Molecules, Vol. 29, Pages 1065: Exploration of the Diversity of Vicine and Convicine Derivatives in Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Cultivars: Insights from LC-MS/MS Spectra
r Jenny Renaut While numerous Fabaceae seeds are a good nutritional source of high-quality protein, the use of some species is hampered by toxic effects caused by exposure to metabolites that accumulate in the seeds. One such species is the faba or broad bean (Vicia faba L.), which accumulates vicine and convicine. These two glycoalkaloids cause favism, the breakdown of red blood cells in persons with a glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. Because this is the most common enzyme deficiency worldwide, faba bean breeding efforts have focused on developing cultivars with low levels of these alkaloids. Consequent...
Source: Molecules - February 29, 2024 Category: Chemistry Authors: Kjell Sergeant Simon Goertz Salma Halime Hanna Tietgen Hanna Heidt Martina Minestrini C édric Jacquard Stephanie Zimmer Jenny Renaut Tags: Article Source Type: research

Study of the Toxicity and Translocation of Chromium (VI) in Vicia faba Plant
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2024 Feb 21;112(3):40. doi: 10.1007/s00128-024-03864-3.ABSTRACTIn soil, chromium can be found in two main valence forms: hexavalent Cr (VI) and trivalent Cr (III). In terms of toxicity, the most toxic form to plants is Cr (VI). In the present study, we investigated the impact of Cr (VI) (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 ppm) on growth, physiological parameters and the translocation kinetics of Cr (VI) in the faba bean plant (Vicia faba L.). The results showed that Cr (VI) negatively affects growth parameters (- 15% to - 72%), tolerance index (- 34.05% to - 64.7%), and reduce the total chlorophyll content ...
Source: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology - February 21, 2024 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mohammed Bouhadi Ayoub Lahmidi Amira Am Houda Elhajjouji M'hammed Elkouali Mohammed Talbi Hassan Fougrach Source Type: research

Study of the Toxicity and Translocation of Chromium (VI) in Vicia faba Plant
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2024 Feb 21;112(3):40. doi: 10.1007/s00128-024-03864-3.ABSTRACTIn soil, chromium can be found in two main valence forms: hexavalent Cr (VI) and trivalent Cr (III). In terms of toxicity, the most toxic form to plants is Cr (VI). In the present study, we investigated the impact of Cr (VI) (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 ppm) on growth, physiological parameters and the translocation kinetics of Cr (VI) in the faba bean plant (Vicia faba L.). The results showed that Cr (VI) negatively affects growth parameters (- 15% to - 72%), tolerance index (- 34.05% to - 64.7%), and reduce the total chlorophyll content ...
Source: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology - February 21, 2024 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mohammed Bouhadi Ayoub Lahmidi Amira Am Houda Elhajjouji M'hammed Elkouali Mohammed Talbi Hassan Fougrach Source Type: research

Effects of molybdenum supply on microbial diversity and mineral nutrient availability in the rhizosphere soil of broad bean (Vicia Faba L.)
In this study, we collected rhizosphere soil samples from different growth stages of broad beans. By analyzing mineral element contents, soil phosphorus and zinc fractions, as well as fungal and bacterial diversity, we observed that Mo application resulted in a reduction of soil Citrate‒P and HCl‒P content. This reduction led to an increase in available P content at different stages. Moreover, Mo application elevated root P concentration, but concurrently impeded the translocation of P to the shoots. Mo application also decreased the soil Exc‒Zn (exchangeable Zn) content while increasing the Res‒Zn (residual Zn) co...
Source: Physiological Research - November 24, 2023 Category: Physiology Authors: Xiaoming Qin Min Yu Haijun Du Chengxiao Hu Songwei Wu Qiling Tan Xiaoming Hu Sergey Shabala Xuecheng Sun Source Type: research

Effects of molybdenum supply on microbial diversity and mineral nutrient availability in the rhizosphere soil of broad bean (Vicia Faba L.)
In this study, we collected rhizosphere soil samples from different growth stages of broad beans. By analyzing mineral element contents, soil phosphorus and zinc fractions, as well as fungal and bacterial diversity, we observed that Mo application resulted in a reduction of soil Citrate‒P and HCl‒P content. This reduction led to an increase in available P content at different stages. Moreover, Mo application elevated root P concentration, but concurrently impeded the translocation of P to the shoots. Mo application also decreased the soil Exc‒Zn (exchangeable Zn) content while increasing the Res‒Zn (residual Zn) co...
Source: Physiological Research - November 24, 2023 Category: Physiology Authors: Xiaoming Qin Min Yu Haijun Du Chengxiao Hu Songwei Wu Qiling Tan Xiaoming Hu Sergey Shabala Xuecheng Sun Source Type: research

Effects of molybdenum supply on microbial diversity and mineral nutrient availability in the rhizosphere soil of broad bean (Vicia Faba L.)
In this study, we collected rhizosphere soil samples from different growth stages of broad beans. By analyzing mineral element contents, soil phosphorus and zinc fractions, as well as fungal and bacterial diversity, we observed that Mo application resulted in a reduction of soil Citrate‒P and HCl‒P content. This reduction led to an increase in available P content at different stages. Moreover, Mo application elevated root P concentration, but concurrently impeded the translocation of P to the shoots. Mo application also decreased the soil Exc‒Zn (exchangeable Zn) content while increasing the Res‒Zn (residual Zn) co...
Source: Physiological Research - November 24, 2023 Category: Physiology Authors: Xiaoming Qin Min Yu Haijun Du Chengxiao Hu Songwei Wu Qiling Tan Xiaoming Hu Sergey Shabala Xuecheng Sun Source Type: research

Effects of molybdenum supply on microbial diversity and mineral nutrient availability in the rhizosphere soil of broad bean (Vicia Faba L.)
In this study, we collected rhizosphere soil samples from different growth stages of broad beans. By analyzing mineral element contents, soil phosphorus and zinc fractions, as well as fungal and bacterial diversity, we observed that Mo application resulted in a reduction of soil Citrate‒P and HCl‒P content. This reduction led to an increase in available P content at different stages. Moreover, Mo application elevated root P concentration, but concurrently impeded the translocation of P to the shoots. Mo application also decreased the soil Exc‒Zn (exchangeable Zn) content while increasing the Res‒Zn (residual Zn) co...
Source: Physiological Research - November 24, 2023 Category: Physiology Authors: Xiaoming Qin Min Yu Haijun Du Chengxiao Hu Songwei Wu Qiling Tan Xiaoming Hu Sergey Shabala Xuecheng Sun Source Type: research

Metabolomic Analysis and In Vitro Investigation of the Biological Properties of a By-Product Derived from Vicia faba
Chem Biodivers. 2023 Oct 25:e202301095. doi: 10.1002/cbdv.202301095. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBy-products from plant sources are recently regarded as a valuable source of bioactive compounds. In this regard, the present study aims to assess the bioactivities of the 70% MeOH extract obtained from Vicia faba peels and analyze its metabolomic profile. Acetylcholinesterase and carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes inhibitory activities of the plant extract were assayed using quantitative colorimetric tests. Antioxidant activity was estimated by DPPH assay, and cytotoxic activity was evaluated against normal fibroblast skin ce...
Source: Chemistry and Biodiversity - October 25, 2023 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Gehan F Abdel Raoof Amira A El-Anssary Eman A Younis Hanan F Aly Source Type: research

O < sub > 2 < /sub > plasma-modified carbon nanotube for sulfamethoxazole degradation via peroxymonosulfate activation: Synergism of radical and non-radical pathways boosting water decontamination and detoxification
This study is expected to provide an alternative strategy for antibiotics removal in water decontamination and detoxification.PMID:37739128 | DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.140214 (Source: Chemosphere)
Source: Chemosphere - September 22, 2023 Category: Chemistry Authors: Shiqi Liu Zichen Zhang Rui Lu Yuankun Mao Huiru Ge Can Liu Chenxi Tian Siyuan Yin Li Feng Yongze Liu Chao Chen Liqiu Zhang Source Type: research

O < sub > 2 < /sub > plasma-modified carbon nanotube for sulfamethoxazole degradation via peroxymonosulfate activation: Synergism of radical and non-radical pathways boosting water decontamination and detoxification
This study is expected to provide an alternative strategy for antibiotics removal in water decontamination and detoxification.PMID:37739128 | DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.140214 (Source: Chemosphere)
Source: Chemosphere - September 22, 2023 Category: Chemistry Authors: Shiqi Liu Zichen Zhang Rui Lu Yuankun Mao Huiru Ge Can Liu Chenxi Tian Siyuan Yin Li Feng Yongze Liu Chao Chen Liqiu Zhang Source Type: research

O < sub > 2 < /sub > plasma-modified carbon nanotube for sulfamethoxazole degradation via peroxymonosulfate activation: Synergism of radical and non-radical pathways boosting water decontamination and detoxification
This study is expected to provide an alternative strategy for antibiotics removal in water decontamination and detoxification.PMID:37739128 | DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.140214 (Source: Chemosphere)
Source: Chemosphere - September 22, 2023 Category: Chemistry Authors: Shiqi Liu Zichen Zhang Rui Lu Yuankun Mao Huiru Ge Can Liu Chenxi Tian Siyuan Yin Li Feng Yongze Liu Chao Chen Liqiu Zhang Source Type: research

O < sub > 2 < /sub > plasma-modified carbon nanotube for sulfamethoxazole degradation via peroxymonosulfate activation: Synergism of radical and non-radical pathways boosting water decontamination and detoxification
This study is expected to provide an alternative strategy for antibiotics removal in water decontamination and detoxification.PMID:37739128 | DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.140214 (Source: Chemosphere)
Source: Chemosphere - September 22, 2023 Category: Chemistry Authors: Shiqi Liu Zichen Zhang Rui Lu Yuankun Mao Huiru Ge Can Liu Chenxi Tian Siyuan Yin Li Feng Yongze Liu Chao Chen Liqiu Zhang Source Type: research

Characterization of drought stress-mitigating Rhizobium from faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in the Chinese Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
Rhizobium-driven symbiotic nitrogen-fixation in legumes not only benefits the growth but also enhances the stress tolerance of plants. Isolating and characterizing efficient, drought-tolerant rhizobia is a central goal for improving crop yields in arid regions. Here, we phylogenetically and biochemically characterized a novel strain of Rhizobium (‘QHCD11’) sampled from the root nodules of faba beans growing in an arid agricultural area in Qinghai-Tibet. We further tested the drought tolerance of the strain as well as of ‘Qingcan 14’ faba bean seedlings inoculated with it. Biochemical characterization involved bromo...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - August 24, 2023 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Enhancing Vicia faba ’s immunity against Rhizoctonia solani root rot diseases by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and nano chitosan
The spreading of root rot disease of faba bean plant (Vichia faba L, VF) in Egypt is still of great challenge faced researchers since VF is an important legume in Egypt, because their seeds are used for human fee... (Source: BMC Plant Biology)
Source: BMC Plant Biology - August 24, 2023 Category: Biology Authors: Nashwa El-Gazzar, Kamar. M. Abd El-Hai, Safaa. A. M. Teama and Gamal. H. Rabie Tags: Research Source Type: research

Growth stimulation of two legumes (Vicia faba and Pisum sativum) using phosphate-solubilizing bacteria inoculation
This study aims to evaluate the impact of five strains of PSB, isolated from legume rhizosphere, on the growth of two plants (Vicia faba and Pisum sativum) and certain soil properties. The efficient strains of PSB used are characterized by the P-solubilization, the ACC deaminase activity, the fixation of N, and the IAA, HCN, and siderophores production. The activity of these bacteria is tested in vitro and in vivo under controlled conditions on the growth of the two plants supplemented with the rock P (RP). According to our findings, all PSBs strains outperformed the control in terms of enhancing the growth of the tested l...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - August 14, 2023 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research