Somatic Embryogenesis in Banana (Musa spp.)
Methods Mol Biol. 2022;2527:97-110. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-2485-2_8.ABSTRACTBananas (Musa ssp.) are among the world's most important crops. In terms of gross value of production, they are the fourth most important global food crop and have an important socioeconomic and ecological role. Somatic embryogenesis (SE) is a developmental process, in which somatic cells differentiate into embryos which eventually develop and regenerate into plants. SE is exploited to generate a large quantity of very high economic value, genetically identical and disease-free plantlets. In bananas, the use of shoot apexes of axillary buds to ind...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - August 11, 2022 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Jorge L ópez Aym é Rayas V íctor Medero Arletys Santos Milagros Basail Yoel Beovides Source Type: research

Food preference of nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus, Linnaeus, 1758) under human care
In conclusion, the food preference of ex-situ armadillos seems to be related to the inclusion of greater amounts of protein, particularly that of animal origin, with eggs being the most appreciated ingredient in this study. (Source: Veterinary Research Communications)
Source: Veterinary Research Communications - August 3, 2022 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Starch supplement reduces the risk of some hereditary cancers
Taking a supplement of 30 grams of ‘resistant starch’ a day — about the amount in two slightly unripe bananas — reduced the risk of multiple forms of cancer in people with a rare genetic condition (Source: New Scientist - Health)
Source: New Scientist - Health - July 26, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: research

Effect of cellulose and gum derivatives on physicochemical, microstructural and prebiotic properties of foam-mat dried red banana powder
In this study, red banana (RB) pulp was added with different gum derivatives as foaming agent FA) (4 % w/w) viz., acacia gum(GA), carrageenan (CG) and gelatine(GE). Maltodextrin and carboxymethyl-cellulose were added as foam-stabilizers(FS). FA addition resulted in low density foam (RBGE-50 % reduction) with improved foam stability (RBGA-94.42 %). Powders were low in hygroscopicity (RBGA-18.62 g 100 g -1) with optimum flowability. The particle size (54.95 to 69.86 μm) of RB powder increased with gum derivatives addition. Secondary metabolites varied significantly in powder samples. Positive correlation of secondary metabo...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - July 19, 2022 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Paramasivam Suresh Kumar David Amelia Keran Subramaniyan Pushpavalli Karur Nallappagounder Shiva Subbaraya Uma Source Type: research

Effect of cellulose and gum derivatives on physicochemical, microstructural and prebiotic properties of foam-mat dried red banana powder
In this study, red banana (RB) pulp was added with different gum derivatives as foaming agent FA) (4 % w/w) viz., acacia gum(GA), carrageenan (CG) and gelatine(GE). Maltodextrin and carboxymethyl-cellulose were added as foam-stabilizers(FS). FA addition resulted in low density foam (RBGE-50 % reduction) with improved foam stability (RBGA-94.42 %). Powders were low in hygroscopicity (RBGA-18.62 g 100 g -1) with optimum flowability. The particle size (54.95 to 69.86 μm) of RB powder increased with gum derivatives addition. Secondary metabolites varied significantly in powder samples. Positive correlation of secondary metabo...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - July 19, 2022 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Paramasivam Suresh Kumar David Amelia Keran Subramaniyan Pushpavalli Karur Nallappagounder Shiva Subbaraya Uma Source Type: research

Effect of cellulose and gum derivatives on physicochemical, microstructural and prebiotic properties of foam-mat dried red banana powder
In this study, red banana (RB) pulp was added with different gum derivatives as foaming agent FA) (4 % w/w) viz., acacia gum(GA), carrageenan (CG) and gelatine(GE). Maltodextrin and carboxymethyl-cellulose were added as foam-stabilizers(FS). FA addition resulted in low density foam (RBGE-50 % reduction) with improved foam stability (RBGA-94.42 %). Powders were low in hygroscopicity (RBGA-18.62 g 100 g -1) with optimum flowability. The particle size (54.95 to 69.86 μm) of RB powder increased with gum derivatives addition. Secondary metabolites varied significantly in powder samples. Positive correlation of secondary metabo...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - July 19, 2022 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Paramasivam Suresh Kumar David Amelia Keran Subramaniyan Pushpavalli Karur Nallappagounder Shiva Subbaraya Uma Source Type: research

Why bananas look yellow: The dominant hue of object colours
In this study, we propose a new approach to the perceptual representation of object colours. Three-dimensional objects have a polychromatic colour distribution. Yet, human observers abstract from the variation along the three perceptual colour dimensions when describing objects, such as when we say, "a banana is yellow". We propose that the perceived object colour is determined by the dominant hue. The dominant hue corresponds to the first principal component of an object's chromaticities. Across three experiments, we show for a sample of objects that the chromatic variation away from the dominant hue is almost completely ...
Source: Vision Research - July 17, 2022 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Christoph Witzel Haden Dewis Source Type: research

Why bananas look yellow: The dominant hue of object colours
In this study, we propose a new approach to the perceptual representation of object colours. Three-dimensional objects have a polychromatic colour distribution. Yet, human observers abstract from the variation along the three perceptual colour dimensions when describing objects, such as when we say, "a banana is yellow". We propose that the perceived object colour is determined by the dominant hue. The dominant hue corresponds to the first principal component of an object's chromaticities. Across three experiments, we show for a sample of objects that the chromatic variation away from the dominant hue is almost completely ...
Source: Vision Research - July 17, 2022 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Christoph Witzel Haden Dewis Source Type: research

Why bananas look yellow: The dominant hue of object colours
In this study, we propose a new approach to the perceptual representation of object colours. Three-dimensional objects have a polychromatic colour distribution. Yet, human observers abstract from the variation along the three perceptual colour dimensions when describing objects, such as when we say, "a banana is yellow". We propose that the perceived object colour is determined by the dominant hue. The dominant hue corresponds to the first principal component of an object's chromaticities. Across three experiments, we show for a sample of objects that the chromatic variation away from the dominant hue is almost completely ...
Source: Vision Research - July 17, 2022 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Christoph Witzel Haden Dewis Source Type: research

Why bananas look yellow: The dominant hue of object colours
In this study, we propose a new approach to the perceptual representation of object colours. Three-dimensional objects have a polychromatic colour distribution. Yet, human observers abstract from the variation along the three perceptual colour dimensions when describing objects, such as when we say, "a banana is yellow". We propose that the perceived object colour is determined by the dominant hue. The dominant hue corresponds to the first principal component of an object's chromaticities. Across three experiments, we show for a sample of objects that the chromatic variation away from the dominant hue is almost completely ...
Source: Vision Research - July 17, 2022 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Christoph Witzel Haden Dewis Source Type: research

Why bananas look yellow: The dominant hue of object colours
In this study, we propose a new approach to the perceptual representation of object colours. Three-dimensional objects have a polychromatic colour distribution. Yet, human observers abstract from the variation along the three perceptual colour dimensions when describing objects, such as when we say, "a banana is yellow". We propose that the perceived object colour is determined by the dominant hue. The dominant hue corresponds to the first principal component of an object's chromaticities. Across three experiments, we show for a sample of objects that the chromatic variation away from the dominant hue is almost completely ...
Source: Vision Research - July 17, 2022 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Christoph Witzel Haden Dewis Source Type: research

Audiogram of Chinese Phonemes: Construction and Evaluation
Conclusion: The CSB represents a potentially valid counseling tool to identify phonemes that have poor perceptual quality and indicate auditory access gaps. (Source: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica)
Source: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica - July 14, 2022 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Medicinal plants with anti-colorectal cancer bioactive compounds: Potential game-changers in colorectal cancer management
Biomed Pharmacother. 2022 Jul 9;153:113383. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2022.113383. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDevelopment and identification of molecular compounds capable of killing or inhibiting transformed cells promoting carcinogenesis without inducing toxic effects to the normal cells are of utmost significance. A systematic review was conducted in screening for important literature was extensively performed by searching the Web of Science, Ovid, BMC Springer, Elsevier, Embase, and MEDLINE databases for optimum selectivity. Google Scholar was also used to supplement information. Pharmacotherapeutic biomolecules active ...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - July 12, 2022 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: John M Macharia Ruth W Mwangi Nora Rozmann Kaposztas Zsolt T ímea Varjas Paschal O Uchechukwu Isabel N Wagara Bence L Raposa Source Type: research

Medicinal plants with anti-colorectal cancer bioactive compounds: Potential game-changers in colorectal cancer management
Biomed Pharmacother. 2022 Jul 9;153:113383. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2022.113383. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDevelopment and identification of molecular compounds capable of killing or inhibiting transformed cells promoting carcinogenesis without inducing toxic effects to the normal cells are of utmost significance. A systematic review was conducted in screening for important literature was extensively performed by searching the Web of Science, Ovid, BMC Springer, Elsevier, Embase, and MEDLINE databases for optimum selectivity. Google Scholar was also used to supplement information. Pharmacotherapeutic biomolecules active ...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - July 12, 2022 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: John M Macharia Ruth W Mwangi Nora Rozmann Kaposztas Zsolt T ímea Varjas Paschal O Uchechukwu Isabel N Wagara Bence L Raposa Source Type: research

Modelling the Influence of Climatic Factors on the Population Dynamics of Radopholus Similis: Banana-Plantain Pest
We present the theoretical analysis of the model. More precisely, we derive a threshold parameter [Formula: see text], called the basic offspring number and show that the trivial equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable whenever [Formula: see text], while when [Formula: see text], the non trivial equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable. After, we extend the proposed model by taking account climatic factors that influence the growth of this pest. Biological and chemical controls are now introduced through impulsive equations. Threshold and equilibria are obtained and global stabilities have been studied. The theo...
Source: Acta Biotheoretica - July 8, 2022 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: S Fotso G Kolaye J Ntahomvukiye S Bowong V Taffouo Source Type: research