Clinical Ethics in Catastrophic Situations: Mapping a Standard of Care — Journal of Clinical Ethics Special Publication
The Journal of Clinical Ethics has made a special publication open access - "Clinical Ethics in Catastrophic Situations: Mapping a Standard of Care." Bedside Ethics and Health System Catastrophe: Imagine If You Will . . .Jeffrey T. Berger, Guest Editor A Possible Application of Care-Based Ethics to People with Disabilities during a PandemicEdmund G. HoweFamily Participation in the Care of Patients in Public Health DisastersTia PowellSufficiency of Care in Disasters: Ventilation, Ventilator Triage, and the Misconception of Guideline-Driven TreatmentGriffin TrotterPandemic Preparedness Planning: Will Provisions for...
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 31, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

US government ’s WWII mobilization on penicillin is a road map to fighting the coronavirus
On March 14, 1942, an American soldier with bacteria coursing through his bloodstream was treated with penicillin, a new wonder drug that saved his life. That single treatment exhausted half the nation’s supply of the drug. Two years later, as U.S. troops prepared to launch the D-Day invasion, America had more than 2 million doses of the drugready […] The post US government’s WWII mobilization on penicillin is a road map to fighting the coronavirus appeared first on Peter Ubel. (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 31, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: peter Tags: Health Care Peter Ubel syndicated Uncategorized Source Type: blogs

Ethics of COVID-19: Some Initial Reflections (webinar)
Join the next Loyola Bioethics Live webinar on Wednesday, April 1, 2020 @ 1:30 pm central - "The Ethics of COVID-19: Some Initial Reflections." Panelists: Thomas Cunningham, MS, MA, PhD, is the Director of Bioethics for Kaiser Permanente West Los Ange... (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 31, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics: An Account of Attitudinal Duties Towards Injustice
This essay received an honourable mention in the Graduate Category Written by University of Oxford Student, Brian Wong Injustices are ubiquitous around us. From authoritarian regimes’ crackdown on human rights, to exploitative trafficking of illegal migrants, to human-induced destruction of rainforests upon which indigenous groups depend – injustices are negative states of affairs violating moral […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 31, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Practical Ethics Tags: Ethics Health Care Justice Duties injustice Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics syndicated Source Type: blogs

Getting Ready to Confront the Unthinkable
by Arthur Caplan, Ph.D. Rationing  has always been present in the American health care system.  Some poor individuals have not had access to certain treatments due to a lack of health insurance or hospitals not willing to accept them if they cannot pay.  And those in the transplant field have had to contend for decades with a shortage of organs forcing organized rationing in which many more die than benefit from access to a life-saving liver, heart or lung.  Emergency medicine personnel in big hospitals drill frequently on how to triage after a terrorist attack, a huge chemical plant explosion, an earth...
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 31, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Arthur Caplan Tags: Ethics Featured Posts Public Health #diaryofaplagueyear COVID-19 rationing Rationing/ Resource Allocation Source Type: blogs

COVID-19 Triage and Disability: What NOT To Do
by Joseph Stramondo, PhD Bioethicists and physicians scrambling to develop triage protocols for the COVID-19 crisis might have been surprised that counsel from Self Advocates in Leadership (SAIL), Disability Rights Washington (DRW), and The Arc of the United States (The Arc) filed a complaint recently with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office for Civil Rights (OCR) over their concerns regarding disability discrimination in some of these protocols. Perhaps it is easy to dismiss such concerns as mere naivete that does not recognize the inevitability of the hard choices that are coming down the p...
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 30, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Joseph Stramondo Tags: Featured Posts Justice Public Health #diaryofaplagueyear COVID-19 disabilities Disability ethics Source Type: blogs

Crowdfunding for Covid-Related Needs: Unfair and Inadequate
One-third of all new GoFundMe campaigns in the United States are for COVID-19-related needs. This shows where we have failed as a society. It is a makeshift response to institutional failures and not a fair or sustainable solution to crises. The post Crowdfunding for Covid-Related Needs: Unfair and Inadequate appeared first on The Hastings Center. (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 30, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Susan Gilbert Tags: Health Care COVID-19 crowdfunding GoFundMe Hastings Bioethics Forum Health and Health Care Pandemic Planning syndicated Source Type: blogs

The Coronavirus: Signs of Hope?
Written by Neil Levy These are scary times. The death toll from Covid-19 raises hour by hour and in most countries the rate of new infections continues to grow. While most of us know that if we contract the virus the disease will likely be mild for us, we have friends and family who are […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 30, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Neil Levy Tags: Health Care Neil Levy's Posts syndicated Uncategorized Source Type: blogs

Notarizing Advance Directives in a Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic has spurred advance care planning. But there is a big obstacle for those individuals who are already patients in healthcare institutions like hospitals and long-term care. There are no authorized witnesses or notaries available,... (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 30, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

Video Series: Trailer for Interviews on Ethical Questions Raised by the Corona Crisis
(Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 30, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Katrien Devolder Tags: Ethics Health Care Coronavirus; Pandemic; Ethics; Public Health interviews Katrien Devolder Interview medical ethics Pandemic Ethics syndicated Video Series Youtube interview Source Type: blogs

Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics: What, if Anything, is Wrong About Algorithmic Administration?
This essay received an honourable mention in the undergraduate category. Written by University of Oxford student, Angelo Ryu.   Introduction  The scope of modern administration is vast. We expect the state to perform an ever-increasing number of tasks, including the provision of services and the regulation of economic activity. This requires the state to make […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 30, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Practical Ethics Tags: Ethics Health Care Technology administration algorithms law Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics society syndicated Source Type: blogs

More UK Legislation to Keep Treatment Conflicts from Court
Last month, I blogged about Charlie's Law legislation, which would mandate mediation before an NHS Trust may take a clinician-parent treatment conflict (like Alfie Evans and Charlie Gard) to the High Court. This month, a different MP (Bambos Charalambous) introduced a separate bill, Children (Access to Treatment). Like Charlie's Law, this bill aims to avoid "expensive and intensive court proceedings." It aims to accomplish that by: 1. Requiring access to mediation services in hospitals2. Providing access to clinical ethics committees3. Providing swift second medical opinions4. Providing access to legal ...
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 29, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

Preserving Patient Dignity (Formerly Patient Modesty) Volume 110
This graphic reminds us and summarizes all of the concerns repeatedly described with detail on this blog thread.  It comes from Google Images and I don't recall displaying it on a previous Volume of our topic.  I am sure there are additi... (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 28, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Maurice Bernstein, M.D. Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

COVID-19 Patient Decision Aid
The Colorado Program for Patient Centered Decisions has released a patient decision aid for patients to make choices about whether they would want mechanical ventilation. This one-page document is not an advance directive. Rather, it just asks about p... (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 28, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics: If Doctors Could Administer a Treatment That Would Move a Patient From a Vegetative State to a Minimally Conscious One, Should They Do So?
This essay was the runner up in the graduate category of the 6th Annual Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics. Written by University of Oxford student Matthew Minehan. INTRODUCTION Sally is a healthy young woman who suffers catastrophic brain trauma. Over many months, her doctors subject her to functional Magnetic Resonance Imagining (fMRI) scans and […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 28, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Practical Ethics Tags: Ethics Health Care Neuroethics medical ethics Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics syndicated Source Type: blogs

Final Exit Network – New Website
The Final Exit Network is not as well known as other end-of-life advocacy organizations like Compassion & Choices. But its newly redesigned website may help clarify its mission and activities. FEN has a different mission from C&C and Death wit... (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

Using Implementation Science to Enact Specific Ethical Norms: The Case of Code Status Policy
This editorial presented by the American Journal of Bioethics. You can see the April 2020 issue by clicking here. by Emily Shearer & David Magnus In their article, “The ‘Ought-Is Problem:’ An Implementation Science Framework for Translating Ethical Norms into Practice,” Sisk et al. correctly draw a distinction between aspirational norms (“broad claims that are easily agreed upon”–e.g. “Everyone should have their goals of care met at the end of life”)–and specific norms (claims that provide “direct guidance” about specific actions that should e...
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Blog Editor Tags: Editorial-AJOB End of Life Care Ethics Featured Posts EHR Ethics committees Source Type: blogs

Like Autism, Representation Falls on a Spectrum
Presented in conjunction with the American Journal of Bioethics. You can see the April 2020 issue by clicking here. by Nanette Elster & Kayhan Parsi We live in a representative democracy. We presumably have the franchise to elect who will represent our interests. Moreover, we live in a society with a range of organizations that advocate for certain causes and represent the interests of a variety of stakeholders. The autism “community” is no different. Yet, no monolithic set of interests represents all the members of the autism community.… (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Blog Editor Tags: Editorial-AJOB Featured Posts autism Patient Advocacy patient advocacy organizations Source Type: blogs

Meaningful Fissures: The Value of Divergent Agendas in Patient Advocacy
Presented courtesy of the American Journal of Bioethics. You can see the April 2020 issue by clicking here.  by Jordan P. Richardson & Richard R. Sharp Patient advocacy organizations emerged in the 1950s to collectivize patient power and promote patient’s shared interests and rights. Since that time, patient advocacy organizations have grown in number and influence, filling an assortment of roles that include increasing public awareness, providing support to patients and families, building community, and advocating for research. It is their role in political activism that McCoy et al.… (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Blog Editor Tags: Editorial-AJOB Featured Posts Patient Advocacy patient advocacy organizations Source Type: blogs

We Need International Medical Graduates to Help Fight Covid-19. Immigration Policies Keep Them Away
As the U.S. health care system faces the strain of responding to the coronavirus pandemic, critical services are being provided by international medical graduates, who, in the years and months leading up to this crisis, have found their capacity to contribute limited by increasingly restrictive immigration policies. International medical graduates, physicians trained in other countries,… Read more The post We Need International Medical Graduates to Help Fight Covid-19. Immigration Policies Keep Them Away appeared first on The Hastings Center. (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Susan Gilbert Tags: Health Care Public Health COVID-19 Hastings Bioethics Forum Health and Health Care immigration policy rural health care syndicated Source Type: blogs

Benefits of the Pandemic – Advance Directives, Wills, Shelter Pets
While the COVID-19 pandemic is terrible for the economy and for the 5% of infected individuals who require critical care, news sources are reporting that the pandemic has benefits too. First, Americans typically do not plan for death, because they do ... (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics: Can it be Wrong For Victims to Report Crimes?
This essay was the winning entry in the graduate category of the 6th Annual Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics. Written by University of Oxford student, Maya Krishnan.   Introduction Late one night in Managua, Nicaragua, a man punched Leslie Jamison in the face and then ran away with her camera. Jamison called the police. […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Practical Ethics Tags: Ethics Health Care Justice law morality Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics syndicated Source Type: blogs

BioethicsTV (March 17-26, 2020)
“Exploring ethical issues in TV medical dramas” by Craig Klugman, Ph.D. The Resident (Seasons 3; Episode 18): Maintaining the Dead; The Resident (Season 3; Episode 19): Lies, Coverups, Crossing Boundaries; Chicago Med (Season 5; Episode 17): Required Criminal Reporting; Chicago Med (Season 5; Episode 18):Advance Directives and Alzheimer’s; Innovation v. Best Care; Jealousy or Abuse The Resident (Seasons 3; Episode 18): Maintaining the Dead Dawn Long is a former patient from early this season who reappears. She had the Mother of All Surgeries that left her in a persistent vegetative says and has been in a...
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Craig Klugman Tags: BioethicsTV Decision making End of Life Care Featured Posts professional ethics Professionalism Psychiatric Ethics Source Type: blogs

More —with trepidation—on COVID
Let us stipulate at the outset: first, that so much—far too much? –is being written on the COVID-19 outbreak, and wisdom is a precious commodity; second, that although your correspondent is an MD, he is as bewildered as anyone by the storm of reports, claims, data, projections, arguments; and third, that whatever public comity may … Continue reading "More—with trepidation—on COVID" (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Jon Holmlund Tags: Health Care bioethics Consent / Research Ethical Method / Grounding Health Care Practice Medical Decision Making syndicated Source Type: blogs

Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics: Can Science Ethically Make Use Of Data Which Was Gathered By Unethical Means?
This essay was the runner up in the undergraduate category of the 6th Annual Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics Written by University of Oxford student Toby Lowther In this paper, I discuss the question of whether science can ethically make use of data which has been gathered by unethical means in seeking scientific and […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 26, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Practical Ethics Tags: Ethics Health Care Research Ethics data analytics data ethics Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics syndicated Source Type: blogs

“Thank You for Your Sacrifice”: De Facto Rationing Based on Snake Oil Pitches
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D. Dale is a 45-year-old woman who lives in Southern California. She has been a patient of Kaiser- Permanente to treat her chronic illness, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). She takes hydroxychloroquine (brand name Plaquenil) which is the safest and most effective drug to control her disease. The drug helps control flare ups of her lupus, a situation that could cause serious illness and even death. Dale provided Buzzfeednews with a copy of a message she received from Kaiser that informed her that her prescription would no longer be renewed.… (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 26, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Craig Klugman Tags: Clinical Trials & Studies Decision making Featured Posts Pharmaceuticals Politics Public Health Science #diaryofaplagueyear COVID-19 health communication Source Type: blogs

Telemedicine for Aid-in-Dying Requests in the Context of the Coronavirus Epidemic
In light of the COVID-19 crisis, a multi-professional committee has released recommendations pertaining to the use of telemedicine to evaluate patients’ requests to consider medical aid in dying. This is one of the first projects of the newly formed American Clinicians Academy on Medical Aid in Dying.   (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 26, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

Would You Give Up Your Cell Phone Location Data to Fight COVID?
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D. One of the most powerful tools that epidemiologists have for containing an outbreak is contact tracing—finding out all of the people with whom an infected person has had contact during the period when they were potentially shedding the virus. The identified individuals will then be placed under isolation and observed for symptoms. This method has been used in this outbreak when public health authorities recommend isolation for people who have been near someone who is infected or have traveled from a region with a high number of cases.… (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 26, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Craig Klugman Tags: Featured Posts Privacy Public Health Technology #diaryofaplagueyear contact tracing COVID-19 data privacy facebook Source Type: blogs

Pandemic Ethics: Is it right to cut corners in the search for a coronavirus cure?
By Julian Savulescu Cross-posted from The Guardian The race is on to find a treatment for coronavirus. This race is split between two approaches: the trialling of pre-existing drugs used for similar diseases, and the hunt for a vaccine. In both instances, important ethical decisions must be made. Is it OK to reassign a treatment that […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 25, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Julian Savulescu Tags: Health Care Research Ethics Julian Savulescu's Posts Pandemic Ethics syndicated Source Type: blogs

The Science of Social Distancing – Free Webinar
The Science of Social Distancing When: Wednesday, March 25, 2020 | 3:00 to 4:30 pm ET (2 pm central, 1 pm mountain, noon pacific) Where: Webinar Register here: http://www.covid19conversations.org/ Agenda 3:00 pm | Welcome  Vict... (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 25, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

Advance Care Planning for COVID-19
Some leading organizations that provide training, education, and resources on advance care planning are offering free tools. Respecting Choices materials are here. National POLST materials are here. Individuals and their families who are at highest ri... (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 25, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics: Why Is Virtual Wrongdoing Morally Disquieting, Insofar As It Is?
This essay was the winning entry in the undergraduate category of the 6th Annual Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics. Written by University of Oxford student, Eric Sheng. In the computer game Red Dead Redemption 2 (henceforward, RDR2), players control a character in a virtual world. Among the characters represented by computer graphics but not […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 25, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Practical Ethics Tags: Ethics Health Care Technology morality Oxford Uehiro Prize in Practical Ethics syndicated Wrongdoing Source Type: blogs

My Covid Epitaph
If I do not survive Covid Please note the hopes we shaped before The concerts, hikes and family feasts Still on schedule, still in store.   I can write my colleagues’ tributes now I hope you will be flattered, How you toiled, co-authored, supported staff. You smiled when it mattered.   But we will die. […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 25, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: reflectivemeded Tags: Health Care syndicated Uncategorized Source Type: blogs

Summer Training and Research Funding: 2020 HIV & Drug Abuse Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute [Deadline Extended 04/08/20]
Message from Director: Given the current COVID-19 crisis, we are considering online and other training alternatives. We do continue to encourage applications at this time. Please feel free to email Rimah Jaber, Institute Program Administrator, at ethicsinst@fordham.edu with any questions or concerns. Now in its tenth year, the Fordham University HIV and Drug Abuse Prevention Research Ethics […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 24, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Ethics and Society Tags: Ethics Health Care Research Ethics drug abuse Drug use Fordham University HIV and Drug Abuse Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute HIV Prevention research funding syndicated Uncategorized Source Type: blogs

Cross Post: Flouting Quarantine
Written by Dr Thomas Douglas Dr Tom Douglas has recently published a fascinating article on the Stockholm Centre, For the Ethics of War and Peace blog: As I write this, COVID-19, an illness caused by the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, is sweeping the globe. Over 15,000 people have died, and it is likely that at least […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 24, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Practical Ethics Tags: Ethics Health Care COVID-19 Cross Post medical ethics quarantine Social Distancing syndicated Tom Douglas' Posts Source Type: blogs

America ’s Bioethicists: Government Must Use Federal Powers To Fight Covid-19
I joined 1400 bioethics colleagues in this letter to Congress and the White House, imploring the U.S. government to immediately use its federal power and funds to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic as a matter of moral imperative.  The letter calls... (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 24, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs

Pandemic Ethics: Covid-19 Shows Just How Much of Ethics Depends on (Good) Data
Written by Hazem Zohny In times of crises, the archetypal ethicist sits in the proverbial armchair and hums and haws, testing out intuitions about an action or policy against a jumble of moral theories. Covid-19 shows why the archetypal ethicist is as useless as antibiotics are for viral infections. This is because virtually all the […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 24, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Hazem Zohny Tags: Health Care Public Health Pandemic Ethics regulation syndicated Source Type: blogs

Pandemic Ethics: Who gets the ventilator in the coronavirus pandemic? These are the ethical approaches to allocating medical care
By Julian Savulescu and Dominic Wilkinson Cross-posted from ABC Online Imagine there are two patients with respiratory failure. Joan is 40, normally employed with two children and no other health conditions or disabilities. Mary is 80, with severe dementia, in a nursing home. In the Western world, doctors are gearing up for an explosion of […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 24, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Julian Savulescu Tags: Ethics Health Care Dominic Wilkinson's Posts Julian Savulescu's Posts Pandemic Ethics syndicated Source Type: blogs

Politics, Ethics, and Shutting Down in the Face of Covid-19
Written by Stephen Rainey Recently, I wrote about some possible limits of democratic politics in the context of climate change science. The idea was that politics could owe debts to citizens that might prompt suspension of established, and in themselves desirable, norms under certain circumstances. Coronavirus presents more such circumstances, so it’s worth revisiting those […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - March 24, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Stephen Rainey Tags: Ethics Health Care Politics Public Health Pandemic Ethics Political Philosophy public engagement Stephen Rainey's Posts syndicated Source Type: blogs