Vulnerable road users in low-, middle-, and high-income countries: Validation of a Pedestrian Behaviour Questionnaire
Publication date: October 2019Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 131Author(s): Rich C. McIlroy, Katherine L. Plant, Usanisa Jikyong, Vũ Hoài Nam, Brenda Bunyasi, Gilbert O. Kokwaro, Jianping Wu, Md. Shamsul Hoque, John M. Preston, Neville A. StantonAbstractThe primary aim of this study was to validate the short version of a Pedestrian Behaviour Questionnaire across six culturally and economically distinct countries; Bangladesh, China, Kenya, Thailand, the UK, and Vietnam. The questionnaire comprised 20 items that asked respondents to rate the extent to which they perform certain types of pedestrian ...
Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention - June 22, 2019 Category: Accident Prevention Source Type: research

Experience and perceived quality of care of patients and their attendants in a specialized mental hospital in Bangladesh
A person ’s perception of health service quality depends on his or her expectations and priorities. If the perception of care is good, then it eventually enhances future health service utilization, adherence to... (Source: International Journal of Mental Health Systems)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health Systems - June 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nazmun Nahar Nuri, Malabika Sarker, Helal Uddin Ahmed, Mohammad Didar Hossain, Claudia Beiersmann and Albrecht Jahn Tags: Research Source Type: research

Stature estimation from foot anthropometric measurements in Bangladeshi population
This study was conducted in selected 150 male and 150 female subjects within the range of 18 to 60  years randomly. From each subject, stature and seven-foot measurements were taken by applying the standard technique. Stature was estimated from foot measurements by using linear and multiple regression equations.ResultsThe result showed that each foot measurement was significantly (p 
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - June 22, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Assessment of health risks associated with potentially toxic element contamination of soil by end-of-life ship dismantling in Bangladesh.
This study aimed at assessing concentrations and seasonal variations of PTEs in soils exposed to the activities of SBRIs for their source apportionment by using contamination factor (CF) and multivariate statistical analysis, while carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health risks due to the PTEs have also been determined. Soil samples were collected twice-during pre-monsoon and post-monsoon seasons-from three working zones of each of the 15 different ship breaking yards spanning the entire SBRI zone in Bangladesh. Soil contamination was assessed by using the CF, and inverse distance weighting interpolation mapping showed the...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - June 21, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Alam I, Barua S, Ishii K, Mizutani S, Hossain MM, Rahman IMM, Hasegawa H Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Development and evaluation of a mobile application for case management of small and sick newborns in Bangladesh
In low-income settings, community health workers (CHWs) are frequently the first point of contact for newborns. Mobile technology may aid health workers in classifying illness and providing referral and manage... (Source: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making)
Source: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making - June 20, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Lauren E. Schaeffer, Salahuddin Ahmed, Mahmoodur Rahman, Rachel Whelan, Sayedur Rahman, Arunangshu Dutta Roy, Tanzia Ahmed Nijhum, Nazmun Nahar Bably, Helen D ’Couto, Carly Hudelson, Iffat Ara Jaben, Sayed Rubayet, Abdullah Baqui and Anne CC Lee Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) Reveal Sibship Among Founders of a Bangladeshi Rohu (Labeo rohita) Breeding Population
Rohu (Labeo rohita) is a significant freshwater aquaculture species with approximately 1.8 Mt produced annually. Fin clips obtained from the founders of a newly established Bangladesh-based breeding population (~140 fish from each of the Halda, Jamuna and Padma rivers) were used to identify 9157 SNPs and 14 411 silicoDArT markers using the Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) genotyping-by-sequencing platform known as using the DArTseqTM platform. After quality control, 1985 SNPs were retained and used to examine population structure within and among river systems. Examination of genomic relationships revealed evidence of fu...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - June 19, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Nipah virus - the rising epidemic: a review.
Authors: Ochani RK, Batra S, Shaikh A, Asad A Abstract The Nipah virus was discovered twenty years ago, and there is considerable information available regarding the specificities surrounding this virus such as transmission, pathogenesis and genome. Belonging to the Henipavirus genus, this virus can cause fever, encephalitis and respiratory disorders. The first cases were reported in Malaysia and Singapore in 1998, when affected individuals presented with severe febrile encephalitis. Since then, much has been identified about this virus. These single-stranded RNA viruses gain entry into target cells via a process k...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - June 18, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research

Concordance between two versions of world health organization/international society of hypertension risk prediction chart and framingham risk score among postmenopausal women in a rural area of Bangladesh
Conclusion: In a low-resource setting, the “without” cholesterol version of WHO/ISH risk chart is a good option to detect and target the population with high CVD risk. (Source: Indian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health - June 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lingkan Barua Mithila Faruque Palash Chandra Banik Liaquat Ali Source Type: research

How are the surviving workers of the Rana Plaza factory collapse in Bangladesh doing: quality of life, participation restriction, income and occupation.
Conclusions: Survivors of Rana Plaza factory disaster were facing many health and economic challenges two years after the event. Implications for rehabilitation Rehabilitation service providers should document and describe the health status correctly to understand the burden and monitor the effectiveness of their intervention. Government needs to develop and strengthen rehabilitation capacity as more workers will be injured as the country rapidly industrializes. Factory owners should create light duty work opportunities and provide other workplace modification for injured workers to re-enter the workforce. PMID: 31211...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 18, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Quadir MM, Lee YJ, Hoque R, Karim MM, Alamgir H Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Nutritional interventions for preventing stunting in children (birth to 59 months) living in urban slums in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC).
CONCLUSIONS: All the nutritional interventions reviewed had the potential to decrease stunting, based on evidence from outside of slum contexts; however, there was no evidence of an effect of the interventions included in this review (very low- to moderate-certainty evidence). Challenges linked to urban slum programming (high mobility, lack of social services, and high loss of follow-up) should be taken into account when nutrition-specific interventions are proposed to address LBW and stunting in such environments. More evidence is needed of the effects of multi-sectorial interventions, combining nutrition-specific and sen...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - June 17, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Goudet SM, Bogin BA, Madise NJ, Griffiths PL Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

A New Lactone from Chaetomium globosum Strain M65 that Inhibits the Motility of Zoospores.
Authors: Mondol MAM, Farthouse J, Islam MT, Schüffler A, Laatsch H Abstract In a search for endophytes from medicinal plants of Bangladesh, we isolated the M65 fungal strain from the fruit of Azadirachta indica. Following chemical screening, chromatographic purification of the culture extract of strain M65 led to the isolation of the previously reported lasiodiplodin (2), the known derivative 1, and the new derivative 3a, along with two further known compounds (4 and 5). The new (3R,5R)-5-hydroxylasiodiplodin (3a), the enantiomer of the known (3S,5S)-5-hydroxylasiodiplodin (3b), inhibited the motility of zoosp...
Source: Natural Product Communications - June 15, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Tags: Nat Prod Commun Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 2113: Prevalence of Leptospira Infection in Rodents from Bangladesh
This study emphasizes the need to improve rodent management at such locations and to further quantify the public health impacts of this neglected emerging zoonosis in Bangladesh. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 14, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Inge M. Krijger Ahmed A. A. Ahmed Marga G. A. Goris Peter W. G. Groot Koerkamp Bastiaan G. Meerburg Tags: Article Source Type: research

Assessment of physicians’ knowledge to combat obesity in Bangladesh
ConclusionsIt may be concluded that Bangladeshi physicians’ have positive attitude for managing obesity but their practice is grossly inadequate. Most importantly, knowledge and awareness of the physicians about diagnosis of obesity is very poor. (Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - June 13, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Regional Variation in Comorbid Prediabetes and Diabetes and Associated Factors among Hypertensive Individuals in Rural Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
Authors: Feng L, Naheed A, de Silva HA, Jehan I, Raqib R, Islam MT, Luke N, Kasturiratne A, Farazdaq H, Senan S, Jafar TH, Cobra-Bps Study Group Abstract We aimed to explore the cross-country variation in the prevalence of comorbid prediabetes or diabetes and determine the sociodemographic, lifestyle, and clinical factors, especially body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference, associated with comorbid diabetes in individuals with hypertension in rural South Asia. We analyzed cross-sectional data of 2426 hypertensive individuals of ≥40 years from 30 randomly selected rural communities in Bangladesh, Pak...
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 12, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Exercise intervention in the management of urinary incontinence in older women in villages in Bangladesh: a cluster randomised trial
Publication date: July 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 7Author(s): Adrian Wagg, Zafrullah Chowdhury, Jean-Michel Galarneau, Rezaul Haque, Fardous Kabir, Dianna MacDonald, Kamrun Naher, Yutaka Yasui, Nicola CherrySummaryBackgroundGroup exercise-based programmes for urinary incontinence appear to be promising low-cost interventions for women in developing countries, but no evidence exists to support whether they could be implemented or effective in such populations. We aimed to evaluate whether a group intervention that comprised pelvic floor muscle training, mobility exercises, and bladder education wo...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

What Physicians Should Advise their Mature Patients Concerning Gender Transition
Clearly, the issue of gender being a binary characteristic of humans is a societal norm of western culture [1]. Many cultures such as the Hijra of Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and India, the Muxes of Mexico and the Bugis Tribe of Indonesia recognize more than two genders. However, over the past five years, western society is breaking down gender silos and with this the number of individuals describing themselves as transgender has increased. As transgender individuals work their way into healthcare systems, clinicians in many different specialties are being called on to help facilitate both affirmation of gender and mainten...
Source: Maturitas - June 12, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Anne Koch Source Type: research

Mechanisms by which sialylated milk oligosaccharides impact bone biology in a gnotobiotic mouse model of infant undernutrition [Medical Sciences]
Undernutrition in children is a pressing global health problem, manifested in part by impaired linear growth (stunting). Current nutritional interventions have been largely ineffective in overcoming stunting, emphasizing the need to obtain better understanding of its underlying causes. Treating Bangladeshi children with severe acute malnutrition with therapeutic foods reduced plasma... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - June 11, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Carrie A. Cowardin, Philip P. Ahern, Vanderlene L. Kung, Matthew C. Hibberd, Jiye Cheng, Janaki L. Guruge, Vinaik Sundaresan, Richard D. Head, Daniela Barile, David A. Mills, Michael J. Barratt, Sayeeda Huq, Tahmeed Ahmed, Jeffrey I. Gordon Tags: PNAS Plus Source Type: research

Development of a HACCP-based approach to control risk factors associated with biscuit manufacturing plant, Bangladesh
Nutrition&Food Science, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this study is to develop a hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP)-based approach to control risk factors associated with biscuit manufacturing plant. Design/methodology/approach Methodology was developed to achieve and implement the food safety and quality requirements. Procedure for hazard analysis and risk assessment was based on ISO 22000:2005 and codex standard. The HACCP Plan was summarized in comprehensive figures and tables. Biological, chemical and physical hazards that could exist in every step of biscuits production were identified. Mo...
Source: Nutrition and Food Science - June 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Libman-Sacks endocarditis in a Bangladeshi patient suffering from rhupus.
We report such a patient, who had been diagnosed as having RA seven years before and had suffered an acute ischaemic stroke one year previously and had echocardiographic evidence of LSE found during routine evaluation. However, she tested negative for aPA. PMID: 31180802 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Tropical Doctor)
Source: Tropical Doctor - June 10, 2019 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Zaman S, Rahim MA, Sayami LA, Nabi S, Islam AM, Ullah M Tags: Trop Doct Source Type: research

Complete Genome Arrangement Revealed the Emergence of a Poultry Origin Superbug Citrobacter portucalensis Strain NR-12
ConclusionC. portucalensis NR-12 was resistant to 7 different antibiotics from 5 antimicrobial groups. Understanding of its resistant mechanism is necessary to implicate control strategy. (Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance)
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - June 9, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Community prevalence of carbapenemase-producing organisms in East London
ConclusionTo date, there have been no studies investigating the prevalence of CPOs in the UK community. Given the high-risk patient population served by Barts Health NHS Trust, it is reassuring that the prevalence observed here was low. However, it should be highlighted that travel to countries not previously categorized as high risk may also pose a threat. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - June 8, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Social media use is associated with sleep duration and disturbance among adolescents in Bangladesh
Publication date: Available online 6 June 2019Source: Health Policy and TechnologyAuthor(s): Asaduzzaman Khan, Riaz Uddin, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam (Source: Health Policy and Technology)
Source: Health Policy and Technology - June 7, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Alarming rise in fatal electrocutions in Bangladesh: Comparison of two national surveys
ConclusionElectrocution mortality rates have raisen alarmingly between 2002 and 2015. Working persons and males have a higher susceptibility to deaths from electrocution. Rural areas pose greater threats compared to urban Bangladesh. Being derived from a nationwide survey, these facts provide with useful direction to set priorities for prevention of this emerging unnatural cause of death in the country. (Source: Burns)
Source: Burns - June 6, 2019 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

A single-dose ChAdOx1-vectored vaccine provides complete protection against Nipah Bangladesh and Malaysia in Syrian golden hamsters
by Neeltje van Doremalen, Teresa Lambe, Sarah Sebastian, Trenton Bushmaker, Robert Fischer, Friederike Feldmann, Elaine Haddock, Michael Letko, Victoria A. Avanzato, Ilona Rissanen, Rachel LaCasse, Dana Scott, Thomas A. Bowden, Sarah Gilbert, Vincent Munster Nipah virus (NiV) is a highly pathogenic re-emerging virus that causes outbreaks in South East Asia. Currently, no approved and licensed vaccine or antivirals exist. Here, we investigated the efficacy of ChAdOx1 NiVB, a simian adenovirus-based vaccine encoding NiV glycoprotein (G) Bangladesh, in Syrian hamsters. Prime-only as well as prime-boost vaccination resulted i...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - June 6, 2019 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Neeltje van Doremalen Source Type: research

Integrating capacity development during digital health research: a case study from global health.
Conclusions: This paper highlights the value of making capacity development a high priority for digital health research activities, while also considering the need to monitor and evaluate those activities in order for them to be meaningful and sustainable. It also considers how to utilize the ESSENCE Framework to evaluate capacity development activities through research, and how best to adapt the Framework to different programs. PMID: 31154994 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

An invisible workforce: the neglected role of cleaners in patient safety on maternity units.
Authors: Cross S, Gon G, Morrison E, Afsana K, Ali SM, Manjang T, Manneh L, Rahman A, Saxena D, Vora K, Graham WJ Abstract Hospital cleaning has been shown to impact on rates of healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) and good environmental hygiene is critical to quality care, yet those tasked with the role of ensuring a safe and clean environment often go unrecognised as members of the healthcare workforce. Sepsis is a leading cause of maternal and newborn death, a significant proportion of these cases are estimated to be due to HCAIs. Deliveries in health institutions have now reached 75% globally, and in low an...
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Developing a theory-driven contextually relevant mHealth intervention.
Conclusions: In order to respond to the local needs of a community in Bangladesh, a process of formative research, drawing on behavioural theory helped in the development of awareness-raising and behaviour change mHealth messages through helping us to conceptualise and understand behaviour (for example by categorising behaviour into specific domains) and subsequently identify specific behavioural strategies to target the behaviour. PMID: 31154988 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Global Health Action)
Source: Global Health Action - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Proteomic characterization of low molecular weight allergens and putative allergen proteins in lentil (Lens culinaris) cultivars of Bangladesh
In this report, for the first-time, the amino acid sequence of LTPs in lentil has been confirmed by high resolution mass spectrometry. In addition, ideal peptides of Len c 1.0101, Len c 1.0102, and LTPs allergens were further determined with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) analysis. Therefore, this data could provide a great resource for further development of targeted, proteomics-based assays for quantification of lentil allergens. (Source: Food Chemistry)
Source: Food Chemistry - June 5, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Cryopreservation of Bangladeshi ram semen using different diluents and manual freezing techniques.
Abstract A study was conducted to establish a sustainable and effective manual freezing technique for cryopreservation of Bangladeshi ram semen. Three diluents and freezing techniques were tested, both as treatment combinations (diluent × freezing technique) and fixed effects (diluent or freezing technique) on post-thaw sperm motility (SM), viability (SV), plasma membrane integrity (SPMI) and acrosome integrity (SAI). Ten rams were selected, based on semen evaluation. Eight ejaculates were used for each treatment combination. Semen samples were diluted using a two-step protocol for home-made Tris-based e...
Source: Cryobiology - June 4, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Jha PK, Shahi Alam MG, Mansur AA, Naher N, Islam T, Uddin Bhuiyan M, Bari FY Tags: Cryobiology Source Type: research

Evaluation of the elemental distribution in soil samples collected from ship-breaking areas and an adjacent island
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2019Source: Journal of Environmental Chemical EngineeringAuthor(s): Rahat Khan, Sopan Das, Shaiful Kabir, Md. Ahosan Habib, Kamrun Naher, Mohammad Amirul Islam, Umma Tamim, A.K.M. Rezaur Rahman, Arun Kumar Deb, Syed Mohammod HossainAbstractShip-breaking yards in the world mostly reside along the coastal areas which possess diverse elemental contents due to the presence of heavy minerals. So to explain the heavy elemental enrichment of ship-breaking sites in terms of only anthropogenic contribution is insufficient. While studying elemental distribution of ship-breaking sites, choosi...
Source: Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering - June 3, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Plant health emergencies demand open science: Tackling a cereal killer on the run
by Sophien Kamoun, Nicholas J. Talbot, M. Tofazzal Islam Outbreaks of emerging plant diseases and insect pests are increasing at an alarming rate threatening the food security needs of a booming world population. The role of plant pathologists in addressing these threats to plant health is critical. Here, we share our personal experience with the appear ance in Bangladesh of a destructive new fungal disease called wheat blast and stress the importance of open-science platforms and crowdsourced community responses in tackling emerging plant diseases. Benefits of the open-science approach include recruitment of multidiscipl...
Source: PLoS Biology: Archived Table of Contents - June 3, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Sophien Kamoun Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 1952: Oral Health Beliefs, Attitudes, and Practices of South Asian Migrants: A Systematic Review
Erbas Oral health is a burden among all populations and is linked with major chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases. Migrants, in particular South Asians, have poor oral health which requires further understanding to better inform oral health interventions by targeting specific aspects of this heterogenous South Asian population. This review is undertaken to systematically synthesize the evidence of oral health understandings, knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, practices, and behaviors of South Asian migrants residing in high-income countries. A comprehensive systematic search of seven electronic databases and h...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 1, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Batra Gupta Erbas Tags: Review Source Type: research

Association of COPD with osteoporosis in male smokers: A case control study in a tertiary medical college hospital in Bangladesh.
Authors: Bari MZJ, Patwary I, Hussain D, Islam SM, Rasker JJ Abstract OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may increase the risk of osteoporosis and resulting fractures can contribute to disability and mortality of patients. We intended to evaluate the frequency of osteoporosis in male smokers with and without COPD and study whether any correlation existed between osteoporosis and COPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study was carried out in the Department of Medicine, Sylhet M.A.G. Osmani Medical College Hospital, Sylhet, Bangladesh between July 2013 and June 2015. Seventy four ma...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The association between gut microbiome and anthropometric measurements in Bangladesh
. (Source: Gut Microbes)
Source: Gut Microbes - May 29, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Gwendolyn Osborne Fen Wu Liying Yang Dervla Kelly Jiyuan Hu Huilin Li Farzana Jasmine Muhammad G Kibriya Faruque Parvez Ishrat Shaheen Golam Sarwar Alauddin Ahmed Mahbub Eunus Tariqul Islam Zhiheng Pei Habibul Ahsan Yu Chen Source Type: research

[Reports] Remdesivir (GS-5734) protects African green monkeys from Nipah virus challenge
Nipah virus is an emerging pathogen in the Paramyxoviridae family. Upon transmission of Nipah virus from its natural reservoir, Pteropus spp. fruit bats, to humans, it causes respiratory and neurological disease with a case-fatality rate about 70%. Human-to-human transmission has been observed during Nipah virus outbreaks in Bangladesh and India. A therapeutic treatment for Nipah virus disease is urgently needed. Here, we tested the efficacy of remdesivir (GS-5734), a broad-acting antiviral nucleotide prodrug, against Nipah virus Bangladesh genotype in African green monkeys. Animals were inoculated with a lethal dose of Ni...
Source: Science Translational Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Lo, M. K., Feldmann, F., Gary, J. M., Jordan, R., Bannister, R., Cronin, J., Patel, N. R., Klena, J. D., Nichol, S. T., Cihlar, T., Zaki, S. R., Feldmann, H., Spiropoulou, C. F., de Wit, E. Tags: Reports Source Type: research

The association between gut microbiome and anthropometric measurements in Bangladesh
. (Source: Gut Microbes)
Source: Gut Microbes - May 29, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Gwendolyn Osborne Fen Wu Liying Yang Dervla Kelly Jiyuan Hu Huilin Li Farzana Jasmine Muhammad G Kibriya Faruque Parvez Ishrat Shaheen Golam Sarwar Alauddin Ahmed Mahbub Eunus Tariqul Islam Zhiheng Pei Habibul Ahsan Yu Chen Source Type: research

Toward cleaner air for a billion Indians [Environmental Sciences]
Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is a major risk factor for premature death (1). Few regions of the world experience ambient PM2.5 concentrations as high as the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP), home to more than a billion people in India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh. Ground-based monitoring data are incomplete in... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - May 28, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Joshua S. Apte, Pallavi Pant Tags: Commentaries Source Type: research

2017 Bangladesh landslides: physical rehabilitation perspective.
This report describes the general impact and direct health effects including death and traumatic injuries on populations impacted by the 2017 landslides in the affected hilly and coastal districts in southeastern Bangladesh. The medical response including emergency treatment and rehabilitation provided at pre-hospital and hospital care sites is also described. Materials and methods: An electronic literature search of appropriate databases was performed to identify relevant articles on landslides in Bangladesh, Southeast Asia, and other developing countries from 1990-2017. Summary landslide impact data was extracted from of...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 28, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Uddin T, Islam MT, Gosney JE Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Detection of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N6) viruses in waterfowl in Bangladesh.
Abstract Bangladesh has reported repeated outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5) viruses in poultry since 2007. Because of the large number of live poultry markets (LPM) relative to the population density of poultry throughout the country, these markets can serve as sentinel sites for HPAI A(H5) detection. Through active LPM surveillance during June 2016-June 2017, HPAI A(H5N6) viruses along with 14 other subtypes of influenza A viruses were detected. The HPAI A(H5N6) viruses belonged to clade 2.3.4.4 and were likely introduced into Bangladesh around March 2016. Human infections with influenza...
Source: Virology - May 28, 2019 Category: Virology Authors: Yang G, Chowdury S, Hodges E, Rahman MZ, Jang Y, Hossain ME, Jones J, Stark TJ, Di H, Cook PW, Ghosh S, Azziz-Baumgartner E, Barnes JR, Wentworth DE, Kennedy E, Davis CT Tags: Virology Source Type: research

Enteric dysfunction and other factors associated with attained size at 5  years: MAL-ED birth cohort study findings.
CONCLUSIONS: EED markers, bacterial density, and iron markers are associated with growth at 5 y of age. Interventions to reduce bacterial burden and EED may improve long-term growth in low-income settings. PMID: 31127812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - May 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Richard SA, McCormick BJJ, Murray-Kolb LE, Lee GO, Seidman JC, Mahfuz M, Ahmed T, Guerrant RL, Petri WA, Rogawski ET, Houpt E, Kang G, Mduma E, Kosek MN, Lima AAM, Shrestha SK, Chandyo RK, Bhutta Z, Bessong P, Caulfield LE, MAL-ED Network Investigators Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Zinc Absorption and Endogenous Fecal Zinc Losses in Bangladeshi Toddlers at Risk for Environmental Enteric Dysfunction
We examined zinc absorption from a standardized aqueous zinc dose, and habitual daily endogenous fecal zinc excretion (EFZ) and compared these outcomes between children grouped by the lactulose to mannitol ratio (L:M). Methods: Bangladeshi toddlers (18–24 months) with low ( (Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - May 24, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Nutrition Source Type: research

Biomonitoring of zearalenone and its main metabolites in urines of Bangladeshi adults.
Abstract The Fusarium toxin zearalenone (ZEN) is of concern due to its pronounced estrogenic effects in mammalian species. ZEN contaminates various cereal crops and grain-based food along with modified forms which contribute to overall mycoestrogen exposure. As no data exist on the occurrence of ZEN in food commodities consumed in Bangladesh, we have analyzed ZEN and its main metabolites α-and β-zearalenol (α-ZEL, β-ZEL) by targeted LC-MS/MS method as biomarkers of exposure in urines (n = 62) from rural and urban residents in Rajshahi district collected in two seasons and from a pregnant ...
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - May 24, 2019 Category: Food Science Authors: Ali N, Degen GH Tags: Food Chem Toxicol Source Type: research

Current status of veterinary public health activities in Bangladesh and its future plans
Veterinary Public Health (VPH) is a major part of public health in which human health and well-being are the central tasks. In recent years the VPH is gaining increasing importance because immense changes have... (Source: BMC Veterinary Research)
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - May 22, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: M. Minara Khatun, M. Ariful Islam and M. Mufizur Rahman Tags: Debate Source Type: research

Correction: A missense variant in < i > FTCD < /i > is associated with arsenic metabolism and toxicity phenotypes in Bangladesh
by Brandon L. Pierce, Lin Tong, Samantha Dean, Maria Argos, Farzana Jasmine, Muhammad Rakibuz-Zaman, Golam Sarwar, Md. Tariqul Islam, Hasan Shahriar, Tariqul Islam, Mahfuzar Rahman, Md. Yunus, Vincent J. Lynch, Devin Oglesbee, Joseph H. Graziano, Muhammad G. Kibriya, Mary V. Gamble, Habibul Ahsan (Source: PLoS Genetics)
Source: PLoS Genetics - May 20, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Brandon L. Pierce Source Type: research

Psychological autopsy study in Bangladesh: An unmet need to formulate preventive strategy of suicide.
Authors: Arafat SMY PMID: 31102914 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - May 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Cumulative psychosocial risk and early child development: validation and use of the Childhood Psychosocial Adversity Scale in global health research.
We describe its development and assess validity from its first application in Bangladesh, where it predicts cognitive development scores among young children. METHODS: Items were generated from literature review and qualitatively assessed for local relevance. Two-hundred and eighty-five mother-child dyads from an urban slum of Dhaka completed the CPAS at child ages 18, 24, 48, and/or 60 months. The CPAS was assessed for internal consistency, retest reliability, and convergent, incremental, and predictive validity. RESULTS: The CPAS includes subscales assessing child maltreatment, caregiver mental health, family c...
Source: Pediatric Research - May 18, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Berens AE, Kumar S, Tofail F, Jensen SEK, Alam M, Haque R, Kakon SH, Petri WA, Nelson CA Tags: Pediatr Res Source Type: research

Immunogenicity of full and fractional dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine for use in routine immunisation and outbreak response: an open-label, randomised controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 16 May 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Cynthia J Snider, Khalequ Zaman, Concepcion F Estivariz, Mohammad Yunus, William C Weldon, Kathleen A Wannemuehler, M Steven Oberste, Mark A Pallansch, Steven GF Wassilak, Tajul Islam A Bari, Abhijeet AnandSummaryBackgroundIntradermal administration of fractional inactivated poliovirus vaccine (fIPV) is a dose-sparing alternative to the intramuscular full dose. We aimed to compare the immunogenicity of two fIPV doses versus one IPV dose for routine immunisation, and also assessed the immunogenicity of an fIPV booster dose for an outbreak response.Me...
Source: The Lancet - May 17, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics and outcomes of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in a low income setting in rural Bangladesh
Publication date: June 2019Source: IJC Heart & Vasculature, Volume 23Author(s): Dong-Yeon Kim, Zubin Wala, Saidul Islam, Rabiul Islam, Mihong AhnAbstractBackgroundIn rural areas of Bangladesh, the majority of patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have little access to reperfusion therapy. Even though thrombolysis can be an affordable life-saving treatment in a low income setting, there are few publications in regards to the clinical and socioeconomic features of STEMI with thrombolytic therapy in rural Bangladesh.MethodThe information of the patients who were admitted for STEMI between 2010 a...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - May 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The Relation Between Socioeconomic Characteristics and the Use of Physical Punishment in Bangladeshi Elementary Schools
. (Source: Child and Youth Services)
Source: Child and Youth Services - May 17, 2019 Category: Child Development Authors: Shirin Sultana Hasan Reza Nicole F. Bromfield Source Type: research