Non-compliant packaging and illicit smokeless tobacco in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan: findings of a pack analysis
Conclusions Weak and poorly enforced ST control policies may be slowing the progress of tobacco control in South Asia. Standardised regulations are required for packaging and labelling ST. Improving compliance and reducing sale of cheap illicit products may require business licensing and market surveillance. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - April 19, 2024 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abdullah, S. M., Huque, R., Siddiqi, K., Kanaan, M., Huque, S., Ullah, S., Garg, S., Singh, M. M., Deshmukh, C., Borle, A. L., Iqbal, R., Mazhar, L., Parascandola, M., Mehrotra, R., Croucher, R., Khan, Z. Tags: Open access Original research Source Type: research

Standard smokeless tobacco packaging: potential impact on perceived attractiveness, warning label visibility and harm perceptions among adults in Bangladesh
Conclusion The findings suggest a standard shape and size for SLT sold in Bangladesh, coupled with proper implementation of HWLs per the law, could improve HWL noticeability and increase harm perceptions. Additional plain packaging policies that also standardise pack colour may be required to reduce attractive colours and branding. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - April 19, 2024 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Czaplicki, L., Saraf, S., Kroart, L., Rasheduzzaman, A. B. M., Islam, M. S., Cohen, J. E. Tags: Open access Original research Source Type: research

Machine learning approach for predicting cardiovascular disease in Bangladesh: evidence from a cross-sectional study in 2023
Cardiovascular disorders (CVDs) are the leading cause of death worldwide. Lower- and middle-income countries (LMICs), such as Bangladesh, are also affected by several types of CVDs, such as heart failure and s... (Source: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders)
Source: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders - April 18, 2024 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sorif Hossain, Mohammad Kamrul Hasan, Mohammad Omar Faruk, Nelufa Aktar, Riyadh Hossain and Kabir Hossain Tags: Research Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 21, Pages 490: Multicomponent Behavioural Intervention during Pregnancy to Reduce Home Exposure to Second-Hand Smoke: A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial in Bangladesh and India
Conclusions: The multicomponent behavioural intervention was feasible to deliver and was acceptable to the interventionists, pregnant women, and husbands. With the intervention, it was possible to recruit, randomise, and retain pregnant women in Bangladesh and India. The cotinine data will inform sample size calculations for a future definitive trial. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - April 17, 2024 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Veena A. Satyanarayana Cath Jackson Kamran Siddiqi Mukesh Dherani Steve Parrott Jinshuo Li Rumana Huque Prabha S. Chandra Atif Rahman Tags: Article Source Type: research

Assessing metal(loid)s-Induced long-term spatiotemporal health risks in Coastal Regions, Bay of Bengal: A chemometric study
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2024 Apr 16. doi: 10.1007/s11356-024-33141-z. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDespite sporadic and irregular studies on heavy metal(loid)s health risks in water, fish, and soil in the coastal areas of the Bay of Bengal, no chemometric approaches have been applied to assess the human health risks comprehensively. This review aims to employ chemometric analysis to evaluate the long-term spatiotemporal health risks of metal(loid)s e.g., Fe, Mn, Zn, Cd, As, Cr, Pb, Cu, and Ni in coastal water, fish, and soils from 2003 to 2023. Across coastal parts, studies on metal(loid)s were distributed with 40% in...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - April 16, 2024 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Shammi Aktar Abu Reza Md Towfiqul Islam Md Yousuf Mia Jannatun Nahar Jannat Md Saiful Islam Md Abu Bakar Siddique Md Abdullah Al Masud Abubakr M Idris Subodh Chandra Pal Venkatramanan Senapathi Source Type: research

Prevalence of and factors associated with zero-dose and under-immunized children in selected areas of Bangladesh: Findings from Lot Quality Assurance Sampling Survey
CONCLUSION: The study findings highlight the high prevalence ZD/UI in certain geo-pockets of the country. It provided a powerful insight of current situation and associated factors in regards to ZD/UI in the country which will help policy-makers and programme managers in designing programmes to reduce missed communities in Bangladesh.PMID:38627143 | DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2024.04.018 (Source: Vaccine)
Source: Vaccine - April 16, 2024 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Hemel Das Zerin Jannat Kaniz Fatema Jannat-E-Tajreen Momo Md Wazed Ali Nurul Alam Mahbub E Elahi Khan Chowdhury Christopher Morgan Elizabeth Oliveras Gustavo Caetano Correa Heidi W Reynolds Md Jasim Uddin Tasnuva Wahed Source Type: research

Post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) drug efficacy study landscape: A systematic scoping review of clinical trials and observational studies to assess the feasibility of establishing an individual participant-level data (IPD) platform
ConclusionsOur review identified studies with very limited sample size for the three major drugs (miltefosine, L-AmB, and pentavalent antimony), while the number of patients combined across studies suggest that the IPD platform would be valuable. With the support of relevant stakeholders, the global PKDL community and sufficient financing, a PKDL IPD platform can be realised. This will allow for exploration of different aspects of treatment safety and efficacy, which can potentially guide future healthcare decisions and clinical practices. (Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases)
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - April 16, 2024 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Sauman Singh-Phulgenda Source Type: research

Ethnic inequities in 6-8 week baby check coverage in England 2006-2021: a cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink
CONCLUSIONS: Coordinated action at the level of integrated commissioning boards, primary care networks and GP practices is required to better understand the reasons behind these inequities and redress the persistent disparities in 6-8 week baby check coverage.PMID:38621807 | DOI:10.3399/BJGP.2023.0593 (Source: The British Journal of General Practice)
Source: The British Journal of General Practice - April 15, 2024 Category: Primary Care Authors: Claire Xiaochi Zhang Maria A Quigley Clare Bankhead Chun Hei Kwok Nikesh Parekh Claire Carson Source Type: research

Expanding deep phenotypic spectrum associated with atypical pathogenic structural variations overlapping 15q11 –q13 imprinting region
ConclusionOur deep phenotypic observations identified a spectrum of clinical features that overlap and are unique to PWS, AS, and Dup15q syndromes. Our findings establish genotype –phenotype correlation for patients impacted by variable structural variations within the 15q11–q13 region. (Source: Brain and Behavior)
Source: Brain and Behavior - April 15, 2024 Category: Neurology Authors: Rabeya Akter Mim, Anjana Soorajkumar, Noor Kosaji, Muhammad Mizanur Rahman, Shaoli Sarker, Noushad Karuvantevida, Tamannyat Binte Eshaque, Md Atikur Rahaman, Amirul Islam, Mohammod Shah Jahan Chowdhury, Nusrat Shams, K. M. Furkan Uddin, Hosnea Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Own price elasticities of the demand for sugar-sweetened beverages in Bangladesh
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) is a major global public health problem. Increasing the price of SSBs through taxation is an effective tool to reduce SSB consumption. Price-elasticity estimates ... (Source: BMC Public Health)
Source: BMC Public Health - April 12, 2024 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Rumana Huque, Abul Kalam Azad and Nasiruddin Ahmed Tags: Research Source Type: research

Assessment of the prevalence and associated factors of lower back pain (LBP) among three different professionals in Bangladesh: Findings from a face-to-face survey
Conclusion The study underscores occupational differences in LBP prevalence, emphasising the necessity for tailored interventions and occupational health policies. Identifying specific risk factors and management practices in these professions can aid in developing effective prevention strategies and enhancing healthcare services. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - April 11, 2024 Category: General Medicine Authors: Nasim, A. S. M., Siddique, A. B., Devnath, N., Zeba, Z. Tags: Open access, Public health Source Type: research

Protocol for the Adolescent Menstrual Experiences and Health Cohort (AMEHC) Study in Khulna, Bangladesh: A Prospective cohort to quantify the influence of menstrual health on adolescent girls health and education outcomes.
Background Menstrual health is essential for gender equity and the well-being of women and girls. Qualitative research has described the burden of poor menstrual health on health and education; however, these impacts have not been quantified, curtailing investment. The Adolescent Menstrual Experiences and Health Cohort (AMEHC) Study aims to describe menstrual health and its trajectories across adolescence, and quantify the relationships between menstrual health and girls’ health and education in Khulna, Bangladesh. Methods and analysis AMEHC is a prospective longitudinal cohort of 2016 adolescent girls recruited at ...
Source: BMJ Open - April 10, 2024 Category: General Medicine Authors: Hennegan, J., Hasan, M. T., Jabbar, A., Jalil, T., Kennedy, E., Hunter, E., Kaiser, A., Akter, S., Zaman, A., Rahman, M.-u., Dunstan, L., Head, A., Scott, N., Weiss, H. A., Win, T. M., Melendez-Torres, G. J., Than, K. K., Hughes, C. L., Grover, S., Hasan, Tags: Open access, Global health Source Type: research

The 2023 Dengue Outbreak in Bangladesh: Exploring the Epidemiology in Hospitalized Patients
We report that a substantial number of patients developed severe dengue during the epidemic in 2023, and provide detailed clinical-epidemiological profiles of the patients, offering valuable insight into management of dengue cases.PMID:38593789 | DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.23-0806 (Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene)
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - April 9, 2024 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Urby Saraf Anika Muna Islam Fatema E Nur Mou Mrinal Saha Aparna Deb Rubaiya Rahman Tui Joarder Rakeen Manzoor Afroza Jesmin Ayesha Martuja Jannatul Fardous Mohiuddin Sharif Md Abdur Rafi Mohammad Jahid Hasan Source Type: research

An insight into emergence of lumpy skin disease virus: a threat to Indian cattle
Arch Microbiol. 2024 Apr 9;206(5):210. doi: 10.1007/s00203-024-03932-6.ABSTRACTLumpy skin disease (LSD) is a highly infectious and economically devastating viral disease of cattle. It is caused by Lumpy Skin Disease Virus (LSDV) belonging to the genus Capripoxvirus and family Poxviridae. The origin of lumpy skin disease has been traced to Zambia, (an African nation) in Southern part during the year 1929. The first reported case of LSD besides Africa was from Israel, a Middle Eastern nation, thus proving inter-continental spread. Subsequently, the disease entered Middle East, Eastern Europe and Asia with numerous outbreaks ...
Source: Archives of Microbiology - April 9, 2024 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nabaneeta Smaraki Harsh Rajeshbhai Jogi Dhaval J Kamothi H H Savsani Source Type: research

The 2023 Dengue Outbreak in Bangladesh: Exploring the Epidemiology in Hospitalized Patients
We report that a substantial number of patients developed severe dengue during the epidemic in 2023, and provide detailed clinical-epidemiological profiles of the patients, offering valuable insight into management of dengue cases.PMID:38593789 | DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.23-0806 (Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg)
Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg - April 9, 2024 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Urby Saraf Anika Muna Islam Fatema E Nur Mou Mrinal Saha Aparna Deb Rubaiya Rahman Tui Joarder Rakeen Manzoor Afroza Jesmin Ayesha Martuja Jannatul Fardous Mohiuddin Sharif Md Abdur Rafi Mohammad Jahid Hasan Source Type: research