.farinae, Blomia tropicalis) were highest in this population and correlated with atopic dermatitis (p 
Source: Clinical and Translational Allergy - December 23, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Economics of energy and environmental efficiency: evidence from OECD countries.
In this study, primary energy consumption (PEC) and population are two basic inputs along with gross domestic product (GDP) and carbon dioxide emissions that are desirable and undesirable  outputs, respectively. The practical outcomes illustrate that Brunei, Australia, Singapore, and Hong Kong are the most effective and efficient states for the 5 years periods (2013-2017) in terms of energy efficiency and to reduce emission of carbon dioxide. In addition, other states in the OECD region shows greater economic proficiency than environmental proficiency. Furthermore, the results shows that energy efficiency has strong b...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - December 10, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Iram R, Zhang J, Erdogan S, Abbas Q, Mohsin M Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Self- Reported Personal and Family History of Cancers in Brunei Darussalam: Result of an Integrated Health Survey.
Authors: Chong VH, Kadir LH, Kamis Z, Kassim N, Chong CF Abstract INTRODUCTION: Cancers remain an important cause of mortality and morbidity, and overall incidence of cancers continues to increase worldwide with some cancers increasing while others decreasing. Understanding the epidemiology of cancer burden is important for health care planning. Most studies to date have reported incidence based on cancer registry. This aim of this study is to report the incidence of self-reported personal and family history of cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on cancers were extracted from an anonymized database of a surve...
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - November 26, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research

Knowledge and attitude towards mental illness among primary healthcare nurses in Brunei: A cross-sectional study.
This study aimed to explore primary healthcare nurses' knowledge and attitude towards mental illness and people with mentally illness. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using the Mental Health Problem Perception and the Community Attitudes to Mental Illness questionnaires. Descriptive and multivariate regression using maximum likelihood procedures were applied. RESULTS: Regression analysis showed significantly high correlation between knowledge and authotarianism (β = 0.775, p = 0.007) and moderate inverse correlation with social restrictiveness (β = -0.517, p 
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - September 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

When the seeds sprout, the hornbills hatch: understanding the traditional ecological knowledge of the Ibans of Brunei Darussalam on hornbills
Hornbills are known to play an important role in rainforests as agents of seed dispersal. Decades of scientific research has led to a vital body of knowledge on hornbill taxonomy, ecology, distribution, and co... (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - September 2, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: F. Merlin Franco and Misa Juliana Minggu Tags: Research Source Type: research

A novel plasmid-mediated polymyxin resistance determinant (mcr-1.8) in Escherichia coli recovered from broiler chickens in Brunei Darussalam
Sir, (Source: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy)
Source: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy - August 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Use of sterols and linear alkylbenzenes as molecular markers of sewage pollution in Southeast Asia.
Abstract Southeast Asia has undergone rapid developments in terms of urbanization, economic and population growth. The progress in sewerage treatment infrastructure has not kept pace with such developments. The inadequacy and inefficiency of sewerage systems has prompted the release of untreated sewage into the aquatic environment of Southeast Asia causing many waterborne illnesses since surface water is utilized for recreational, agricultural and aquaculture purposes and, above all, as a source of water intake in Southeast Asia. This paper will review the current data on molecular markers of sewage pollution incl...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - August 22, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Thomes MW, Vaezzadeh V, Zakaria MP, Bong CW Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Physical activities among medical –surgical nurses: a descriptive cross-sectional study
ConclusionsPrevalence of physical activity among nurses in Brunei was higher than in previous studies. However, there was a stark difference between physical activities at work and outside work. Sport and exercise are needed to provide sufficient muscle strength and physical fitness to effectively carry out the role of health educator and provide the highest possible quality patient care. Relevant authorities should take necessary interventions to help nurses practice a better culture of physical activity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

International outrage over Brunei's discriminatory laws
Publication date: 13–19 April 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 393, Issue 10180Author(s): Sharmila Devi (Source: The Lancet)
Source: The Lancet - April 14, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Antenatal education for pregnant women attending maternal and child health clinics in Brunei Darussalam
Antenatal education is an essential component of antenatal care that prepares and facilitates the acquisition of women ’s skills and confidence required for positive experiences throughout pregnancy, birth and the postnatal period. (Source: Women and Birth)
Source: Women and Birth - April 11, 2019 Category: Midwifery Authors: Aida-Syahirah H. Aji, Faezah Awg-Manan, Yura-Rahayu Abdullah, Ramlah Kisut, Hanif Abdul Rahman, Khadizah H. Abdul-Mumin Source Type: research

Underutilization of Epilepsy Surgery in ASEAN countries
ConclusionsEpilepsy surgery is underutilized in ASEAN with low number of level 3 centers, and limited availability of advanced presurgical evaluation. Lack of expertise, facilities and funding may be the key factors contributing to the underutilization. (Source: Seizure)
Source: Seizure - April 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Occupationally Acquired Plasmodium knowlesi Malaria in Brunei Darussalam
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2018Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Gregory JN. Koh, Pg K. Ismail, David KohAbstractSimian malaria is a zoonotic disease caused by Plasmodium knowlesi infection. The common natural reservoir of the parasite is the macaque monkey and the vector is the Anopheles mosquito. Human cases of P. knowlesi infection has been reported in all South East Asian countries in the last decade, and it is currently the most common type of malaria seen in Malaysia and Brunei. Between 2007–2017, 73 cases of P. knowlesi infection were notified and confirmed to the Ministry of Healt...
Source: Safety and Health at Work - March 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Ethanol Standard in Halal Dietary Product Among Southeast Asian Halal Governing Bodies
ConclusionsFindings from the analysis suggest that authorities in those four countries differ their judgement based on these four factors; the material of preference for ethanol content; the technique of preference in ethanol detection laboratory; the undetermined constant in Blood Alcoholic Concentration calculation; and Islamic worldview on the usage of Alcohol. This review will be able to provide clarification and future references in constructing universal halal standard of ethanol content in the dietary product. (Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology)
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - February 13, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Strategies used to cope with stress by emergency and critical care nurses.
CONCLUSION:: to the authors' knowledge, this is the first study to examine job-stress coping strategies among nurses in Brunei. The authors examined the different strategies and the poor health outcomes associated with using negative coping styles. Future stress management interventions should target staff who employ negative coping strategies to promote positive strategies, enabling them to provide better quality care. PMID: 30620648 [PubMed - in process] (Source: British Journal of Nursing)
Source: British Journal of Nursing - January 10, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Isa KQ, Ibrahim MA, Abdul-Manan HH, Mohd-Salleh ZH, Abdul-Mumin KH, Rahman HA Tags: Br J Nurs Source Type: research

Multi-centre study on cultural dimensions and perceived attitudes of nurses towards influenza vaccination uptake
This study explored how cultural values affected Health Belief Model (HBM) components and the influenza vaccine uptake among nurses across three Asian populations using a survey conducted in 2017 (N = 3971). The vaccination coverages were 33.5% (Brunei), 35.6% (Hong Kong) and 69.5% (Singapore). Three HBM components (perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits and cues to action) were positively associated with vaccination. A direct negative link and an indirect positive link via HBM were observed between collectivism and vaccination, whereas a negative indirect link via HBM between power distance and vaccination was obser...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 28, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Early Adolescent Patterns of Alcohol and Tobacco Use in Eight Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member States.
Conclusions/importance: Almost 30-40% of the boys and 10-20% of girls in Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam are engaged in at least one of the two risk behaviors, and the concurrent alcohol and tobacco use was also relatively high among boys in those countries (5-15%). This study may provide some valuable insights on alcohol and tobacco policy in the region and requires to begin prevention and treatment programs in ASEAN member states. PMID: 30463459 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Substance Use and Misuse)
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - November 23, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research

Negotiated ethical responsibility: Bruneian nurses' ethical concerns in nursing practice.
CONCLUSION:: With these findings, it is recommended that further support is needed for nurses to be aware of the ethical dimension in their practice and to respond to ethical concerns accordingly. PMID: 30442065 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Ethics)
Source: Nursing Ethics - November 15, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Zolkefli Y Tags: Nurs Ethics Source Type: research

Occupationally Acquired Plasmodiumknowlesi Malaria in Brunei Darussalam
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2018Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Gregory JN. Koh, Pg K. Ismail, David Koh (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - October 31, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Sexual behaviour and its correlates among adolescents in Brunei Darussalam
Authors: Pengpid, Supa / Peltzer, Karl (Source: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health)
Source: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health - October 20, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Occupationally acquired P knowlesi malaria in Brunei Darussalam
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2018Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Gregory JN. Koh, Pg Khalifah Ismail, David Koh (Source: Safety and Health at Work)
Source: Safety and Health at Work - October 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Fasting in Ramadan of Muslim patients with Diabetes Mellitus, and Knowledge and Practice in Relation to Diabetes Control in Brunei
There were over 1 billion Muslims in the world, and more than 50 millions of them reportedly would fast during the Islamic month of Ramadan.[1] In addition to being a spiritual exercise that guides one towards righteousness, fasting in Islam involves abstaining primarily from eating, drinking, and engaging in sexual activities from dawn to dusk. Most Muslims, if not all, consider it essential to observe the Islamic call to fast, which is one of the five pillars of the faith. While those who are not able to fast, mainly due to reasons deemed compelling in Islam such as illness or traveling, have the choice to suspend this o...
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - September 10, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Caroline Tan, Alice M.L. Yong, Mohamad Azmi Haji Mohamad, Hanif Abdul Rahman, Lin Naing Source Type: research

Optimization of a reduced volume PCR amplification for PowerPlex ® Fusion kit using FTA™ cards and generation of population genetic data for Brunei population
ELECTROPHORESIS, EarlyView. (Source: Electrophoresis)
Source: Electrophoresis - September 2, 2018 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Paul Vun OnnLiew , Laura NataliaRiccardi , Abimbola OlatundeAfolabi , WilliamGoodwin , SibteHadi Source Type: research

Optimisation of a reduced volume PCR amplification for PowerPlex ® Fusion kit using FTA™ cards and generation of population genetic data for Brunei population
ELECTROPHORESIS,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Electrophoresis)
Source: Electrophoresis - August 16, 2018 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Paul Vun OnnLiew , Laura NataliaRiccardi , Abimbola OlatundeAfolabi , WilliamGoodwin , SibteHadi Source Type: research

Overweight or obesity and related lifestyle and psychosocial factors among adolescents in Brunei Darussalam
Authors: Pengpid, Supa / Peltzer, Karl (Source: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health)
Source: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health - August 14, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Valuable components of bambangan fruit (Mangifera pajang) and its co-products: A review
Publication date: Available online 6 August 2018Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): M.H.A. Jahurul, I.S.M. Zaidul, Leykey Beh, M.S. Sharifudin, Shafiquzzaman Siddiquee, M. Hasmadi, F. Sahena, A.H. Mansoor, J.S. Lee, S. JinapAbstractFruits are important food commodities that can be consumed either raw or processed and are valued for their taste, nutrients, and healthy compounds. Mangifera pajang Kosterm (bambangan) is an underutilized fruit found in Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak), Brunei, and Indonesia (Kalimantan). It is highly fibrous and juicy with an aromatic flavour and strong smell. In recent years, bambangan ...
Source: Food Research International - August 7, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Psychometric Evaluation of the Brunei-Malay SF-36 version 2 Health Survey
Conclusions: The Brunei-Malay SF-36v2 is a valid and reliable instrument for measuring HRQOL in healthy individuals and patients with chronic kidney disease in Brunei. The summary scales should, however, be interpreted with caution. Further studies should be carried out to assess additional psychometric properties of the Brunei-Malay SF-36v2. PMID: 30049198 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention)
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - July 31, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research

The double burden of malnutrition in Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries: a comprehensive review of the literature.
CONCLUSIONS: ASEAN countries may need to strengthen surveillance using WHO standards to improve the comparability of data, further develop strategies to address under- or overweight issues and investigate potential "double-duty actions" as suggested by the World Health Organization. PMID: 30045417 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - July 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rachmi CN, Li M, Baur LA Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Characterisation and Py-GC/MS analysis of Imperata Cylindrica as potential biomass for bio-oil production in Brunei Darussalam
Publication date: Available online 24 July 2018Source: Journal of Analytical and Applied PyrolysisAuthor(s): Hidayat Syarif, Muhammad S. Abu Bakar, Yang Yang, Phusunti Neeranuch, Bridgwater A.V.AbstractBio-oil production from renewable sources has been seen as suitable alternative to supply future energy demand. Perennials grasses are currently being developed as a suitable second-generation biofuel feedstock. It has advantages such as rapid growth rate, easy to grow, minimal maintenance and utilise marginal land without competing with food supply. Taking into account of the various challenges attributed to the transformat...
Source: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis - July 25, 2018 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Workplace fatalities in Brunei Darussalam.
The objectives are to determine Brunei Darussalam's demographic distribution of occupational fatality; identify common causal agents and industry where occupational fatalities commonly occur; and determine WFR by year. This cross-sectional study retrospectively reviewed records of occupational fatality which were notified to the Occupational Health Division, Ministry of Health, from January 2012 until December 2016. Notified occupational fatalities in Brunei over a five-year period was fifty. Most of the cases were in 31-40 age group. 38% of fatality cases occurred in Indonesian workers. 60% were from the Construction indu...
Source: Industrial Health - July 7, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research

Validation of DASS-21 among nursing and midwifery students in Brunei
AbstractBackgroundThe Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) is a promising tool compared with traditional measures because of its greater divergent validity. Unlike the original DASS-42, the DASS-21 version still lacks validation studies particularly in Asian populations.AimTo validate the psychometric properties of DASS-21 among nursing and midwifery students.Subjects and methodsData were collected at three time points, the beginning, middle and end of the semester, from students enrolling in the positive thinking module. Reliability statistics, floor and ceiling effects, and factor analysis were computed.ResultsOne ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Extended investigation on road fatality in Brunei.
Authors: Yusof NB, Hoque MA, Steele MC, Yong SY Abstract Road fatality is one of the leading causes of death in Brunei with 79 deaths in 1993, the highest ever recorded. The Brunei government has been trying to reduce this by implementing new traffic measures and successfully reduced fatalities to 24 fatalities in 2014. Yearly road fatality has been fluctuating, but there has been a declining tendency overall. The aim of this study is to investigate road fatality in Brunei by extending the research. We developed a multiple regression model and carried out an analysis on road fatality in Brunei. Our analysis indicat...
Source: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion - June 10, 2018 Category: Accident Prevention Tags: Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot Source Type: research

From the High Arctic to the Equator: Do Soil Metagenomes Differ According to Our Expectations?
Abstract Comparing the functional gene composition of soils at opposite extremes of environmental gradients may allow testing of hypotheses about community and ecosystem function. Here, we were interested in comparing how tropical microbial ecosystems differ from those of polar climates. We sampled several sites in the equatorial rainforest of Malaysia and Brunei, and the high Arctic of Svalbard, Canada, and Greenland, comparing the composition and the functional attributes of soil biota between the two extremes of latitude, using shotgun metagenomic Illumina HiSeq2000 sequencing. Based upon "classical" ...
Source: Microbial Ecology - June 7, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Kerfahi D, Tripathi BM, Dong K, Kim M, Kim H, Ferry Slik JW, Go R, Adams JM Tags: Microb Ecol Source Type: research

Awareness, knowledge level, and misconceptions about sexually transmitted infections among secondary school students in brunei darussalam.
This study assessed the awareness, knowledge, and misconceptions among secondary school students on STI. Overall, awareness was poor but better among male students and those in the Pure Science academic streaming. Similarly, the knowledge level of STI was also poor: low level (63.0%), moderate level (34.4%), and high level (2.6%). Male students (p=0.014) and Pure Science academic streaming students (p
Source: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health - April 14, 2018 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health Source Type: research

Nursing qualification and workforce for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Economic Community
This study reviews all documents published on the subject within the ASEAN Economic Community. NLE systems exist in all ASEAN Member States (AMSs)s except Brunei, Vietnam, and Lao PDR. Nursing education systems also vary across ASEAN countries. Language as a means of general communication and nursing examinations also differs. The availability of a qualified health workforce at the regional level is above the threshold in some areas. However, at the national level, Indonesia, Myanmar, Cambodia, and Lao PDR fall below the threshold. Professional licensure requirements differ among ASEAN nurses as a part of the process to be...
Source: Nursing Forum - January 23, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Ferry Efendi, N. Nursalam Nursalam, Anna Kurniati, Joko Gunawan Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Estimating radiotherapy demands in South East Asia countries in 2025 and 2035 using evidence ‐based optimal radiotherapy fractions
This study aims to quantify the radiotherapy demand in countries in Southeast Asia (SEA) in 2025 and 2035 using evidence‐based optimal radiotherapy fractions. Materials and methodsSEA country‐specific cancer incidence by tumor site for 2015, 2025 and 2035 was extracted from the GLOBOCAN database. We utilized the optimal radiotherapy utilization rate model by Wong et al. (2016) to calculate the optimal number of fractions for all tumor sites in each SEA country. The available machines (LINAC & Co‐60) were extracted from the IAEA's Directory of Radiotherapy Centres (DIRAC) from which the number of available fr...
Source: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology - January 8, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Noorazrul Yahya, Nurhaziqah Roslan Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Knowledge, attitude and practice towards eating and physical activity among primary school children in Brunei: a cross-sectional study
Authors: Murang, Zaidah Rizidah / Tuah, NAA / Naing, Lin (Source: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health)
Source: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health - November 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Distinctive Soil Archaeal Communities in Different Variants of Tropical Equatorial Forest.
Abstract Little is known of how soil archaeal community composition and diversity differ between local variants of tropical rainforests. We hypothesized that (1) as with plants, animals, fungi, and bacteria, the soil archaeal community would differ between different variants of tropical forest; (2) that spatially rarer forest variants would have a less diverse archaeal community than common ones; (3) that a history of forest disturbance would decrease archaeal alpha- and beta-diversity; and (4) that archaeal distributions within the forest would be governed more by deterministic than stochastic factors. We sampled...
Source: Microbial Ecology - November 29, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Kerfahi D, Tripathi BM, Slik JWF, Sukri RS, Jaafar S, Adams JM Tags: Microb Ecol Source Type: research

High-dependency care: experiences of the psychosocial work environment.
CONCLUSION: this study facilitates the design of future interventions and policies that promote a healthy psychosocial work environment by ensuring nurses working in these areas have the required specialisation skills, there is a balance of workload and nurse-to-patient ratios, and they are offered fairness and equity in career progression and promotion. PMID: 29168938 [PubMed - in process] (Source: British Journal of Nursing)
Source: British Journal of Nursing - November 23, 2017 Category: Nursing Authors: Rahman HA, Naing L, Abdul-Mumin K Tags: Br J Nurs Source Type: research

How Brunei trainee teachers cope with distress: counseling implications
This study investigated the strategies used by student teachers when dealing with distress during training. Specifically, this study addressed the following research goals: (1) identify Ways of Coping that pre... (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - November 14, 2017 Category: Research Authors: Lawrence Mundia Tags: Research note Source Type: research

Qualitative study of eating habits in Bruneian primary school children.
CONCLUSIONS: The Bruneian primary school children reported favourable knowledge despite having poor healthy eating habits. The factors influencing participants eating behavior included food preferences, familial factors (parental style and parenting knowledge), food accessibility and availability, time constraints, as well as convenience. These factors hindered them from adopting healthy eating practices. PMID: 28917238 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - September 19, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Talip T, Serudin R, Noor S, Tuah N Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Sociodemographic variables and social values: relationship with work-attendance problems in Brunei public- and private-sector employees
(Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment)
Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment - August 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Source Type: research

Prevalence and Risk of Moderate Stunting Among a Sample of Children Aged 0 –24 Months in Brunei
AbstractObjectives Globally, one-fifth of the world ’s children are stunted, however this statistic may be an underestimate as many countries lack comprehensive monitoring of height-for-age. Until a recent national health survey, Negara Brunei Darussalam has lacked the data to offer a comprehensive assessment of height-for-age among children. The a im of this study is to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with stunting among children aged 0–24 months in Negara Brunei Darussalam (Brunei).Methods A cross-sectional analyses of 396 children aged
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - August 4, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Experiences Developing Human Capital: Enhancing Operator capabilities at Brunei LNG Sendirian Berhad (BLNG)
Publication date: 2017 Source:Materials Today: Proceedings, Volume 4, Issue 4, Part C Author(s): D.G. Hassell, G. Wong This work presents a review of efforts made since February 2012 to develop the human capital of operators working at Brunei LNG Sendirian Berhad (BLNG) and Brunei Shell Petroleum Company Sendirian Berhad (BSP) through participation on a part time Foundation Degree in Process Engineering offered in partnership with Universiti Teknologi Brunei (UTB). Initially undertaken in February 2012 with an intake of 18 students, the programme was expanded to include a second intake of 17 students in July 2014. Intende...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - July 20, 2017 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research