Functional Browlifting
Facial Plast Surg DOI: 10.1055/a-1883-0483Brow ptosis is an abnormal descent of the eyebrow resulting in a displeased appearance and/or functional deficit. While most cases of brow ptosis do not result in a functional impairment, functional brow surgery is generally reserved for individuals with severe brow asymmetry or visual field deficit related to excess soft tissue pushing downward on the eyelid. A combination of both intrinsic and extrinsic anatomic factors contributes to an unfavorable brow shape, contour, and position. Proper management of brow ptosis requires an understanding of both surgical and nonsurgical modal...
Source: Facial Plastic Surgery - September 2, 2022 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Dunn, Brandyn S. Humphrey, Clinton D. Kriet, J. David Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Impact of Surgical Rejuvenation on Visual Processing and Character Attribution of Periorbital Aging
Conclusions: The authors provide an important combination of explicit and implicit data illustrating how surgical rejuvenation unveils the periorbital region to the observer. This change in pattern of inspection was associated with an improvement in the perception of character. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2022 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Cosmetic: Original Articles Source Type: research

Advances in Face-Lift Surgical Techniques: 2016 –2021
ConclusionsFace-lift articles with high-level evidence are still lacking. Prominently, forehead lifting and neck lifting have become upward trends of rhytidectomy in recent years, and the techniques of short-scar face-lift have been more valued.Level of Evidence IIIThis journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to (Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery)
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - July 26, 2022 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Facial Feminization Surgery: Part 1 of the Plastic Surgeon's Perspective of Gender-Affirming Surgery
The perceived feminine face is distinctly unique from the perceived masculine face. Facial feminization surgery (FFS) includes a range of surgical procedures designed to change characteristically masculine facial features into feminine ones. FFS encompasses a set of bone and soft-tissue reconstructive procedures including, but not limited to, forehead contouring with or without frontal sinus setback, hairline adjustment, brow lift, rhinoplasty, lip lift, mandibular shaping, genioplasty, and “tracheal” shave, and fat grafting. Some patients choose to undergo one, all, or groupings of the procedures. The surgical decisio...
Source: Plastic Surgical Nursing - July 1, 2022 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

An overview of surgical techniques and non-surgical treatments in lifting the eyebrow including current treatments available
AbstractThe eyebrow is a complex structure of the human face, which has both functional (communication) and aesthetic aspects and contributes to a persons ’ individual appearance. Ptosis of the eyebrow is a common condition, especially among the elderly and smokers. Facial appearance is disrupted by eyebrow ptosis, and in many cases, correction and treatment are needed. No specific type of browlift has been shown to be superior to another, and since there is a wide variation in treatment preference between patients, it requires an individual approach to each specific patient. This review provides an overview of the histo...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - June 22, 2022 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Brow Lift and Brow Position for Gender Affirmation
If the eyes are considered by some as the windows to the soul, the eyebrows can then be the frames that adorn them and can help accentuate a person ’s facial features. They are a staple of attractiveness, conveying emotion and projecting personality traits. Therefore, the utmost attention and intimate understanding of their role is required when modifying them to achieve an esthetically pleasing result. When discussing gender affirmation surg ery, the eyebrows play a key role. In this article, we will discuss the important features and different approaches to achieve these modifications. (Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America)
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - June 22, 2022 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Michael Somenek, Nahir J. Romero Source Type: research

An Algorithm for Correction of the Aging Upper Face
As the approach to the upper face has evolved in recent years, so has the focus of aesthetic brow procedures. Brow position was the primary focus early in the late twentieth century, with the coronal brow lift the primary means of surgical correction. In more recent years, improving or maintaining brow shape has taken on greater importance and has increasingly been addressed by contemporary techniques. These include the endoscopic, temporal, direct, gliding approaches as well as nonsurgical brow lifts. As each patient has individual facial characteristics and expectations, every technique comes with a unique set of indicat...
Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery - June 14, 2022 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: James E. Zins, Abigail Meyers Source Type: research

Direct Browlift
Direct browlifting comprises various techniques to lift the brows using incisions on or around the brows. The classic direct browlift involves removing an ellipse of skin and subcutaneous tissue within or just above the brow cilia. However, the technique can be modified to address only lateral brow ptosis, to place the incision in the midforehead or the eyelid crease, and to place the incisions in different areas during bilateral surgery to attempt to improve symmetry. Careful attention to incision location, closure technique, and use of postoperative therapies can allow for nearly invisible scars in some cases. (Source: C...
Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery - June 14, 2022 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Julian D. Perry, Catherine J. Hwang Source Type: research

Endoscopic Brow Lift
This article discusses the physiology of brow ptosis and compares how depressor muscle alteration combined with wide subperiosteal undermining leads to its correction. A detailed description and a series of videos illustrate the endoscopic technique. Long-term before and after photographs demonstrate the efficacy of the procedure. Pitfalls and flaws in technique leading to less-than-ideal outcomes are described. (Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery)
Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery - June 14, 2022 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: James E. Zins, Demetrius M. Coombs Source Type: research

Creating Harmonious Arcs
This article reviews the importance of upper periorbital aesthetic assessment because it lays the foundation to tailor the appropriate operative intervention. Highlighted are the authors ’ preferred approach to aesthetically shape the brow along with other complimentary upper eyelid aesthetic procedures including upper blepharoplasty, blepharoptosis repair, fat grafting, and upper periorbital fat shifting to optimize brow lifting outcomes. (Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery)
Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery - June 14, 2022 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Mohammed S. Alghoul, Elbert E. Vaca Source Type: research

The Gliding Brow Lift
Subcutaneous undermining for brow lifting is not a new technique, but the gliding brow lift is evolutionary in the sense that it can be done through 1 or 2 tiny incisions and the brow shape maintained with transcutaneous running sutures (the hemostatic net). Undermining over the frontalis muscle and galea is performed using blunt dissectors and the lifting is done with superior traction, holding the brow in the desired shape with the hemostatic net. (Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery)
Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery - June 14, 2022 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Fabiola Aguilera, James C. Grotting Source Type: research

Brow Lift
CLINICS IN PLASTIC SURGERY (Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery)
Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery - June 14, 2022 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: James E. Zins Source Type: research

Reviewing ACGME Plastic Surgery Fellowship Case Logs: Is Surgical Experience Increasing?
CONCLUSIONS: Despite a 32% decline in the number of independent plastic surgery fellowships over the last 9 y, plastic surgery fellows are obtaining significantly more surgical experience, both in esthetic and reconstructive surgery.PMID:35594617 | DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2022.04.046 (Source: Hand Surgery)
Source: Hand Surgery - May 20, 2022 Category: Surgery Authors: Nicholas J Iglesias Taylor P Williams Shivan N Chokshi Claire B Cummins Rui-Min D Mao Keyan Mobli Andrew Berry Yota Suzuki Alexander Perez Ravi S Radhakrishnan Source Type: research

Subcutaneous Lateral Temporal Lift
Over the past decades, the understanding of the nuances of forehead anatomy and facial aging has grown immensely. Safe and reliable options for forehead rejuvenation followed. Although noninvasive techniques are an important adjunct in forehead rejuvenation, the mainstay of treatment of the eyebrow is operative intervention. The senior author ’s technique has developed over many years, first focusing on the open coronal and anterior hairline approach to the forehead lift, then the endoscopic brow lift, and most recently, the lateral subcutaneous temporal lift. This technique allows for reliable and safe elevation of the ...
Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery - May 13, 2022 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Ira L. Savetsky, Joshua M. Cohen, Alan Matarasso Source Type: research

The Hairline Brow Lift
This article provides a comparison of hairline brow lift with other open and endoscopic techniques used for improving brow position. It includes a detailed description of hairline brow lift with videos illustrating the authors ’ preferred technique. It also provides a description of ideal candidates including indications and contraindications to procedure, and common modifications to technique used in select patient populations. (Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery)
Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery - May 13, 2022 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: James Walter Dutton, Irene A. Chang, James E. Zins Source Type: research