Apology to the Young Addict byJames BrownIf you think you've had it with addiction memoirs, James Brown will change your mind completely. Brutally honest, tender, forthright, challenging, these essays lay bare the day-to-day struggle to overcome addiction and the remarkable, perhaps unearned second chances we can create for ourselves. A compelling read.View all my reviews (Source: Addiction Inbox)
Source: Addiction Inbox - March 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Severe Addiction Linked to Vivid Dreams in Withdrawal
Relapse dreams during recovery: What do they mean? Science News features a fascinating look at the topic:Click HERE (Source: Addiction Inbox)
Source: Addiction Inbox - February 24, 2019 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
A Night of Serious Drinking: The Results
"A systematic review of the next ‐day effects of heavy alcohol consumption on cognitive performance"The latest scientific rundown on the ramifications of hangovers, in the journal Addiction, can be foundHERE. (Source: Addiction Inbox)
Source: Addiction Inbox - September 6, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
There Is No "Safe" Amount of Alcohol
Moderate daily drinking will not improve your health.As a growing number of addiction and alcohol consumption researchers have been pointing out, the notion of a safe and even beneficial level of daily drinking is outmoded and in error. In an article published inLancet, researchers offer strong evidence against the theory, based on data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study of 195 countries and territories. In an accompanying commentary, researchers note that the data "clearly demonstrate the substantial, and larger than previously estimated, contribution of alcohol to death, ...
Source: Addiction Inbox - August 24, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
The Drug Epidemic Nobody Talks About
U.S. death rate from alcohol-related liverdisease is soaring."Deaths from liver disease have increased sharply in recent years in the United States, according to a study published in the British Medical Journal. Cirrhosis-related deaths increased by 65 percent from 1999 to 2016, and deaths from liver cancer doubled, the study said. The rise in death rates was driven predominantly by alcohol-induced disease, the report said."Over the past decade, people ages 25 to 34 had the highest increase in cirrhosis deaths — an average of 10.5 percent per year — of the demographic groups examined, researchers repo...
Source: Addiction Inbox - July 19, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
The NIAAA and Big Alcohol
Officials halt government study on moderate drinking funded by alcohol industryThe New York Times reports: “The extensive government trial was intended to settle an age-old question about alcohol and diet: Does a daily cocktail or beer really protect against heart attacks and stroke?To find out, the National Institutes of Health gave scientists $100 million to fund a global study comparing people who drink with those who don ’t. Its conclusions could have enshrined alcohol as part of a healthy diet.As it turned out, much of the money for the study came from the alcohol industry. Earlier this year, The New York ...
Source: Addiction Inbox - June 16, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
The Myth of Healthy Drinking
Another meta-study demolishes decades of wishful thinking.Vox notes that "an impressive newmeta-study involving 600,000 participants, published recently inThe Lancet, suggests that levels of alcohol previously thought to be relatively harmless are linked with an earlier death. What ’s more, drinking small amounts of alcohol may not carry all the long-touted protective effects on the cardiovascular system."Readers of Addiction Inbox will not be surprised by this finding. Back in 2014, I wrote a blog post entitled"Alcohol and Your Heart: Health benefits of moderate drinking come under fire." The pos...
Source: Addiction Inbox - May 25, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Do Alcoholic Women Want Women-Only Treatment?
It's complicated. In anarticleappearing in the June 29 edition of the journal Addiction, researchers ask women what they think about it:"Women ‐only addiction services tend to be provided on a poorly evidenced assumption that women want single‐sex treatment. We draw upon women's expectations and experiences of women‐only residential rehabilitation to stimulate debate on this issue."Full text availableHERE. (Source: Addiction Inbox)
Source: Addiction Inbox - May 8, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Study Says Shared Genetic Architecture Links Alcoholism to Major Mental Disorders
Depression, alcoholism, and other psychiatricillnesses share disease-related “signatures”involving a disruption in how brain cells communicate with each other.Thestudy, entitled “Shared molecular neuropathology across major psychiatric disorders parallels polygenic overlap,” by Michael J. Gandal et. al., appears inScience, February 9, 2018.A Washington Postarticle on the study says:“The scientists found similar levels of particular molecules in the brains of people with autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder; other commonalities between bipolar and major depression; and oth...
Source: Addiction Inbox - February 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
New Study Casts Doubt on Current "Despair" Models of Addiction
The recent Hari/Hart/Lewis hypothesis that addiction is not primarily metabolic or genetic, but rather the result of "despair" or "sociological conditions" or "flawed learning," takes a major hit in a newreport appearing in The National Bureau of Economic Research. The study suggests that"changes in economic conditions account for less than one-tenth of the rise in drug and opioid-involved mortality rates." Jason Schwartz atAddiction& Recovery News does a deep dive into the flawed thinking behind the new (old?) sociological views of addictionhere. (Source: Addiction Inbox)
Source: Addiction Inbox - January 22, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Alcohol and Cancer, Explained
"Alcohol and endogenous aldehydes damage chromosomes and mutate stem cells"Juan I. Garaycoechea, Gerry P. Crossan, Fr édéric Langevin, Lee Mulderrig, Sandra Louzada, Fentang Yang, Guillaume Guilbaud, Naomi Park, Sophie Roerink, Serena Nik-Zainal, Michael R.Stratton& Ketan J. Patel Nature doi:10.1038/nature25154This pay-walled article, published in "Nature," presents fresh evidence that alcohol can damage chromosomes and cause mutations. If you don't have a zillion dollars to spare, The American Cancer Society has put together a layman's version of the subjecthere...
Source: Addiction Inbox - January 7, 2018 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Alcohol Should Be More Expensive
Without a doubt, the alcohol you're drinking this Holiday Season is too damn cheap.By all means check out the new piece by German Lopez at Vox:"The case for setting a minimum price on alcohol." (Source: Addiction Inbox)
Source: Addiction Inbox - December 26, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Corey Booker's Statement on Marijuana Legalization
Sen. Booker's petition would remove marijuana from the list of controlled substances. "For decades, the failed War on Drugs has locked up millions of nonviolent drug offenders, especially for marijuana-related offenses. This has wasted human potential, torn apart families and communities, and squandered massive sums of taxpayer dollars."That's why I introduced the Marijuana Justice Act on Tuesday to call for the legalization of marijuana at the federal level. Will you sign my petition and call on your senators to join me in moving this critical legislation forward?"If passed into law, this would have an...
Source: Addiction Inbox - August 4, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Marijuana, Sleep, and Dreams
The indica vs. sativa debate, continued. [First published July 13, 2015.]Anyone who has smoked marijuana more than a couple of times knows that cannabis can alter how you sleep. The effect of cannabis on sleep is even part of the never-ending debate over Cannabis indica vs. Cannabis sativa, the two major species of the marijuana plant. Indica smokers typically report a marijuana high that is body-intensive and often soporific, sometimes leading to the condition aptly known as “couch lock.” Whereas sativa smokers, according to marijuana lore, experience a more cerebral, energetic “head high,” wi...
Source: Addiction Inbox - April 10, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Heroin in Vietnam: The True Story of the Robins Study
Editor's note: The famous Robins study on heroin use among Vietnam veterans has been sooften —and so recently—misinterpreted that I felt motivated to reprint an older post on the subject.[Originally posted 7/24/10]In 1971, under the direction of Dr. Jerome Jaffe of the Special Action Office on Drug Abuse Prevention, Dr. Lee Robins of Washington University in St. Louis undertook an investigation of heroin use among young American servicemen in Vietnam. Nothing about addiction research would ever be quite the same after the Robins study. The results of the Robins investigation turned the official s...
Source: Addiction Inbox - March 25, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
The Manifesto for Children of Alcoholics
Parental heavy drinking affects everyone.The British House of Commons recently issued a manifesto timed to coincide with International Children of Alcoholics Week. The manifesto was co-written by children of alcoholics, policy analysts, and representatives from charities, medical groups, and other interest groups. The ten-point plan makes the following demands: —Take responsibility for children of alcoholics. —Create a national strategy for COAs &...
Source: Addiction Inbox - February 16, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Who Smokes Marijuana Where?
The full article is available here:http://www.bendsource.com/ (Source: Addiction Inbox)
Source: Addiction Inbox - January 13, 2017 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Don't Be a Holiday Fool
Sobering Up ––Myths and FactsMyth: You can drive as long as you are not slurring your words or acting erratically.Fact: The coordination needed for driving is compromised long before the signs of intoxication are visible and one ’s reaction time is slowed. Plus, the sedative effects of alcohol increase the risk of nodding off or losing attention behind the wheel.Myth: Drink coffee. Caffeine will sober you up.Fact: Caffeine may help with drowsiness, but not with the effects of alcohol on decision-making or coordination. The body needs time to metabolize (break down) alcohol and then to return to normal. Al...
Source: Addiction Inbox - December 31, 2016 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
It's That Time of Year Again
Our annual look at Christmas Decoration Addiction. ByJohn M. Grohol, Psy.D."Five years ago, I covered something calledChristmas lighting addiction in our then-fledgling newsletter. It was a bit tongue-in-cheek, because I ’m not a big believer in most addictive behaviors. Christmas lights? I mean, c’mon…But as I guess with anything in life, you can go overboard with decorating your house in Christmas lights...." (Source: Addiction Inbox)
Source: Addiction Inbox - December 19, 2016 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Cancer: Alcohol ’s Dirty Little Secret?
What Doctors Don ’t Tell YouIt is, in fact, no secret at all thatalcohol causes cancer. Rather than conferring any demonstrable metabolic benefit, alcohol is more likely to damage your health in a variety of ways. The body converts alcohol (ethanol) into acetaldehyde as part of the metabolic process, and acetaldehyde is carcinogenic in sufficient quantities. Drinkers are particularly susceptible to cancers of the head and neck, as well as the liver, breast, and bowel.However, you wouldn ’t know this if you only talked to doctors. In acommentary written for the journalAddiction, Terry Slevin and Tanya Chik...
Source: Addiction Inbox - November 27, 2016 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Marijuana: Where Things Stand
Results of the 2016 election.Source: Governing.com (Source: Addiction Inbox)
Source: Addiction Inbox - November 16, 2016 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Banning New Drugs:What is the Path Forward?Eighteen months ago, in apost on novel synthetic drugs in the cannabinoid and cathinone families, I wrote that the new fake marijuana and fake Ecstasy were “very nearly the perfect overdose drugs.” An MDMA-like stimulant called PMMA was implicated in a number of deaths in Florida, Chicago, and Ireland back then. PMMA, like many synthetic highs, is toxic at low doses, and takes a fair amount of time to take effect, thereby encouraging double dosing.A year and a half later, what has changed? Today ’s synthetic pharmaceuticals are not coming from secret underg...
Source: Addiction Inbox - September 2, 2016 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
The Poetry of “Irresistible Descent”
John Berryman in the Penal Colony “Will power is nothing. Morals is nothing. Lord, this is illness.”—John Berryman, 1971A year before he committed suicide by jumping off a Minneapolis bridge in 1972, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet John Berryman had been in alcohol rehab three times, and had published a rambling, curious, unfinished book about his treatment experiences.Recovery is a time capsule. If you think we have little to offer addicts by way of treatment these days, consider the picture in the 60s and 70s. InRecovery, treatment consists almost entirely of Freudian group analysis, and while t...
Source: Addiction Inbox - August 1, 2016 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Addiction Treatment Industry at the Crossroads
How unethical treatment shills hunt down patients.Check this account at Huffington Post by Ryan Grim: "Addiction Treatment Industry Worried Lax Ethics Could Spell Its Doom."Eye-opening. (Source: Addiction Inbox)
Source: Addiction Inbox - June 20, 2016 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Nicotine Genes: Evidence From a 40-Year Study
How adolescent risk becomes grownup addiction. Pediatricians have often remarked upon it: Give one adolescent his first cigarette, and he will cough and choke and swear never to try another one. Give a cigarette to a different young person, and she is off to the races, becoming a heavily dependent smoker, often for the rest of her life. We have strong evidence that this difference in reaction to nicotine is, at least in part, a genetic phenomenon. But so what? Is there any practical use to which such knowledge can be put? As it turns out, the answer may be yes. People with the appropriate gene variations on chro...
Source: Addiction Inbox - June 13, 2016 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
From Failure to Enthusiasm
Guest PostBy Andy"Success is walking from failure to failure with no loss of enthusiasm." —Winston ChurchillOne of the reasons I love this quote, is because for many of us, being able to keep our enthusiasm up in the midst of trying times can be very difficult to achieve. But once you figure out how to never lose it, no matter how hard life can get, it will mark the difference between giving up and succeeding. I love this quote and remind myself every time that sobriety success is shaped by my attitude. In this post I’m going to take you through my personal sobriety journey.The Addict/AlcoholicWhen I ...
Source: Addiction Inbox - June 8, 2016 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Addressing Criticisms of the Disease Model
Volkow, Koob, and McLellan on the neurobiology of addiction.The New England Journal of Medicine recently published a review article, “Neurobiologic Advances from the Brain Disease Model of Addiction,” authored by three prominent figures in the field of addiction research: Nora Volkow, the director of the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA); George Koob, the director of the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA); and Thomas McLellan, founder and chairman of the Treatment Research Institute in Philadelphia. The article summarizes the research that has “increasingly supported th...
Source: Addiction Inbox - February 16, 2016 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Cannabis sativa vs. Cannabis indica: Science or Folklore?
Golden Goat or Sour Diesel? The bland assurances from medical marijuana dispensaries about the physical and psychological effects of the bewildering array of hybrid plant strains on offer is mostly bunk, claim a growing number of cannabis scientists. Ethan Russo, a neurologist and pharmacology researcher, as well as the medical director of a biotechnology company, author of numerous books about herbal medicine, and a former faculty member at the University of Washington and the University of Montana, has something to say to marijuana connoisseurs: “There are biochemically distinct strains of Cannabis, but the s...
Source: Addiction Inbox - February 5, 2016 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
A Roundtable Discussion on Cannabis Use Disorder
Addressing the habit-forming aspects of marijuana.A trio of leading marijuana scientists participated in a panel discussion moderated by Dr. Daniele Piomelli from the School of Medicine at the University of California-Irvine, and published in a recent issue of the journal Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research. Dr. Margaret Haney is with the New York State Psychiatric Institute at Columbia University Medical Center; Dr. Alan J. Budney is affiliated with the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth College; and Dr. Pier Vincenzo Piazza works at the Magendie Neurocenter in Bordeaux, France. Excerpts from the long discussion appear ...
Source: Addiction Inbox - February 1, 2016 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Annual NIDA Survey Shows Declines in Teen Drug Use
The kids are all right.Every year, the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), under the auspices of the National Institutes of Health, conducts its Monitoring the Future survey of drug use among American young people in the 8th, 10th, and 12th grades.This year, students got very good marks. “We are heartened to see that most illicit drug use is not increasing, non-medical use of prescription opioids is decreasing, and there is improvement in alcohol and cigarette use rates,” said Dr. Nora Volkow, Director of NIDA. Here are some highlights from this year’s study:— Despite nationwide concerns over p...
Source: Addiction Inbox - December 16, 2015 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
The Great Gateway Theory
Smoke pot, shoot smack?The Great Gateway Hypothesis has had a long, controversial run as a central tenet of American anti-drug campaigns. As put forth by Denise B. Kandell of Columbia University and others in 1975, and refined and redefined ever since, the gateway theory essentially posits that soft drugs like alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana—particularly marijuana—make users more likely to graduate to hard drugs like cocaine and heroin. What is implied is that gateway drugs cause users to move to harder drugs, by some unknown mechanism. The gateway theory forms part of the backbone of the War on Drugs. By st...
Source: Addiction Inbox - November 22, 2015 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Freud and his Drug Demons
Cocaine addiction and psychoanalysis.That Sigmund Freud was a cocaine abuser for some portion of his professional life is by now well known. Reading An Anatomy of Addiction by Howard Markel, M.D., which chronicles the careers of Freud and another famed cocaine abuser, Johns Hopkins surgeon William Halsted, I was struck by the many ways in which even the father of modern psychotherapy could not see the delusions, evasions and outright lies that were the byproducts of his very own disease of the body and mind: drug addiction. Markel makes the case that in several important ways Freud’s cocaine addiction was hopelessly ...
Source: Addiction Inbox - October 31, 2015 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Cannabis Receptors and the Runner’s High
[First published August 4 2010]Maybe it isn't endorphins after all.What do long-distance running and marijuana smoking have in common? Quite possibly, more than you’d think. A growing body of research suggests that the runner’s high and the cannabis high are more similar than previously imagined. The nature of the runner’s high is inconsistent and ephemeral, involving several key neurotransmitters and hormones, and therefore difficult to measure. Much of the evidence comes in the form of animal models. Endocannabinoids—the body’s internal cannabis—“seem to contribute to the motivat...
Source: Addiction Inbox - October 12, 2015 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Alcohol and Your Heart
Health benefits of moderate drinking come under fire.One of those things that “everybody knows” about alcohol is that a drink or two per day is good for your heart. But maybe not as good for your heart as no drinks at all.Joint first authors Michael V. Holmes of the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at University College in London, and Caroline E. Dale at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine in London, recently published a multi-site meta-analysis of epidemiological studies centering on a common gene for alcohol metabolization. The report, published in the UK journal BMJ, brings &ldqu...
Source: Addiction Inbox - August 25, 2014 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
The Chemistry of Modern Marijuana
Is low-grade pot better for you than sinsemilla?First published September 3, 2013.Australia has one of the highest rates of marijuana use in the world, but until recently, nobody could say for certain what, exactly, Australians were smoking. Researchers at the University of Sydney and the University of New South Wales analyzed hundreds of cannabis samples seized by Australian police, and put together comprehensive data on street-level marijuana potency across the country. They sampled police seizures and plants from crop eradication operations. The mean THC content of the samples was 14.88%, while absolute levels var...
Source: Addiction Inbox - August 20, 2014 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Synthetic Cannabis Can Cause Cyclic Vomiting
Another reason to skip "Spice."Cannabinoid hyperemesis, as it is known, was not documented in the medical literature until 2004. Case studies of more than 100 patients have been reported since then. The biomedical researcher who blogs as Drugmonkey has documented cases of hyperemesis that had been reported in Australia and New Zealand, as well as Omaha and Boston in the U.S.As Drugmonkey reported, patients who are heavy marijuana smokers, and who experience cyclic nausea and vomiting, “discovered on their own that taking a hot bath or shower alleviated their symptoms. So afflicted individuals were tak...
Source: Addiction Inbox - August 12, 2014 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Avoid the ‘Noid: Synthetic Cannabinoids and “Spiceophrenia”
Like PCP all over again.Synthetic cannabis-like “Spice” drugs were first introduced in early 2004, and quickly created a global marketplace. But the drugs responsible for the psychoactive effects of Spice products weren’t widely characterized until late 2008. And only recently have researchers made significant progress toward understanding why these drugs cause so many problems, compared to organic marijuana.Synthetic cannabinoids (SC), as a class of drugs, are generally more potent at cannabinoid receptors than marijuana itself. As full agonists, synthetic cannabinoids show binding affinities betwe...
Source: Addiction Inbox - July 31, 2014 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Synthetic cannabis is stronger than it used to be.First published 10/07/2013 I wish I could stop writing blog posts about Spice, as the family of synthetic cannabinoids has become known. I wish young people would stop taking these drugs, and stick to genuine marijuana, which is far safer. I wish that politicians and proponents of the Drug War would lean in a bit and help, by knocking off the testing for marijuana in most circumstances, so the difficulty of detecting Spice products isn’t a significant factor in their favor. I wish synthetic cannabinoids weren’t research chemicals, untested for safety in humans, ...
Source: Addiction Inbox - July 26, 2014 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Hunting For the Marijuana-Dopamine Connection
Why do heavy pot smokers show a blunted reaction to stimulants?Most drugs of abuse increase dopamine transmission in the brain, and indeed, this is thought to be the basic neural mechanism underlying the rewarding effects of addictive drugs. But in the case of marijuana, the dopamine connection is not so clear-cut. Evidence has been found both for and against the notion of increases in dopamine signaling during marijuana intoxication. Marijuana has always been the odd duck in the pond, research-wise. Partly this is due to longstanding federal intransigence toward cannabis research, and partly it is because cannabis, chemic...
Source: Addiction Inbox - July 21, 2014 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Drugs and Disease: A Look Forward
First published 2/18/2014. Former National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) director Alan Leshner has been vilified by many for referring to addiction as a chronic, relapsing “brain disease.” What often goes unmentioned is Leshner’s far more interesting characterization of addiction as the “quintessential biobehavioral disorder.”Multifactorial illnesses present special challenges to our way of thinking about disease. Addiction and other biopsychosocial disorders often show symptoms at odds with disease, as people generally understand it. For patients and medical professionals alike, questions ab...
Source: Addiction Inbox - July 20, 2014 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Vitamin C and Pregnant Women Who Smoke
Improving pulmonary function in newborns. 500 mg of daily vitamin C given to pregnant smoking women “decreased the effects of in-utero nicotine” and “improved measures of pulmonary function” in their newborns, according to a study by Cindy T. McEvoy and others at the Oregon Health and Science University in Portland, published in a recent issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Researchers have long known that smoking during pregnancy can harm the respiratory health of newborns. Maternal smoking during pregnancy can interfere with normal lung development, resulting in l...
Source: Addiction Inbox - June 28, 2014 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
Gone in June
Alcohol takes a friend. What good does it do: You write about addiction, research it, think about it, formulate new ideas about it. You try to be of service.What good does it do: One of your best friends ever, a talented writer you have talked to and argued with and smoked with and paddled with for more than two decades, lies dead this morning of alcohol-related liver failure at 62.What good does it do: I couldn’t save him, couldn’t turn the head of that runaway horse, not through encouragement, shame, praise, incentive, disgust, indifference, furious anger. Not through any of that. What good does it do: His do...
Source: Addiction Inbox - June 27, 2014 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs
NIDA’s Dark View of Teen Marijuana Use
In conclusion, the strict demands of causality mean that the long-term effect of chronic marijuana exposure is not known with any certainty. It is possible, even likely, that these effects can vary dramatically from one smoker to another. But the equally persuasive demands of common sense dictate that inhaling dried, super-heated vegetable matter on a regular basis is likely to degrade your health, the more so if you are young and healthy to begin with.As for other health issues: “The authoritative report by the Institute of Medicine, Marijuana and Medicine, acknowledges the potential benefits of smoking marijuana in...
Source: Addiction Inbox - June 15, 2014 Category: Addiction Authors: Dirk Hanson Source Type: blogs