Rabies – a dumb disease
Dog vaccination programs are the most effective way to prevent Rabies   Rabies is endemic to over 150 countries, and according to the World Health Organization, 99% of all transmissions to humans are from dogs, potentially bringing into question the animal’s status as the ‘man’s best friend’.  In Europe, southern Africa, and parts of North America, most cases are acquired from wild carnivores; mongooses, and vampire bats in Latin America and the Caribbean. In more recent years, humans have acquired rabies from inhalation of aerosols in bat caves, ingestion of dogs and cats for food, ticks, cart-scratches...
Source: GIDEON blog - September 28, 2020 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Kristina Symes Tags: Epidemiology News Source Type: blogs

Human Freedom Waning in Many Countries
This article originally appeared on theFraser Forum on January 2, 2020. (Source: Cato-at-liberty)
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 10, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: Tanja Por čnik Source Type: blogs

United States Ranks 5th in Economic Freedom
Ian V ásquezTheEconomic Freedom of the World: 2019 Annual Report is out today. The highest-ranking countries in this year ’s index, co-published in the United States by the Fraser Institute and the Cato Institute, are Hong Kong, Singapore, New Zealand, Switzerland, and the United States.Hong Kong still ranks first in the index —which is based on 2017 data, the most recent year for which internationally comparable data are available—but we are concerned about its ability to maintain a high position given Beijing's increasing intervention in the territory's affairs. Already we have seen a decline in Hong Kong's rule o...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 12, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Ian V ásquez Source Type: blogs

Prior Presidents ’ “Travel Bans” Are Different From President Trump’s Ban
President Trump ’stravel ban Proclamation that bans immigration and travel from seven countries (and limits it from an eighth) is based on authority in immigration law that other presidents have used. But all but one of these bans were quite different from President Trump ’s. They banned at most a few thousand—almost always specifically named—individuals based on their personal conduct, not their nationality. In the one exception, not all nationals were banned, and the requirements to end the ban were very clear. Neither of which can be said for the Trump ban.Different in ScaleNo president has attempted to ban as m...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - November 16, 2017 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

Travel-Related African Trypanosomiasis
During January 1970 to May 2017, 138 case reports of travel-related trypanosomiasis were published in the medical literature.  In 49 cases (36%) the patients were identified as Europeans, and in 49 (37%) the disease was acquired in Tanzania.  A chronology of these events follows below [1]. African Trypanosomiasis – A Chronology of Travel-Related Cases Year               Patient From                              Infected In                         Cases (#) 1970  Switzerland multiple **  1 1970  United States multiple  2 1975  Sweden Gambia  1 1977  Switzerland multiple ...
Source: GIDEON blog - May 18, 2017 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Dr. Stephen Berger Tags: Epidemiology Graphs Source Type: blogs

Countries Transitioning From Donor Health Aid: We Need A Common Research Agenda And Mechanisms For Action
Large numbers of countries that have achieved middle-income status are in the process of transitioning away from significant donor aid that they have been receiving for their health programs in recent years — notably in the areas of AIDS, tuberculosis, and vaccine-preventable illnesses, but also in other domains such as family planning. External financial and technical support to these countries is being gradually withdrawn. Millions of lives are in the balance. This is going to be one of the top issues in global health over the coming decade, as the ground shifts profoundly. Yet neither countries nor donors are well...
Source: Health Affairs Blog - November 4, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Robert Hecht and Sara Bennett Tags: Featured Global Health Policy HIV/AIDS vaccines Source Type: blogs

Yellow Fever and Fame
Infectious Diseases continually shape human history, often through their impact on leaders in Science, Politics, War, Religion, Industry and Art.  The death of a King, President or Pope from salmonellosis, plague or anthrax can affect us all, and serves as a useful paradigm in the appreciation of these conditions.  For many, yellow fever (YF) remains a “rare tropical disease” which (as in the current Angolan outbreak) periodically appears in the developing world.  Few realize that major YF outbreaks were recorded in the United States, Spain, Italy and even England as recently as the early twentieth century. ...
Source: GIDEON blog - April 16, 2016 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Dr. Stephen Berger Tags: Epidemiology VIPatients Yellow fever Source Type: blogs

Where Do K-1 Visa Holders Come From?
Syed Farook and Tashfeen Malik were killed last week in a gun battle with police after they committed a mass shooting in San Bernardino, California.  Malik entered the U.S. on a K-1 visa, known as the fiancé visa, accompanied by Farook.  Their attack is the first perpetrated by somebody on the K-1 visa - igniting a debate over increasing visa security.    The government issued approximately 262,162 K-1 visas from 2005 to 2013 – 3177 or 1.21 percent of the total to Pakistani citizens.  Senator Rand Paul’s (R-KY) SECURE Act identifies 34 countries as particularly terror-prone.  There were 32,363 K-1 visa, 12.34 pe...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 7, 2015 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh Source Type: blogs

The Value And Limits Of Economic Evaluation In Policy Analysis
Health care resources, no matter how represented, are ultimately finite. Trade-offs occur as spending in one area means that those same resources are unavailable to fund another program. In spite of this, U.S. policymakers remain reluctant to engage in conversations that even hint at “rationing.” This reluctance is evidenced by the fact that the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Initiative (PCORI) is legislatively forbidden to include cost-effectiveness ratios in its comparative effectiveness evaluations. Diametrically opposed to the U.S. system, most other countries embrace cost-effectiveness, whereby competing progr...
Source: Health Affairs Blog - September 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: Victoria Phillips Tags: Costs and Spending Drugs and Medical Technology Equity and Disparities Global Health Health Policy Lab Medicaid and CHIP Payment Policy Population Health Quality Comparative Effectiveness cost-effectiveness health economics heart d Source Type: blogs

11.2 billion?
The UN has released a revised projection of global population and they now project that there will be 11.2 billion humans alive in 2100. They expect the most rapid growth in the poorest regions:Population growth remains especially high in the group of 48 countries designated by the UnitedNations as the least developed countries (LDCs), of which 27 are in Africa. Although the growth rate of the LDCs is projected to slow from its current 2.4 per cent annually, the population of this group is projected to double in size from 954 million inhabitants in 2015 to 1.9 billion in 2050 and further increase to 3.2 billion in 2100. Be...
Source: Stayin' Alive - August 13, 2015 Category: American Health Source Type: blogs

Grace Before Dying – Photographs of the Hospice Program at Louisiana State Penitentiary [EOL in Art 82]
Grace Before Dying is an award-winning photographic documentary by Lori Waselchuk that chronicles the prisoner-run hospice program at the Louisiana State Penitentiary, in Angola.  Waselchuk collaborated with the Angola Prison hospice volunteer qu... (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - August 1, 2015 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Thaddeus Mason Pope Tags: Health Care medical futility blog syndicated Source Type: blogs

Could Mercenaries Take on ISIS?
In the aftermath of 9/11, the U.S. government urged counter-terrorism experts to think “outside of the box.” What we got instead of innovative thinking was a rather conventional response to the 9/11 atrocities - invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, followed by thousands of dead American soldiers and trillions of dollars in military spending and foreign aid. Today Iraq is, yet again, in the midst of a civil war, with large parts of Iraqi territory overrun by homicidal maniacs from ISIS. Afghanistan, if its present government is to survive, would likely require decades of American presence – something I along with millio...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 15, 2015 Category: American Health Authors: Marian L. Tupy Source Type: blogs

Health Cooperation In The New U.S.-Cuban Relationship
Four months after the surprise announcement of his determination to normalize relations with Cuba, President Barack Obama is rapidly translating that wish into reality, with the cooperation of Cuban counterparts and widespread support among Americans. On April 11, the Summit of the Americas featured the first meeting of the two countries’ presidents in over fifty years. Three days later, even amidst a struggle with Congress over a possible nuclear deal with Iran, the Obama administration announced it will remove Cuba from the U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism, a step Carl Meacham, Director of the Center for Strate...
Source: Health Affairs Blog - April 29, 2015 Category: Health Management Authors: J. Stephen Morrison Tags: Featured Global Health Bill Frist Cuba cuban health care Raúl Castro U.S.-Cuban relationship Source Type: blogs

Poliovirus escapes antibodies
Antibodies (purple) bound to poliovirus. Image credit: Jason Roberts Antigenic variation is a hallmark of influenza virus that allows the virus to evade host defenses. Consequently influenza vaccines need to be reformulated frequently to keep up with changing viruses. In contrast, antigenic variation is not a hallmark of poliovirus – the same poliovirus vaccines have been used for nearly 60 years to control infections by this virus. An exception is a poliovirus type 1 that caused a 2010 outbreak in the Republic of Congo. The 2010 outbreak (445 paralytic cases) was unusual because the case fatality ratio of 47% was h...
Source: virology blog - August 29, 2014 Category: Virology Authors: Vincent Racaniello Tags: Basic virology Information antibody antigenic variation eradication neutralization antigenic site poliomyelitis poliovirus Sabin Salk vaccine viral Source Type: blogs

Prison Terminal: The Last Days of Private Jack Hall
Until I watched the documentary prison terminal I had not given much thought to what the end of life is like for a prisoner serving a life time sentence.  The Prison Terminal film was nominated for a 2014 Academy Award in the category of Documentary Short Subject and it is currently being shown in the channel HBO. Filmmaker Edgar Barens transports us to the inside the Iowa state maximum security prison recording how the terminally prisoner Jack hall lives his final 6 months (even his last breath). As the film evolves we meet 82 year old Jack Hall who was once a decorated World War II veteran who fought in battle ...
Source: Pallimed: A Hospice and Palliative Medicine Blog - April 30, 2014 Category: Palliative Carer Workers Authors: Jeanette Ross Source Type: blogs